Tourist Guide - Angra dos Reis - Brazil

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Tourist Guide

visitbrasil.com

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Dados

Internacionais de Catalogação na Publicação (Câmara Brasileira do Livro, SP, Brasil)

(CIP)

Brasil : tourist guide 2012. -- 1. ed. -São Paulo : Empresa Brasileira de Com. e Produções, 2012. Vários autores. 1. Brasil - Descrição e viagens - Guias 2. Turismo - Brasil.

12-09290

Tourist Guide

CDD-918.1 Índices para catálogo sistemático: 1. Brasil : Guias turísticos

918.1

visitbrasil.com

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How to use

How to use this guide Welcome to City Guide 2012. With it, you’ll be able to take full advantage of all the attractions that Brazil has to offer in its 27 states. With maps, photos and suggestions of attractions, you will get to know in depth this country of great and beautiful contrasts.

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Step by Step

10 - The first city in each state is always its capital 11 - G  eneral information about the city symbolized by icons 12 - L  ist with the description, location and characteristics of the main attractions 13 - Box highlighting regions, attractions, cuisine and traditions of great importance

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1 - State name 2 - Images highlight what is most popular in each locality 3 - Illustrations exemplify characteristics and typical symbols of the states 4 - Each state has a specific color, which makes its location in the guide much easier

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14 - M  aps highlighting the attractions in parks and cities 15 - E  xplanatory captions 16 - Picture credits 15 14

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5 - The map locates the state in Brazil 6 - State map with major highways 7 - Map location captions 8 - State geographic information 9 - Introductory text with the highlights and history of the state

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Icons Icons introduction Population Altitude Area - perimeter Voltage Amount Area code Airport Temperature Climate Natural vegetation

Icons attractions Telephone Hours Wireless internet Full access for the disabled Partial access for the disabled Address Access Age Rating Time required for a visit Basic information

Admission Fee 1 to 10 Brazilian Reais 11 to 50 Brazilian Reais 51 to 100 Brazilian Reais more than 100 Brazilian Reais

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summary

 20 Brasil  74 Acre

78 Rio Branco 80 Xapuri

 82 Alagoas

86 Maceió 89 Maragogi 90 São Miguel dos Milagres

 92 Amapá

96 Macapá 99 Serra do Navio

100 Amazonas

104 Manaus 110 Parintins

 112 Bahia

116 Salvador 124 Santa Cruz de Cabrália 125 Chapada Diamantina 127 Ilhéus 130 Sul de Ilhéus 132 Itacaré 134 Morro de São Paulo 136 Porto Seguro 138 Trancoso

 142 Ceará

146 Fortaleza 150 Canoa Quebrada 152 Cumbuco 154 Jericoacoara 156 Morro Branco

 158 Distrito Federal

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Brasília

 170 Espírito Santo

174 Vitória 177 Aracruz 178 Domingos Martins 179 Guarapari

 182

Goiás

186 Goiânia 189 Caldas Novas and Rio Quente 190 Alto Paraíso (Chapada dos Veadeiros) 196 Cidade de Goiás 199 Pirenópolis

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Maranhão

208 São Luís 212 Alcântara (Parque Chapada das Mesas and Lençóis Maranhenses)

216 Mato Grosso

220 Cuiabá (Chapada dos Guimarães) 225 Nobres 227 Cáceres (Pantanal)

 232

Mato Grosso do Sul

 246

Minas Gerais

 236 Campo Grande 239 Bonito 243 Corumbá

250 Belo Horizonte 254 Congonhas 257 Inhotim 259 Sabará 260 Mariana 261 São João del Rei 263 Tiradentes 264 Diamantina 265 Ouro Preto

 268 Pará

272 Belém 275 Santarém 276 Alter do Chão 278 Ilha Mexiana 278 Ilha de Marajó 280 Itaituba 282 Salinópolis

 284 Paraíba

288 João Pessoa 291 Campina Grande 293 Sousa

 294 Paraná

298 Curitiba 303 Foz do Iguaçu 306 Paranaguá 309 Morretes

312 Pernambuco

316 Recife 321 Olinda 324 Caruaru 326 Fernando de Noronha 330 Porto de Galinhas

 332 Piauí

336 Teresina 339 Cajueiro da Praia 340 Ilha Grande 342 Parque Nacional das 7 Cidades 343 Parque Nacional da Serra da Capivara

 344 Rio de Janeiro

348 Rio de Janeiro 360 Angra dos Reis 363 Búzios, Arraial do Cabo and Cabo Frio 368 Petrópolis 370 Teresópolis 371 Itatiaia, Penedo and Visconde de Mauá 374 Paraty

 380 Rio Grande do Norte

384 Natal 389 Baía Formosa 392 Praia da Pipa

 394 Rio Grande do Sul

398 Porto Alegre 403 Gramado and Canela 407 Caxias do Sul and Bento Gonçalves 411 São Miguel das Missões and Santo Ângelo

 414 Rondônia

418 Porto Velho

 420 Roraima 424 Boa Vista

 428

Santa Catarina

 446

São Paulo

 476

Sergipe

432 Florianópolis 434 Blumenau 436 Bombinhas 438 Balneário Camboriú 441 Garopaba - Imbituba 445 Lages

450 São Paulo 460 Brotas 461 Campos do Jordão 464 Petar 466 Santos/São Vicente/Guarujá 470 São Sebastião 472 Ilhabela 474 Ubatuba

480 Aracaju 483 Canindé de São Francisco 486 Laranjeiras and São Cristovão

 488 Tocantins

492 Palmas 494 Rota Caseara and Pium 496 Mateiros and Parque Estadual do Jalapão

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north

Guaraná, a typical fruit of the Amazon and widely used in soft drinks and juices

Cleferson Comarela Barbosa

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northeast

Clear and green waters at Tambaú beach, in João Pessoa (PB)

Toddy Holland/Embratur

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center-west

Marcelo Krause

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Diver in the clear waters of the LAGOA MISTERIOSA, Bonito, Mato Grosso do Sul

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SOUTHEAST

Neno Vianna/ Embratur

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The MUSEU DA INCONFIDÊNCIA, in Ouro Preto (MG)

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south

Vineyard in the region of wine production, in Rio Grande do Sul

Cristiano Soares/Embratur

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Marcio Neves

cataratas do iguaçu

Brazil

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Vinicius Tupinamba / Shutterstock - Studio 1One - Ostill - Kobby Dagan / Shutterstock - Yuri Arcurs - Yuri Arcurs - Supri Suharjoto Monkey Business Images - Zurijeta - Sascha Burkard - AISPIX by Image Source - Celso Pupo / Shutterstock.com

BRAzIL

Geographic Division Brazil is divided into five regions - marked by great cultural differences - and 27 States. The North includes the States of Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Pará, Rondônia, Roraima and Tocantins. The Amazon forest and the extensive Indian reservations are located in this region, which is the largest in the country. The Brazilian Northeast is composed of Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Maranhão, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte and Sergipe. Its coastline has numerous beaches, many still preserved or even deserted. The countryside in the interior of the Northeast is the driest area of Brazil. The Center-west is composed of the States of Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul and the Federal District, which is the location of the capital of Brazil, Brasilia. The Pantanal, the area with the largest concentration of biodiversity on the planet, is located in this region. The Southeast region includes Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. It is the most industrialized region in Brazil and has the largest GDP. The South of Brazil is formed

by the States of Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná and Santa Catarina. This is the region with the highest human development indices in Brazil.

Climate In general terms Brazil has a tropical climate. The Northern region and the north of the State of Mato Grosso have a predominantly humid equatorial climate. In the central part of the Northeast region the prevailing climate is semi-arid tropical, with a tendency for dry periods. The coastal strip that runs from the north of São Paulo to Rio Grande do Norte has a humid coastal climate. The Center-west region and the States of Minas Gerais and Tocantins, as well as some areas of São Paulo (north), Mato Grosso (south), Piauí and Bahia (west), Ceará (north) and Maranhão (east) have a tropical climate with humid summers and dry winters. All of the Southern region and the south of Mato Grosso do Sul and São Paulo have a humid subtropical climate. In the mountainous areas of the South and the Southeast the climate is high altitude subtropical. During winter there is the possibility of snow in Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina.

AVERAGE TEMPERATURES IN REGIONS

29 0c - 33 0c (84,2 0F - 91,4 0F) 21 0c - 24 0c (69,8 0F - 75,2 0F) NORTH

NORTHEAST

BRAZIL Territory and population Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest in the world in terms of territorial area. With continental proportions, it extends over an area of 8,514,877 km². To the north the country is crossed by the equator, while to the south it is crossed by the Tropic of Capricorn. It has a population of more than 190 million, most of whom live in urban areas according to the 2010 Census. The population was formed

by a combination of European peoples, negros (Africans brought to the country as slaves between 1530 and 1850) and native Indians. Later, after the liberation of slaves, the country received several waves of immigration (Germans, Italians, Spaniards, Japanese and SyrianLebanese) who created the ethnic background of the current population. Most Brazilians are negro (50.74%), with Caucasians accounting for 47.73% of the population.

30 0c - 33 0c (86 0F - 91,4 0F)

23 0c - 27 0c (73,4 0F - 80,6 0F Center-west

15 0c - 18 0c (59 0F - 64,4 0F)

20 0c - 24 0c (68 0F - 75,2 0F) SOUTHEAST

25 0c - 31 0c (77 0F - 87,8 0F) 15 0c - 19 0c (59 0F - 66,2 0F)

SOUTH

23 0c - 27 0c (73,4 0F - 80,6 0F) 15 0c - 18 0c (59 0F - 64,4 0F)

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Structure and political system

igreja de Santo Antônio

Palácio do Itamaraty

Brazil is a Presidential Federative Republic, formed by the Federal Union, States and Municipalities, in which the exercise of power is attributed to distinct and independent entities. The Head of State is elected by the people for a period of four years. The functions of Head of State and Head of Government are accumulated by the President. The States have political autonomy. Brazilian political system is multi-party.

Pelourinho, in Salvador

FABIO POZZEBOM/ABR

Palácio da Alvorada official residence of the President of Brazil

Palácio do Planalto, National Congress headquarters

Roberto Faria/embratur

THEATRO MUNICIPAL DO RIO DE JANEIRO

FABIO POZZEBOM/ABR

Brazil was discovered in 1500 by a Portuguese expedition led by Pedro Álvares Cabral. The territory, originally inhabited by Indians, became a Portuguese crown colony. Between 1555 and 1654 the country was invaded by the French and the Dutch in the regions now occupied by the States of Rio de Janeiro, Maranhão, Pernambuco and Bahia. The invaders were repelled by popular uprisings made up of both Portuguese settlers and black slaves and native Indians, as well as through agreements between the realms involved. In 1808 the Portuguese Court was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro after French troops commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Portugal. In 1815 Brazil became part of the Portuguese kingdom. Brazilian independence came in 1822, and thereafter the country became a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, named the ‘Empire of Brazil’. Two years later the first Brazilian Constitution was created. Brazil becomes a Republic in 1889 through a military coup.

Alexandre Macieira/Riotur

History

Christian Knepper/Embratur

Roberto SEBA/Setur MG

Dois Candangos, one of Brasília’s symbols

Kazuo Okubo/Banco de imagens do Min. do Turismo

BRAzIL

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BRAzIL

Language

igreja de Nosso Senhor do Bonfim, in Salvador

Roberto Faria/embratur

Portuguese is the official language of Brazil. It is the eighth most widely-spoken language in the world and third among Western countries, behind English and Spanish. Over 200 million people worldwide communicate in Portuguese, which is the official language of eight countries: Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea Bissau, Mozambique, São Tome and Principe, Portugal and East Timor. The language was introduced to Brazil through Portuguese colonization. Portuguese colonizers also learned the Tupi-Guarani and Tupinamba dialects from Indians, the first residents of the territory. In 1757 Portugal banned the teaching of languages other than Portuguese, considering the original languages of the country to be “a demonic invention”. Ini-

Nosso Senhor do Bonfim ribbons

Milton Galvani/Embratur

As a result of Portuguese colonization the predominant religion in Brazil is Roman Catholic. Catholicism was the official state religion until the Republican Constitution of 1891, which established a secular state. As with other aspects of the country’s culture, religion has undergone major changes throughout its history. The combination Catholic beliefs with those of Indigenous and African origins has led to Brazil having one of the most synergetic religious panoramas in the world. Most Brazilians follow Christian beliefs (Pentecostal, Episcopalian, Methodist, Lutheran and Baptist). There is also large presence of Kardecists - followers of spiritual doctrine - as well as Jews, Muslims and Buddhists. Beliefs of African origin, such as Candomblé and Umbanda, also have large numbers of adherents throughout the country.

Roberto Faria/embratur

Religion

avenida Paulista, in São Paulo

tially applied only in the areas that are now the States of Pará and Maranhão, the law was extended to all of Brazil in 1759.

Economy Brazil has the largest economy in Latin America, the second largest in the Americas and is the sixth largest economy in the world. Brazil has been expanding its presence in international financial markets and is part of a group formed by five emerging economies known as the BRICS Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. Agricultural, mining, manufacturing and services sectors are the greatest contributors to the economy. Electrical equipment, aircraft, automobiles, ethanol, textiles, iron ore, steel, coffee, soybeans and beef are some of Brazil’s export products.

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BRAzIL

Currency

PELOURINHO, IN THE HISTORIC CENTER OF SALVADOR

The Brazilian currency is the Real. Instituted in 1994, it is available in notes with six denominations: R$ 2, R$ 5, R$ 10, R$ 20, R$ 50 and R$ 100, as well as coins with a value of R$ 0.05, R$ 0.10, R$ 0.25, R$ 0.50 and R$ 1.00

Roberto Farias/Embratur

Old model still in circulation

Acervo BC

Acervo BC

Brazilian sites of world Cultural heritage

Acervo BC

Acervo BC

New model

The City of Rio de Janeiro When it comes to Rio de Janeiro, it is impossible not to think of places such as Pão de Açúcar (Sugar Loaf Mountain), the Jardim Botânico, Floresta da Tijuca, Praia de Copacabana, Corcovado and Baía de Guanabara. It was precisely these natural riches and their strong impression on the human soul that made the city a source of inspiration for artists and intellectuals from around the world and led to it being listed as a Cultural Heritage Site. This is the first city in the world to receive this honor, which was awarded by UNESCO during the 36th Session of the World Heritage Committee in St. Petersburg, Russia, on July 1st, 2012. Adopted by UNESCO in 1992, the concept of cultural landscape was hitherto only awarded to rural areas, farming systems and historic gardens. Rio de Janeiro was a candidate for the title of Mixed Urban Site in 2008. However, following guidance from UNESCO, the Brazilian heritage institute, Iphan, decided to emphasize the cultural landscape and its consequent harmony with urban life.

CENTRO HISTÓRICO DE Salvador - Bahia The first capital of Brazil (1549-1763), Salvador has been a focal point of European, African and Amerindian cultures. In 1588 it was home to the first slave market in the New World, providing slaves to the sugar cane plantations. The city has managed to maintain numerous Renaissance buildings and house facades painted in bright colors are a characteristic of the old part of the city. santuário do Bom Jesus de Congonhas The sanctuary was built in the second half of the 17th century and consists of a church with sumptuous interior decoration in the Italian Rococo style, an approach with statues of the prophets and the seven chapels of the Via Crucis, with groups of polychrome sculptures by Aleijadinho that are masterpieces of Baroque art, expressive and moving, with great originality. CENTRO HISTÓRICO DE Diamantina Colonial city akin to a precious stone set on an inhospitable barren mountain. It recalls the exploits of diamond prospectors in the 18th century, as well as the influence exercised by man’s cultural and artistic achievements through the passage of time.

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BRAzIL

Rita Barreto/Embratur

PARQUE NACIONAL DA SERRA DA CAPIVARA Numerous shelters among the rocks of the Parque Nacional da Serra da Capivara are decorated with cave paintings. Some are over 25,000 years old and are exceptional proof of one of the oldest human communities in South America.

centro histórico de Ouro Preto Founded in the late 17th century, the city of Ouro Preto was the gathering point for gold miners and the center for gold mining in Brazil in the 18th century. The City entered into decline due to the depletion of its mines in the early 19th century, but it still retains many churches, bridges and fountains that bear witness to its past splendor and the exceptional talent of the Baroque sculptor Antonio Francisco Lisboa, ‘Aleijadinho’. Brasília Built in the center of the country between 1956 and 1960, Brasilia marks a significant milestone in the history of urban development. The objective of its creators, the urban planner Lúcio Costa and the architect Oscar Niemeyer, was that everything in the City should reflect a harmonious concept, from the layout of residential and administrative districts - often compared with the silhouette of a bird - to the symmetry of the buildings. Public buildings impress with their bold and innovative profiles.

CENTRO HISTÓRICO DE São Luís Founded by the French and occupied by the Dutch before coming under the rule of the Portuguese, this historic city has preserved its seventeenth century center, characterized by the rectangular layout of its streets. Due to economic stagnation in the early 20th century, many of the historical buildings in São Luís remained untouched and are of exceptional quality, making it a unique example of an Iberian colonial town.

HISTORIC CENTER OF SÃO LUÍS

Igreja da BOA MORTE, IN GOIÁS

CENTRO HISTÓRICO DE Cidade de Goiás Goiás bears witness to the occupation and colonization of the interior of Brazil in the 18th and 19th centuries. Its urban design is characteristic of the organic development and adaptation of mining towns. Although modest, the architecture of its public and private buildings presents great harmony, the result of the widespread use of local materials and techniques in their construction, among other factors.

centro histórico de Olinda Founded by the Portuguese in the 16th century, the history of the City is linked to the sugar cane industry. It had to be rebuilt in the 17th century after being ransacked by Ditch invaders, and its urban layout dates essentially from the 18th century. The balanced architecture of its buildings and gardens, as well as its twenty Baroque churches, convents and numerous chapels gives the City a special charm. missões Jesuítas dos guaranis At the heart of the rainforest with the same name are the remains of five Jesuit missions: São Miguel das Missões (Brasil), San Ignacio Miní, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria la Mayor (Argentina). Built in Guarani territory during the 17th and 18th centuries, these missions are characterized by their unique appearance and their differing state of conservation. THE RUINS OF ONE OF THE JESUIT MISSIONS

Manoel Pereira dos Santos/Embratur

Neno Vianna/Embratur

Praça de São Francisco, São Cristóvão The Praça de São Francisco in the city of São Cristóvão forms an open-air quad surrounded by impressive buildings, including the church and convent of São Francisco, the church and Santa Casa de Misericórdia, and the State Palace and its annexed dwellings from different historical periods. This grouping of historical buildings, together with the surrounding 18th and 19th century houses, creates an urban landscape that recalls the city’s origins. The Franciscan complex is an typical example of the architecture developed by this religious order in the Northeast of Brazil.

fernando gomes

IGREJA NOSSA SENHORA DAS MERCÊS, IN OURO PRETO

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BRAzIL

cataratas do iguaçu

Environment Known throughout the world for its biodiversity and differing geographic features, Brazil has seven locations that are considered World Natural Heritage sites. These are natural features, consisting of physical and biological formations, with outstanding aesthetic or scientific value. They may be geological formations or regions with a habitat of endangered plant and animal species, with outstanding scientific or conservation merit.

Chapada dos Veadeiros and parque nacional das Emas Read more about the Parque Nacional Chapada dos Veadeiros in the State of Goiás. The Parque Nacional Chapada dos Veadeiros is a conservation area in the northwest of the State of Goiás, in the Center-west region of Brazil. It was created in 1961 with the name Parque Nacional do Tocantins. Around 50 rare species of Brazilian fauna are found in the two parks.

The Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves Read more about the Discovery Coast in the State of Bahia. The Atlantic Forest is one of the most threatened tropical forests on the planet. The largest continuous areas of this biome are located on the Discovery Coast. There are eight nature reserves located in southern Bahia and northern Espírito Santo. They form part of the protected areas of the Monte Pascoal, Costa do Descobrimento and Pau Brasil National Parks.

Pantanal Conservation Area Read more about the Pantanal in the section on the State of Mato Grosso. Formed by the Parque Nacional do Pantanal and the private reserves of Acurizal, Penha and Dorochê, this is located in the southeast of Mato Grosso and the northwest of Mato Grosso do Sul and it is home to hundreds of endangered species.

Pepe Melega/Embratur

Victoria Amazonica

Deer in the Pantanal area of the city of Cáceres, Mato Grosso

Daniel Arcanjo/Gaviões do Planalto

The Amazon Forest

Jose Fernando Carli

Ubirajara Machado/MDA

Chapada dos Veadeiros

Felipe Gombossy/embratur

Ministério do Turismo de Pernanbuco

Red Macaw

Fernando Weberich

Morro Dois Irmãos, in Fernando de Noronha.

Atlantic Forest - Southeastern Reserves Read more about the Southeastern Reserves in the States of São Paulo and Paraná. The Southeastern Atlantic Forest reserves are located between the States of São Paulo and Paraná. This includes the chain of mountains along the coast, including 17 municipalities in the Vale do Ribeira. There are 470,000 hectares of biological treasures showing the historical evolution of the biome.

Central Amazon Conservation Complex Read more about the Central Amazon Conservation Complex in the States of Amazonas e Pará. The largest area of protected tropical forest in the world is formed by the Anavilhanas Ecological Station (one of the largest river systems in the world), the sustainable development reserves at Amanha and Mamirauá, and the Parque Nacional de Jaú - the second largest in Brazil.

The Brazilian Atlantic Islands: Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas Read more about Fernando de Noronha in the State of Pernambuco. The archipelago of Fernando de Noronha is composed of 21 islands, islets and rocks. It houses large breeding colonies of seabirds and a variety of exotic species of fish, sponges, algae, molluscs and corals. Atol das Rocas is 144 nautical miles from Natal, Rio Grande do Norte. This is the only atoll in the South Atlantic and was the first marine biological reserve in Brazil. It includes the Farol and Cemitério islands.

PARQUE NACIONAL DO IGUAÇU Read more about the Parque Nacional do Iguaçu in the State of Paraná. With an area of over 185,000 hectares, the Parque Nacional do Iguaçu is located in the west of the State of Paraná, at ‘Foz do Iguaçu’. It is one of the most important forest reserves in South America.

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BRAzIL

The richness of the Brazilian cuisine is the result of a great blend. The ingredients brought by people who migrated here over the years were added to the great diversity of the ingredients grown in the country. Likewise, the cooking habits, the treatment given to the ingredients, and the ways of serving bring together the tradition of every people to the inventiveness of the Brazilians. Thus, the same dish can have many ways of preparation, and an ancient ingredient can always surprise as it is presented in a new way. Some traits, however, characterize a region more than another. The changes don’t come to an end, but you can trace the origins and traditions that, somehow, still feature some regional cuisines. The northern region, for example, is deeply characterized by the Amazon biome,

NORTH

which offers delicious river fishes, and by some indigenous people’s habits, that took control of the cassava. In the Southeast, ingredients and conservation methods used by Scouts still characterize local habits. It is the region of peasant and caiçara (fishermen) food. But it is also in the Southeast that the gastronomic capitals are concentrated, and where you can experience all that’s new. The change in climate and biomes along the Brazilian territory, the traditions and innovations favor the use of various ingredients and techniques. Thus, it is not possible to quote a traditional dish that represents by itself the wealth of Brazilian cuisine. In order to better understand this complexity, it’s worth knowing the characteristics, cultural influences, main ingredients and dishes of each region.

The region made up by the states of Amazonas (AM), Acre (AC), Roraima (RR), Rondônia (RO), Pará (PA), Amapá (AP) and Tocantins (TO) has one of the richest biodiversity in the world. About 80% of the region is occupied by the Amazon Forest and much of the population lives along the rivers, which are almost all waterways. It is through this region that the Amazon goes by, the world’s largest water flow, and its numerous tributaries. Thus, river fishes have a strong presence in the regional menu.

Laupo Beta

Cuisine

BRIGADEIRO, ONE OF THE AUTHENTIC BRAZILIAN SWEETS

National sweet dishes

Typical seafood from the northeastern states

Acarajé fried in palm oil

Roberto Faria/Embratur

jota freitas/Bahia Tursa

The country has few dishes that could symbolize, alone, the national cuisine, but some sweet dishes can be found in almost all the territory.

Goiabada The basic recipe comes from ‘marmelada’, which is a sweet made with quince preserves. It is a sweet like jelly, but it includes the peel and the pulp of the fruit. The guava jam is found with different proportions of pulp and sugar in different consistencies throughout Brazil. The ‘cascão’ (hard shell) kind is harder, for example. Gabriel Lordello/Embratur

Marcio Zapparoli

Capixaba Fish Stew

A traditional pizza from São Paulo

Brigadeiro This one is considered the authentic Brazilian sweet. It is a mixture of condensed milk, cocoa powder and butter which cooks until it thickens. Then it is wrapped and covered with chocolate sprinkles. Traditionally served at children’s parties, today is found even in stores specialized in candies.

Rapadura More common in the Northeast, the candy is made from sugar cane juice. It can be consumed in chips, as a dessert, or even used as a sweetener, such as sugar.

The Amazon Fruits The cuisine of the region benefits from the wealth of ingredients that the Amazon biome offers. As the region’s ancient inhabitants, the Indians were the first to create traditional ways of cooking. Over 35% of the approximately 800,000 Indians of the country live in the North. The influence of this population’s habits in the cuisine is easily noticed, starting by the instruments they use. They are made of pestle, pots made of clay, fruit peels, wood or animal hooves, sieves made of straw, and other typical tools. Among the ingredients that populate the regional dishes are the fish, roots, seeds, leaves and fruits: • Cupuaçu: typical fruit of the Brazilian Amazon, used in juices, vitamins, ice cream, and jams and jellies. • Açaí: the largest producer of this fruit is the state of Pará. In the Amazon, it can be eaten with manioc flour or ‘tapioca’ (nutritive preparation of cassava starch), or serve as a base for ‘pirão’ (mush or meal of manioc flour boiled in water) that accompanies fish dishes. But they also make juices and pulps. • Pirarucu: one of the largest freshwater fish in the country is also known as the ‘Amazon cod’. • Tucunaré (Peacock Bass): Amazonian fish that serves as the basis for many local dishes. • Urucum (Annatto): the native fruit of the tropical America has a red seed from which are made spices and dyes. • Jambu: herb used in cooking throughout the region, it is known for leaving a numb mouth. This happens because its leaves have a slight anesthetic substance which causes salivation.

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Nathalie Dulex

The cassava This root grown and treated by Indians serves as the basis of several traditional and regional dishes. Across the country, it is also consumed boiled, fried or used in the form of flour or starch (extracted from the root, also known as tapioca starch or sweet gum). There are several names for cassava, and each region can refer to a different type of root: ‘macaxeira’ and ‘aipim’ are the most common. One type, also known as ‘mandioca-brava’, needs to be prepared for long periods of cooking, to eliminate an acid present in its roots and leaves.

MANIOC IS THE BASIS OF SEVERAL BRAZILIAN DISHES

• ‘Caldeirada de tucunaré’ (peacock stew): type of stew, usually made with fish and vegetables, common in Portugal. In the peacock stew served in the city of Manaus, the recipe asks for fish, potatoes, onions, cabbage, peppers, eggs, tomatoes, parsley and cilantro. The mixture also needs tomato sauce and comes with pirão (mush or meal of manioc flour boiled in water), as a side dish.

NORTHEAST The diverse biomes in the Northeast region are reflected in its cuisine. The semiarid climate of the caatinga (region covered with brushwood) leaves its signature on dishes linked to food preservation and high calorie content. In the Wasteland and its extensive coastline, the recipes gain a diversity of ingredients and colors. The strong flavor and taste of pepper, however, characterizes the northeastern cuisine as a whole. Many of the dishes are found throughout the region, but the visitor can find, in each of the nine states, special ways of preparing them. The following states are part of the Northeastern region: Bahia (BA), Sergipe (SE) and Alagoas (AL), Pernambuco (PE), Paraíba (PB), Rio Grande do Norte (RN), Ceará (CE), Piauí (PI) and Maranhão (MA).

Multicultural ingredients In addition to the native fruits of the caatinga and dry region of the northeast, northeastern cuisine includes in its menu novelties brought by foreigners. The coconut, an important ingredient in the cuisine, was brought from India by the Portuguese. The ‘sarapatel’ (dish made of the

Tatiana Azeviche - Setur BA

• Guaraná: the Amazonian native fruit is used in the manufacture of soft drinks, syrups, juices and powders. It is known to have stimulant properties. • Brazil nuts: the seed is consumed fresh, roasted, or even as flour, in candies or ice cream.

THE TRADITIONAL TACACÁ

boiled blood and viscera of hogs) and the ‘buchada’ (dish made of an animal’s insides) are dishes based on the Lusitanian cuisine. In the backlands, the cowboys keep the habit of consuming simple and strong dishes, made with corned beef, cassava, corn and beans. Palm oil, a spice found in many of the traditional dishes, as well as the cayenne pepper, were brought by the Africans. ‘Acarajé’ (little cake made of ground beans, fried in palm oil and served with shrimps, pepper sauce and vatapá) and ‘vatapá’ (dish made of manioc flour, oil, pepper, fish and shrimp) are the products of this cultural mix. Learn about the main ingredients used in the region: • ‘Azeite de dendê’ (palm oil): the palm oil has an orange color, which adds color and a unique flavor to the dishes. Produced largely in the southeast of Bahia, it is extracted from a palm tree originally from the east coast of Africa. • ‘Pimenta malagueta’ (cayenne pepper): the species was brought by the Negroes of Africa, and it is mainly used in the cuisine from Bahia state.

PALM OIL PRODUCTION

CAYENNE PEPPER

Irina Naumets

CUPUAÇU, TYPICAL FRUIT OF THE BRAZILIAN AMAZON

Traditional dishes The regional cuisine received many influences in each cycle of immigration. Early in the colonization, the Portuguese who dominated farming techniques and animal breeding brought their habits of cooking and food preservation in salt and sugar. From this blend, preserves, jams, compotes and exotic liquors, all with local ingredients, were created. With the rubber exploitation cycle, immigrants from various regions of the country were working in the extraction of latex. All left traces of ways of dealing with the ingredients of the region. The strongest influence was from the Northeast - one of the dishes that was born from this mixture is the ‘caldeirada de tucunaré’ (peacock bass stew). But Lebanese, Japanese and Italian people also arrived in the region. Among the traditional dishes served in the region, the following are highlighted: • ‘Pato no Tucupi’ (duck in Tucupi) : traditional dish of the Amazon region, especially Pará. Tucupi is a liquid extracted from peeled ‘macaxeira-brava’ (a species of cassava) grated and squeezed in an artisanal way and it is cooked for days. Pieces of duck are cooked in this broth and served with manioc flour, white rice and sheets of ‘Jambu’. • Tacacá: this dish of indigenous origin is a kind of hot soup that takes ‘tucupi’ (a seasoning prepared of pepper and manioc juice), boiled tapioca gum (a cassava derivative), ‘Jambu’ and shrimp. It is usually served in gourds, easily found in the tents of the ‘tacacazeiras,’ (women who sell the ‘tacacá’) on the streets of the city of Belém, Pará state. • ‘Maniçoba’: known as the feijoada (dish of beans cooked with dried meat, pork, sausages, etc.) from Pará, it can take more than a week to be ready. The delay is caused mainly by the cooking of the manioc leaf (the cassava plant). Dried meat, bacon, tripe, calf’s foot, pig’s ears, feet and ribs, chorizo, sausage and salamelle (a variety of pork sausage) are added to the broth. The dish is served with white rice, flour and pepper. • ‘Pirarucu de casaca’: the fish is cut into pieces, desalted and fried in olive oil. Then is served layered with fried bananas, manioc, potatoes stew and ‘farofa’ made with cassava flour, eggs and coconut milk.

Marjolein

Carlos Macapuna

BRAzIL

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Jorge Furlan

• Cuscus: dish of African origin, it has several recipes that can take corn flakes, sardines, egg and cod sauce.

• Coconut milk: made from the coconut’s white inside, beaten with a little water and strained. It is used in ‘bobó de camarão’ (a dish consisting of stewed shrimp with coconut milk, dendê oil and manioc cream). • Fish and seafood: the northeastern coast provides fishes, mollusks and shellfish widely used in the local cuisine. Many dishes are made with big shrimps. Crabs are served in portions. • Beans: there are several types. White, black, green and French beans are the most used. • Cheese curd: traditional product of the northeastern backlands, it is found mainly in Pernambuco, Paraíba, Ceará and Rio Grande do Norte. • Corn: consumed in countless ways, it can be boiled or roasted and used as a basis for preparing ‘canjica’ (dish made from grated green corn, sugar, milk and cinnamon), cakes, ‘pamonha’ (a sweetish concoction of which green corn paste is the chief ingredient, rolled and baked in fresh corn husks), ‘curau’ (dish made of salted meat brayed together with manioc flour), among other recipes.

• Cassava: in the Northeast, the sweetest version of this root is known as manioc. The flour is used as a side dish and can even be eaten for breakfast. • Beef: it is usual to find the meat already dried in the sun (called ‘carne de sol’) or airdried and preserved with salt (dried meat). It can be served in portions or be used as an ingredient in dishes from the region. • Fruit: from the great variety of fruits consumed in the region some of them are: guava, cashew nut, banana, mango, jack-fruit, araça (kind of guava), mangaba, sapodilla, umbu, hog plum and soursop. From the cashew, the chestnut is also extracted, used in many traditional recipes.

Festa Junina (June’s celebrities) cuisine The ‘Festa Junina’ is one of the most traditional festivities of the Northeast and happens in all states, which often compete to be the largest celebration. In addition to the dances, music and games, one of the biggest attractions are the delicacies typically served at the party.

Tatiana Azeviche - Setur BA

CORN IS CONSUMED IN A NUMBER OF DIFFERENT WAYS IN THE COUTRY

Chris Sá

Carol Kramberger

BANANA, ONE OF THE MOST TYPICAL FRUITS OF BRAZIL

COCADA, COCONUT CANDY MADE WITH WHITE oR DARK SUGAR

• Cooked maize: after removing the straw and hair, the corn is cooked and served with salt, and occasionally with butter. • ‘Canjica’: also known as ‘curau’ in several states, it is a sweet dough made from ground corn and coconut milk, served with sugar and cinnamon. • ‘Pé de moleque’: the candy is done in many different ways in each corner of the country. One of its traditional forms is found at parties, especially in Pernambuco state, it’s a kind of cake made with cassava dough, nuts and a syrup made of sugar and butter. Farther south, the candy is made of brown sugar and peanuts. • ‘Cocada’: coconut candy made with white or dark sugar. It can be found being sold in the streets like a board candy. • Rice pudding: sweet made with rice and milk. It may have condensed milk and be served with cloves and cinnamon. • ‘Pamonha’: sweet or salty, the ‘pamonha’ is made with grated corn and milk.

Traditional dishes • ‘Buchada’: a recipe that calls for goat entrails boiled in the stomach (intestines) of the animal. For strong stomachs. • Dried meat with curd mush: is the dried meat served with a mush made from curd cheese, milk, bottle butter (kind of butter that is kept in its liquid state in room temperature inside a bottle) and cassava flour. • ‘Baião de dois’: dish made with green or French beans, mixed with white rice, dried meat, or dried meat and curd cheese. Served with the traditional bottle butter. • ‘Moqueca’: fish stew with coconut milk, palm oil, pepper and cilantro. TYPICAL NORTHEAST MOQUECA

Roberto Faria/Embratur

ONE OF THE TYPES OF SHRIMP SERVED IN THE NORTHEAST REGION

SWEET MADE WITH COOKED CORN

Rita Barreto - Setur BA

CANJICA, ALSO KNOWN AS CURAU

Fatima Pereira

Rafa Moskovita

SOURSOP

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Pequi is the flagship Consisting mostly (97%) by Cerrado, and 3% of the Atlantic Forest, the state of Goiás has a tropical semi-humid climate. This contributes to a rich cuisine which made the state a reference worldwide. The ‘galinhada’ is the best known dish of the state, made with rice, chicken and ‘pequi’ - which can also be replaced by ‘guariroba’, a species of heart of palm, a symbol from the region. Among the ingredients, ‘pequi’ is the most famous in Goiás’ cuisine. As well-known as controversial, there’s no middle ground to it.

MID-WEST Formed by the biomes of the Amazon, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest and Pantanal, the Midwest region is made up by the states of Mato Grosso (MT), Goiás (GO) and Mato Grosso do Sul (MS), and the Federal District (DF). Thanks to the natural wealth of the region, its cuisine is very rich and diverse. The Cerrado (open pasture with patches of stunted vegetation) is the only biome prevailing in all states. The cuisine of the region is strongly influenced by livestock, one of the main economic activities in the territory, which shares with beef, pork and goat meat the population’s preference.

Exotic diversity In the traditional cuisine of Mato Grosso, it is very common to find dishes that combine meat (from traditional to exotic ones) to traditional spices of the ‘cerrado’. Thanks to the influence of ‘Pantanal’, fish is the most consumed product in the region. Among the dishes that take fish on the menu, the highlights are the traditional ‘Mojica’, beef stew prepared with the fish ‘Pintado’; ‘Ventrecha’, fried ribs of ‘Pacu’ a type

PEQUI, TYPICAL FRUIT OF THE BRAZILIAN CERRADO

elias minasi

Elin Gunnur

SHRIMP CREAM KNOWN AS VATAPÁ

of fish; and fried steak of ‘Piraputanga’. The most common side dishes are rice, “farofa” of banana and mush of manioc flour. The piranha broth is also a mandatory dish on the table of the people of Mato Grosso. Beef and pork meats share space on the table of the people from Mato Grosso with a variety of exotic meats. Previously consumed only in rural areas, meats such as wild boar, alligator and capybara, today it can be found in major cities throughout the state. The most famous recipes with traditional meats of Mato Grosso are the ‘costela atolada’, ‘guisado à moda cuiabana’ (stew in the Cuiabá style), dried meat with banana, chopped okra, ‘vaca atolada’, among many others. The spices used to prepare these traditional dishes are found within the state. “Pequi”, cassava, corn, pepper and yerba mate are much used to enrich the vast cuisine from Mato Grosso. There are also a variety of preserves, assorted desserts and, of course, liqueurs and cachaça (sugar cane alcoholic drink).

TYPICAL LUNCH IN THE MID-WEST REGION

Daniel De Granvile - Fotograma

• ‘Paçoca’ of dried meat: ‘farofa’ made from cassava flour, dried meat and minced onion. It can be served with banana and a ‘baião de dois’. • ‘Tapioca’: made of cassava gum, in discs like pancakes, and served with sweet or salty stuffing. • ‘Acarajé’: traditionally prepared by the ‘baianas’, ‘acarajé’ is a small dough made of French beans fried in palm oil. It can be stuffed with ‘vatapá’, ‘caruru’ (dish prepared by stewing dried shrimps, okra, minced herbs with palm oil and spices) and pepper sauce. • ‘Caldo de sururu’: soup made with shellfish, coconut milk and palm oil. • ‘Caldo de mocotó’: this hot soup is made of ox paws, from where the traditional broth comes out. • ‘Dobradinha’: dish made of white beans cooked with beef tripe. • ‘Sarapatel’: with different recipes in each state, the ‘sarapatel’ is a stew made with viscera of hogs, lamb or goat, thickened with the blood of the animal. It’s served with flour and pepper. • ‘Vatapá’: there are several versions for the cream of shrimp, which can take bread, breadcrumbs or cornmeal, peanut, cashew, pepper, coconut milk and palm oil. • ‘Caruru’: Just as ‘vatapá’, this dish became popular among the people from Pará and is also served in this state, with some modifications. Basically, ‘caruaru’ is a mush (cassava flour mixed with a hot broth) made with okra, shrimp, parsley and oil palm. • ‘Bolo de rolo’: candy made with a thin sponge cake wrapped with layers of ‘goiabada’ (guava jam), covered with sugar. Served in thin slices.

Cristiano Xavier/Embratur

BRAzIL

FEIJÃO-TROPEIRO WITH PORK RIND AND SAUSAGE

With a strong and very peculiar flavor, ‘pequi’ is used to make salty and sweet dishes, jams, ice cream, liqueurs and even oils.

Other highlights • ‘Empadão goiano’: a pie that takes pork, sausage, chicken, ‘guariroba’ and cheese. • ‘Feijão-tropeiro’: with pork rind, sausage, cabbage and cassava flour. • Maria Isabel rice: it takes meats and species from the region. • Fish in the tile: it can be done with the fish ‘Pintado’ or ‘Surubim’, lots of peppers, onions, garlic and goat pepper. • The Baru chestnut and ‘Cajuzinho (cashew nut) do Cerrado’, as well as the ‘Pequi’, are used in ice creams, popsicles and candies. • There are several types of spirits from Goiás, with diverse flavors and alcohol levels. Federal district and Mato Grosso do Sul Located east of the state of Goiás, the Federal District is home to the country’s capital, Brasília. Its population consists of people who came from several states. Thanks to this diversity, the cuisine of Brazil’s capital absorbed various references. In Brasília you can go to a restaurant from Minas Gerais, Goiás, Rio Grande do Sul, from the

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Eduardo Cesario

TERERÊ, THE CHIMARRÃO FROM SOUTHERN MATO GROSSO

SOUTHEAST The cuisine of the four Southeastern states incorporated dishes and habits from different cultures. In the countryside, the famous ‘tropeira’ food still inhabits the kitchens of families and traditional restaurants. Some say that the pizza from São Paulo is better than the real pasta made in Italy. Are they exaggerating? What is evident is that the city is a reference in the subject and attracts thousands of people because of its fame. The Italian immigrants arrived in the four states, but most chose São Paulo as their destination. The capital of São Paulo also has the largest Japanese community in Brazil and the Liberdade district is home to most of these immigrants. ‘Tabouli’ (wheat salad), ‘kibbe’ (Arab dish, made of deep-fried ground meat and whole wheat flour), ‘esfijas’, ‘hummus’ and ‘kaftas’ reached the Southeast through the Syrian-Lebanese. In Minas Gerais, dishes such as ‘feijão tropeiro’ and ‘angu’ (flour of manioc, maize or rice boiled in water and salt) are an inheritance of the pioneers.

Gastronomic capitals São Paulo attracts every year almost 12 million visitors. Most of them come for business, but for decades the capital has attracted visitors because of its culinary wealth. Voted the World Gastron-

THE SÃO PAULO PIZZA

Ugur Vidinligil

Main highlights of Mato Grosso do Sul • Paraguayan soup: it takes big chunks of onion, grated cheese and corn meal • Juice and soup of piranha (an extremely voracious fresh-water fish) • ‘Forrundu’: papaya and brown sugar candy • ‘Puchero’: a sort of casserole inherited from Argentina made with various cuts of meat • ‘Locro’: made with white beans and corn, pork and different seasonings • ‘Pacu’: typical fish of the Pantanal, can be served fried, baked or boiled • ‘Tererê’: the ‘chimarrão’ from southern Mato Grosso” is the most popular beverage in the state. Made with yerba mate, it can be drunk hot or cold.

HOMEMADE PASTRY

THE MINAS CHEESE

Roberto Seba/Acervo Setur MG

omy Capital, São Paulo brings together the best restaurants in the country. It’s more than ten thousand options, ranging from simple cuisine to the most refined. This variety of options has put the city on top of the list of best places to eat. In São Paulo, you can go to a Japanese, Italian, Thai, German, Mexican, Spanish, Portuguese, Argentinean, Turkish, Greek, Korean, Chinese restaurants. The possibilities are endless, enabling the tourist to enjoy the best dishes of the world in the same city. Throughout the year the most diverse festivals are held, which further contributes to the fame that the capital acquired. Renowned chefs are invited to attend these events, and end up opening or expanding their businesses in the city. But São Paulo has not only imported flavors and world experts in haute cuisine, the city is also responsible for launching internationally recognized names. Mentioned in the Michelin Guide and considered by the publication as one of the best chefs in the world, Alex Atala has taken the Brazilian cuisine to all continents. Helen Rizzo and the restaurant chain Fasano are other names highlighted by the major international publications. Rio de Janeiro and Belo Horizonte are on the list of cities also famous for haute cuisine. In Rio de Janeiro’s state capital, the most prominent name is that of Chef Roberta Sudbrack. Her restaurant in Rio, alongside D.O.M. and Mani (both in São Paulo) are on the list of the British magazine Restaurant. In Belo Horizonte, it is important to highlight Chef Ivo Faria, also nationally and internationally acclaimed.

Gary Tamin

Northeast without leaving the city. Its prevailing biome is from the Cerrado (100%), which contributes to a closer relationship with the cuisine of Goiás. But international cuisine is greatly present in the city. There are plenty of Germans, Italian, French, Portuguese and Argentine restaurants. The state of Mato Grosso do Sul consists of three biomes: Cerrado (61%), Mata Atlântica (14%) and Pantanal (25%). The major cities are the capital, Campo Grande, Bonito, Dourados, Três Lagoas, Ponta Porã and Aquidauna. The prevailing climate in the state is tropical, with variations between hot and semi-humid. The cuisine from southern Mato Grosso is made from ingredients found throughout the state. But the rich local cuisine has absorbed dishes from Argentina, Paraguay and Bolivia.

Delights of Minas Gerais Consisting mostly of Cerrado, followed by Mata Atlântica and Caatinga, the state of Minas Gerais produces a series of traditional foods from the land. ‘Pão de queijo’ (cheese bread), ‘polenta’ (a kind of porridge made of cornmeal), chicken with okra, pururuca style piglet, Minas style tutu (a dish prepared of beans, bacon and manioc). It’s impossible to list all the dishes of the traditional cuisine of Minas Gerais we know. Abundant from breakfast to dinner, the cuisine of the state is known throughout Brazil. The famous Minas cheese is produced exclusively in five micro regions of Minas Gerais: Canastra Mountain Range (West), Araxá and Alto Paranaíba (Triângulo Mineiro), Serro (center) and Campos das Vertentes (South). All cheeses are made with the same production methods and ingredients, but the soil of each farm gives the products a peculiar flavor. Other highlights of the Southeast • Roast chicken with ‘farofa’ (manioc flour toasted in butter or olive oil) • Frango (chicken) ‘caipira’ with okra • ‘Quirera’ or ‘Canjiquinha mineira’ (a dish made from grated green corn, sugar, milk and cinnamon) • Roasted pork loin • ‘Feijão (beans) tropeiro mineiro’ • Beef Stew with bananas • Homemade pastry • Couscous Paulista

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FEIJOADA, ONE OF THE MOST POPULAR DISHES IN BRAZIL

Receitas de culinaria PT

Feijoada The weekend is the time to eat “feijoada”, the most popular dish of Brazil. The specialty essentially takes smoked pork, sausage and cuts of pig’s feet, tail and ears. Served in a clay pot, a traditional delicacy of countries colonized by the Portuguese is served with white rice, pork rind, flour, cabbage, orange slices and red pepper sauce made with the juice of the beans. As a side order, we recommend a ‘batidinha’ of lemon juice, sugar and cachaça. Softer than the ‘caipirinha’, it is often served as an appetizer before eating the dish.

SEAFOOD PAELLA

Boteco (pub) food Prepared with dough that takes flour, water, cachaça and salt, the ‘pastel frito’ (fried pastry) is a traditional food found in markets, bars, markets and streets of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte and Espírito Santo. The traditional fillings of meat and cheese are still consumed,

THE PINHÃO, A SEED LARGELY FOUND DURING THE MONTHS OF MAY AND JUNE

but there are others which have been incorporated overtime. In Brazil, the most famous are the shrimp, in Rio de Janeiro, and the cod filling found in the Mercado Municipal de São Paulo.

Coffee Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo and São Paulo are also famous for coffee production. But the title of Brazil’s largest producer stays in the hands of Minas Gerais state, which accounts for almost half of the national production. The state produces mostly specialty coffees, 100% Arabian, grown in different soils: South of Minas Gerais, Chapada, Matas and Cerrado. Espírito Santo comes right behind, the main producer of Conilon, grown in the warm areas of the state. A traditional grower of coffee, the state of São Paulo has an exclusive crop of Arábica, produced in the regions of Mogiana and the Midwest of São Paulo.

SOUTH Southern Brazil has a lower temperature than the rest of the country and houses the Pampas biome. The rich grassland is integrated into the pine forests in three southern states, Paraná (PR), Santa Catarina (SC) and Rio Grande do

Sul (RS). The forest offers two ingredients typical of the region: the ‘pinhão’, a seed largely found during the months of May and June. It can be eaten after being roasted or cooked and peeled, and it’s used as the basis for many recipes, mixed with meats, sauces or even in the form of candy. The yerba mate is the basis of the ‘chimarrão’. In order to have an idea of the importance of these fruits of the forest, you only have to know that Paraná has adopted the branches of ‘araucária’ (Brazilian pine) and the yerba mate as symbols of the state and part of its flag’s decoration.

Chimarrão Anywhere in the country, if you meet a ‘gaucho’ (as they call those born in Rio Grande do Sul), he/she will probably have a thermos for water and a gourd to drink ‘chimarrão’ in their luggage. The habit was acquired by indigenous people in the region and is still deeply rooted. The more traditional gauchos only drink ‘chimarrão’ following certain rules. It is, after all, a communitarian drink, mandatory for family reunions and to welcome visitors. The person who prepares the drink is also the first one to drink it, because the first yerba mate tea is the most bitter. After you refill the bowl with

Divulgação

Hans Thoursie

FEIJOADA SIDE DISH

Divulgação

THE TRADITIONAL BRAZILIAN COFFEE

Divulgação

Stews, paella and mussels The ‘moqueca capixaba’ (capixaba stew) is perhaps the most famous dish from the coast of Espírito Santo state, but to limit the state’s coastal cuisine to only this delicious dish means to set aside a multitude of flavors. The rice with capixaba shrimp also accompanies its countryman, and just like it, it’s served in a huge clay pot - heritage of indigenous customs. There are a number of variations of the dish which acquired international versions in several contemporary restaurants. Those who visit the coast of Espírito Santo will also find the famous fish stew of mussels, usually prepared with white wine, olive oil and pepper. And what about the fish in green sauce in the oven? Made with herbs and lemon, it is found all along the coast. The fish used to prepare the dish can be anchovies, whiting and dogfish. In Rio de Janeiro, the paella of seafood can be highlighted. The Spanish dish in Rio’s coastal version doesn’t add chicken and takes mussels, squid, medium and large-sized shrimps. Other highlights of Rio de Janeiro are the dogfish stews (moqueca) with assorted peppers, mussels vinaigrette and several kinds of cod.

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Frontier food The Southern cuisine shares traditions with its bordering countries - Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay - and which are home to the same biome. The barbecue is the main result of this proximity. • ‘Churrasco’ (barbecue): from the big herds of cattle and sheep that graze in the fields of the pampas comes the meat prepared in the form of barbecue. The meal includes parts of various meat and sausages seasoned in salt and baked in the burning coal. The most common side dishes are rice, salad, ‘maionese’ (a dressing consisting of oil, vinegar or lemon juice, and egg yolks), ‘farofa’ of toasted manioc flour and bread. It is typically served a meal for large groups of people, whether family or friends gatherings. In restaurants, it is common the meats to be served in sequence. It’s the so called ‘espeto corrido’ or ‘rodízio’ (a system of service in certain restaurants where barbecued meats or pizzas are offered abundantly, according to the client’s taste).

Italian cuisine The families descending from the Italian colonies located throughout the region included in our cuisine the ‘polenta’ (a kind of porridge made of cornmeal), pasta, sausages, chicken consumption, and wines. Some regional cities such as Curitiba (Paraná state) have neighborhoods of Italian tradition with a choice of specialized restaurants. And there are cities that directly originated from Italian colonies as well, such as the city of Caxias do Sul (Rio Grande do Sul state), which makes the traditional Italian cuisine a tourist attraction. • ‘Polenta’: the basic recipe takes ‘fubá’ (a flour derived from corn), water and salt, and can be cooked, griddled or fried. It can be served in portions or as a side dish. • ‘Capelete’ soup: the soup includes chicken breast, seasoning and ‘capelete’. • ‘Galeto Al Primo Canto’: the meat of the young chicken is roasted over hot coal. • ‘Café da Colônia’: also called ‘Café Colonial’, this meal is actually of German origin. But it is quite common for visitors to find this option in the cities of Italian origin. In these colonies, the meal can include coffee, milk, colonial bread (homemade), biscuits, cakes, jams, sausage, omelets, ‘polenta’, juices, seasonal fruits and wines. German tradition The Germans maintain the tradition of recipes with pork knuckle, sausages, potatoes and beer. A visit to the city of Blumenau, Santa Ca-

Marina Avila

TYPICAL GAUCHO BARBECUE

tarina state, in the month of October, should include the Oktoberfest, a festival of Germanic traditions. The main attraction is the beer, but other German culinary delicacies are served in the party. • ‘Eisbein’: the dish is made with pork knuckle cooked with spices and served with mashed potatoes and sausages. • ‘Cuca’: it’s a sort of cake-bread, which takes various sweet toppings. • ‘Café da Colônia’: The colonial coffee of the German cities may include breads, butter, cheese, cakes, sausages, milk, ‘cuca’, pork, pies, preserves, honey, among others. • Colonial Cheese: found mainly in western Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul’s mountain ranges, it is a white homemade cheese and goes through aging. It’s soft inside, spicy and has a thick crust.

Tropeira food From the expeditions of the ‘tropeiros’, merchants of meat who came from Rio Grande do Sul to the southeastern states, the tradition of tropeira food was created throughout this route. The basis of this cuisine is rice, beans, salted and shredded meat (jerked beef) and common ingredients found on the path. It was important that the food would last throughout the journey - hence the use of dry ingredients and a lot of fat. Bacon, cracklings, manioc and corn flour are served as side dishes.

Other traditional dishes • ‘Barreado’: found in some coastal cities of Paraná, such as Morretes and Antonina, the ‘barreado’ is prepared at fishermen locations. The basis of the dish is the beef which is cooked for long hours in a clay pot sealed with dough made of cassava flour. The meat is served with the hot sauce over the flour, forming a mush, and mashed bananas. • Sequence of shrimps: in Florianópolis (SC), the shrimp are served in a row in the restaurants around the Lagoa da Conceição. • ‘Arroz de carreteiro’: a mix of rice with jerked beef originally prepared by the carter, who used to guide the freight wagons drawn by oxes throughout Rio Grande do Sul state.

John evans

warm water, it is passed to the next person, who should drink all the water before refilling it and passing it around.

THE PASTA

Divulgação

Jerônimo Freitas Rodrigues de Carvalho

THE GAUCHO CHIMARRÃO

VINES IN THE SOUTH

Wines

The South has the largest wine production in the country, occupying mainly the state of Santa Catarina’s mountain ranges and the Vineyards Valleys of the state of Rio Grande do Sul. The most commonly used grapes are from the Cabernet Sauvingon and Merlot varieties. The sparkling wine gained prominence among the specialized critics, but the red wine is still the most consumed in the country. In the middle of the semiarid, in municipalities of the states of Bahia and Pernambuco, the Northeast region also produces the drink. The dry climate, the high incidence of sunshine throughout the year, and artificial irrigation allow more than one crop per year. Sparkling wines are the highlights.

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Pátria Minas Restaurante

tatives of the State, with the towns of Monte Alegre do Sul, Serra Negra, Amparo and Jaguariúna among the highlights. Vale do Paraíba also has excellent small-scale producers, such as those found in the charming town of São Luiz do Piratininga. Minas Gerais cannot be excluded from the list of small-scale producers. Minas Gerais cachaça is among the most appreciated by specialists. The town of Salinas is one of the best known for the quality of cachaça produced in its stills. Betim, Araguari Januária and historical cities including Congonhas, São João del Rei and Mariana, among others, are also producers of good quality cachaça. There are also many small-scale producers in the Northeast of Brazil. The State of Paraíba, in particular the town of Alagoa Grande, usually ranks among the top Brazilian cachaças. The region of the Chapada Diamantina in the State of Bahia is another northeastern representative of national cachaça production, along with Ibirataia and Abaíra.

museu da Cachaça in Maranguape, Ceará

The Brazilian cachaça has been recognized as a typical product of the country

Now it’s official: Cachaça is a Brazilian drink. What may seem obvious to Brazilians was not so obvious to foreigners, who knew our cachaça as “Brazilian rum”. An agreement between the President of Brazil, Dilma Rousseff and U.S. President Barak Obama, signed on April 9, 2012 in Washington, foresees the creation of a Brazilian seal of quality and recognition of cachaça as a Brazilian product. This is an important step in order that cachaça can be recognized by the World Trade Organization and become an export product. Cachaça producers demonstrated the manufacturing characteristics of the product to prove that no other beverage follows the same recipe, proving that the drink is different from rum, whiskey and other spirits. Under the agreement it was determined that cachaça is made exclusively in Brazil. This is a dispute that has lasted for 46 years, but from now on cachaça is to Brazil what cham-

pagne is to France and tequila to Mexico. The manufacture of cachaça occurs in all Brazilian States, each with its own specific characteristics. Among the main producer regions, São Paulo, Pernambuco and Ceará stand out, accounting for almost half of Brazil’s production of the spirit. Minas Gerais, Bahia, Goiás, Paraná and Paraíba also make an important contribution. The most highly awarded distillery is located in Rio Grande do Sul, the Alambique Weber Haus. Cachaça produced here holds 16 medals and beat competition from vodkas and rums in international competitions in which it participated. Rio Grande do Sul has become a region specializing in manufacturing cachaça for export. As well as the town of Ivoti, home to Alambique Weber Haus, Passo Velho, Dois Irmãos and the traditional wine stronghold of Bento Gonçalves are also important cachaça distillery locations. São Paulo, Brazil’s largest producer, also has excellent cachaça. The ‘Circuito Paulista de Águas’ is one of the most important represen-

Caipirinha

divulgação

Cachaça is Brazilian

The traditional Brazilian drink, caipirinha, is made from cachaça. It is a mixture of cachaça, sugar and fruit. The traditional caipirinha is made with green lemon, but there is a myriad of other choices of fruits (Brazil has more than 300 types of national fruit, including those only grown here). The most popular are caipirinhas made with pawpaw, Cayenne cherry, cupuaçu, jabuticaba, among others. Alongside beer, caipirinha is the popular beverage in Brazil, and is drunk as an accompaniment to the most popular dish in Brazilian households - a good ‘feijoada’ (meat, offal, rice and beans) is never served without a caipirinha. It is also present in bars and clubs in the larger cities. The alcohol content of the spirit varies between 38 and 54 °GL, according to the Brazilian Institute of Weights and Measures.

Eric Gaba/Museu da Cachaça

BRAzIL

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Brasilia is the ultimate expression of national modernism. Built in accordance with the premises of the modernist school, its constructions display the vision of Niemeyer and Lúcio Costa in their revolutionary and unique forms, which have become recognized worldwide. The next generation has included the use of more Brazilian materials, a search into the country’s past, including bricks and tiles. Lina Bo Bardi, Jaime Lerner and Luiz Paulo Conde are some of the architects that have marked their presence in this era. Lerner, from Curitiba, was one of the first exponents of the concept of urban planning in the country’s large Cities. He was responsible for the creation of the exclusive bus lanes that form the basis for the transportation system in the City of Curitiba. Lina Bo Bardi, Italian by birth but a São Paulo resident by choice, is responsible for works that are picturepostcards of Brazil, the most famous being the Museu de Arte Moderna in São Paulo.

AUDITÓRIO IBIRAPUERA, DESIGNED BY OSCAR NIEMEYER

Milton Galvani/Embratur

Brazilian architectural tradition began at the time of colonization, when the Portuguese baroque style was absorbed and reinvented in the country. The style known as ‘bandeirante e borroco’ - Pioneer Baroque, found virtually all over Brazil, was the first example of using local materials and adaptation to the new reality. Brazilian culture includes exponents such as Oscar Niemeyer, Lúcio Costa, Burle Marx, Paulo Mendes da Rocha and Vilanova Artigas among others - all representatives of the modernist school that brought modernist concepts from other countries and made them Brazilian. Niemeyer is the clearest example of this transformation. Inspired by waves, he created the sinuous and curvilinear forms that became his trademark. The Complexo da Pampulha in Minas Gerais demonstrates his mastery. In São Paulo, the Parque do Ibirapuera, the Memorial da América Latina and Copan building show other facets of his talent.

ART

SALA SÃO PAULO

Tuca Vieira/fundação osesp

Cristiano Xavier/Embratur

Curve lines designed by Oscar Niemeyer

From the Baroque style that came to Brazil through the hands of the Portuguese to modern trends of contemporary artistic styles, Brazilian art demonstrates the cultural richness of the country. Great names have emerged from effervescent modernism, a movement marked by the Semana de Arte Moderna (Modern Art Week) held in Brazil in 1922. The event represented the emancipation of Brazilian art. Aligned with international vanguards, the modernists broke established standards in the search for a national form of expression.

Museums Much of the history of Brazilian culture - as well as works of art of international significance are preserved in Brazil’s principal museums.

IGREJA DE SÃO FRANCISCO, in Minas Gerais

Cristiano Xavier/Embratur

Rita Barreto/embratur

IGREJA DE SANTA RITA, in Paraty

Museu de Arte de São Paulo (MASP) Internet site: www.masp.art.br Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 11 am to 6 pm. Wednesdays from 11 am to 8 pm The Museu de Arte de São Paulo (MASP) is one of the picture postcards of the city of São Paulo. Located on Avenida Paulista, the construction

supported on four columns with a span of 74 meters was designed by Lina Bo Bardi, a modernist architect born in Italy and naturalized Brazilian. It was a condition of the project that the outlook to the center of the City and over the Serra da Cantareira, which marks the northern limit of São Paulo, should be preserved. The collection of around 8,000 pieces includes works by Renoir, Monet, Cezanne, Van Gogh, Modigliani, Goya and Diego Rivera, among others, as well as examples from some of the greatest Brazilian artists, including Tarsila do Amaral, Di Cavalcanti, Candido Portinari, Lasar Segall, Anita Malfatti and Flávio de Carvalho. ANTIQUE MARKET IN MASP’S FREE SPAN

Milton Galvani/Embratur

Brazilian Architecture

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MEMORIAL DA AMÉRICA LATINA

Pinacoteca INDOOR AREA

Rubens Chiri/BIESP

Milton Galvani/Embratur

MUSEU DE ARTE MODERNA

MEMORIAL DA AMÉRICA LATINA Internet site: www.memorial.org.br Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 6 pm Located in São Paulo, the Memorial was inaugurated in 1989 and is based on a cultural vision conceived by the Brazilian anthropologist Darcy Ribeiro. It was created with the mission of bringing Brazil closer to other Latin American countries. The exhibition areas are housed in a large architectural complex designed by Oscar Niemeyer. The architect invited each artist to choose where their work would be exhibited. Architectural and artistic works are therefore presented in an integrated manner throughout

Milton Galvani/Embratur

A visit to the Museu de Arte Moderna (MAM) should include a trip to Parque do Ibirapuera in São Paulo, where the museum is located. The architectural complex, which also includes the Oca and the Pavilhão, were designed by the Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer. In addition to hosting the Panorama of Brazilian Art exhibition every two years, MAM has more than 5,000 works in its collection. It includes works of modern art, principally contemporary Brazilian art, among them pieces by Livio Abramo, Flávio de Carvalho, Paulo Bruscky, Hélio Oiticica, Lygia Clark, Nelson Leirner, Cildo Meireles, Regina Silveira, Carlos Fajardo, Beatriz Milhazes, Rafael França, Vik Muniz and Rivane Neuenschwander.

a visit. The collection includes the ‘Tiradentes’ panel by Candido Portinari, the ‘Tapaçeira’ by Tomie Ohtake and items of folk art by anonymous artisans, collected from across the continent. The Memorial also houses a library specializing in Latin American themes.

MUSEU DA IMAGEM E DO SOM (MIS) Internet site: www.mis-sp.org.br Hours: Tuesday to Saturday from 12 am to 10 pm. Sundays and holidays from 11 am to 9 pm

Pinacoteca do Estado de São Paulo Internet site: www.pinacoteca.org.br Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10 am to 5:30 pm

Since its inauguration in 1970 the Museu da Imagem e do Som (MIS) in São Paulo has sought to be a living museum. Its collection of more than 200,000 items includes photographs, films, videos, posters, vinyl records and sound recordings. Examples include narrations by Tarsila do Amaral and the musician Tom Jobim. Going beyond preserving a rich archive, MIS maintains an intense schedule of events and projects itself as an institution that fosters audiovisual language. It is always hosting an exhibition, show or performance.

The oldest art museum in the city of São Paulo, the Pinacoteca maintains an intense exhibition schedule, with around 30 temporary exhibitions each year. Initially projected to house the collection of the Museu Paulista, the Pinacoteca (Art Gallery) has works by important artists who were active in the city, such as Almeida Júnior and Antonio Parreiras. However, the Pinacoteca gradually became a contemporary art museum. Temporary exhibitions feature works by both Brazilian and foreign artists. Close to the Estação da Luz, it occupies a building designed in the late nineteenth century by the offices of Ramos de Azevedo to house the College of Art.

MUSEU DE ARTE CONTEMPORÂNEA (MAC) Internet site: www.mac.usp.br Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10 am to 6 pm MUSEU DA IMAGEM E DO SOM

Ding Musa/MIS

MUSEU DE ARTE MODERNA (MAM) Internet site: www.mam.org.br Hours: Tuesday to Sunday (including holidays) from 10 am to 6 pm

Created in 1963, the Museu de Arte Contemporânea de São Paulo (MAC) has a vast collection of Western art and Brazilian modernism,

including works by Picasso, Matisse, Tarsila do Amaral and Volpi. The museum currently possesses some 10,000 works, including paintings, drawings, prints, sculptures, objects and works of conceptual art and contemporary art. The exhibits are divided among three buildings. One is within Parque do Ibirapuera. The newest building is located in a large building opposite the park, which was reformed especially to house the Museum. The oldest site is located within the São Paulo University campus (Cidade Universitária). MAC has ties to University research, and undertakes academic activities as well as the dissemination of culture.

MUSEU AFRO BRASIL Internet site: www.museuafrobrasil.org.br Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10 am to 5 pm Created in 2002, the Museu Afro Brasil in São Paulo has much of its collection on permanent display. As well as housing a theater, the institution also maintains a library of approximately 6,800 volumes on the theme of ‘The Atlantic Slave Trade and the Abolition of Slavery in Brazil, Latin America, the Caribbean and the United States’. The aim of the museum is

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the research, conservation and exhibition of objects related to the black universe in Brazil. The museum is part of the cultural area of Parque do Ibirapuera, located next to the Museu de Arte Moderna (MAM) and the Pavilhão da Bienal, among others.

Rubens Chiri/BIESP

EXHIBITION AT Museu da língua portuguesa

INSTITUTO TOMIE OHTAKE

INSTITUTO TOMIE OHTAKE Internet site: www.institutotomieohtake.org.br Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 11 am to 8 pm Opened in 2001, the museum is named after one of the most important Brazilian artists. Designed by the son of the artist, the architect Ruy Ohtake, the building has an avant-garde style, with an auditorium and seven halls for the exhibition of paintings, sculpture, decoration, architecture and design. The institution also maintains four workshops for arts courses. Born in Japan, Tomie arrived in Brazil in 1936 and only began painting at the age 40, constructing a career that few Brazilian artists have been able to achieve. The 1960s, when she became a naturalized Brazilian, were decisive to her maturity as a painter.

MUSEU DE ARTE MODERNA IN RIO DE JANEIRO

meyer and which is part of the cultural area in Parque do Ibirapuera, at the side of the Museu de Arte Moderna (MAM) and the Museu Afro Brasil, among others. The first Biennial occurred in 1951. Two years later, the event was marked by the arrival in Brazil of the work ‘Guernica’, by Pablo Picasso. The Bienal program also includes dance, theater and music, as well as discussions and workshops. The Biennial usually takes place between September and December.

BIENAL DE SÃO PAULO Internet site: www.bienal.org.br

INSTITUTO MOREIRA SALLES Internet site: www.ims.com.br Hours: Tuesday to Friday from 1 pm to 7 pm. Saturdays and Sundays from 1 pm to 6 pm

The Bienal de São Paulo is one of the main events on the world art circuit, and as the name implies it occurs every two years in São Paulo. The event promotes the work of international artists and reflects current trends in the art scene. The event takes place in the Pavilhão da Bienal, a pavilion designed by the architect Oscar Nie-

Founded in 1992 by the late ambassador and banker, Walter Moreira Salles (1912-2001), the Institute seeks to promote and develop cultural programs. Its collection includes around 550,000 photographs, 100,000 recordings, a library of 400,000 books and an art gallery with more than 3,000 works. Highlights among the collection in-

clude works by Marc Ferrez, Marcel Gautherot, José Medeiros, José Ramos Tinhorão, Humberto Franceschi, Pixinguinha, Decio de Almeida Prado and Ana Cristina Cesar. The Institute has three cultural centers (São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Poços de Caldas, a town in the State of Minas Gerais), which host exhibitions, lectures, concerts, film festivals and other events.

MUSEU DE ARTE MODERNA, Rio de Janeiro (MAM-RJ) Internet site: www.mamrio.org.br Hours: Tuesday to Friday from 12 am to 6 pm. Sundays and holidays from 12 am to 7 pm The Museu de Arte Moderna (MAM) had one of the most important art collections in the country in the twentieth century and was the stage of artistic avant-garde in the years from 1950 to 1960. The collection includes around 11,000 works. MAM currently provides a panorama of international art, especially Brazilian art. There are works by world

Alexandre Macieira|Riotur

Opened in 2006, the museum has been one of the most visited in Latin America in recent years. The exhibition uses innovative interactive technology and resources to display and promote the Portuguese language. For example, in the Beco das Palavras (Word Alley) visitors can play with the creation of words in an interactive game. On the World Language Map it is possible to choose a location on a large map and hear narratives from local people, each with their own special way of speaking their language. Temporary exhibitions are often mounted to further explore literature by Portuguese language authors such as Fernando Pessoa, Guimarães Rosa and Jorge Amado. The museum is located within Estação da Luz, one of the city of São Paulo’s tourist sights.

Eduardo Castanho

MUSEU DA LÍNGUA PORTUGUESA Internet site: www.museudalinguaportuguesa.org.br Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10 am to 6 pm

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Museu de Arte Contemporânea (MAC-RJ) Internet site: www.macniteroi.com.br Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10 am to 6 pm

Museu Imperial/Ibram/MinC

A visit the Museu de Arte Contemporânea (MAC) in Niterói, Rio de Janeiro metropolitan region, is worthwhile just for the building itself, designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer to integrate with the landscape of the Boa Viagem viewpoint. Inaugurated in 1996, the museum began its archives with the collection of João Sattamini, which includes works of contemporary Brazilian art and is considered to be the largest of its kind in Brazil. The collection includes

twelve pieces by the sculptor Franz Krajcberg, twenty-four paintings by Dionísio Del Santo and thirty works by Lygia Clark. Artists such as Lygia Pape, Tomie Ohtake, Tunga and Waltércio Caldas are also represented, among many others. The museum is part of the ‘Niemeyer Trail’, a group municipal buildings in the Cities of Niterói and Rio de Janeiro projected by Oscar Niemeyer that have significant architectural value.

MUSEU IMPERIAL (Petropólis, Rio de Janeiro) Internet site: www.museuimperial.gov.br Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 11 am to 6 pm The museum is housed in the building that served as a summer residence for Emperor Dom Pedro II in the City of Petropolis, 65 km from Rio de Janeiro. Dom Pedro II signed a decree creating the City at the beginning of construction of the Petrópolis Palace. The site was transformed into a museum only in 1943, and already held a significant collection from Brazil’s imperial period. Over the years it has accumulated objects, documents, sculptures, jewelry and silverware, which now totals over 300,000 items. The museum also offers a permanent spectacle with a sound and light show that recreates a Princess’ ball in the Palace as well as important moments from the Imperial period.

THE Museu imperial IN PETROPOLIS

CENTRO CULTURAL BANCO DO BRASIL

Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil (CCBB) Internet site: www.bb.com.br/cultura Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 9 pm In order to provide quality programs at affordable prices, the Banco do Brasil - one of the largest public financial institutions in the country - founded the Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil, known CCBBs, in the four main cities in the country (Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Belo Horizonte and Brasilia). From the outset of the creation of the CCBB’s in 1989, events that add value to national and international culture have been presented throughout Brazil. In 2008 alone, 179 projects were presented through 724 exhibitions, attracting more than 4.2 million visitors. Exhibitions included ‘India’ and ‘Paris: Impressionism and Modernity’, with works from the Musée d’Orsay, and by Tarsila do Amaral.

MUSEU NACIONAL DE BELAS ARTES (MNBA) Internet site: www.mnba.gov.br Hours: Tuesday to Friday from 10 am to 6 pm. Saturdays and Sundays from 12 am to 5 pm Located in Cinelândia, the museum occupies a building designed by the Spanish architect Adolfo Morales de los Rios. The initial design of the building has undergone several changes that have resulted in its eclectic style. The vast MNBA collection began with works of art brought by Dom João VI of Portugal and includes paintings, sculptures, drawings and prints from Brazil and overseas, dating from earlier centuries through contemporary works, as well as furniture, glyptic art (engraving on precious stones) and pieces of African art. Among the significant works are the paintings of the Battle of Avaí (1872) by Pedro Américo, and the First Mass in Brazil (1861) by Vitor Meirelles.

Alexandre Macieria/Riotur

renowned artists such as Fernand Léger, Alberto Giacometti, Max Bill and Lucio Fontana. Among Latin American artists on display are Torres García, Jorge de La Vega and Antonio Seguí. Works by Brazilian artists include Di Cavalcanti, Lygia Clark, Helio Oiticica, Franz Weissmann, Amílcar de Castro and Willys de Castro. The building that houses the museum is located within the Parque do Flamengo on the shores of Guanabara Bay, with landscaped gardens designed by Roberto Burle Marx. Both the gardens and the building itself are attractions. The design was by Affonso Eduardo Reidy, one of the important names in Brazilian modern architecture.

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Located in Salvador, capital of the State of Bahia, the Solar do Unhão is an architectural complex composed of the Solar (a colonial mansion), the Capela de Nossa Senhora da Conceição, a private dock, aqueduct, fountain, slave quarters and a distillery with its storage tanks. The complex currently houses the Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia (MAM). With an estimated 200,000 visitors per year, its collection includes works by Brazilian artists such as Tunga, Mario Cravo Junior, Waltércio Caldas and Ruben Valentim, considered to be one of the great exponents of constructivism. There are also photograph by Pierre Verger.

Cristiano Xavier/Embratur

Instituto Ricardo Brennand Internet site: www.institutoricardobrennand.org.br Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 1 pm to 5 pm Located in the City of Recife, capital of the State of Pernambuco, the Instituto Ricardo Brennand is housed in a construction in the style of a medieval castle. There are three buildings: Museu Castelo São João, the Pinacoteca and the Galeria, which are in an architectural complex within a park. Founded by Ricardo Brennand, a local businessman, the institution’s archives include one of the largest collections of weapons in the world with more than 3,000 items, a

MUSEU DE ARTE da PAMPULHA

MUSEU NACIONAL Internet site: www.sc.df.gov.br Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 6:30 pm

The Museu de Arte da Pampulha (MAP) was originally built to house a casino and is part of the project by Oscar Niemeyer for Complexo Arquitetônico da Pampulha, which also includes a church, a night club, a Yacht Club, Tennis Club and the house of Juscelino Kubitschek, the former President of Brazil. The museum collection mainly holds contemporary art and includes works by Amilcar de Castro, Tomie Ohtake, Franz Weissman and Oswaldo Goeldi. In the Art Hall, MAP exhibits works by artists commencing their careers.

The Museu Nacional is a place that inserts Brasilia into the international arts circuit and exhibits the best in Brazilian art. The museum is used for exhibitions of works by renowned artists and themes that are important to society, as well as lectures, film shows, seminars and events. It thus contributes to education and tourism. Designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer, it is located on the Esplanada dos Ministérios, the region in Brasilia that is home to the principal public buildings.

instituto RICARDO BRENNAND

library with 20,000 volumes with emphasis on the history of the Dutch-Brazil period, and a selection of sculptures, tapestries and furniture.

Inhotim Internet site: www.inhotim.org.br Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 5 pm Inhotim is located in Brumadinho and blends art and nature with the landscape gardens of Burle Marx. There are more than 450 works by 100 artists from Brazil and overseas, featuring the works of Cildo Meireles, Tunga, Vik Muniz, Hélio Oiticica, Ernesto Neto, Matthew Barney, Doug Aitken, Chris Burden, Yayoi Kusama, Paul McCarthy, Zhang Huan, Valeska Soares, Marcellvs and Rivane Neuenschwander. There are sculptures, installations, paintings, drawings, photographs, films and videos distributed among the extensive Jardim Botânico. Inhotim has a large area of preserved native forest in addition to its botanical collections and lakes. INSTALLATION ART IN INHOTIM

Andre Mantelli Acervo Inhotim, Brumadinho (MG)

Museu de Arte DA Pampulha (MAP) Internet site: www.pbh.gov.br/cultura/map Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 7 pm

Gustavo Bettini/Embratu

Solar do Unhão Internet site: www.mam.ba.gov.br Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 1 pm to 7 pm

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Artistas

MUSEU OSCAR NIEMEYER

The list of some of the major Brazilian artists of international renown from different regions of Brazil includes a variety of styles, periods and techniques.

Mario Sergio Silvestri/Embratur

Anita Malfatti (1889-1964) Anita Catarina Malfatti became interested in painting at an early through her mother, who gave classes. Due to a congenital atrophy in her right arm and hand, she had to paint left-handed. She began to exhibit their works after living in Germany and New York, where she attended art colleges and had the opportunity to study with several renowned painters. She participated in the Semana de Arte Moderna (Week of Modern Art) in 1922 with 20 works, among them ‘O Homen Amarelo’ - The Yellow Man (1915/1916), one of her major works, as well as ‘Tropical’ (1917).

Located in Curitiba, the capital of the State of Paraná, the Museu Oscar Niemeyer (MON) holds a collection of around 3,000 works by local artists such as Alfredo Andersen, Theodore De Bona, Miguel Bakun, Guido Viaro and Helen Wong, as well as works by artists from other parts of Brazil, including Tarsila do Amaral and Cândido Portinari. Designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer, the museum has a permanent exhibition on the life and work of the Brazilian architect, with photographs, models and drawings. Every two years the museum hosts the Bienal de Curitiba.

Fundação Iberê Camargo Internet site: www.iberecarmargo.org.br Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 12 am to 7 pm. Wednesdays from 12 am to 9 pm Located in Porto Alegre, capital of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, the building housing the Fundação Iberê Camargo was designed by Portuguese architect Álvaro Siza. Lying on the margins of the Guaíba river, which circles the City, its collection holds around 7,000 works by the artist Iberê Camargo (1914-1994), who was a painter, printmaker and teacher. In addition to the permanent exhibitions, the institution promotes various programs such as ‘Bolsa Iberê Camargo’, which awards grants to young artists to live abroad.

acervo maria bonomi

Museu Oscar Niemeyer Internet site: www.museuoscarniemeyer.org.br Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10 am to 6 pm

SÃO PAULO’S EPIC PANEL, BY MARIA BONOMI

Maria Bonomi (1935) Teacher, sculptor, engraver, painter and costume designer, Maria Anna Luiza Bonomi was born in Meina (Italy) in 1935. At the age of 11 years she moved to Brazil. She initially dedicated herself to painting and drawing, shortly afterward adding prints to her work. After her first solo exhibition in 1956, the artist went to study painting in New York. In the 1970s she began working with sculptures. Her works can be seen in several cities around the world. In Brazil, São Paulo is home to several panels that the artist produced for public spaces. Milton Dacosta (1915-1988) Milton Dacosta began studying drawing and painting in 1929. The following year he enrolled at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes (ENBA). Together with Edson Motta, Bustamante Sá and Ado

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Ismael Nery (1900-1934) Born in Belém, capital of the State of Pará, Ismael Nery went to live in Rio de Janeiro. After a season studying in Paris, he began working as a designer. He became known for applying his own principles in the production of Essentialism, a philosophical system that he created based on the abstraction of time and space and preservation of the essential elements of existence. In 1927, after time with other artists, the surrealist phase of his work began. After contracting tuberculosis in 1930 his work began to reveal his personal drama and the fragility of the body.

UNTITLED, BY LEONILSON

Malagoli, among others, he created the ‘Núcleo Bernardelli’ in 1931 - an independent group of artists installed in the ENBA basement. He studied in the U.S.A., lived in Paris, and had contact with various artists. In the 1950s he developed works with a constructivist style with the paintings ‘Em Vermelho’ - In Red (several versions between 1957and 1958), ‘Em Branco’ - In White (1959), and ‘Composition’ - Composition (1958-1959).

Leonilson (1957-1993) The painter, designer and sculptor José Leonilson was part of the so-called ‘Generation 80’, but it was in the 1990s that his name came to prominence. He died young, in 1993, however Leonilson left a work that expresses the drama and anguish of modern man, in a subjective and intense form. His exhibition ‘Anotações de Viagem’ - Travel Notes (1989), brings elements of needlework, one of his trademarks. In 1991 Leonilson discovers that he carried the HIV virus and the theme began to dominate his work.

Anita Malfatti, Mário de Andrade, Menotti del Picchia and Oswald de Andrade, which culminated in the Semana de Arte Moderna (Week of Modern Art). She created canvases with strong colors in the modernist style, such as ‘Abaporu’ (1928) - currently the most valuable Brazilian canvas in the world - which inspired the Antropofagia movement, a form of artistic expression created by Oswald de Andrade and Raul Bopp.

Lasar Segall (1891-1957) Painter, designer, printmaker and sculptor of Jewish origin, Lasar Segall was born in Vilna, Lithuania in 1891. After passing through several Germany cities, he fixed residence in Brazil in 1923, where he developed friendships with artists from the modern art movement. His work was initially linked to impressionism,

acervo lygia clark

Alfredo Volpi (1896-1988) Born in Lucca (Italy), Alfredo Volpi moved to Brazil a year later. Before becoming involved with the arts he worked as a carpenter, carver and book-binder. In the 1930s, alongside names such as Mario Zanini and Rebolo Francisco, he was part of the modernist movement. His style is marked by traits ranging from the figurative to the abstract, with dominant colors and shapes. The canvas ‘Fachada das Bandeiras Brancas’ - Facade of White Flags (1950) is an example of his work. He died in São Paulo in the year 1988.

STAIRS, BY LYGIA CLARK

but was heavily influenced by expressionism. Among his principal works are ‘Aldeia Russa’ Russian Village (1912), ‘Menino com Lagartixa’ - Boy with Lizard (1924), and ‘Navio de Emigrantes’ - Emigrant Ship (1939-1941), among others. He died in São Paulo in 1957. His house, located in the district of Vila Mariana, is home to the Museu Lasar Segall.

Di Cavalcanti (1897-1976) Emiliano Augusto Cavalcanti de Albuquerque e Melo, better known as Di Cavalcanti, was born in Rio de Janeiro. He moved to São Paulo in 1917, where he attended law school and lived with artists and intellectuals such as Oswald and Mário de Andrade. He was one of the creators of the Semana de Arte Moderna (Week of Modern Art) in 1922, and exhibited 12 works. Many of his works portrayed social and nationalist themes, examples include ‘Samba’ (1925), ‘Cinco Moças de Guaratinguetá’ - Five Girls from Guaratinguetá (1930), and ‘Mulheres Protestando’ - Women Protesting (1941). Tarsila do Amaral (1886-1973) Tarsila do Amaral began her career as a painter after living and studying in Barcelona. After spending time in Paris, she returned to Brazil and formed the ‘Group of Five’ in 1922, with

acervo lasar segall

Tinta acrílica sobre papel sobre Eucatex 66,0 x 46,0 cm/foto rodrigo benavides

“Leonilson, 1957 Fortaleza - 1993 São Paulo”/ Sem título 1984

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BOY WITH LIZZARD, BY LASAR SEGALL

Lygia Clark (1920-1998) A painter and sculptor, Lygia Clark gave her first exhibition and discovered the possibilities of three-dimensional art in Paris. Her sculptures are made such that the viewer has several possibilities of sensory perception. Her series ‘Bichos’ - Animals - was produced in 1960: sculptures made of aluminum with hinges that can be manipulated by the viewer. In 1968 Lygia presented ‘A Casa é o Corpo’ - The House and the Body - at the Museu de Arte Moderna in Rio de Janeiro, a work of eight meters in length that allowed people to pass inside.

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ZEBRA, AFTER GEORGE STUBBS, BY VIK MUNIZ

Candido Portinari (1903-1962) Advocate of modern art and a 100% national painter, illustrator, writer and teacher, Candido Portinari liked to express human tragedies and suffering in his work. His works are famous for portraying the drama of Brazilians in their most natural form. The paintings ‘O Mestiço e Lavrador de Café’ - The Coffee Plantation Worker (1934), and the giant murals ‘Guerra e Paz’ - War and Peace (1953-1956) are among his most famous works. The artist was born in Brodósqui (State of São Paulo) in 1903 and died in Rio de Janeiro in 1962. Victor Brecheret (1894-1955) The Italian-Brazilian sculptor Victor Brecheret was one of the icons of Brazilian sculpture, responsible for introducing modernism to national art. Based in São Paulo, Brecheret specialized in design, modeling and wood carving. His most famous work is the ‘Monumento às Bandeiras’, a symbol of the City of São Paulo, as well as several works held by various museums. The artist also lived in Paris, where he spent time with names such as Pablo Picasso and Tarsila do Amaral.

Adriana Varejão One of the principal names in contemporary art, was born in Rio de Janeiro in 1964, where she lives and works up to the present day. Her works are characterized by bringing together her inspirations with those of the Brazilian colonial period. Her mind has created works that include painting, sculpture and even architecture, however works in ceramic tiles are her trademark. In total the artist has more than 70 exhibitions in Brazil and abroad in her curriculum. Beatriz Milhazes The most visually striking feature in the work of Beatriz Milhazes are the colors. Her paintings are notable for their ornamentation and references to Baroque and art deco styles. In the early 1980’s, she studied painting at the Escola de Artes Visuais do Parque Lage and in 1984 participated in the exhibition ‘How Are You, 80s Generation?’, which was a milestone for pluralist art in that decade. However it was in 1990 that she won international recognition through her participation in exhibitions in the United States and Europe.

Gustavo Pandolfo and Otávio Pandolfo (1974) The work of the brothers Gustavo and Otávio Pandolfo was born on the walls of São Paulo in the 1980s. From street graffiti to the canvases and walls of galleries and museums, their yellow characters and fine lines entered the international art scene in the late 1990s. Their first solo exhibition took place at the Luggage Store Gallery, San Francisco, USA, in 2003. In 2005 their works were displayed at the Deitch Projects gallery in New York and established their place in the contemporary art market. A constant partner of the two brothers is Nina Pandolfo, with her characteristic graffiti of girls with huge expressive eyes. You can find the twins’ graffiti on the streets of São Paulo. Tunga (1952) Born in Palmares in the State of Pernambuco in 1952, Tunga creates sculptures, performances, design, poetry, films and other works. His work In the ‘À Luz de Dois Mundos’ - Under the Light of Two Worlds - is displayed in the pyramid of the Louvre Museum in Paris. ‘True Rouge’ is on public display in Inhotim, a work that is the result of naked actors interacting with recipients containing a viscous red liquid. Inhotim also displays ‘Palíndromo Incesto’ - Palindrome Incest, constructed from copper wire and plates, magnets and iron filings. Vik Muniz (1961) Vik Muniz has been living and working in New York since 1983. Much of his work in photography is the final presentation of a creation. In some of his photographs, Muniz reproduces works of art

VALENTINE, BY VIC MUNIZ

acervo vik muniz

acervo VIK MUNIZ

Hélio Oiticica (1937-1980) A performing artist, painter and sculptor, Hélio Oiticica began studying painting and drawing in 1954. From 1959 he broke with painting and sculpture and departed for what he called ‘a state of invention’. During this phase his bi-dimensional works were replaced by kaleidoscopic designs, covers, banners, tents and walk-ins. One of his most important works are the ‘Parangolés’, a species of cover made to be worn, with colored cloths that are only revealed when in movement.

using materials such as sugar, chocolate or dust. In one of his first series to achieve recognition, the artist photographed images of children made of sugar. His recreation of Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa was made with peanut butter and jelly. In the series ‘Retratos de Revistas’ - Magazine Pictures (2003), Muniz recreated portraits of Brazilian personalities with small magazine cuttings then later photographed and amplified the result.

Cildo Meireles (1948) The multimedia artist Cildo Meirelles began his art studies in 1963 in Brasilia under the guidance of the Peruvian painter and sculptor Barrenechea (1921). In 1967 he moved to Rio de Janeiro to attend the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes (Enba). He is one of the founders of the Experimental Unit of the Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro (MAM). Among his principal works are ‘Tiradentes - Totem-monumento ao Preso Político’ - Tiradentes - Totem-Monument to Political Prisoners (1970), ‘Inserções em Circuitos Ideológicos’ - Insertions in Ideological Circuits, ‘Projeto Coca-Cola’ - Coca Cola Project (1970) and ‘Quem Matou Herzog?’ - Who Killed Herzog? (1970).

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BRAzIL

• Festas Juninas: The festivals take place in June (hence the origin of its name). They commemorate the saints Santo Antonio, São Pedro and São João. The Northeast of Brazil has the most popular and animated São João festivities, although the date is celebrated throughout the country at fairs, schools and parishes. Traditional dishes are served (punch, pine nuts, peanut cookies, popcorn, country-style cakes etc.) and there are traditional quadrille dances (choreographed steps representing a type of wedding day dance). A bonfire and games are also part of a traditional Junina festival.

• Parintins Folklore Festival: Although it al-

Urban Hotel: to Resort:

or

Farm Accommodation: to Country Inn: to Bed and breakfast: to Historic Hotel: to Apart-hotel: to

ways takes place in the town which gives its name to the festival, the dispute between the Caprichoso cow and the Garantido cow has gained fame and fans throughout the country. The festival takes place in last week of June, when two associations - the Garantido (in red) and the Caprichoso (in blue) - compete in an arena to see who can best recount the tales and legends of the Amazon. The contest takes place in an arena with a capacity for 35,000 spectators, built especially for the event - the Bumbódromo. The Parintins festival has now become a feature of Brazil, and has begun to be sought by tourists from other countries who want to learn more about the Amazon and its traditions.

Square dance during São João Festivals in the northeast

Siriri, typical dance from the Midwest

• New Year: This is one of Brazil’s principal festivals. Crowds fill the beaches and larger cities such as São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro put on outdoor parties for those who want to celebrate the start of a new year. New Year’s Eve in Rio has one of the largest fireworks displays in the world. It takes place on the seafront and brings millions of people to the beaches. Dressing in white is popular for New Year celebrations in Brazil.

AF Rodrigues/Riotur

New Classification

Maracatu in Recife

Christian Knepper / Embratur

The incredible diversity of Brazilian culture has led to the celebration of a series of regional festivals. Some of them have broken State and City frontiers and are now celebrated throughout the country: • Holy Week: When the Christian Easter is celebrated throughout the country.

Rita Barreto/Setur BA

National Festivals

With a little less than two years to go to the World Cup, Brazil has invested in infrastructure such as hotels, subways, highways and airports in order to welcome visitors coming to watch this major sporting event. The quality of Brazil accommodation has also undergone significant improvement in the quest for newer and more comfortable rooms for tourists with greater expendable income. Another key area has been adaptation to meet the needs of the disabled, an increasingly important issue. In 2012 the Ministry of Tourism announced a new system for hotel classification, which regulates the process and criteria used for “star symbols” for urban hotels, resorts, country inns, historic hotels, bed and breakfast, farm accommodation and apart-hotels across the country. Tourists can now count on a single accommodation classification criteria, valid across the entire country.

Rai reis/Embratur

ACCOMMODATION

Baianas during samba school parades in Rio de Janeiro

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ity samba, creativity, dance and an event the likes of which is not seen anywhere else in the world. Rio residents (cariocas) love samba and Carnaval. This has made the city of Rio de Janeiro famous not just for the samba schools, but also for its street Carnaval, with traditional Carnaval groups and crowds celebrating on the streets. In Salvador music and dance go on uninterrupted, with the show being provided by sound trucks that pass through the streets with crowds of revelers in their wake. The city also has Carnaval groups that are famous throughout the world, such as Olodum and the Filhos de Gandhi, who have their roots in African traditions that continue to be celebrated in Bahia. Each of these blocks celebrate not only Carnaval, but also a culture that dates back to the times of slavery. Carnaval does not have an ending time in Salvador. Early morning take the place of day, when the streets fill with revelers who come from all across Brazil and the globe. Axé music and artists from Bahia live their most important moments of the year during the celebrations.

Pernambuco and Frevo are the third major force in Brazilian Carnaval. The festivities in Olinda and Recife last for at least a week. Thousands of people dance on the streets to the fast pace of music typical of the region. The narrow streets of Olinda become crowded with revelers into the early morning, spinning and jumping to the rhythm of Frevo musicians. Street blocks and groups that practice throughout the year display the choreography and music created especially for that year’s Carnaval. The most famous of all is the Galo da Madrugada, who parade every Saturday during Carnaval through the streets of Recife. The parade put on by Galo is followed with interest throughout Brazil, as it is a sign that Carnaval has begun in earnest. However, the festivities take place throughout the country. Far from the Northeast, thousands of people throng the streets of the centuries-old historical towns of Minas Gerais. Street carnaval groups typical of the region animate party-goers who see in the sunrise singing samba on the cobble-stone streets of the small historic towns.

Carlos Alcantara

Carnaval is the best know festival in Brazil: for the local population, Carnaval is synonymous with happiness, fun, dancing and music, and the country literally stops during the four days that the event is celebrated. Like everything in this country of continental proportions, there is no single way of celebrating Carnaval. There is not just one Carnaval, there are many Carnavals, all rich in tradition and exuberance and demonstrating the culture and characteristics of each region. The most famous celebrations are undoubtedly those of Rio de Janeiro and Bahia. Pernambuco and the other Northeastern States are among the places where the event is more popular. Rio de Janeiro is the principal location in Brazil for parades by the samba groups, although there are parades in almost every State. There are 25 Escolas de Samba (samba schools) between the access group and the main league. They monopolize the attention of the country for two days during Carnaval. Rio works all year to present a show to Brazil and other countries that is a mixture of top qual-

Meeting of giant puppets at the Carnival of Olinda

FILHOS DE GANDhi in Pelourinho during Carnaval

Passarinho/Prefeitura de Olinda

Brazilian Carnaval

Passarinho/Prefeitura de Olinda

AF Rodrigues/Riotur

Float parades by Marquês de Sapucai with Apoteose square in the background

Pernambuco’s Frevo Dance

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State Maps

Highways and Airports

BR

RORAIMA 174

• Boa Vista

Amapá

Boa Vista AMAPÁ

Roraima Macapá •

Macapá BR 174

• Belém

Amazonas

Pará

Maranhão

• Porto Velho

Bahia

Mato Grosso

ACRE

Porto Velho

Rio Branco

Palmas

Cuiabá

GOIÁS

BR 070

BR 163

• Goiânia

Minas Gerais

Mato Grosso do Sul São Paulo

• Belo Horizonte

São • Paulo

Paraná

PERNAMBUCO BRRecife 101 ALAGOAS Maceió SERGIPE BR Aracaju 116

BR 020

BR 242

MATO GROSSO

MATO GROSSO DO SUL BR Campo 262 Grande

Espírito Santo

BR 364

Belo Horizonte

SÃO PAULO

Rio de Janeiro

PARANÁ

• Rio de Janeiro

BR 277

Curitiba • BR 285

Santa Catarina Rio Grande do Sul • P orto

Alegre

BR 471

Captions BR

Airport Highways Pathways

São Paulo Curitiba

SANTA CATARINA Florianópolis BR

RIO GRANDE DO SUL

• Florianópolis

BR 116

BR 101

BR 135

ESPíRITO SANTO Vitória

BR 267

• Vitória

Salvador

BAHIA BR 020

Brasília MINAS Goiânia GERAIS

116

BR 101

Porto Alegre

RIO GRANDE DO NORTE Natal

PARAÍBA João Pessoa

BR 232

PIAUÍ

TOCANTINS

RONDÔNIA BR 070

• Salvador

Goiás

Campo Grande •

BR 230

BR 226

BR 163

BR 304

BR 020

MARANHÃO BR 230

Brasília - DF

Cuiabá

CEARÁ

• Natal BR 364

Fortaleza

Teresina

PARÁ

BR 319

• Aracaju

Tocantins •

AMAZONAS

Paraíba • João Pessoa Pernambuco • Recife Alagoas Sergipe • Maceió

Palmas •

Rondônia

Rio Grande do Norte

Ceará

Piauí Rio Branco •

BR 230

• Fortaleza

• Teresina

Acre

São Luís

Manaus

• São Luís

Manaus •

BR 316

Belém

RIO DE JANEIRO Rio de janeiro

72

73

BRAzIL

DISTANCES Table of distances between the main Brazilian cities The distance between two cities is measured center to center, the paths are shorter by paved roads

Aracaju Belém Aracaju Belém

2079 2079

Belo Horizonte

1578

2824

Boa Vista

6000

6083

Campo João Belo Boa Vista Brasília Cuiabá Curitiba Florianópolis Fortaleza Goiânia Grande Pessoa Horizonte

Maceió Manaus

Palmas

Porto Alegre

Porto Velho

Recife

Rio Branco

Rio de Janeiro

6000

1652

2765

2775

2595

2892

1183

1848

611

294

5215

788

1662

3296

4230

501

4763

1855

356

1578

2187

1142

1408

6083

2120

2942

2941

3193

3500

1610

2017

2161

2173

5298

2108

1283

3852

4397

2074

4931

3250

2100

806

2933

947

3108

4736 4736

1650

2140

741

4275

2764

2942

1453

3836

716

1453

1594

1004

1301

2528

906

2171

1854

3951

2348

1690

1712

3050

2061

3584

434

1372

2738

586

2302

524

4275

4665

3836

5355

3142

4821

5678

5128

6548

4076

6593

4958

4978

4445

6279

785

6770

4926

5348

1686

6483

4445

1134

1133

1366

1673

2200

209

2245

1930

3490

2422

973

2027

2589

2135

3123

1148

1446

2157

1015

1789

1239

694

991

1298

3407

935

3357

3040

3051

3534

1785

1518

2150

3247

2684

1444

2568

2979

1014

2911

1892

1679

1986

3406

934

3366

3049

2357

3543

1784

2206

1456

3255

1990

2017

2566

2978

1614

2910

2119

300

3541

1186

3188

2871

4036

3365

2036

711

3135

3078

3669

852

2385

3230

408

3143

1300

3838

1493

3485

3168

4443

3662

2336

476

3442

3375

3976

1144

2682

3537

705

3450

1597

1134

Cuiabá

2773

2941

1594

3142

1133

694

Curitiba

2595

3193

1004

4821

1366

991

1679

Florianópolis

2892

3500

1301

5128

1673

1298

1986

300

Fortaleza

1183

1611

2528

6548

2208

3407

3406

3541

3838

Goiânia

1849

2017

906

4076

209

935

934

1186

1493

2482 2482

688

1075

5763

537

2035

4242

4862

800

5396

2805

1389

1070

3127

634

2397

2442

2125

3291

2618

874

1847

2390

2332

2924

1338

1643

2054

926

1986

1428

João Pessoa

611

2161

2171

6539

2245

3357

3366

3188

3485

688

2442

Maceió

294

2173

1854

6276

1928

3040

3049

2871

3168

1075

2105

395

Manaus

5215

5298

3951

785

3490

3051

2357

4036

4343

5763

3291

5808

5491

788

2108

2348

6770

2422

3537

3543

3365

3662

537

2619

185

572

395

5808

185

2253

3889

4822

120

5356

2448

949

1660

2770

1224

2001

5491

572

1851

3572

4505

285

5039

2131

632

1672

2453

1236

1684

5985

4141

4563

901

5698

1445

4374

5009

5335

3971

5267

4476

2345

4066

4998

297

5533

2625

1126

1607

2947

1171

2178

5985

Palmas

1662

1283

1690

4958

973

1785

1784

2036

2336

2035

874

2253

1851

4141

2345

Porto Alegre

3296

3854

1712

5348

2027

1518

2206

711

476

4242

1847

3889

3572

4563

4066

Porto Velho

4229

4397

3050

1686

2589

2150

1456

3135

3442

4865

2390

4822

4505

901

4999

3240

3662

501

2074

2061

6483

2135

3247

3256

3078

3375

800

2332

120

285

5698

297

2058

3779

4712

Rio Branco

4763

4931

3584

2230

3123

2684

1990

3669

3976

5396

2924

5356

5039

1445

5533

3764

4196

544

5243

Rio de Janeiro

1855

3250

434

5159

1148

1444

2017

852

1144

2805

1338

2448

2131

4374

2625

2124

1553

3473

2338

4007

356

2100

1372

5749

1446

2568

2567

2385

2682

1389

1643

949

632

5009

1126

1454

3090

4023

839

4457

1649

Salvador

São Teresina Vitória Paulo

1578

Brasília

Recife

Salvador São Luís

2824

Campo Grande

Natal

Natal

2747 2747

3240

2058

3764

2124

1454

1386

1776

1401

2214

3662

3779

4196

1553

3090

3891

1109

3804

2001

544

3473

4023

4434

3070

4366

3575

5243

2338

839

1573

2660

1137

1891

4007

4457

4968

3604

4900

4109

4712

1649

São Luís

1578

806

2738

6120

2157

2979

2978

3230

3537

1070

2054

1660

1672

5335

1607

1386

3891

4434

1573

4968

3015

1599

São Paulo

2188

2933

586

4756

1015

1014

1614

408

705

3127

926

2770

2453

3971

2947

1776

1109

3070

2660

3604

429

1962

3015

429

2579

521

1599

1962

1163

1202

446

2607

2792

882

2970 2970

Teresina

1142

947

2302

6052

1789

2911

2910

3143

3450

634

1986

1224

1236

5267

1171

1401

3804

4366

3503

4900

2579

1163

446

2792

Vitória

1408

3108

524

5261

1238

1892

2119

1300

1597

2397

1428

2001

1684

4476

2178

2214

2001

3575

1216

4109

521

1202

2607

882

2171 2171

Marcão/SECOM - AC

75

acre

Recently renovated house on rua da gameleira

76

77

acre

AMAZONAS

Acre

U

Cruzeiro do Sul

p to the beginning of the 20 century the area that today makes up Acre belonged to Bolivia and Peru. The high demand for latex, which is found in abundance in the Amazon, signified that in the late 18th century the region was dominated by a large number of Brazilians working on rubber plantations. The ever increasing influx of Brazilians onto Bolivian soil led to Bolivia demanding payment of taxes for the extraction of latex on its territory. The decision sparked an uproar between Brazil and Bolivia. The signing of the Treaty of Petrópolis in 1903 ended the conflict - known as the Acre Revolution - and agreement was reached on the sale of Acre to Brazil. Issues relating to the border with Peru were only fully resolved in 1912. From that date Acre became a part of Brazilian territory. In 1962 it was elevated to the position of a State. Acre currently employs an economic model that encourages commercialization of certified timber, and includes preservation of the traditions of indigenous peoples - actions that have begun to create conditions for rational growth in the region. th

BR 364

international airport National airport national highways BR 307

State Highways

BR 364

BR 409

Marechal taumaturgo BR 364

Santa Rosa

Rio Branco

BR 317

PERu Assis Brasil

brasiléia

Geographic information hot and humid (equatorial amazon) between 25 °C and 40 °C (77 °F and 104 °F) open forest (low alluvial plateaus)

BR 364

RIO BRANCO

Xapuri

Bolivia

BR 317

BR 317

78

79

acre

Facade of the Government Palace in the city of Rio Branco Sérgio Vale/Agencia de Noticias do Acre

Aerial view of the City of Rio Branco Sérgio Vale/Agencia de Noticias do Acre

terceira Ponte over Rio Acre

RIO BRANCO

336.038 inhabitants

8,835.675 km²

68 110 V

comfortable clothing is suggested. The use of a hat or cap is also recommended.

Local holidays

Accommodation

June 15: Anniversary of the Founding of the State of Acre September 5: Amazon Day November 17: Treaty of Petrópolis December 28: Anniversary of the Founding of Rio Branco

Rio Branco possesses accommodation infra-structure suitable for receiving tourists. There are several options of three, four and five-star category hotels, in addition to a few inns and hostels.

Vaccination

Transport

A yellow fever vaccination is required at least 10 days before departure.

The capital is connected with Brazil’s principal cities via the BR-364 highway. There are also interstate and intercity bus lines arriving and leaving the city daily. Rio Branco airport receives both domestic and international flights.

Clothing Because of high temperatures, the use of light and

There is a museum at the site with exhibits related to the acquisition of Acre by Brazil, and an exhibition of historic photographs of the Autonomist Movement (responsible for the emancipation of the State). It also houses the tomb of José Guiomard dos Santos (leader of the Autonomist movement) and his wife Lídia Hames. The “Theater Cafe” and “Hélio Melo Theater” are also part of the complex.

MUSEU DA BORRACHA Avenida Ceará, 1.441 - Centro. Tuesday to Friday from 8 am to 6 pm. Saturdays from 4 pm to 8 pm. no charge. In the heart of the Amazon, the capital of Acre lies on the banks of the Acre River, which divides the city into two parts: the First and Second districts. Rio Branco, as with other State capitals in the region, has its origins directly linked to rubber plantations. The city was founded in 1882 at the side of the ‘Volta da Empresa’ rubber plantation on the right bank of the River Acre. It has now reinvented itself and is seeking a new economic model, based mainly on sustainability. In addition to investing in services, Rio Branco produces a significant quantity of certified timber, grown through sustainable management.

MEMORIAL DOS AUTONOMISTAS Avenida Getúlio Vargas, 309 - Centro. Tuesday to Friday from 8 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 6 pm. Saturdays and Sundays from 4 pm to 8 pm. no charge for visits. Events upon request.

The Museu da Borracha was created in the 1970s as part of the celebration of one hundred years of immigration from the Northeast to the region. Is has a collection of manuscripts and documents related to the history of the State, in addition to Archeological, Paleontological and Historical exhibits.

SECOM - AC/divulgação

Marcão/SECOM - AC

Sérgio Vale/Agencia de Noticias do Acre

One of the rivers crossin PARQUE NACIONAL DA SERRA DO DIVISOR

museu da borracha

80

81

acre

Sergio Vale/SECOM - AC

It is possible to visit the rubber plantations in Xapuri to see latex being produced (the raw material for rubber). The best known is the Cachoeira Plantation, home of the Chico Mendes Smallholding. Here you will find trails into the Amazon Forest, crossing river tributaries and streams.

SECOM - AC/divulgação

Rubber Plantation Tour 47 km from the center of Xapuri, via dirt roads and trails. Groups: if you prefer to make a visit in the company of a guide, contact one of the travel agencies in town. The country lodge located on the plantation also offers guided tours, with prices that vary according to the size of the group.

Chico Mendes Memorial Center

Latex extraction

XAPURI

Tacacá - a typical Acre dish of Indian origin

Flavors of the North

Acre’s unique colonization is reflected in its cooking. There are strong influences from the original owners of the land - native Indians, from Bolivians - who occupied the region before it became part of Brazil, from North-Eastern Brazilians and Syrian-Lebanese - who arrived in the region at the hieght of the rubber industry. Among the most popular dishes are tucupi style duck and tacacá - both of Indian origin and also very common in other Northern states, saltenhas - a type of Bolivian pastry, sun-dried beef with spicy rice an beans - typical of the Northeast, and Arabic dishes such as stuffed vine leaves and kibe (made with rice and sweet cassava).

Xapuri entered into the annals of Brazilian history as a symbol of the struggle for the environment and the rights of small-scale subsistence growers in their struggle against destruction of the forests by large-scale farmers. The small town became known worldwide after death of the latex collector and environmentalist leader, Chico Mendes. He was also one of the founders of the Aliança dos Povos da Floresta (Forest Peoples Alliance), one of the most important movements acting in defense of the Amazon. The historic town center, with its townhouses and residential and commercial properties on the central avenue on the banks of the River Acre, has recently undergone a restoration that seeks to recover the town’s past identity.

The fight for the rights of forest people

in the Footsteps of Chico Mendes Taking the walk during business hours is recommended (from 10 am to 6 pm) to take advantage of the shops. to be agreed with local guides. The trail starts on Rua do Comércio, where it is possible to take a little time to eat, drink or even make a small purchase of artifacts produced by local artisans, such as natural jewelry, marquetry, or articles made from seeds. Nearby is the Museu Xapuri, some 5w meters from the cemetery where Chico Mendes is buried. The route can also include a walk along the river bank.

Agencia de Noticias do Acre /divulgação

Felipe Gombossy/Embratur

16.091 inhabitants 5,347.283 km2 68 110 V 150 meters

The activist Chico Mendes was involved in the struggle to preserve the Amazon rain forest and was one of the creators of the current sustainable use Conservation Areas, which help to ensure the preservation of natural resources and continued economic activity in the region. Dissatisfied with the living conditions of latex plantation workers and the systematic destruction of natural forests, his struggle drew attention from around the world and the activist was praised by international organizations and governments. In 1987, on World Environment Day (June 5), Chico Mendes was honored by the United Nations. Two years later he was to be murdered in his backyard by ranchers who were opposed to his fight.

Tapper extracting latex

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Benicio Monte/Embratur

Ponta Verde Lighthouse, in Maceió

ALAGOAS

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ALAGOAS

Alagoas

W

hen you think of beautiful swathes of white sand punctuated by palm trees and refreshed by a sea breeze, one of the 230 km of beaches on the coast of Alagoas is the closest you will come to that image. The State offers a coastline of blue seas and lagoons that can be visited throughout the year. The largest producer of coconuts in Brazil, the State has breathtaking landscapes, a cuisine specializing in seafood, and one of the country’s richest folklores. Alagoas was part of the State of Pernambuco up to the 17th century. It was invaded by the Dutch and was the site of conflicts between Portugal and other aggressors who fought for ownership of the land. After the expulsion of these invaders, Alagoas then became one of the regions most affected by the rebellion of slaves brought from Africa. In addition to African influences, other cultures have a left Alagoas with a rich cultural heritage. One example is the local crafts, famous for ‘rendafilé’ - a type of embroidery originally from Portugal. Intricate work in braided straw, an Indian heritage, appears in the baskets and other objects that delight visitors.

pernambuco

AL-105

BR 101

AL-110

BR 316

maragogi BR 423

AL-105 AL-110

AL-145

BR 110

AL-205

AL-205

BR 104 AL-205

BR 423

AL-101

AL-428

AL-435

são miguel dos milagres

AL-130

AL-210

BR 316 AL-140 AL-120

AL-101

AL-215

AL-220

AL-125

Geographic information

AL-130

manduca leão

AL-120

Zumbi dos palmares

Praia de Ipioca

BR 316

AL-220

BR 424

AL-220 AL-225

tropical, hot and humid average of 25 oC (77 oF) herbaceous and shrubbery, with remnants of atlantic forest

Praia da Sereia

AL-215

maceió Praia de Cruz das Almas Praia do Pontal da Barra / Trapiche / Praia do Sobral

AL-125 AL-220 AL-120 AL-487

BR 101

AL-102

BR 101

AL-415 AL-101

AL-120

Praia do Francês international airport AL-101

sergipe

NATIONAL airport national highways State Highways

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ALAGOAS

Catedral Metropolitana Praça Dom Pedro II - Centro. Monday to Saturday at 6 pm. Sundays at 5 pm and 7:30 pm

Houses on Rua Sá and Rua Albuquerque in Maceió

932,748 inhabitants

503,069 km²

82

220 V

Local holidays June 24: São João’s day June 29: São Pedro’s day August 27: Nossa Senhora dos Prazeres’ day September 16: Political Emancipation of Alagoas December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceição’s day

Clothing The visitor should pack lightweight clothes and shoes. A hat or cap and shorts are essential to move around the city comfortably.

Accommodation Tourists who come to Maceió will find an excellent choice of hotels, inns and resorts in the City. There are options at all levels, from simple inns to five star hotels, spread out along the districts bordering the shoreline.

Transport Road access to Maceió is via the BR-101 and BR-104 highways. The city also has air connections with several other cities in Brazil. The airport is 25 km from the center.

Within the city Maceió has 93 urban bus lines and 648 buses in circulation. The City also has three integrated transport points, where passengers can change vehicle without having to pay an additional fare. Green and turquoise waters, natural lagoons and coral reefs enchant tourists who come to any of Maceió’s beaches. In addition to enjoying the beauty of its white sands and calm seas, it is possible to take a trip on a raft or traditional canoe, take a relaxing walk along the water’s edge and later enjoy the delicacies served by restaurants and kiosks on the seafront. Maceió grew out of a fishing village in 1609, and was originally founded to reduce trafficking of Pau-Brasil wood by the French. However, real growth came with the emancipation of the province of Alagoas in 1817. The City became the State Capital and went on to be the base for commerce between other Northeastern States and the rest of the country, through the port of Jaraguá. Several museums and buildings recall a little of history of the City and are worth visiting.

Seat of the Government of the State of Alagoas, the buildings house the Museu Palácio Floriano Peixoto (MUPA). The collection consists of furniture from the 19th and 20th centuries, silverware, glassware, decorative objects, and works by painters from Alagoas.

The culture of Alagoas has rich roots

Rich Folklore

museu Palácio Floriano Peixoto

BENICIO MONTE/embratur

MACEIÓ

PALÁCIO Floriano Peixoto Praça Marechal Floriano Peixoto, 517 - Centro. Tuesday, Thursday and Friday, from 8 am to 5 pm. Wednesday from 8 am to 9 pm. Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays, from 1 pm to 5 pm. no charge

BENICIO MONTE/embratur

Benicio Monte/Embratur

Known as the Paróquia de Nossa Senhora dos Prazeres (the patron saint of the city), this is the most important church in the State. It was built in 1859 with a predominance of neoclassical style, highlighted by its imposing stairway. The church has two smaller altars, in addition to the principal altar, which are dedicated to São Sebastião and São Miguel, as well as the Capela do Sagrado Sacramento.

The culture of Alagoas is formed by a rich mixture of sounds, colors and dances. The State is renowned for the festivals and folklore events that take place throughout the year. Among the principal festivals is Guerreiro, a 100% Alagoan celebration that blends elements from several other popular festivals and takes place on the streets, with music, song and dance. Another event, the ‘Toré dos Indios’, has existed since the 18th century and is still practiced in its original form. During ‘Bumba Meu Boi’, animal costumes are used in dances in the streets, accompanied by typical regional music. With its origins in medieval tournaments, the Cavalhada mixes a procession with a tournament involving twelve knights. In the dramatic Fandango, nautical songs telling of great voyages are the mainstay many of them originating from Portugal.

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ALAGOAS

Jangadas (typical handmade rafts constructed from wood, often used for fishing and pleasure rides in the Northeast of Brazil) await visitors for rides out to the natural pools that lie around 2 km from the shore (prices can be agreed at the time). During low tide the main attraction - especially among younger ones - is to observe the various species of colorful fish in the crystal clear waters. At the tip of the bay, also known as the Praia dos Sete Coqueiros - Seven Coconut Palm Beach - visitors can shop at the craft fair and enjoy several bars and restaurants.

Praia da Sereia From the center of Maceió take state highway AL-101 North. The beach is 16 km from Maceió A statue of Yemanja (the queen of the sea, a popular deity of African-Brazilian religions) that sits between the reefs gives the beach its name. The tribute to Yemanja derives from a legend told by fishermen. They claimed to have heard a mermaid sing a beautiful melody when they were fishing at the site. With its calm and clear waters, the beach is ideal for families and for those who want to relax and swim in the natural pools. Pontal da Barra

praia da ipioca

Sara Andrea Vera

PRAIA DE PAJUÇARA Via state highway AL-101 North. The beach is only 3 km from the center of Maceió

PRAIA CRUZ DAS ALMAS From the center of Maceió take state highway AL-101 North

Praia do Francês Via state highway AL-101 North. The beach is 20 km from the center of Maceió, in the Municipality of Marechal Deodoro

Transport

This Alagoan beach is considered to be one of the most beautiful in the country. The shallows are protected by a reef wall, which provides for calm and crystalline waters, ideal for swimming and diving. The beach also has one stretch open to the ocean, with waves that are ideal for surfing.

Maragogi is a popular destination in Alagoas thanks to the beauty and tranquility of its beaches. Tourism is the principal activity, which has led the town to developing without losing its original character and traditions, such as fishing and the manufacture of ‘Bolinhos de Goma’, a type of cookie well known to tourists and residents. The town originated as a village known as Gamela; the name was changed to Isabel in 1887 to honor the Princess who freed black slaves. Five years later, it received its current name, inherited from the river that cuts through the region.

maragogi

28,749 inhabitants

This beach, with its strong waves, is a favorite destination for surfers. The site was previously a cemetery, which is where the name Cruz das Almas - “Soul’s Cross” - came from. However these days it is also known as Lagoa da Anta beach. It has good facilities for visitors.

PRAIA DE IPIOCA Via state highway AL-101 North. The beach is 24 km from Maceió The beach is located at the village of the same name. Clear water, almost no waves, banks of soft white sand and natural pools make it ideal for diving and swimming. Children can play in the shallower waters without risk. The location also has a viewpoint with an even better view of the beautiful landscape, especially at sunset. It has several bars and restaurants.

334,042 km²

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220 V

Local holidays June 24: São João’s day June 29: São Pedro’s day August 27: Nossa Senhora dos Prazeres’ day September 16: Political Emancipation of Alagoas December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceição’s day

Accommodation Those who visit Maragogi can experiment lodging in a fisherman’s cottage - these are available for rent by the season, subject to advance booking. There are also several inns available to accommodate visitors, from simple to sophisticate.

From Maceió, tourists should drive via state highway AL-101 North. Vehicles can be rented at the airport in Maceió.

PRAIA CENTRAL To get to Maragogi take state highway AL-101 North This urbanized beach is the busiest in the city, and is part of the Costa dos Corais (Coral Coast) Environmental Protection Area. Fine sand, clear water and few waves make it suitable for families and groups. Vessels depart from the beach to Galés - coral formations that lie six km from the shore.

Catamarans take tourists to the natural pools in Maceio

These beaches, which are open to the ocean, are not suitable for bathing. However the location is perfect for those who enjoy surfing, windsurfing and other radical sports. These stretches of beach are also frequented by amateur soccer players and fishermen, especially at Pontal da Barra.

Fabio Pastorello/Embratur

Luis Eduardo Vaz/Embratur

Praia do Pontal da Barra/ Trapiche/ Praias do Sobral 4 km from Maceió, via state highway AL-101 North

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ALAGOAS

PRAIA DE JAPARATINGA Take state highway AL-101 North from Maragogi. Jarapatinga is 10 km from Maragogi

PRAIA DE BUGALHAU Departing from the center of Maragogi, take state highway AL-101 North

The setting for this beach is formed by palm trees, warm waters and reefs that provide natural pools that are safe for children and suitable for diving. Japaratinga includes the Barreiras do Boqueirão beach - with springs where you can bathe in fresh water, and Bitigui beach - which offers diving and raft trips to pools further away from the shore. Despite having more rustic facilities, since it was once a fishing colony, it offers good tourist infrastructure, with hotels and restaurants on the seafront.

One of the most beautiful beaches in the region, it has fine, firm sand, white coral reefs and natural swimming pools with clear water. Children can play in the shallower water, where there are no large waves. The Rio dos Paus mangrove swamp is close by the beach. Tourist facilities include inns, restaurants and stalls with awnings and hammocks for a well deserved rest.

Clothing Light clothing and shoes, as well as a hat, and plenty of sunscreen for tourist activities.

Transport One of the major State highways, AL-101, provides access to São Miguels dos Milagres. Since there is no bus terminal or regular bus lines to the town, the best idea is to take a minibus from Maceió terminal, or rent a car.

76,744 km²

82

Porto das Pedras On foot, from Praia da Rua, about 15 minutes walk Located between the sea and a rocky outcrop, the location includes Tatuamunha beach - little frequented by tourists, and Patacho beach - almost deserted, with natural pools that are ideal for diving. The port also has a lighthouse at the top of the hill, which provides a panoramic view of the entire region. It can be reached by a short walk.

220 V Comprised of villages bordering little-visited beaches, São Miguel dos Milagres maintains its calm atmosphere despite receiving many tourists who come to the region in search of waves, diving or just to rest. It is one of the oldest towns in Alagoas, having existed since the Dutch invasion in the 17th century. The name comes from a piece of wood found on the beach by a fisherman, who discovered a few days later that the object was actually an image of São Miguel. The man, who suffered from health problems, was instantly healed. Word spread, and the town became known as São Miguel dos Milagres (St. Miguel of the Miracles).

Local holidays May 31: Nossa Senhora Mãe do Povo’s day June 7: Political emancipation of the town June 24: São João’s day June 29: São Pedro’s day August 27: Nossa Senhora dos Prazeres’ day September 16: Political Emancipation of Alagoas December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceição’s day Beach at São Miguel dos Milagres

PRAIA DE PORTO DA RUA On foot, from Praia do Centro, about 20 minutes walk PRAIA E VILA DE SÃO BENTO Take state highway AL-101 North from the center of Maragogi

With restaurants in the village specializing in locally caught seafood, the beach provides a harbor for fishing boats. Natural pools allow various species of marine life to be viewed by visitors.

Luis Eduardo Vaz/Embratur

The meeting of the river with the ocean is the biggest attraction at this beach. Picturesque sand banks are visible at low tide, surrounded by coconut trees, rocks and the fishing village of São Bento. Do not forget to sample the famous bolinhos de goma - a type of cookie made from butter and coconut milk, which are produced by the local community. The beach is almost deserted and provides few tourist facilities, but its beautiful setting makes it a great place for a family outing and for relaxation.

walking or bike-riding on the white sands, while enjoying the beauty of the landscape. It has minimal facilities for visitors, with just a few kiosks.

Praia do Toque Leaving Maceió, take state highway AL-101 North, passing through São Luís do Quitunde and continuing on to Barra de Camaragibe. São Miguel is the next town, around 100 km from Maceió A beautiful beach surrounded by coconut trees, crystal waters suitable for diving and swimming, even for small children. It is also an ideal spot for

Benicio Monte/Embratur

Almost on the border with the State of Pernambuco, this beach is an invitation to relax, even for families with small children. Its clear waters are suitable for swimming, and its setting fringed by coconut palms provides an unspoiled atmosphere. With few visitors, Peroba has less tourist facilities, but even so it retains its charm. Small inns are available to accommodate tourists, and they help maintain the simplicity of this beautiful beach.

The small town has few inns, although some houses can be rented in whole or in part by visitors. Most options are very simple.

SÃO MIGUEL DOS MILAGRES 7,163 inhabitants

PRAIA DA PEROBA Take state highway AL-101 North from the center of Maragogi. Peroba is 230 km from Maragogi

Accommodation

Octopus rice, one of the region’s typical dishes

Flavors that entice

Rich in fish and seafood, Alagoas cuisine has a secret ingredient that brings something special to its dishes: coconut milk. On the coast, the Sururu de Capote (muscles farmed from lakes and cooked in the shell with coconut milk or water and salt) is one of the examples of this rich cuisine. In the towns in the interior of the State, the highlight is exotic dishes such as buchada de bode (goat’s intestines), sarapatel (a type of meat stew), jerked beef grilled with beans, stewed chicken and chicken with brown gravy. Be sure to try the delicious desserts produced in a wood oven by Alagoan confectioners: pé-de-moleque (a sweet made from nuts), corn cakes, cassava and fermented mandioca. Another delicacy that must be tried is tapioca. Made from a gummy flour, it can have various fillings and is a great snack for a day on the beach.

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Cândido Neto/EMBRATUR

Amapá

Amapá

Fort at São José de Macapá

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95

Amapá

Amapá suriname

FRENCH GUIANA

T

he State of Amapá is located in the extreme north of Brazil, and in common with many other States in the region it used to belong to the Spanish crown. With its privileged location - providing access to the Atlantic Ocean and from there to the Amazon River - Amapá was the scene of several disputes between the Portuguese, Spanish, French and Dutch. The State passed through a period of prosperity and growth in the 1940s, when manganese deposits were discovered in the region.

ATLANTIC OCEAN BR 156

AP-260 AP-260

BR 156

Geographic information equatorial maximum of 32,6 °C and minimum of 20 °C (90,68 °F and minimum 68 °F) forests

AP-330

BR 210

Serra do navio

BR 210

BR 156 BR 210 AP-110

AP-030

AP-070

BR 210

macapá AP-010

BR 156

Pará

Pará

international airport national highways State Highways

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Amapá

ence both the Spring equinox (March) and the Autumn equinox (September), when days and nights have the same length. The culture is greatly influenced its historical African ties. The beat of the drum and the Marabaixo dance (a dance for pairs with choreography improvised by the participants, danced throughout several days and nights in a row without interruption, usually from Holy Saturday to Easter Sunday) recalls the suffering of the slaves who helped to build the city.

Fort at São José de Macapá with TRAPICHE ELIEZER LEVY in the background

Cândido Neto/EMBRATUR

This comprises the Marco Zero equator monument, the Zerão (football stadium) and the Samba stadium, as well as snack bars, an events hall, craft shops and a tourist assistance service. The complex is located 2 km from the center of Macapá.

398,204 inhabitants 96 110 V

Monument marking the position of the equator

Transport 6,408,517 km²

Local holidays February 4: Anniversary of the Founding of Macapá March 19: São João’s day September 13: Creation of Federal Territory October 5: Creation of the State of Amapá

Vaccination Yellow fever vaccination is recommended, at least 10 days before traveling.

Clothing Light and comfortable clothing due to the heat. Constant use of sunscreen is recommended, as is insect repellent near lakes, rivers and streams.

Accommodation Commensurate with the size of the city, the offer of accommodation in the Amapá capital is limited, but includes three 5-star hotels, inns and forest resorts.

Macapá is the only Brazilian capital city with no road link to other State capitals (it can only be reached by air or river). The BR-156 and BR-210 highways provide access to the interior of the State of Amapá via intercity buses and alternative transportation. The airport in the Amapá State Capital has daily flights to several States. The capital can also be reached via passenger ships traveling along the Amazon River and its tributaries. The distance from Belém to Macapá is 887 km; a journey of four days and 19 hours by ferry. The Capital of Amapá is one of the few places in the world where you can be in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres at the same time the equator runs through the middle of the city. The dispute for the region between the French and Portuguese crowns lasted almost the whole of the 19th century, and was only resolved in 1900 when a court in Switzerland ruled that the State of Amapá belonged to Brazil. Its position of the Equator allows local residents to experi-

Amapá Gastronomy

Felipe Gombossy/EMBRATUR

MACAPÁ

Cândido Neto/EMBRATUR

COMPLEXO EQUADOR (MARCO ZERO) No charge.

The gastronomy of Amapá is directly linked to its first inhabitants, the native Indians. Dishes prepared with Amazonian products and seasonings appeal to both local residents and tourists, and include guarijuba - a fish common in the region, and steamed shrimp with Amapá-style vatapá. Other delicacies are very similar to those typical of the States of Amazonas and Pará, such as grilled tucunaré and maniçoba (a type of bean stew with cassava leaves in place of beans). To accompany these delicacies there is always açaí, another treasure from the forest. Mixed with flour or as a fruit juice, it provides color and flavor to Amapá’s regional dishes. Cream made with açaí, a typical regional fruit

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Amapá

trapiche ELIEZER LEVY Avenida Beira Rio, no number - Centro. from 8 am to 10 pm. no charge.

daily

The old point of arrival and departure in Macapá, the pier has an air-conditioned electric tram to transport tourists along its 500 meter length. It also has an ice cream shop and a snack bar at one end and a bar and restaurant at the other.

MUSEU DO FORTE DE SÃO JOSÉ DE MACAPÁ Rua Candido Mendes, no number - Centro. Monday to Friday from 8 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 6 pm. Saturday from 8 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 5 pm. Sunday from 12 am to 6 pm. An important monument, the Museu do Forte rescues a little of the history of the fortification built in 1773 to defend the city from invasion.

One of the rivers that cuts through the Serra do Navio

Serra do Navio

4,380 inhabitants 7,756,102 km² 96 Distance from the State capital: 197 km

110 V

Local holidays March 19: São João’s day September 13: Creation of Federal Territory October 5: Creation of the State of Amapá

Accommodation

Cândido Neto/EMBRATUR

There are few accommodation options in Serra do Navio. There are only three inns and one hotel, all with very simple rooms.

Officially established in 1992, Serra do Navio is one of the newest towns in Brazil. It was previously a village built to house workers from the minerals sector company - Indústria e Comércio de Minérios. The company extracted manganese; the region was one of the principal sources of this mineral for several decades. When the reserves ran out some of the local residents decided to remain in the town, which had been self-sufficient at the time of mineral extraction.

Transport

RIOS CACHAÇO AND SUCURIJU No charge for visits. Tours by request in the town

The city is 197 km distant from the capital of Macapá. Travel between the two takes 2 hours and 45 minutes via the BR-156 and then the BR-210. Serra do Navio can also be reached by railroad from Macapá. The journey takes around six hours and includes stops in the towns of Santana, Porto Grande and Pedra Branca do Amapari.

The two rivers cut across the town and offer the opportunity to take a boat trip passing by the riverside communities, with some beautiful views. The Cachaço River is formed by cold water streams, but is perfect for swimming.

Uyara Schimittd/EMBRATUR

Rio Macapá with trapiche Eliezer Levy in the background

101

A jaguar from Amazônia

ribamar o caboclo

típica región de amazonia

AMAZoNAS

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AMAzonaS

venezuela

Amazonas

roraima

A

mazonas is the largest state in Brazil, and one of the most famous places in the world due to its location amidst the planet’s largest tropical rainforest - the Amazônia. With over 1.5 million km2, it covers an area that is equivalent to the sum of France, Spain, Sweden and Greece. On the other hand, it has one of the lowest population densities in Brazil: 2.23 inhabitants per km2 according to data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). The late 19th century marked one of the region’s golden moments, with the discovery of rubber trees and latex. Manaus was the wealthiest city in Brazil at that time, and housed elegant buildings such as the Opera House, with its eclectic style and neo-classical and GrecoRoman influences. The State is one of the best preserved in the country, with protected areas, parks and forest reserves occupying approximately 98% of their original area. In the last decade issues such as sustainable development and preservation of the Floresta Amazônica were among the main political directives of the State, with economic incentives for projects that incorporate local products, fish farming, agribusiness and rural production. Today, this concern with the maintenance of natural resources makes nature tourism one of the main attractions in Amazonas, with trips by boat and canoe on several of the region’s rivers, overnight stays in forest lodges and forest hikes. Amazonas also has one of the highest rates of indigenous population in Brazil, with 65 different indigenous ethnic groups totaling about 170,000 people according to the 2010 population Census.

BR 210 BR 210

pará

BR 174

colombia

BR 174

BR 307

parintins

manaus

AM-010

AM-070

Tefé

tabatinga BR 413

BR 411

PERU

BR 319 BR 230

BR 307

BR 174

BR 230 BR 230 BR 319 BR 317

BR 319

BR 230

acre mato grosso

Geographic information hot and humid (equatorial amazon) a verage 27 °C and a maximum of 38 °C (in the shade) (80,6 °F and a maximum 100,4 °F) amazon forest

RONDÔNIA international airport NATIONAL airport national highways State Highways

104

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AMAzonaS

In addition to industry, tourism also drives the local economy. With a large number of hotels, Manaus has comfortable and even luxurious forest lodges, ideal for nature lovers, as well as restaurants that offer dishes based on typical regional fish, such as tucunaré e pirarucu. The City is a perfect destination for ecotourism, with its parks and ecological reserves. Tourists can also see animals typical of the region, such as the Amazon manatee and several species of macaws. Rich aquatic resources provide phenomena such as the Encontro das Águas, where the muddy waters of the Rio Solimões mingle with the dark waters of the Rio Negro.

Amarildo Oliveira/Embratur

Amazonas Theater

1,802,014 inhabitants 92 110 V

11,401.077 km2

Local holidays September 5: Commemoration of the elevation of Amazonas to the category of province October 24: Anniversary of the founding of the Municipality December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceição Day

Accommodation The capital of Amazonas has an extensive network of well equipped accommodation, which offers everything from five-star international hotels chains and luxurious jungle resorts to simpler inns with fewer facilities. However there are only a few hostels.

Transport There are daily flights to Manaus from major State capitals throughout Brazil, and also some international flights. Road transport (bus or car) is another

This is the former residence of one of the rubber barons, and is now the seat of the government and the official residence of the State Governor. It is one of the finest examples of Amazonian Belle Époque architecture. It was declared a State historic site in 1980, and since 1997 it has housed the Cultural Centre, hosting exhibitions, concerts and shows. Each room is named after a former governor.

option, depending on the place of departure and the time available for the trip. In Belém, capital of the State of Pará, there are boats that make the trip to Manaus. Some ferries carry small and medium cars. The journey may take from three to five days. From the port of Manaus is possible to travel to several towns in the region.

Within the city Manaus has a modern fleet of over 1,500 buses, which operate on around 300 lines crossing the City and traveling out to the Greater Metropolitan region. A single pass allows use of the system without the need pass through one of the terminals or pay for an additional route. The tourist can also use one of the fleet of more than four thousand taxis. Gateway to the Amazonas region, Manaus is one of the Brazilian cities that is best known overseas. Located at the junction of the Negro and Solimões rivers, it was the center of the rubber industry from 1879 to 1912.

ribamar o caboclo

MANAUS

CENTRO CULTURAL PALÁCIO RIO NEGRO Avenida Sete de Setembro, 1546 - Centro. tuesday to friday from 10 am to 4 pm. Sundays from 5 pm to 10 pm. no charge.

Encontro das Águas

The Amazon Forest

Covering an area of around 4,196,943 km2, the Amazon Forest is the largest reserve of biodiversity in the world and the largest biome in Brazil, occupying almost half (49.29%) of national territory. Its vegetation consists of tall trees, the tops of which appear to form an umbrella. The lowland forests, constantly flooded, are present on the plains at the side of the Amazon River and its tributaries, while the igapó forests exist with their roots permanently under water. It is believed that more than half of all species living in the country are part of this ecosystem; considering only fish species, there are over three thousand.

CENTRO CULTURAL DOS POVOS DA AMAZÔNIA Praça Francisco Pereira da Silva, (Bola da Suframa) - Crespo. Monday to Friday from 9 am to 5 pm. no charge. The center focuses on man’s relationship with the Amazonian environment, and how it influences local culture. It offers one of the most important ethnographic collections from Brazil, as well as documents, copies of popular art, and a library focused on the indigenous and riverside population.

Encontro das Águas The Rio Amazonas is formed from the Rio Negro e Solimões, and the meeting of their waters creates a wonderful spectacle. The phenomenon occurs due to differences in the density, temperature and velocity of the two water courses. During the boat trip it is possible to feel the temperature difference between the two rivers, and also to watch the river dolphins that usually appear at the site. The tour packages also usually include a visit to the Parque Janauari. It is recommended to bring sunscreen and insect repellent, a hat or cap, and to wear light clothing such as shorts and T-shirts.

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AMAzonaS

This is the largest center for animals in the Amazon region. It has around 170 animals from 58 species. In addition to lectures and practical activities related to the preservation of wildlife and the environment, the zoo also recuperates injured animals and returns them to their natural habitats. It is maintained and administered by the Brazilian Army.

A permanent exhibition occupies the upper floor of the building, with displays of indigenous and pre-indigenous cultures. The exhibition is divided into archaeological and ethnographic artifacts, and recounts a little of the origins of man in the Amazônia. The museum also has a library.

PORTO DE MANAUS Rua Tanqueirinho, 25 - Centro. to 6 pm. no charge.

Zoo Centro de Instrução de Guerra na Selva (Cigs) Avenida São Jorge, 750 - São Jorge. tuesday to sunday from 9 am to 4:30 pm

daily from 8 am

Inaugurated in 1902, the port was designed and built by British immigrants. It is an interesting piece of engineering, rising and falling with

Manaus Metropolitan Region

The museum has connections to the Amazon film industry, having served as a location for the movie The Jungle, in 1986. The museum portrays the life in the heyday of the Rubber Industry, with the items, furniture and ornaments from the period.

Centro Cultural Usina Chaminé Avenida Lourenço da Silva Braga - Centro. tuesday to saturday from 9 am to 2 pm. Sundays from 4 pm to 8 pm. no charge 20

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Colors and flavors

This old sewage treatment plant, built in classic style, is now one of the most important cultural venues in the City. The building houses the Pinacoteca do Estado art collection, and was declared an Amazonas Historic Monument in 1988. The building was renovated in 1993.

The great abundance of fish in the Amazônia - there are more than two thousand species - makes it the most widely used ingredient in local cuisine. Boiled, fried or baked, tambaqui, pirarucu, tucunaré and jaraqui are always on the menu, duly accompanied by cassava or tucupi (a sauce made from madioc). Regional fruits such as pitomba, tucumã and cupuaçu provide natural color and flavor for dessert.

MUSEU DO HOMEM DO NORTE Praça Francisco Pereira da Silva. monday to friday, from 9 am to 5 pm. (students and pensioners pay half price). a tour with a bilingual guide takes around 1 hour.

CENTRO DE ARTESANATO BRANCO E SILVA Rua Recife, 1999. monday from 12 am to 6 pm. tuesday to friday, from 8 am to 6 pm. Saturday, from 8 am to 4 pm. no charge.

The ‘Museu do Homem do Norte’ museum has a collection of nearly two thousand pieces that reveal important information on local customs and culture. The highlight is the Noel Nutels collection - a public health physician who dedicated his work to the Parque do Xingu - and left his collection to the Fundação Nacional do Índio (FUNAI).

This is the principal center for regional products, ranging from fruits to locally made baskets. However the center’s greatest attraction is the local cuisine. During your visit call in to the Café Regional, a colonial Amazonas coffee house, with unique breads, jellies and deserts made from local ingredients. It is necessary to make advance reservations.

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22 Cidade Nova 23 Col. Santo Antônio 24 Flores 25 Parque Dez de Novembro 26 Aleixo 27 Chapada 28 São Geraldo 29 Pres. Vargas 30 Adrianópolis 31 N. Sra das Graças 32 Centro 33 Pça. 14 de Janeiro 34 Cachoeirinha 35 Educandos 36 São Francisco 37 Santa Luzia 38 Japiim 39 Distrito Industrial 40 Raiz

Museu do Seringal Vila Paraíso (Ecomuseu) Igarapé São João, tributary of the Igarapé do Tarumã Mirim (Rural Zone). only by river. tuesday to sunday, from 8 am to 4 pm. (students and pensioners pay half price). a guided tour takes 90 minutes

Fish prepared with local spices

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1 Tarumã 2 Ponte Negra 3 Lírio do Vale 4 Nova Esperança 5 Santo Agostinho 6 Compensa 7 São Jorge 8 Vila da Prata 9 Santo Antônio 10 Glória 11 São Raimundo 12 Aparecida 13 Redenção 14 Da Paz 15 Planalto 16 Alvorada 17 Dom Pedro 18 Santa Etelvina 19 Col. Terra Nova 20 Monte das Oliveiras 21 Novo Israel

changes in level of the Rio Negro. Vessels depart from the port for several of the towns in the State and to other destinations in the North of Brazil. It is very well structured, having the capacity to receive international shipping.

Amarildo Oliveira/Embratur

MUSEU AMAZÔNICO Rua Ramos Ferreira, 1036 - Centro. monday to friday from 8 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 5 pm. no charge

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41 M  orro da Liberdade 42 C  ol. Oliveira Machado 43 Vila Buriti 44 Crespo 45 São Lázaro 46 Petrópolis 47 Betânia 48 Coroado 49 São José Operário 50 Mauazinho 51 Col. Antônio Aleixo 52 Armando Mendes 53 Zumbi dos Palmares 54 Tancredo Neves 55 Jorge Teixeira 56 Distrito Industrial 57 Puraquequara

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AMAzonaS

Amarildo Oliveira/Embratur

This is a river beach on the banks of the Rio Negro, 13 km from central Manaus. It used to be inhabited by Manaó Indians, which gave rise to the name of the City. It is possible to take a stroll, play sports, enjoy the many bars & restaurants along the sidewalk, and watch cultural performances in the amphitheater.

The TEATRO AMAZONAS, with its grandiose eclectic styling

VILA OLÍMPICA Avenida Pedro Teixeira, 400 - Don Pedro. Monday to Friday, from 8 am to 6 pm. Saturday and sunday, only with pre-booking. This is open to the public, with facilities for several sports including football, volleyball and athletics. Inaugurated in 1990, it is one of the

This is the headquarters of the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisa da Amazônia (INPA), and has the task of preserving the rich local biodiversity.

Port of Manaus

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The Parque Nacional de Anavilhanas is a paradise for ecotourists and biology researchers. It is located 115 km from Manaus, in the town of Novo Airão. The area on the banks of the Rio Negro includes the second largest river archipelago in the world - Anavilhanas - composed of more than 400 islands with rich a rich biodiversity surrounded by lakes, rivers and streams. During the low rainfall period in August friendly river dolphins frequent to location. At this time of the year it is possible to observe them, feed them, and even take a swim in their company. However, these activities require a local guide: some animals can be more aggressive, especially the females.

Floresta dos Macacos Rua Silva Ramos, 874. daily, from 10:30 am to 3:30 pm. a guided tour takes around 1 hour The site is home to animals at risk, and has become a sanctuary for the preservation of monkeys. The monkeys can be seen from a 300 meter-long walkway suspended 10 meters from the ground. In its 20-year history, the number of primates being protected has risen from 15 to over 100.

Museu do Índio Rua Duque de Caxias, 296 - Centro. Monday to Friday from 8:30 am to 11:30 am and from 1 pm to 4:30 pm. Saturday from 8:30 am to 11:30 am.

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This is the largest indigenous museum in Brazil, with a collection of three thousand exhibits including household utensils, weapons and ornaments by the indigenous tribes of the Upper Rio Negro.

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best equipped sports complexes in Latin America. Several championships and national and international events are held at the site.

Av. Djalma Batista Av. Constantino Nery

Built in an eclectic style with neo-classical and Greco-Roman influences, the ‘Teatro Amazonas’ is a symbol of the golden age of the rubber industry, and is the official home of the Orquestra Sinfônica do Estado da Amazonas. A walk through the interior is like stepping back in time to the days when Manaus was one of the most developed and modern cities in Latin America.

With music, dance, costumes and Amazonian culture, the festival takes place every year on the last weekend of June. It is the main cultural event in the State, and drives the local economy, boosts tourism and help to maintain the strong regional identity of the Amazon peoples. Known as the “Opera Amazonica”, the festival is held in the open air through three nights. There are two competing Associations (equivalent to the samba schools in Rio de Janeiro): Boi Garantido, who use a red color and whose symbol is a heart, and Boi Caprichoso, whose color is blue and who use a star as their symbol. During the presentation the two groups recount the legends, rituals and customs of indigenous Amazonian mixed-race peoples through allegories and performances.

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TEATRO AMAZONAS Avenida Eduardo Ribeiro, Largo de São Sebastião Centro. Monday to Saturday, from 9 am to 5 pm. (students and pensioners pay half price). a tour with a bilingual guide takes 20 to 30 minutes.

Bosque da Ciência Rua Otávio Cabral, 2936 - Aleixo. Monday to Friday from 9 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 4:30 pm. Saturday and Sunday from 9 am to 4 pm. (no concessionary rates), no charge for children under 10 years of age or elderly persons over 65 years of age. full day.

Festival Parintins

Av. Timbiras

PRAIA DE PONTA NEGRA 13 km from central Manaus. AM-010 and Avenida Turismo and Avenida Coronel Teixeira

1 Stadium Vivaldo Lima 2 Teatro Amazonas 3 Parque Municipal do Mindú 4 Bosque da Ciência 5 Zoológico do Cigs 6 International Airport Eduardo Gomes

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Parintins

102,033 inhabitants 5,952.378 km2 Distance from the State capital: 420 km

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Local holidays May 14: Ordination of the First Bishop of Parintins June 29 to July 1: Folklore Festival July 2: Post-Festival July 16: Nossa Senhora do Carmo Days September 5: Anniversary of Amazonas becoming a Province September 6: Civic Holidays October 15: Homage to the foundation of Parintins December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceição Days

Accommodation Parintins has been expanding its hotel capacity to accommodate additional tourists. It currently has a small network of hotels that are not able to absorb all the visitors who come to town for the Festival. It is possible to rent private houses or rooms during the festival season.

Transport The shortest journey is using direct flights from Manaus to Parintins. It is also possible to depart from Santarém and make the journey by ferry; it takes around two days and eleven hours to get to Parintins. Road transport is only possible for part of the journey, after which it is necessary to take a ferry. It is 534 km on the AM-010 up to the ferry terminal in Itacoatiara. The total journey time is an average of two days and eight hours. Departing from Belém in the State of Pará the journey time is three days and five hours, following the BR-230 (Rodovia Transamazonica). At Rurópolis (Pará) take the BR-163 to the town of Santarém, where there are ferries going to Parintins.

Here you can find a wide variety of bars and restaurants, where the main attractions are the typical regional dishes, such as bodó no tucupi. Bodó is the most popular fish in Parintins, with plenty of meat but with many scales that need to be removed. In dishes such as bodó with tucupi, the fish is cooked in the skin with a yellow sauce extracted from cassava root - tucupi. Boi Garantido float

Serra Valéria de Parintins Rio Amazonas, 15 minutes by boat from the center of Parintins These mountains are the highest point in Parintins, and hold indigenous archaeological remains, which appeared as a result of erosion.

Curral Zeca Xibelão or Curral do Boi Caprichoso Rua Gomes de Castro, 685 - Centro

LAGO MACURICANÃ APA Nhamundá, between the Nhamundá and Rio Amazonas. only by river. The journey from Parintins to Nhamundá is made via motorboat, and takes around two hours. daily, from 9 am to 5 pm

This is where the Boi Caprichoso costumes are made, and where the blue boi-bumbá practice takes place for the main festival.

This is located in the Área de Proteção Ambiental Nhamundá (APA). The site offers boat and diving trips. The lake can only be enjoyed in the dry season between July and October, known as the Amazonian summer.

MERCADO MUNICIPAL DE PARINTINS Rua José Augusto - Centro. monday to sunday, from 6 am to 5 pm Built in the 19th century, the market retains many of its original features. Here you can buy or sample local delicacies such as banana porridge and tapioca with tucumã (seasoning that comes from the fruit of a palm tree of the same name).

ELCIO FARIAS - VÍDEO PARK/Embratur

Aerial view of the Bumbódromo in Parintins

Porto Calçadão Rua Faria Neto - Centro. The boat ride functions 24 hours; restaurants open from 10 am to 4 pm, and snack bars from 6 pm to 12 pm

Parintins became known thanks to its Folk Festival and its ‘Bumbódromo’ - the stadium for Bumba Meu Boi festivities. Almost on the border with the State of Pará, the town has become one of the most popular holiday destinations in the country. Since the construction of the Bumbódromo in 1988, Parintins has been expanding its hotel capacity to accommodate more tourists. There is currently a small number of hotels, and they quickly fill up during the festival. The second most populous municipality in the North of Brazil and in the State of Amazonas, Parintins is also a destination for those interested in bird watching and nature - one of the reasons why the local residents take great care to prevent illegal hunting, fishing and environmental degradation. Since it is part of an island, Parintins is rich in beaches and river-side attractions that appear at low water in the Amazon and Uiacurapá rivers. In addition to relaxing and diving, the town provides the opportunity to experiment the best of local cuisine, with dishes such as tambaqui. Facing the Rio Amazonas, the Igreja do Sagrado Coração de Jesus is one of the best places to enjoy the sunset.

Curral do Boi Garantido Rodovia Odovaldo Novo, km 1 - Baixa do São José This is the home of the red boi-bumbá. The warehouse is the place where the Boi Garantido costumes are made, and where practice takes place for the main festival.

Centro Cultural e Esportivo Amazonino Mendes (Bumbódromo) Avenida Nações Unidas - Centro. visits must be scheduled in advance with the Department of Tourism; during the festival, from 9 am to 1 pm. no charge for visits. accompanied by parent or guardian. Opened in 1988, this houses one of the most important cultural events in Amazonas, the Festival Folclórico de Parintins. The site is divided into two parts: on one side, the red of Boi Garantido, and on the other the blue of Boi Caprichoso. It is laid out in the shape of a stylized ox, and has capacity for 35,000 people, distributed among stands, seating and boxes.

ELCIO FARIAS - VÍDEO PARK/Embratur

ELCIO FARIAS - VÍDEO PARK/Embratur

AMAzonaS

Balneário Cantagalo Estrada do Aninga, km 4.

Boi Caprichoso float

24 hours

Located in the community of Aningam, whas an area of 10,000 m2 with pier, spa, bar and restaurant, among other attractions.

PRAIA DO RESENDE, in Itacaré

Auro Queiroz

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BAHIA BR 116 BA-210

Bahia

maranhão

BR 116

piauí

BR 235

Juazeiro

BA-210

BR 235

BR 407

BA-210

BR 235

BR 407

BR 110 BR 116

BR 407

BA-220

BR 235 BA-392 BA-220

BA-381

sergipe BA-225 BA-451

BA-368

BA-052

BA-225

BA-160

BA-225

BA-451 BA-458

BR 242

BR 135

barreiras

BR 020

BA-161 BA-449

BR 135

BR 430

goiás

BR 242

BA-156

BA-172

BA-161

BA-152 BA-156

BA-148 BA-142

BA-172

correntina BR 135

BA-160

BR 135

BR 407

BA-156

BA-161

BR 430

BR 122

BR 030

BR 030

BA-030 BR 030

BA-120 BR 101

BA-650

BR 030

ITACARÉ

BR 122

BR 101

BA-030

BA-262

BA-660

BR 407

BR 116

BR 415

vitória da conquista

BA-263

BR 251

BA-667

BR 116

ilhéus BA-001

BR 101

BA-634

minas gerais

BA-001

BR 101

MORRO DE S.PAULO BR 330

BR 116

BA-030

BA-099

camaçari

Salvador

BR 420

BA-330 BA-142

BA-400

santo amaro

BR 116

BR 116

BA-026

BA-148

BA-318 BA-099

BA-093

BR 101

BA-046 BR 116

BA-245

BR 101

BA-505

BR 242

BA-553

BA-161

BR 110

BA-411

feira de santana

BA-052 BA-488

BR 407

BR 420

BA-160 BR 430

BA-349

BR BA-349 BA-349 349

BA-245

BA-348

BR 324

BA-142

BA-245

BA-084

BR 116

BA-046

BA-148 BA-160

BR 349

BR 242

BR 110

BA-409

BA-052 BR 407

BA-142

BR 122

BR 242

BA-470

BA-576

BR 135

BR 349

BA-433

BA-161

BR 430

BR 020

BR 020

BR 242

BR 242

BA-430

BA-462

BR 242

BR 116

BR 324 BA-416

BR 407

BA-131

BA-432

BA-830

BA-462

BR 020

BR 324

BA-052

BR 020

BR 242

BR 122

BA-433

luís Eduardo BA-460 magalhães

BA-120

BA-426

BA-161 BA-605

tocantins

BA-131

BA-670

BA-270

BA-270

BR 101

CANAVIERAS

BA-270

BA-270

BR 101

BR 367

CABRÁLIA porto seguro

BR 101

Geographic information BA-489

atlantic tropical average of 27 °C (80,6 °F) remnants of atlantic forest with coconut trees

alagoas

BR 235

BA-174

senhor do bonfim

BA-368

BR 110

BR 116

BA-314

BA-368

BA-210

BR 116

BR 235

BA-324

BA-460

BA-304

BA-210

BR 235

BR 235

B

razil began in Bahia. It was in Porto Seguro, in the southern part of the state, which today is Baía de Cabrália, that Pedro Álvares Cabral arrived in search of a “safe harbor” (porto seguro) for the Portuguese ships. It was here the first mass was celebrated, which marked the arrival of the Portuguese in the country, in 1500. The first settlements emerged there and the first capital of Brazil was Salvador, which today has a rich culture known all over the world. The history of Brazil is reflected in the Bahian buildings, which mark important moments in the country, in the black culture - which has the respect and honor it deserves in the state - and even in the local artistic traditions. One of the major and most popular tourist destinations in Brazil, it has world-class tourist facilities and its residents know how to welcome visitors who come here to enjoy the rich natural wonders, culture, gastronomy and religious tradition. Bahia offers numerous beaches in a coast cut by forests and lagoons which make the landscape unforgettable. The mixture of wild and almost untouched beaches with good tourist facilities – from word-class luxurious resorts to simpler inns in a fishing village – makes the state an unforgettable place. In the interior, ecological reserves attract those who seek adventure itineraries and ecotourism, like Chapada Diamantina. Also in the interior, the wine tourism has been developing in Vale do Rio São Francisco, which until recently was considered an impossible achievement, since the dry tropical climate had never been suitable for the cultivation of vineyards. Today, the region already produces 15% of the Brazilian wine, after Vale dos Vinhedos, in the South, a traditional producer.

pernambuco

BA-290

espírito santo

international airport national airport

BA-696

BR 418

TRANCOSO

BR 418 BA-998 BA-698

national highways State Highways

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FAROL DA BARRA, in Salvador

salvador

Roberto Faria/Embratur

1 Praia Porto da Barra 2 Praia Farol da Barra 3 Praia Jaguaribe 4 Forte Santo Antônio da Barra 5 Praia de Itapoã 6 Praia de Stella Maris 7 Praia do Flamengo 8 Parque Metropolitano de Pituaçu 9 Dep. Luís Eduardo Magalhães International Airport 10 Jardim Zoológico Getulio Vargas 11 Estádio Fonte Nova 12 Parque Florestal da Represa

2,675,656 inhabitants

693.292 km2

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Local holidays July 2: Independence of Bahia December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceição’s day

Clothing Due to the heat, light clothing is the best option, but do not forget to bring socks and shoes that are suitable for longer walks.

Accommodation Salvador has a complete and diversified hotel network, with beachfront inns and hotels of all categories (three to five stars), including hotels from big international chains. The best locations are at the beachfront and in the historic centre (Pelourinho).

Transport The highway to Salvador is the BR-324. Bus lines connect the capital to cities from all over the country. Salvador airport is 38 km from the city downtown and receives national and international flights. The Bahian capital can also be reached by sea, via ships travelling from other states and countries. Salvador, the capital of Bahia, is well known for its popular festivities, especially the Carnival.

It was in Barra Lighthouse, one of the best well known tourist sights of Salvador, where the city began to develop. The monument was placed at

BA-535

BA-093 BA-528 BA-093

BR 324

BA-099

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During this public holiday, thousands of people from all over Brazil and other countries visit the city and crowd the streets to enjoy the sounds of axé, afoxé and samba, rhythms which were originated there. But the city isn’t just about festivities. Salvador was the first capital of Brazil until 1973, when the political center was transferred to Rio de Janeiro. The city was also the scene of many rebellions, such as Alfaiates (an emancipatory movement which took place in the 18th century). The third most populated city in the country, Salvador has a very rich culture, a result of the meeting between the African tradition and the European and Indigenous traditions. With numerous well known tourist attractions such as Lacerda Lift, Barra Lighthouse and Pelourinho, the city also has beautiful beaches in the seafront. Visitors can also savor the traditional foods from Bahia, such as vatapá and acarajé.

FAROL DA BARRA Rua Almirante Marquês Leão, 138 - Barra. Tuesday to Sunday from 8 am to 7 pm.

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the top of a 37 meters brick-built tower and was the first lighthouse ever built in the Americas. It is one of the most beautiful buildings in the city.

IGREJA AND CONVENTO DE SÃO FRANCISCO Largo Cruzeiro São Francisco, 7 - Centro. Monday to Friday from 8 am to 11:30 am and from 1 pm to 5 pm. no charge Rita Barreto/Setur BA

Salvador

BA-528

IGREJA DE São Francisco

The 18th century buildings are part of the Seven Wonders of Portuguese Origin in the World. The architecture is the greatest representative of the baroque style in Bahia, the richness of detail in its panels and the amount of gold in its interior are impressive.

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ELEVADOR LACERDA Praça Thomé de Souza, Cidade Alta/Praça Visconde de Cayru, Cidade Baixa. 24 hours daily.

Rita Barreto/SETUR BA

The lift’s initial function was to connect the Down Town to the Upper Town of Salvador, but today the equipment has more of a touristic appeal due to its stunning view of the city, 72 meters high.

TERREIRO DE BOGUM Ladeira do Bogum - Engenho Velho da Federação. daily from 11 am. no charge

Capoeira in downtown Salvador

No charge

The neighborhood located in the city’s historic center was the initial point of the city’s economical development, in the 16th century. Many buildings here were listed by the National Institute for Artistic and Historical Heritage and are the main attractions of the tourist sight. Since 1985, it is recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. In Pelourinho, to get to institutions such as Jorge Amado’s House, you must walk through narrow streets which retain their original features, such as cobblestoned pavement.

The site has more than 200 shops with souvenirs from Salvador and Bahia, most of them handicrafts. The market also houses two famous restaurants serving regional Bahian food.

Roberto Faria/Embratur

MERCADO MODELO Rua Visconde de Cayru, 250 - Comércio, Cidade Baixa. Monday to Saturday, from 9 am to 7 pm. Sundays from 9 am to 2 pm. no charge

Musical state

MERCADO MODELO

Roberto Faria/Embratur

Roberto Faria/Embratur

Pelourinho Largo do Pelourinho - Centro Histórico.

Is it a sport, dance or martial art? Capoeira is a mixture of these. One of the strongest and most known Brazilian cultural expressions, capoeira came from black slavery in Brazil, when the slaves began to rebel against the humiliating living conditions of its people and created a fighting technique to face the hostility and the violence of the masters and the “captains of the forest”, farm workers who were in charge of getting back the slaves who ran away. Later, capoeira became more specialized in the quilombos, acquiring new techniques and spreading among the black men, always accompanied by singing and by the berimbau, a musical instrument created especially for the purpose. With the liberation of slaves, capoeira was prohibited on the streets of Bahia. Today, the art is recognized worldwide, with capoeira players in several continents and is part of the intangible cultural heritage of the state.

Roberto Faria/Embratur

This Terreiro is also part of candomblé, however a different language is used in its rituals, it was created by slaves who knew how to read and write in Arabic, who are known as the Malê. This was the location of one of the greatest slave rebellions in Salvador.

Capoeira

FILHOS DE GANDHI parade, in Pelourinho

elevador Lacerda

Typical instruments shop in the MERCADO MODELO

Bahia is one of the most musical states in Brazil. The mixture between the black, white and indigenous ethnic groups originated rich musical rhythms and genres, like axé, samba, pagode and the Brazilian popular music (MBP) itself. Even the cariocan bossa nova has a Bahian, João Gilberto, as one of its creators and most famous names, who charmed the world with his smooth way of singing. In the late 1960s a new generation of composers and performing artists revolutionized MBP. Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil, Maria Bethania e Gal Costa created a new way of talking about Bahia and about the country. At the same time, Os Novos Baianos, a group consisting of Baby Consuelo, Pepeu Gomes, Moraes Moreira, Dadi, Paulinho Boca de Cantor and others, lived the height of hippie movement, with lyrics about topics such as love and freedom. In Bahia’s Casa da Música, located in the Parque Abaeté, documents which tell the story of the Bahian music can be found. The permanent collection includes photographs, books and musical instruments.

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LAGOA DO ABAETÉ

ATTRACTIONS

Estrada do Coco

Aeroporto Internacional

Iglesia del Bonfim

BR 324

Ponta de Humaitá

Lagoa del Abaeté

Farol de Itapuã Praia de Itapuã

Pelourinho

Rua Carlos Gomes

Av. Antônio Carlos Magalhães Av. Anita Garibaldi

Av. 7 de Setembro

Praia do Porto da Barra

DIQUE Do TORORÓ

Solar do Unhão/ MUSEU DE ARTE MODERNA DA BAHIA Avenida do Contorno - Comércio. tuesday to friday from 1 pm to 7 pm. Saturdays and Sundays from 2 pm to 8 pm. no charge

Praia de Ondina

Av. Oceânica

Praia do Farol da Barra

Ilê Axé Opô Afonjá Rua Direita de São Gonçalo, 557. 10 am. no charge

daily from

The Terreiro (worship place) is also known as House of Sustained Strength by Afonjá. It was listed by the National Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage and it is one of the oldest Candomblé temples in Bahia, founded in 1910.

DIQUE Do TORORÓ Avenida Vasco da Gama - Brotas. hours. no charge.

Roberto Faria/Embratur

Solar do Unhão

Av. Vasco da Gama

Av. Centenário

The solar is an architectural complex which houses the Museu de Arte Moderna, a pier, a slave quarters and a distillery. The site was built to be the residence of the judge Pedro Unhão Castelo Branco. Today is a popular tourist sight, which also has a sculpture garden and a square where folk and musical performances take place. Try to wait until sunset, when the place becomes particularly beautiful.

Lagoa do Abaeté Avenida Otávio Mangabeira, Itapuã One of the most famous tourist attractions in the city, this dark waters lagoon is surrounded by fine white sand and several dunes formed by windblown particles from Itapuã beach. The surrounding vegetation completes the beautiful scenery.

IGREJA DO Senhor do Bonfim Largo do Bonfim, 236 - Bonfim. Monday from 9 am to 6 pm. Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday from 6:30 am to 6 pm. Friday to Sunday from 5:30 am to 6 pm. no charge

daily, 24

The dyke was built in the 17th and 18th centuries, with the damming of the Urucaia River, to protect the city against possible attacks, since Salvador was at the time the capital of Brazil. Today, the 110 thousand m2 area is the destination of those who want to rest and have fun on weekends. The site has decks for fishermen, tracks for running, restaurants and parking. Recently, the artist Tatti Moreno created and installed, in the waters of the site, large statues which represent the orixas.

Solar do Unhão, home of MUSEU DE ARTE MODERNA DA BAHIA

It is the most famous church of Salvador and its patron saint is one of the most followed by the faithful. The ribbons are very popular in the arms and ankles of the many visitors. Every second Thursday of January it hosts a Washing Party, where the Bahian women go in a procession to the church and wash the stairways with scented water.

Roberto Faria/Embratur

Av. Lafayete Coutinho

Praia de Piatã

Roberto Faria/Embratur

Mercado Modelo

Rodoviária Dique do Tororó

Roberto Faria/Embratur

Estádio Fonte Nova

Elevador Lacerda

IGREJA DO Nosso Senhor do Bonfim, Salvador

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PRAIA DO FAROL DA BARRA

Jardim de Alah

Porto da Barra

Avenida Otávio Mangabeira, Costa Azul This beach brings people of all ages together. The boardwalk has the best delicacies of the Bahian cuisine and tents with masseurs provide relaxation.

Avenida Oceânica, Barra This is where Tomé de Souza, the first Governor-General of Salvador, arrived in 1549 and was welcomed by Caramuru. It is a small beach with clear waters and good tourist restaurant facilities. It is considered the best place for sea bathing and has the most beautiful sunset of the city.

BEACHES IN THE CITY

Farol da Barra

Itapuã

Avenida Oceânica, Barra Frequented by a large number of people. It has reefs for divers, natural pools for children and a corner where the waves are good for surfing. It has several bars and restaurants along the seafront, but not in the beach itself as this was prohibited in every beach of the city.

Avenida Otávio Mangabeira, Itapuã Famous in Brazilian popular music, this is a quiet beach with fine sand, gentle sea and next to it there is the Farol de Itapuã (Itapuã Lighthouse). The acarajé sold in the region is very popular.

Manu Dias/AGECOM

Roberto Faria/Embratur

Rio Vermelho

Revelers crowd the streets of Salvador during Carnival in Bahia

Ondina

Stella Maris

Avenida Oceânica, Ondina This beach has one of the best facilities for families. It has natural pools and playgrounds for children. The beach is very popular in the late afternoon, at sunset, when residents and tourists crown the sands and boardwalk.

It is the most exciting beach of Salvador seafront. Some people enjoy going there to surf, play sports or just to enjoy the delicacies in the seafront restaurants and bars. During the evenings, throughout the year, several festivities take place in this area.

Amaralina

Salvador Bahia Brasil

Avenida Otávio Mangabeira, Boca do Rio A good choice for surfers as it has strong waves. It is also popular for beach sports, such as racquetball and foot-volley. It is located near the Parque Metropolitano de Pituaçu.

PRAIA DE PORTO DA BARRA

Alex Oliveira/Setur Ba

Avenida Amaralina, Amaralina The boardwalk is used for running and for walks and near the site is the Largo de Amaralina, where it is possible to taste one of the best acarajé of the city and also enjoy the view. There are also restaurants and bars.

Corsário

Avenida Oceânica, Boca do Rio - Rio Vermelho A beach full of history, related to the Bahian religiosity. According to records, this was where the sinking of the French ship took place, which Diogo Álvares Correa survived - the Caramuru, an important figure in the emergence of the city. Every year the Festival of Iemanjá takes place here, on February 2, when all the tourists and residents come to the seafront to thank the queen of the sea. Around the beach there are several bars, shops and restaurants.

Iemanjá Festival

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MUSEU INDÍGENA Coroa Vermelha, 7 km from downtown. from 9 am to 6 pm.

IGREJA DE Nossa Senhora da Conceição

daily,

The museum is dedicated to showing how the Indians lived and to promoting their culture. Handicrafts created by the community are sold here.

ILHEU DE COROA VERMELHA 7 km from downtown. 24 hours daily.

no charge

Jota Freitas/Bahia tursa

This is where the Portuguese explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral arrived. It was also the site of the first mass in the country, which is why

26,264 inhabitants

1,562.701 km²

73

220 V

Local holidays July 2: Independence of Bahia July 23: Anniversary of the City

Clothing Light clothing such as shorts, t-shirts, sandals and dresses are ideal to enjoy the city, and of course swimwear.

Accommodation Cabrália has a few inns in several comfort and infrastructure categories. Visitors can also take a day trip to the town and stay overnight in Porto Seguro.

Transport By land, the highway to Cabrália is the BR-367. There are bus departures at regular intervals from Porto Seguro and Salvador to Cabrália. The city doesn’t have a bus terminal. The nearest airport is in Porto Seguro, 23 km away. From there you can take a taxi to Cabrália. Like Porto Seguro, Santa Cruz Cabrália is located in the region where the caravels led by Pedro Álvares Cabral arrived, discovering Brazil in 1500.

PARQUE MARINHO COROA ALTA Banks of the Rio João de Tiba. 10 am.

daily from

The site might look like and island, but is in fact a mixture of sand banks with coral reefs. Access is only possible via canoes and schooners; diving here allows a close contact with the local marine fauna. View from Vale do Paty, in Chapada Diamantina

The name of the city is a tribute to the explorer and to the first name the country received, the Land of the Holy Cross. Besides the beautiful beaches, visitors can explore the culture and customs of the Indians by visiting the museum.

Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Conceição Rua Tancredo Neves - Cidade Alta. the masses take place daily, at 5 pm. no charge The church built in the 18th century is the mother church in tribute to the patron saint of Brazil during the colonial era and Imperial period, Nossa Senhora da Conceição, who was replaced by Nossa Senhora Aparecida during the Republic.

PRAIA DE ARAKAKAÍ Avenida Beira Mar Right in the town center, this is the busiest beach in the small town and attracts many tourists who want to surf and windsurf. The clear green waters are suitable for swimming and natural pools form on the beach at low tide.

Caetano Lacerda

SANTA CRUZ CABRÁLIA

there is a cross there. The monument, named Memorial do Encontro, was constructed on the 500th anniversary of Brazil. The beach is quiet and has warm waters.

CHAPADA DIAMANTINA Created in 1985 to preserve its natural beauty, the Parque Nacional da Chapada Diamantina provides beautiful sceneries, with caves, waterfalls, rivers and hills of a rare beauty in the midst of the caatinga shrubland. The main cities in the region - Lençóis, Mucugê, Xique-Xique do Igatu and Andaraí - emerged during the search for gold and diamonds. This is why the region was named this way. Today, mining is prohibited due to its negative environmental impact. It is necessary to use a guide on most of the visits in the

region. In Lençóis, there are several travel agencies who organize tours and hikes.

CACHOEIRA DA FUMAÇA 68 km from Lençóis. to be agreed with the guide to be agreed with the guide or travel agency. With more than 70 meters free fall this is one of the largest and most beautiful waterfalls in the country, although the access is difficult. But the breathtaking view is worth it.

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GRUTA DA lapa DOCE Inside Fazenda Lapa Doce, in Iraquara. to be agreed with the guide. to enter the farm. the cost of a guide should be negotiated separately.

PARQUE NACIONAL DA CHAPADA DIAMANTINA

Irecê 15

13

11

10

Wagner

Rio Mucugez inh o 9

Tanquinho

12

14

BR

8

142 BA

7

6

242

tônio o An Sant José São

Palmeiras Lençóis

Rio

Brasília

Aeroporto

Rio

Seabra

Salvador

Ri

Vale do 5 Rio Ribeirão Capão do Melo Caeté-Açu o Rio Roncador

GRUTA PRATINHA, in Chapada Diamantina

Considered a symbol of the park, the Pai Inácio hill is 1,120 meters high. Visitors need to walk through a trail to reach the top, which offers stunning scenery.

Marimbus In Andaraí, 21 km from Lençóis. to be agreed with the guide or travel agency. to be agreed with the guide or travel agency.

eto Pr

Marimbus is known for being similar to the Pantanal and it is one of the most interesting visits in Chapada. In a canoe - with a guide who knows the river well - tourists can travel through the beautiful scenery consisting of water plants and ferruginous waters, perfect for swimming. Besides the natural beauty of the site, Remanso, a small ex-slave colony inside Marimbus, is an unmissable attraction. Here a small number of families try to maintain the customs and traditions of their ancient cultures.

3

Guiné

Rio

u

ç ua

io ag Bai ano R Par

Andarai

Bonimal

Vale do Paty

Amplified area

2

Itaetê

Igatu

1

Mucugê Ibicoara 4 Vitória da Conquista

1

Poço Encantado

6

Cachoeira do 21

11

Morro do Pai Inácio

2

Poço Azul

7

Cachoeira do Sossego

12

Pratinha

3

Marimbus

8

Gruta do Lapão

13

Gruta Azul

4

Cachoeira do Buracão

9

Cachoeira do Diabo

14

Caverna Torrinha

5

Cachoeira da Fumaça

10

Morro do Camelo

15

Lapa Doce

ILHÉUS

184,236 inhabitants

Marimbus Gerais dos Vieiras

João Ramos/Bahiatursa

MORRO DO PAI INÁCIO From Lençóis follow BR-242 to Palmeiras. to be agreed with the guide or travel agency. to be agreed with the guide or travel agency.

Caetano Lacerda

The Lapa Doce Cave is large and airy and has few elevations in the ground. Considered the third biggest in the country, with 17 mapped km, the cave is part of a limestone caves complex and 850 meters of the space are open to visitors. The name comes from a small underground river which had slightly sugary water. Groups of up to 12 people are allowed per visit.

View from the City of Ihéus

Vale do Paty Between Andaraí and Mucugê and the trail begins in BA-142, which connects both cities. to be agreed with the guide or travel agency. to be agreed with the guide or travel agency. One of the most popular attractions here is trekking. The journey has to be made on foot, through a trail, with no accommodation options which allows tourists to stay in the homes of the friendly residents. During the journey, which lasts about six days, it is possible to swim in the Cachoeira do Funil, to visit the beautiful Poço do Diabo and have a privileged view from Morro Branco.

1,760.004 km2

73

110 V

Local Holidays

bahia south coast

Itacaré BA-001

April 23: São Jorge’s day July 2: Independence of Bahia August 15: Nossa Senhora da Vitória’s day

Uruçuca

Serra Grande

Clothing Light clothing is ideal to enjoy the city, and of course swimwear.

BR 415

Ilhéus

Itabuna

Olivença

Accommodation Ilhéus has good accommodation facilities, from hotels, inns, and luxurious resorts, both on the beaches and in the city center.

BR 101

Una

Transport The main access roads to Ilhéus are the federal highways BR-342 and BR-101. There are bus departures at regular intervals from Salvador to Ilhéus. The city has its own airport, which facilitates access. It receives national flights and is located 3 km from the city. Another option coming from Salvador is the ferryboat. It departs from São Joaquim Terminal, in the capital, to Ilhéus. Ilhéus region was colonized around 1534. The quality of the soil, ideal for agriculture, drew the attention of the Portuguese which made the

BA-001

Santa Luzia Ilha de Comandatuba BA-270

Canavieiras BR 101

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PRAIA DE CANABRAVA E TOROROMBA From Rua Tobias Barreto, turn right on Avenida Soares Lopes to Ponte Lomanto Junior. After the bridge, follow the avenue to Rua Barão do Rio Branco, where you should turn left. Drive up to the 21 km marker on the highway

longed to Jorge Amado. The neoclassical house also includes the Ilhéus Historic Institute and the Bahia Academy of Arts and Letters.

João Ramos/Bahiatursa

population increase rapidly. Cocoa was the most successful product in its farms, which were introduced to the city through plants brought from the Amazon region in the 17th century. The cocoa culture brought wealth and prosperity to the region. With the cocoa decline, the city, which has the longest coastline in Bahia, began investing in tourism. The city’s beaches are the main tourist attraction; however tourists can also visit the remaining cocoa farms of the city.

Both beaches are the most popular among tourists, as they have the largest infrastructure and two resorts nearby. The beach waters have calm waves and are surrounded by reefs.

João Ramos/Bahiatursa

Bataclan Avenida Dois de Julho, 75 - Centro. 11 am to 11 pm. no charge the masses take

Inaugurated in 1967, 36 years after construction, the interior of the cathedral is discreet and simple, but its facade has fine details and a 47 meter-high round arch.

Casa de Cultura Jorge Amado Rua Jorge Amado, 21 - Center. monday to friday from 8 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 6 pm. Saturday from 9 am to 1 pm. The house where the Bahian writer’s family lived is now a museum, which includes documents, books, photographs and objects that be-

PRAIA DO CRISTO From Rua Tobias Barreto in downtown, follow Avenida Soares Lopes and then Avenida Dois de Julho, where the beach is located

daily, from

Surfers enjoy the waves on the beaches of Ilhéus

The building, which used to be a luxury cabaret where the cocoa colonels used to go, currently houses the cultural centre with the same name. The decorations are also its original, however, after a renovation the site now houses a restaurant, bar, cigar shop and also rooms for exhibitions, soirées and theatrical presentations.

MERCADO DE ARTESANATO Rua Eustáquio Bastos, 308 - Center. 10 am to 10 pm. no charge

daily from

This shopping site has around 80 kiosks selling souvenirs from the city. The most popular handicrafts include crochet items, clay objects, hand painted shirts and the cocoa liquor.

Apoena Machado Cunha

CATEDRAL DE SÃO SEBASTIÃO Praça Dom Eduardo - Centro. place daily, at 4 pm. no charge

Povoado do Rio do Engenho Tours leave from Praça Maramata, no number Pontal. the tours are usually made during the day. PRAIA DE CANA BRAVA, in Ilhéus

Typical Construction in Ilhéus

catedral de São Sebastião, in Ilhéus

The main attraction in this urban beach is the replica of Rio de Janeiro’s Christ the Redeemer statue, almost eight meters high. Water sports such as kayaking, jet skiing and windsurfing also attract visitors to the beach.

João Ramos/Bahia tursa

João Ramos/Bahiatursa

Cocoa farm

The village buildings, dated from before 1550, were listed by the National Institute of Historical and Cultural Heritage. The village is located in the ruins of Sant’Ana, one of the first sugar mills in Brazil.

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Olivença Olivença is 18 km from Ilhéus. Bus lines connect the two locations; however the village doesn’t have a bus terminal. The car journey takes around half an hour.

ILHA DE COMANDATUBA

Lea Sartori

The southern region from Costa do Cacau concentrates a group of locations which preserve a great natural beauty and a fascinating history. Here, in the 16th century, the Portuguese began to cultivate cocoa, one of the most valuable and wanted products from that era. The cocoa culture drove the local economy, built great empires and became an inexhaustible source of memories and stories. With the decline of the product’s production, the proud cities of Canavieiras, Olivença and Una maintained their respect for the past but also looked to the future, investing in tourism, which is the most important activity in the region. With beautiful and preserved beaches, historical houses and hospitable people, the region reserves a few surprises for visitors.

Sul de Ilhéus

73 110 V Una 24,106 inhabitants 159,525 km² Canavieiras 32,331 inhabitants 375,556 km² Ilhéus 184,231 inhabitants

Local holidays April 23: São Jorge’s day (Ilhéus) July 2: Independence of Bahia August 15: Nossa Senhora da Vitória’s day (Ilhéus)

Clothing Light clothing such as shorts, t-shirts, sandals and dresses are ideal to enjoy the city, and of course swimwear.

Accommodation Una offers several inns and resorts for those who choose the city as their destination. However, it is recommended to book in advance to avoid any setback. There are very few inns and summer homes available for tourists in Canavieiras. Therefore, it is

recommended to book in advance. The village has few options for accommodation; there are only a few hotels and fishermen’s cottages available for visitors.

Transport Una From Ilhéus via BA-001, where there are bus departures every two hours to Una. From Salvador, bus departures to Canavieiras stop at Una. Una doesn’t have a bus terminal. Another option is the airport from Resort Transamérica Ilha Comandatuba, 15 km from the city, but it only receives private flights. Canavieiras By car or bus, the BA-101, BR-324 and BR-001 provide access to the city. There are intercity bus lines connecting Salvador to Canavieiras and other cities in the region. By air, the nearest airport is in Ilhéus, 120 km from the city. From there you can travel by car or bus to Canavieiras.

PRAIA DA COSTA From Avenida Barão do Rio Branco, follow straight ahead through Avenida Himério Cavalcante to the beach

Povoado de Pedras de Una 9 km from the village center. the tours are usually made during the day. no charge Artisans and fishermen live in this simple community, which preserves a rustic lifestyle. Here visitors can take boat trips to view the mouth of the Una river and of the Maruim river, and also fish.

PRAIA DE COMANDATUBA The beach is accessed from Vila de Comandatuba, a village similar to Pedras do Una The island used to be a cocoa farm and is 17 km long. One of the largest resorts in the region is located here; it occupies most of the seafront.

ILHA DO ATALAIA By boat from Praia da Costa, in Canavieiras The Island’s beaches are stretched for 17 km, with clear, calm and warm waters, ideal for swimming. The site also has Atlantic Forest reserves and mangroves.

Busy beach with a good tourist infrastructure. Ideal for children, as it has warm and calm waters.

Ocean Course Ilha de Comandatuba. price on request

PRAIA DO PATIPE From Avenida Beira Mar, at low tide. By boat, through Patipe river, at high tide

The biggest golf course of the country is part of Hotel Transamérica, a resort which occupies most of the Ilha de Comandatuba. It has 780 thousand square meters, with 18 holes in accordance with international requirements. Those who do not own golfing equipment can rent it in the site.

Very popular for windsurfing and other sports, has warm waters and not many facilities. Only a few kiosks are available for visitors.

daily from 9 am to 8 pm.

RESERVA BIOLÓGICA DE UNA Rodovia Ilhéus, km 42. daily, from 8 am to 6 pm. no charge

BALNEÁRIO E PARQUE AQUÁTICO DE TOROROMBA 17 km from central Ilhéus. daily, from 9 am to 7 pm.

The reserve is a remnant of the Atlantic Forest in the Bahian coast and it’s main attraction is a walkway 30 meters high, where visitors can admire the untouched forest, plants and animals.

The site receives waters from the source of Tororomba River, which are believed to have medicinal powers. The park has an artificial waterfall, known as Véu de Noiva, and three pools.

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ing (descending waterfalls through ropes) and aqua-ride (descending the river using a large buoy) in Rio de Contas.

PRAIA DA TIRIRICA, in Itacaré

Gabriel Carvalho/Bahia Tursa

PRAIA DA CONCHA Rua da Pituba (Caminho das Praias), Itacaré’s main road

ITACARÉ

24,318 inhabitants

737.850 km²

73

110 V

Local holidays July 2: Independence of Bahia (state holiday)

Clothing Light clothing and sandals, and don’t forget the swimwear to enjoy the many beaches of the city.

Accommodation

were seeking the great waves from Itacarezinho and from Tiririca. The site is included in an Environmental Protection Area (APA), as it located in the middle of the Atlantic Forest, a type of forest which is devastated in the country. The vegetation of the municipality, founded in 1732, spreads to the sea, creating rocky cliffs which make the beaches true natural works of art. Inside the Environmental Protection Area (APA), visitors can participate in unmissable adventures, such as rafting, cascad-

The beach is formed by the sea and the Rio de Contas. It has a great tourist infrastructure and attracts fans of canoeing and windsurfing. The beautiful scenery is complemented by the square-shaped lighthouse, one of the few in the country with this shape, which represents the Bahian maritime identity. The beach also includes the Ponta do Xaréu, where people get together in late afternoon to view the beautiful sunset in Itacaré.

PRAIA DA RIBEIRA Rua da Pituba (Caminho das Praias), Itacaré’s main road Praia da Ribeira is one of the best options for those who seek good tourist facilities and an easy access. The more adventurous can enjoy the beautiful views from up above, through a

zip-line which “flies” over the beach. For those who want peace and quiet, the creek - with small waterfalls and a dam which forms a freshwater natural pool - offers a cool water pool ideal for adults and children.

PRAIA DA ENGENHOCA Via a trail from 12 km marker in BA-001 The beach is popular among surfers and those who seek peace and quiet. It is accessed via a beautiful trail. During the walk - which lasts around 20 minutes - it is possible to view the sea and the rocks. Palm trees frame the scenery. It is not recommended for children, as they can get tired during the walk and there are no tourist facilities on the beach.

PRAIA DE ITACAREZINHO Access to the beach is in the 15 km marker in BA-001, after a private area One of the best beaches in the region, with good waves throughout the year, it is a paradise for surfers in Bahia. Here you can dive and also view the sea turtles hatching. It has restaurants and bars with seafood delicacies.

Itacaré Lighthouse

Itacaré has a good and diversified hotel network, with inns in several comfort categories and luxury resorts.

The coastline of the city, with less than 25 thousand inhabitants, is its biggest tourist attraction. It was first discovered by surfers, who

Auro Queiroz/embratur

Itacaré can be accessed by road via the state highway BA-001 (known as Estrada Parque) and the federal highway BR-324. From Salvador, follow up to Feira de Santana, where there is a junction to BA-001. From Ilhéus, access is made directly via BA-001. There are regular bus lines from Salvador and Ilhéus to Itacaré. Another option, from Salvador, is taking the ferryboat to Bom Despacho, in Ilha de Itaparica, and from there, by car or bus, follow BA-001 to Itacaré. The ferryboat departs from the Terminal São Joaquim, in the capital.

Pontal do Maraú

Gabriel Carvalho/Bahia Tursa

Transport

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visit the site it is necessary to pay an individual tourist fee of R$ 12. To avoid queues, at the final destination, it is recommended to make the payment in São Joaquim Terminal, before the trip. Another option is to travel in the ferryboat or boat in the São Joaquim Maritime Terminal, near the Modelo Market in Salvador. The trip to Morro de São Paulo costs R$ 75 and lasts about two hours, depending on the weather conditions.

by Itacaré’s Surf Association and hosts several surfing events throughout the year. It also has a skateboard track for those who want to continue the radical maneuvers out of the water.

Near the city center, this quiet seafront has a grass field which is an invitation to relax in late afternoon. Surrounded by natural pools, Resende beach also has waves for those who seek thrills.

PRAIA DA TIRIRICA Rua da Pituba (Caminho das Praias), Itacaré’s main road It is considered one of the best beaches in the country for surfing. Tiririca beach is protected

PRAIA DE JERIBUAÇU Via a trail from 9 km marker in BA-001, to Ilhéus The beach is part of a farm and attracts both those who seek waves and those who want to swim in freshwaters. It is also possible to travel in a canoe through mangroves, in the river Jeribuaçu, and visit the Cachoeira da Usina. These trips must be paid separately and accompanied by a guide.

Near Salvador, Morro de São Paulo is located in Ilha Tinharé, which is part of Cairu. With a strategic location, the site was the scene of many battles against the Dutch, who tried to invade the Baía de Todos os Santos in the 16th century. The Praia do Forte is located here, one of the most popular among tourists in the state and one of the best known species protection area in Bahia. It also offers beach options for those who enjoy diving and water sports.

BOATS ARRIVING AT Morro de São Paulo

Auro Queiroz/embratur

PRAIA do RESENDE Rua da Pituba (Caminho das Praias), Itacaré’s main road

Beach in Morro de São Paulo

PRAIA DO FORTE Via Estrada do Coco or Linha Verde Gamboa

Auro Queiroz/embratur

Besides the beautiful scenery and the clear waters which are good for swimming, Praia do Forte also has an environmental importance. The main base of the Projeto Tamar is located within its 14 km of seafront, a project dedicated to studying and protecting the sea turtles. You can’t drive to the beach. From the pier in Morro de São Paulo, the beach it can only be accessed on foot or by boat. The scenery is beautiful and the beach also has kiosks.

15,374 inhabitants

460.981 km²

71

The main beach in the village, popular among water sports fans and divers, has an excellent tourist infrastructure, with several shops, inns and restaurants.

Accommodation 220 V

Local holidays July 2: Independence of Bahia

Clothing Light clothing such as shorts, t-shirts, sandals and dresses are ideal to enjoy the city, and of course swimwear.

Morro de São Paulo offers several inns, which can be simple or more sophisticated. As demand is very high, it is recommended to book in advance.

Transport Road access is via BR-324, but the journey cannot be made entirely by land. Part of it needs to be made via a ferryboat, from Salvador. Continue to Valença and from there continue by land to Morro de São Paulo. To

Auro Queiroz/embratur

MORRO DE SÃO PAULO (MUNICIPALITY OF CAIRU)

Primeira Praia (First Beach) By boat, from the pier in Morro de São Paulo

Segunda Praia (Second Beach) On foot, from the First Beach

Ruins of an ancient fort in Morro de Sao Paulo

It is the destination for young people in Morro de São Paulo; attracts beach sports fans and has the largest number of kiosks at the seafront.

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Quarta Praia (Fourth Beach) On foot, from the Third Beach

Near the Ilha do Caitá and the main diving spot, this beach is surrounded by coral reefs. Its infrastructure is smaller than the first two beaches.

It is the largest beach on the village and the best one for children. It has several natural pools for diving and swimming.

Memorial do Descobrimento Avenida Beira-Mar, 800 - Cruzeiro. Monday to Saturday from 8:30 am to 12:30 am and from 1:30 pm to 5 pm. no charge The memorial takes the visitors on a journey back to 1500 and shows how the discovery of Brazil happened. One example of what can be seen there is a copy of the caravel in which the explorers travelled, with explanations about the journey and the way they stored supplies. Tayse Argôlo/Bahia Tursa

Terceira Praia (Third Beach) On foot, from the Second Beach

Discovery landmark with the IGREJA DE Nossa Senhora da Pedra in the background

CENTRO HISTÓRICO Trevo do Cabral. 24 hours daily.

Transport 2,408.492 km²

Local holidays April 22: Discovery of Brazil June 30: Porto Seguro Anniversary July 2: Independence of Bahia September 8: Nossa Senhora da Penha’s day

Clothing Light clothing such as shorts, t-shirts, sandals and dresses are ideal to enjoy the city, and of course swimwear.

Accommodation In Porto Seguro, tourists can choose between inns in several categories, resorts and hotels. As the demand is very high during the beginning and end of the year, it is recommended to book in advance.

Caraíva Beach

The highways BR-101 and BR-367 provide access to the city. There are bus lines connecting the city to the main Brazilian capitals. Porto Seguro has an airport which receives domestic flights from the main Brazilian airlines. It was in this region where Pedro Álvares Cabral arrived in 1500, in the lands that would become Brazil. However, Porto Seguro only became a city in 1534. It was declared a historic site by the National Institute of Historical and Cultural Heritage in 1976, due to its obvious importance. Tourism is the main activity in the city, which is noticeable while walking around the city. Besides the beautiful beaches and preserved buildings, from the discovery era, the city also hosts several festivities. Porto Seguro is the capital of axé, a rhythm created in Bahia which accompanies all the carnivals

Passarela do Álcool Avenida Passarela do Álcool - Centro 24 hours daily. No charge. no restriction during the day. in the evenings it is not recommended for children

Tayse Argôlo/Bahia Tursa

126,929 inhabitants 73 220 V

Tayse Argôlo/Bahia Tursa



PORTO SEGURO

To learn more about the history of Brazil it is essential to visit the Centro Histórico of Porto Seguro. This is the city where Brazil was born and where the first buildings of the country are located. Three churches and around 40 renovated buildings form the village where the country began to develop.

Leticia dos santos

Passarela do Álcool

no charge

Porto Seguro Lighthouse

Despite the name, during the day, the footbridge is like an open air shopping center and a tourist attraction which both adults and children can enjoy. Here there are restaurants, bars and shops selling souvenirs from the city, such as shirts and handicrafts. In the evenings stalls serving typical drinks are set up and there are free shows. At this time it is not recommended for children. The most popular drink in the city is available here, the famous Capeta, made from vodka, condensed milk and guarana powder.

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PRAIA DE RIO DOS MANGUES From Avenida dos Navegantes (downtown), turn left at Avenida Vinte and Dois de Abril. Continue through Avenida Beira Mar for about 7 km

The beach has warm water natural pools and calm waves at low tide. The site is popular among tourists travelling as a family, seeking some peace and quiet. It has a good tourist infrastructure.

Also known as Barramares, the beach has sports equipment for rent, from soccer to kayaking and ultralight aircraft. The waters are good for swimming and there are also bars and kiosks.

Transport It is made by car or taxi, from Porto Seguro. The highway to Trancoso is the BR-367. Although it has a simple aura, Trancoso is a busy location and has some of the most luxurious inns and buildings of Bahia. Initially a Jesuit village, known as São João Batista dos Índios, the village became well known in the 1970s, when young hippies went to its beaches to start a new life near the untouched nature. The site experienced a big growth in tourism, its main economic activity, in the last few years. Here, visitors have the opportunity to visit exclusive and untouched beaches, and also enjoy the sophistication of boutique shops and restaurants with international cuisine.

Terravista Golf Estrada Municipal de Trancoso, km 18. Monday to Saturday from 8 am to 5 pm. price of services on request. This is one of the biggest golf courses in the country, with 18 holes. At the site, visitors can enjoy the course and can also learn how to play. Equipments are available for rental and purchase.

Felipe Gombossy/embratur

Auro Queiroz/embratur

Trancoso

handicrafts and designer clothing. The site also houses the Igreja de São João Batista, one of the oldest churches in Brazil and an important tourist attraction in the city.

Jota Freitas/Arquivo Setur/Bahia tursa

PRAIA DO CURURIPE From Avenida dos Navegantes (downtown), turn left at Avenida Vinte e Dois de Abril. Continue through Avenida Beira Mar for about two kilometers

Shops and restaurants at the famous square of Trancoso

Golf course overlooking the sea

Light clothing such as shorts, t-shirts, sandals and dresses are ideal to enjoy the city, and of course swimwear.

Quadrado Centro Histórico.

Itapororoca By car, from the village

Local holidays

Accommodation

April 22: Discovery of Brazil June 30: Porto Seguro Anniversary July 2: Independence of Bahia September 8: Nossa Senhora da Penha’s day

Trancoso is one of the most sophisticated destinations in Bahia, with inns and luxury resorts designed by great architects. There are high quality condominiums, with summer houses, available for tourists.

The main square in the city’s historic center is known as Quadrado, a place where people walk by all day long, mainly during late afternoon and evening. The old houses on the site became bars, restaurants and shops which sell

TRANCOSO (MUNICIPALITY OF PORTO SEGURO)

Clothing

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220 V

no charge.

It is a wild beach with restricted access due to a luxury condominium. It has a large forest with fruit trees which adorn the small beach with calm and clear waters. Only guests can use the tourist facilities on the site.

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Patimirim On foot, from the village, by the seafront

PRAIA DO ESPELHO

The beach is popular among people who seek tranquility or good waves. It doesn’t have accommodation infrastructure, restaurants or bathrooms.

Felipe Gombossy/embratur

The main beach in Trancoso is one of the busiest beaches in the region. It has calm waters and natural pools which are ideal to spend the day in family. Each end of the beach has a creek for those who want to relax in freshwaters, and the beach has the most complete tourist infrastructure with several bars hotels and kiosks.

Felipe Gombossy/embratur

Nativos On foot, from the Quadrado

Umbrella on one of the beaches of Trancoso

Curuípe (Espelho) By car, from the village, to Caraíva. The road is in poor condition and may become impassable during the rainy season. The entry is made through the main door of Condomínio Outeiro das Brisas, where it is possible to park, and walk 1 km to the beach

Roberto Faria/embratur

This is a preserved beach with reefs and calm waters. It used to be an old fishermen’s village, the houses still retain its original features. It has a large grass field and palm trees, which provide a good place to relax in late afternoon, and a good tourist infrastructure with inns, bars and restaurants.

PRAIA Do RIO DA BARRA On foot, by the seafront, heading north from the village

Africa at the table Auro Queiroz/embratur

The beach has beautiful scenery, mostly due to its red and white cliffs. These were the natural monuments Pero Vaz de Caminha, the secretary of Pedro Álvares Cabral, described in the letter on the discovery of Brazil. The beach has restaurants, bathrooms, bars and parking.

Bobó de camarão, a typical dish of Bahian cuisine

IGREJA DE São João, in Trancoso

When talking about the Brazilian gastronomy it is impossible not to mention delicacies such as acarajé, abará, caruru, vatapá, farofa and mungunzá. These are all dishes of African origin and they were originally offered to deities during religious cults. The slave traders also brought peppers, banana and

palm oil to Brazil. With the work of the African women in the masters’s kitchens these dishes and spices began to mix with others of Portuguese origin. Utensils such as wooden spoons and clay pots become common. From this tasty combination a cuisine with many colors and flavors was born.

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Buggy ride on the DUNES of Cumbuco

Francisco Chagas/Embratur

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Juazeiro do Norte is located in the Cariri region in Ceará’s countryside - founded by Padre Cicero, a religious figure who is attributed with miracles and to whom many Brazilians are devotees. The town is visited by thousands who come to see the Igreja do Padre Cicero. The Santo Antônio festival is also celebrated here by thousands of devotees. Those who enjoy ecotourism will have several options in this region: there are trails, natural spas and waterfalls. Mansions from the sugar-cane boom are also open for visits reminders from the colonial period, when the Northeast was the richest region in Brazil. Ceará was the location for many important events in the history of Brazil, and was the first State to abolish slavery. The interior of Ceará, and in particular Juazeiro do Norte, was home to a popular movement led by Padre Cicero and Padre Ibiapina. The State is one of the largest wind power producers in the country, thanks to its strong winds, especially on the coast. In addition to providing a model of clean energy, the winds also attract those who enjoy sports such as windsurfing and kitesurfing. As one of the 12 venues for the 2104 World Cup, Ceará is exerting even more care in the preparation of its delicious regional dishes, an paying even more attention in the traditional manufacture of bobbin lace, which is made following time-honored regional traditions.

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eará is privileged by a pleasant climate with an average temperature of 27 °C (80,6 °F) on the coast, while the hills and interior of the State are a little cooler, dropping to 20 °C (68 °F). It is a State with great cultural riches, having provided Brazil with writers such as José de Alencar and Rachel de Queiroz. It was also the birthplace of several great Brazilian humorists such as Renato Aragão, Chico Anísio and Tom Cavalcante, as well as poets such as Patativa of Asaré. Music is another interesting part of the Ceará culture, with rhythms ranging from forró to MPB (Brazilian Folk Music) and famous names such as Fagner, Belchior, Amelinha and Ednardo. It was also home to Eleazar de Carvalho, one of Brazil’s most renowned classical maestros. Surrounded by fine white sand dunes, which help to reflect the sunlight, the capital of Ceará, Fortaleza, captivates its visitors with a mixture of sun, beaches and delicious aromas. The region of Greater Fortaleza offers beaches circled by bars and restaurants, as Cumbuco and Porto das Dunas. Local residents are always willing to contribute with a tip or an explanation of the local delicacies. At night the program for local residents and tourists is to gather in the bars and restaurants serving crab in diverse recipes: grilled with lemon and salt or in more elaborate dishes according to the customer’s choosing, enjoyed while being refreshed by the evening breeze and Fortaleza’s typical animation.

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Geographic information

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international airport NATIONAL airport BR 116

national highways State Highways

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Light clothing suitable for hot weather. Caps or hats are recommended for protection from the sun.

Access to the City can be by air, car or bus. The highways leading to Fortaleza are the BR-222 and BR-116.

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Fortaleza has excellent tourist infrastructure, with a well-equipped hotel network that offers resorts, hotels in various categories and inns. There is an extensive offer of rooms throughout the City, but the most sophisticated and popular are located near the seafront and in the central region.

Secretaria de Turismo do Ceara

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March 19: São José’s day March 25: End of slavery in Ceará August 15: Nossa Senhora da Assunção’s day

Within the city Getting around town is facilitated by 247 regular bus lines, including 22 that operate after midnight. Urban Transport Company in Fortaleza: Tel. (85) 3452-9205

sp

Local holidays

Fortaleza also has air connections with the major cities in Brazil; the airport is only 6 km from the center.

The Paróquia São José, also known as the Catedral Metropolitana, was built to replace the Igreja da Sé, demolished due to risk of collapsing. Construction took 40 years. The cathedral has attractive stained glass windows and imposing dimensions - it has capacity to hold around five thousand people.

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314,927 km²

TEATRO JOSÉ DE ALENCAR

Catedral Metropolitana Praça da Sé - Centro. Tuesday to Friday from 8 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 6 pm. Saturday from 8 am to 12 am. no charge

Av .P ad

2,452,185 inhabitants 85 220 V

The theater is an artistic reference center in the State’s culture and is one of the main example of eclectic architecture in Brazil (it includes a room in Art Nouveau style). The institution has six stages - two indoor and four in the Burle Marx gardens, one of these being on the theater sidewalk, facing Praça José de Alencar.

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Francisco Chagas/Embratur

FORTALEZA

Teatro José de Alencar Rua Liberato Barroso, 525 Praça José de Alencar Centro. Monday to Friday from 8 am to 5 pm. Saturdays and Sundays from 12 am to 5 pm.

The city was founded in 1726 on the banks of the Rio Pajeú, and currently has more than two million inhabitants. The Capital of Ceará is one of the venues for the 2014 World Cup, and is undergoing several improvements to its urban and tourist infrastructure. Besides the beaches, Fortaleza also has other natural attractions that enchant its visitors, such as the Reserva Ecológica de Sabiaguaba. Museums, churches and squares make up part of a tourist circuit that has made the town popular with Brazilian tourists in recent years.

View of the seafront at Iracema

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Francisco Chagas/Embratur

Fortaleza Nossa Senhora da Assunção Avenida Alberto Nepomuceno - Centro. Monday to Thursday from 9:30 am to 11:30 am and 1:30 pm to 4:30 pm. Friday from 8 am to 12 am. Saturday and Sunday from 9 am to 1 pm. no charge. This beautiful fortress on Monte Marajaitiba served as a stronghold during the Dutch invasion of Brazil. Even after the expulsion of the Europeans the fortress continued its role of protecting the City. It is currently the home of the 10th Army Military Region HQ.

Dragão do Mar Cultural Center

Ceará gastronomy

Traditional Ceará lobster

Praia do Futuro From the center take the Avenida Washington Soares then Avenida Edilson Brasil Soares. Taking a bus is another option (the lines are Papicu / Praia do Futuro and Corujão / Praia do Futuro / Caça e Pesca)

Fortaleza Metropolitan Region The Praia do Futuro is the largest in the city, 25 km long and popular for bathing and diving. Besides taking advantage of its natural beauty, the visitor is served by good facilities, with food and drink kiosks with playgrounds and stages for live shows.

Atlantic Ocean

São Gonçalo do Amarante Caucaia

The Ceará kitchen makes maximum use of the abundance of fish and seafood in the State, which are the basis of local cuisine. Ceará fish stew, cooked with local fish and prepared in a sauce of fresh vegetables, is the most traditional dish in Fortaleza. Lobster is another more sophisticated option. Away from the beach, the ‘baião de dois’ (a mixture of chickpea, rice, clarified butter, coriander and dried beef) and recipes using pequi (a strongsmelling yellow seed used to spice rice and meat) are the delight of tourists who choose to visit the interior of Ceará. For dessert, choose typical regional fruits such as cashew, plum, sapodilla, eaten either whole or used in ice cream.

Museu da Cachaça Sítio Ypióca - Manguape. Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 5 pm. age for visits and over. for tastings Part of the Parque Ypióca tourist complex, is located in a mansion built between 1851 and 1854. It recalls the history of one of the leading manufacturers of cachaça in Brazil. The collection includes documents, maps, photos, machinery, bottles and kegs. Visitors can experiment Brazil’s most popular drink in Brazil, direct from the distillery.

Fortaleza Maracanaú

Maranguape

Praia do Futuro

Eusébio

Pacatuba Itaitinga

Aquiraz

Pindoretama Guaiúba

Horizonte Cascavel Pacajus

Chorozinho

Francisco Chagas/Embratur

This Cultural Center is located in an area of more than 30 thousand square meters, and is

one of the most important in the entire State. The institution houses a cinema, a planetarium, the Museu de Arte Contemporânea, the Memorial da Cultura Cearense and the Escola de Arte Thomaz Pompeu Sobrinho. Nights become animated when the numerous bars and restaurants in the Cultural Center open their doors. Many have live music.

Francisco Chagas/Embratur

Centro Dragão do Mar de Arte e Cultura (CDMAC) Rua Dragão do Mar, 81 - Praia de Iracema. Tuesday to Friday from 8:30 am to 9:30 pm. Saturdays and Sundays from 2:30 pm to 9:30 pm. no charge.

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RESERVA NATURAL DE SAPIRANGA Rua Coronel Olegário Memória, 3,300 - Sapiranga. Tuesday to saturday, from 8 am to 5 pm. no charge Within its 60 hectares this private nature reserve houses much of the Coaçu river, which flows into the Rio Cocó. Here it is possible to see aratus (a crustacean similar to crab) amid the mangroves, as well as migratory birds such as the sandpiper.

Village Center Center of Canoa Quebrada The center of the village is an ideal place to discover Ceará crafts and to purchase souvenirs such as lace and the famous bottles with decorative colored sand. Here visitors can also check the work produced of local artists operating out of special houses scattered around the village, as well as enjoying seafood dishes served by local restaurants and bars. For those who like to party Broadway, the main street in the village, is the place to be later in the evening, when the street is taken over by forró, a rhythm originating from the Northeast of Brazil that has its roots in the European polka and the toré, a Brazilian indigenous dance. This is a beat that gets visitors to their feet.

Francisco Chagas/Embratur

Praia de Iracema Via Avenida Beira Mar or Avenida Rui Barbosa Located in a prime residential area of Fortaleza, the beach was named in honor of one of the main characters in local literature, coming from a novel by José de Alencar. Its waters are not recommended for bathing, but the area deserves a visit to see a beautiful renovated house and its bars and famous restaurants, shops and the Centro Cultural Dragão do Mar, one of the icons of local culture.

Francisco Chagas/Embratur

it to the attention of Brazil and the world, becoming one of the most visited beaches in Ceará. Located in the Municipality of Aracati, the village offers serenity during the day and animation at night.

Canoa Quebrada

CANOA QUEBRADA

69,159 inhabitants (Aracati) 85 220 V

PRAIA FORMOSA with a wind farm in the background

Cliffs On foot via the sands The wall of red cliffs is the main natural attraction in the village. The magnificent landscape enchants tourists, especially because of the symbol engraved on them - a half moon and star. There are several legends about the origin of the inscriptions in the rock formation, such as French muslim who carved the symbols of his faith in the stone, to ask forgiveness from Allah for his excesses while in Canoa Quebrada.

São João festivals in Ceará are among the most typical in the Northeast

1,247,301 km²

Local holidays March 19: São José’s day March 25: End of slavery in Ceará August 15: Nossa Senhora da Assunção’s day

Accommodation Canoa Quebrada accommodates its visitors in inns, and there are also rooms on offer in fishermen’s cottages.

Folk Festivals

Car and bus access is via BR-116 and BR-304. The village does not have a bus station. The closest airport to Canoa Quebrada is Pinto Martins International Airport in Fortaleza.

IRACEMA BEACH

With its small population and great natural beauty, Canoa Quebrada is literally cinematic. Its discovery by French filmmakers from the Nouvelle Vague movement in the 60s brought

Collection of Setur CE

Francisco Chagas/Embratur

Transport

As with other Northeastern states, the São João festivities in Ceará attract large numbers of tourists in search of dances such as forró, and the food and fun typical of this time of year. Carnival is another important festival in all the towns in Ceará. The Jazz & Blues Festival is also well known, held every year in Guaramiranga in the Ceará hills (110 km from the capital) and also in Fortaleza during the month of February.

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Beach From Fortaleza exit via Avenida Beira Mar, passing the bridge that crosses Barra do Ceará. Continue along the CE-090 past the beaches at Icaraí, Barra Nova and Tabuba until reaching Cumbuco

Cumbuco sand dunes

A trip through the dunes at Praia do Cumbuco is practically mandatory. The most common tour is to hire the services of local agency and do the trip in a beach buggy, but the dunes can be visited in other ways.

324,738 inhabitants (Caucaia) 85 220 V

1,223,796 km²

Local holidays March 19: São José’s day March 25: End of slavery in Ceará August 15: Nossa Senhora da Assunção’s day

Cumbuco beach is located in Caucaia, next to Fortaleza, and is highly popular with the younger generation from across the world. During the day visitors can take trips through the dunes, or practice water sports. But at night the village is also busy, with plenty of activity in restaurants, bars and parties.

Francisco Chagas/Embratur

CUMBUCO

Francisco Chagas/Embratur

Fotos do mundo

The beach has warm waters suitable for bathing and has excellent tourist infrastructure - as well as being a visual paradise. The site attracts kitesurfers from around the world due to its ideal characteristics (good winds and medium waves).

Dunes Praia do Cumbuco. price of services on request. It is common for travel agencies offer discounts for groups

Cumbuco sand dunes

Lagamar de Cauípe

Accommodation

Lagamar de Cauípe Praia do Cumbuco - Tabuba. the trips are made during the day, at times to be agreed in advance with the guide. this can vary depending on group size

The village has a few inns, however there is accommodation available in the town of Caucaia, the municipality in which the village is located. Francisco Chagas/Embratur

Clothing Light clothing suitable for hot weather. Caps or hats are recommended for protection from the sun.

Transport Cumbuco is just 41 km from Fortaleza and is easily accessible by taxi or by renting a car. The highways leading to the beach are the CE-090 or CE-085.

Cumbuco

This location that was declared an environmental reserve to protect the coastal plain ecosystems that still exist in the area. Tourists can take ecotours in the region to admire nature and enjoy the scenery, provided that they do not spoil the location on their passage through the area. Hiring a local guide is recommended.

Shopping - Avenida Beira Mar and Avenida Monsignor Tabosa

For those wishing to shop in the City, Avenida Beira Mar and Avenida Monsignor Tabosa are two excellent options. The first has several kiosks and stalls with local souvenirs, such as the famous arrangements of colored sand in bottles, pottery and leather hats. Reserve an afternoon or evening for the outing. Avenida Monsignor Tabosa has numerous shops selling clothing and footwear, especially crochet items. All at an affordable price and with friendly Ceará service.

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Pedra Furada Rua da Matriz - Praia da Malhada. 24 hours. no charge

Pedra Furada, Jericoacoara

daily,

17,002 inhabitants

204,792 km²

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220 V

Local holidays March 19: São José’s day March 25: End of slavery in Ceará August 15: Nossa Senhora da Assunção’s day

Clothing Light clothes and sandals are the best option to face the heat.

in the early 17th century, but only became a village some 200 years later, and to this day it is still only a part of the Municipality of Acaraú. The town is one of the major tourist destinations in the State and has capacity to accommodate more than two thousand visitors. Besides the beautiful beaches and sights such as the Igreja de Santa Luzia, nature it the main attraction. An Environmental Protection Area (APA) was created in 1984 to preserve the region’s beauty.

Tatajuba lagoons

Accommodation The town offers the tourist a wide choice inns, ranging from simple to sophisticated. There are also several fishermen that rent their homes to families or groups during the high season - an interesting option for those seeking a more authentic form of accommodation.

Detail of Pedra Furada, Jericoacoara

Lagoa de Jijoca Lagoa de Jijoca. no charge for visits to the lagoons. the journey in a beach buggy

Transport

Collection of Setur CE

Fortaleza is the starting point for the visits to Jijoca de Jericoacoara. Tourists can choose between bus, jeep, car or even a beach buggy - taking the beach for the whole journey. The highway to Jericoacoara is the CE-085. Jijoca de Jericoacoara is one of the newest municipalities in Brazil, founded just over 20 years ago. The region was colonized by the Portuguese

Tatajuba 25 km from the center of Tatajuba. tours should be scheduled with a guide or a travel agency in Jijoca. no charge for visits to the village. Seek a quote from a local tourism agency or guide for transportation from Jijoca to the site

Collection of Setur CE

JERICOACOARA

Collection of Setur CE

Divulgação/Setur CE

This rock formation is located at the outcrop that commences at the end of Praia da Malada, and is a symbol of the town. Between June and August the setting sun aligns with a hole formed in the rock, providing visitors with a unique visual experience.

Canoes on the beach at Jericoacoara

Sitting between the deep blue sea and a paradisiacal coastline, the lagoon was formed by a dam on the Paraguai and Mourão streams. Its waters are warm and clear, perfect for swimming. In the first lagoon tourists will encounter shoals of fish in the waters. In the second there is plenty of facilities to serve tourists as well as fishermen and water sports enthusiasts. It is recommended to visit with a beach buggy and a local guide.

This fishing village is part of the Jericoacoara Environmental Protection Area (APA). Visitors can enjoy bathing in the sea or in pools of crystal-clear water, as well as visiting the dunes. The best way to visit the area is to rent a beach buggy, preferably with a specialized guide.

Mangue Seco Praia Mangue Seco. to be agreed with the guide or travel agency. no charge for the visit, however tours and transfers must be negotiated with a tourist agency or guide for transportation from Jijoca This site has a lagoon in the middle of the dunes surrounded by a small strip of mangrove. One of the popular activities is to take a boat trip to see the seahorses. The tour must be done in the company of an expert local guide.

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This village is located in the Municipality of Beberibe, 79 km from Fortaleza. In Morro Branco visitors can take beach buggy rides through the labyrinth of trails around Morro Branco formed by sand dunes and erosion of the cliffs. A trip on a jangada - the regional raft - amidst unspoilt nature and clear waters is another option.

MORRO BRANCO

49,334 inhabitants (Beberibe) 85 220 V

1,623,881 km²

PRAIA DE MORRO BRANCO with the cliffs in the background

Labirinto do Morro Branco Praia do Morro Branco. no charge. The cost of beach buggy rides should be discussed with a guide or local tourist agency.

Francisco Chagas/Embratur

Francisco Chagas/Embratur

Francisco Chagas/Embratur

Seafront, Morro Branco

Cliffs form the Morro Branco maze

The labyrinth is part of Praia do Morro Branco, and is formed by the walls of sandstone cliffs, where tourists can see the naturally colored sands. It provide an impressive sight. Guides are optional.

Local holidays March 19: São José’s day March 25: End of slavery in Ceará August 15: Nossa Senhora da Assunção’s day

Clothing Light clothing suitable for the heat. A hat or cap are recommended for protection from the sun.

Accommodation Francisco Chagas/Embratur

Morro Branco offers few options for those seeking accommodation. Visitors should seek inns or houses for rent in Beberibe, which is part of the same municipality.

Transport The trip to Beberibe and Morro Branco should be made departing from Fortaleza via CE-040. The beach is only 3 km from the center of Beberibe. It is also possible to make the journey by inter-municipal bus.

Morro Branco beach

Among the treasures of Ceará crafts, some of the legacies from Portuguese colonization stand out, such as crochet, bobbin lace (a delicate fabric made by hand on a pad with wires guided by small pieces of wood), crochet and embroidery of various kinds. Carefully made landscapes crafted in bottles of colored sand are also a popular local craft. Ceará art is internationally famous for sculptures, vases, fruit bowls and platters molded in clay (typically coming from the Ibiapaba region) as well as objects made from leather and straw, such as hats. In most towns in Ceará these souvenirs can be found in shopping areas, such as the Mercado de Artesanato Beira-Mar and Casa do Artesenato in Fortaleza.

Traditional Ceará bobbin lace

Collection of Setur CE

Handicrafts

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Geographic information  upper elevation tropical, with two well-defined seasons: the rainy season (November-March) and a dry season. averages between 13 °C and 27 °C (55,4 °F and 80,6 °F) savanna

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for providing part of this infrastructure for the residents. Considered as prime areas in Brasilia, the South Wing and North Wing have residential buildings created by Lúcio Costa. The two neighborhoods offer shopping malls, restaurants, parks and luxury shopping. The Asa Sul (South Wing) has one of the largest urban parks in the world - Sarah Kubitschek, while the Asa Norte (North Wing) is home to the main campus of the Universidade Federal de Brasilia. Both the North and South Wings were listed as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 1987. Within the Asa Sul is ‘308 Sul’, the block used as a model for the construction of other city blocks in Brasilia: it was arranged to offer delimited areas providing all the infrastructure necessary to meet the needs of its residents. It is one of the most popular tourist sights in the city. It is home to historic structures, such as the Clube Unidade de Vizinhança - “Neighborhood Unit Club”, School Classroom, School Park courts, Kindergarten, the 508 Sul Cultural Center, Health Center and Public Library. This is the only block to have landscaping designed by Burle Marx. Another city attraction is the Igrejinha de Fatima - a church designed by Oscar Niemeyer with a layout inspired by a nun’s hat. Its facade and interior are covered with tiles by Athos Bulcão. In the Asa Norte, one of the more recent and most popular attractions is the Parque Ecológico e de Uso Múltiplo Olhos De Água, or Parque Olhos de Água. With 21 hectares, it was created in 1994 to protect the savanna vegetation in the area. Local residents use the park for its jogging track and to play sports.

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hroughout the 20th century several initiatives were taken to migrate the Federal capital to the interior of Brazil, however the move did not begin to take shape until 1955, when a proposal was put forward by the then presidential candidate, Juscelino Kubitschek. Elected in 1956, “JK” initiated the planning and construction of the new capital in the same year. The site chosen was the country’s central plateau, and in accordance with his wishes the Capital was projected to represent the expression of national culture, with modern and unique architecture and without any foreign influence. Furthermore, it should demonstrate a new architectural statement, the “Brasilia style”. Within months the population tripled, mainly because of the number of men and women coming from around the country to work in construction - who were given the name ‘candangos’. Although it had not been anticipated by the Government, these workers settled in new satellite towns around the capital. Three and a half years later, on April 21st, 1960, Brasilia was inaugurated, with JK’s vision of modernity being embodied in the works of the architect Oscar Niemeyer. In turn, the diversity of customs of the new residents contributed to shaping the city’s cultural identity. As well as being the political capital and an urban-architectural monument, JK designed Brasilia to be the axis for the economic integration of Brazil. Brasilia now has a cosmopolitan life and has adapted to meet the growing demand from its residents for services and amenities. In the Pilot Plan, the Asas Norte e Sul are responsible

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7 Núcleo Bandeirante 8 Taguatinga 9 Ceilândia 10 Represa Descoberto 11 São Sebastião 12 Sobradinho

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griddle and seasonings such as pequi are available in several of the city’s establishments. It is precisely this diversity that makes the Federal capital a modern monument that is worthy of being preserved for future generations. Throughout its 112 km² - which is the world’s largest heritage site - it brings together locations that recall the construction of the city, inaugurated on April 21th, 1960 by President Juscelino Kubitschek with the aim of integrating the various regions of the country around the Central Plateau. The main highlights are the works of architect Oscar Niemeyer, including the Praça dos Três Poderes (Three Powers Square) and the Palácios do Planalto e da Alvorada. Brasília is a city of culture and intense night life, with exhibitions and festivals throughout the year, and more than 120 restaurants and bars. For those who prefer outdoor activities, Lago Paranoá with nautical sports, Parque da Cidade - with landscaping by Burle Marx, and Parque Nacional - with typical savanna vegetation and fauna, are all locations worth a visit.

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Brasilia has an extensive network of sophisticated hotels, able to meet the requirements of the most demanding tourists. The city is accustomed to playing host to heads of state and knows how to receive its visitors in comfort. It offers mid-size luxury hotels, as well as other types of accommodation to suit different tourist needs.

Transport Local transport in Brasilia is by means of city taxis or using one of over a thousand bus lines that circulate be-

Boasting the title of the first contemporary city to become a World Heritage Site, Brasilia exudes modernity in its architecture, diversity of accents and creativity in its cuisine, which draws from the best of national and international flavors. In addition to restaurants with worldranked cuisine, the visitor can find locations in Brasilia serving typical local foods. Fish on the

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Car 1 Estádio Mané Garrincha 2 Parque Nacional de Brasília 3 Parque da Cidade 4 Jardim Botânico 5 Lagoa Paranoá 6 Palácio da Alvorada 7 Memorial JK

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Interior of the Catedral Metropolitana de Brasília

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CONGRESSO NACIONAL Praça dos Três Poderes - Eixo Monumental. daily from 9:30 am to 5 pm including weekends and holidays.

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tween Brasilia and other towns in the Federal District. There are a total of 29 bus terminals. The city also has a subway. Car rental is another option for tourists. The Brasilia Interstate Bus Terminal receives buses from the principal Brazilian cities. The President Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport is 11 km from the center and is a major connector between the South and SouthEast regions and the North and Northeast regions, in addition to receiving several international flights.

Designed by the architect Oscar Niemeyer, the cathedral has four large bells that were donated by Spain. There is a stained glass window on the roof of the nave with sixteen pieces of fiberglass in shades of blue, green, white and brown that decorates the ambient among the concrete pillars, which were painted by Marianne Peretti in 1990. The altar was donated by Pope Paul VI, while the Via Sacra is a work by Di Cavalcanti. Passages from the life of Mary at the entrance to the cathedral were painted by Athos Bulcão.

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CATEDRAL METROPOLITANA DE BRASÍLIA Setor Cívico Sul, Lote 12. Monday to Saturday from 8 am to 5 pm. Sundays from 8 am to 6 pm. no charge.

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Werner Zotz/Embratur

Ponte Juscelino Kubitschek

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Palácio do itamaraty

Espaço Lúcio Costa Under the Praça dos Três Poderes. daily from 9 am to 6 pm, including weekends and public holidays. no charge.

Espaço Oscar Niemeyer Praça dos Três Poderes, Lote J. day from 10 am to 5 pm.

Monday to Fri-

The Centro Oscar Niemeyer in Brasilia is part of the architectural and cultural complex of Praça dos Três Poderes. Designed by Oscar Niemeyer in 1988, it has a permanent exhibition showing works by the architect, which includes models, drawings, photographic panels, audiovisuals, multimedia programs and a digital catalog of his work.

MEMORIAL DOS POVOS INDÍGENAS Praça do Buriti - Eixo Monumental Oeste. Tuesday to Friday from 9 am to 6 pm. Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays from 10 am to 6 pm. no charge. The memorial was built in 1987 to a design by Oscar Niemeyer. Its spiral shape is an allusion to the round hut used by Yanomami Indians. Its collection holds pieces from various tribes, including feather work by the Urubu-Kapoor, wooden seats by the Yawalapiti, Juruna and Kuikuro, and masks and musical instruments from Alto Xingu and Amazonas.

Lago Paranoá was artificially created as part of the construction plan for Brasilia during the mandate of President Juscelino Kubitschek. It covers 48 km2 and has 80 km of perimeter, including artificial beaches. It is a haven for water sports and is home to a fleet of more than 11,000 vessels - the third largest in the country. Small-scale recreational fishing was permitted after the lake was cleaned up in year 2000. The most common species are minnows and traíras, both native to the region, as well as tilapia and carp. The Ponte JK was inaugurated in 2002, completing the Lago Paranoá panorama - the construction won an award for the architect Alexandre Chan. With 1,2 km in length and with three broad asymmetrical arches, it is one of the picture-postcards of the Federal capital.

The internationally recognized Brazilian architect, Oscar Niemeyer, is well known for the curved styles and grandiosity of his works. One of the principal milestones of his career was the lead role he took in the implementation of Brasilia (1955) - a city dedicated to housing the headquarters of the Federal Government. The creation of the Pilot Plan for Brasilia was entrusted to Lúcio Costa, his friend and former boss. It was Niemeyer, however, who designed several buildings including the Palácio do Planalto, the Palácio da Justiça, the Palácio da Alvorada, the Itamaraty, the Congresso Nacional, the Catedral and the buildings housing the Ministries. Some of his most famous projects in other locations in Brazil include Parque Ibirapuera (São Paulo), the Edifício Copam (São Paulo), Banco Boavista (Rio de Janeiro), the Museu de Arte Contemporânea in Niterói (Rio de Janeiro) and the Memorial da América Latina (São Paulo). Niemeyer moved to France during the period of military dictatorship in Brazil, where he set up an office on the famous Champs-Élysées. His bestknown international projects are participation in the planning of the UN headquarters (1947, USA), the design of the headquarters of the French Communist Party (1964), the Mentouri de Constantine University (1971, Algeria), the Serpentine Gallery Pavilion (2003, England) and the Centro Cultural Oscar Niemeyer (2010, Spain). Niemeyer continues to be involved in several projects, such as the Museu Pelé, to be constructed in the city of Santos in the State of São Paulo. He was the winner of the Pritzker Prize in 1988, architecture’s most important award, for the design of Catedral de Brasília.

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Oscar Niemeyer

Lago Paranoá By consultation with local operators for water sports and diving. no charge for visits, price of activities on request This artificial lake was designed in 1894 by the Cruls Mission - The Exploratory Commission of the Central Plateau of Brazil, formed in 1892 by lago paranoá

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This small underground museum was designed by Oscar Niemeyer to honor the creator of the Federal capital. It has a model of Brasilia and copies of the original design of the Pilot Plan, as well as photos of the construction and inauguration of the city.

Lago Paranoá

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During a visit it is possible to learn more about the artistic and cultural heritage of the National Congress and understand how it operates, as well to learn more of the role of the two legislative chambers in the Federative Republic of Brazil.

Floriano Peixoto. It was he who delineated the current location of Brasilia and gave birth to the construction of a city. It includes ecological parks and protected areas, as well as the Ponte JK and the jetty at Lago Sul. It provides facilities for leisure activities such as water skiing, wakeboarding, sailing and rowing, as well as diving in an old submerged village.

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Palácio do Planalto Praça dos Três Poderes - Eixo Monumental. Sundays from 9:30 am to 2 pm. Groups of 30 persons are formed for visits, in order of arrival. no charge.

MEMORIAL JK

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The Palácio Presidencial is the headquarters of the Federal Executive and is the location of the President’s office. It was one of the first buildings constructed in the new capital and was the center of the celebrations for the inauguration of Brasilia. The Palace was designed by the architect Oscar Niemeyer and impresses by the purity of its lines, with a predominance of horizontal lines and a refined tactile effect. The palace contains furnishings by Sergio Rodrigues, Indies Company porcelain and Portuguese silverware dating from the 18th century. Its collection includes works by Brazilian and foreign artists, among the highlights is the ‘Músicos’ tapestry by Di Cavalcanti, commissioned by Oscar Niemeyer. Paintings by Miró were recently discovered during restoration works at the Palace. There are also examples of works by Manabu Mabe and Mario Mendonça.

Memorial JK Praça do Cruzeiro - Eixo Monumental, Lado Oeste. Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 6 pm.

PARQUE DA CIDADE SARAH KUBITSCHEK Eixo Monumental Sul. daily from 5 am to midnight. no charge.

Pools, access ramps and gardens frame the monumental building, constructed entirely in white marble. A pedestal of reinforced concrete, measuring 28 meters in height, supports the statue of President Juscelino Kubitschek. The site is home to the mausoleum of the President, a museum and his personal library.

The largest urban park in Latin America brings together the Praça das Fontes (“Fountain Square”) with landscaping by Burle Marx, a bike path, an equestrian track, a kart track, playgrounds, a 4 km beginners athletics circuit as well as 6 km and 10 km walkways. It also has restaurants and clearings with barbecue grills and an amphitheater.

SANTUÁRIO Dom Bosco Av. W3 Sul Quadra 702, Lote B Designed by Lúcio Costa, this occupies a central position in the Pilot Plan. It is well known for the blue light that falls on the entire ambient, due to the floor to ceiling stained glass with the color of the sky. During evening mass the sanctuary is lit by a majestic chandelier formed by 7,400 glass light holders manufactured on the Italian island of Murano.

Palácio da Alvorada Via Presidencial. wednesday from 3 pm to 5 pm. Visits are undertaken in groups. no charge. The Palácio da Alvorada was designed by Oscar Niemeyer and is one of the most important examples of Brazilian architectural modernism and the first brick building to be constructed in the new capital. It is located on a peninsula that divides Lago Paranoá into Lago Norte and

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PALÁCIO DO PLANALTO

Palácio da Alvorada

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PALÁCIO DA JUSTIÇA Esplanada dos Ministérios, Bloco T. Headquarters building - Eixo Monumental. Monday to Friday from 9 am to 11 am and from 3 pm to 5 pm. no charge.

Internal area of the SANTUÁRIO DOM BOSCO

Vila Planalto Lying between the Planalto and Palácio da Alvorada is a large tract of land that was set aside to house workers during the time of construction of Brasilia. After completing the works, residents refused to leave the site, demanding recognition for their undeniable contribution to the history of Brasilia and Brazil. In 1988 this area was declared Historical Heritage of the Palácio Federal and Vila Planalto was officially established. It now houses restaurants and bars frequented by local residents and tourists.

Located on the Eixo Monumental, the Ministério da Justiça draws attention due to its reflecting pool and the artificial waterfalls on the main facade. The design is similar to the Palácio do Itamaraty (Foreign Ministry), which stands opposite on the Esplanada dos Ministérios. The construction was designed by Lúcio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer, and consists of a modern Gothic structure utilizing concrete and steel. Palácio da Justiça

One of the most traditional fairs in the city, the Guará Fair became a Brasilia tourist attraction thanks mainly to the wide variety of products on offer at nearly 600 kiosks installed at the site, including typical regional foods, gifts and crafts. It is held from Thursday to Sunday on an area of 11,000 m2, and those visiting the city should reserve at least one morning to pass among the stalls selling diverse products. One of the best pastries in the city can be found at the fair, as well and other options for good quality street food. When it comes to crafts, the Feira da Torre is an obligatory stop for visitors to Brasilia. Held for over forty years, it brings together the work of local artisans who use different techniques and Brazilian materials such as golden grass, to make rings, necklaces, earrings, belts, purses and other items. Embroidery and wooden objects also feature in the goods on sale in its 522 stalls. The fair operates on Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays from 8 am to 6 pm.

Ermida Dom Bosco Estrada Parque Dom Bosco, QI 29 Lago Sul This small chapel provides one of the most privileged views of Brasilia. From here it is possible to see the Palácio Presidencial, the Eixo Monumental and the Esplanada dos Ministérios. It was designed by Oscar Niemeyer and is pyramidshaped and covered in white marble. It was built on a concrete structure, next to Lago Paranoá. The chapel curiosities start with its location. It is said that Dom Bosco, a religious patron of Brasilia beatified by the Pope in 1962, dreamed that the Brazilian capital would be built between the 15th and 20th parallels. A marble sculpture of Dom Bosco is housed inside the chapel.

Banco de imagens do Ministerio do Turimo

Architect, painter, designer and mosaic artist, Athos Bulcão is an icon in the use of colors and the creation of patterns in his works, especially in the mosaics that he created during his career. He worked with Cândido Portinari on the panel at São Fransico de Assis in Pampulha (Belo Horizonte, MG), from whom he learned to use the colors and to strive to achieve the final form of his works. In 1955 he began to collaborate with Oscar Nieymeyer on the construction of Brasilia. He created the designs with precise and objective outlines that created shapes inspired by Brazilian images. Bulcão’s works are mostly on the street and not in art galleries. Even today, the Athos Bulcão Foundation is responsible for the preservation and dissemination of his work. The patterns created by him were recently honored in fashions created by the designer Ronaldo Fraga.

Feira do Guará and Feira da Torre

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Athos Bulcão

Lago Sul and is the official residence of the President of the Republic. It has a horizontal configuration, topped by a chapel that recalls the old houses in colonial Brazil. The church has murals created by Athos Bulcão. The format of the external columns is reminiscent of the hammocks hung on farm balconies. The design of the columns gave rise to the design of the emblem on the crest of the Federal District. The furniture is by Sergio Rodrigues, one of the most important Brazilian architects and internationally famous for his furniture design. The Mole is his best known work. Works by artists such as Volpi and Djanira are also housed here.

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igreja de Nossa Senhora de Fátima

Convento da Penha and Terceira Ponte in the background

Gabriel Lordello-Mosaico Imagem/Embratur

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link between the Northeast and Southeast of Brazil, Espírito Santo reserves a coastline of unique beauty for its visitors. Those who come to Vitória, the State capital, will find one of the best preserved historical centers in the country. The State covers only 46.098.571 km², but concentrates many attractions that are well worth visiting. In common with other Brazilian states, particularly those in the South and Southeast, Espírito Santo received a large number of European immigrants who arrived to work on the coffee plantations. In addition to Italians, the State also received Germans, Swiss and Belgians. In the center of the State is still possible to find communities that maintain their ancestors traditions, including the use of the old Pomeranian dialect (used by German and Polish descendants). After the decline of the coffee industry, the State invested in industrialization and mineral extraction. With the opening of the port of Tubarão in 1966, Espírito Santo became the largest mineral exporter in Brazil. It also has a large industrial complex focused on steel manufacture and export. Beaches, mountains and historical buildings alongside forest preservation areas are among the reasons for tourists to choose Espírito Santo, another reason is its cuisine. With a long-standing tradition in fishing and a culture that blends Indian, African and European immigrants, the typical regional dishes are very eclectic. Among the most famous are moqueca, a seafood stew made in a traditional clay pot, and the local flan.

dry tropical an average annual temperature of 23 °C (73,4 °F) tropical forest and coastal vegetation

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Local holidays April 16: Nossa Senhora da Penha’s day May 23: Settlement of Espírito Santo

Accommodation Vitória possesses a network of modern hotels. There are both international and Brazilian hotel chains offering comfortable accommodation at different price levels. The city also has inns, but hotels are more common.

Transport Whether by bus or car, Vitória can be reached via several highways, including BR-2626 (for those coming from Belo Horizonte), BR-101 (for those coming from São Paulo or Rio de Janeiro), and BR-116 (for those coming from São Paulo). The city may be accessed by air, sea, road or rail.

The Vitória-Minas Gerais Railroad (EFVM) also carries passengers and from Belo Horizonte and towns in the East of Minas Gerais to the Vitória metropolitan region. In addition, Eurico Aguiar Salles Airport receives regular flights from the principal Brazilian State capitals. The Ilha de Vitória holds many natural beauties for its visitors. Founded in the 16th century, the capital of Espírito Santo is divided into two zones - the upper and lower - linked by stairways that are symbols of the city’s architecture, especially the Escadaria Maria Ortiz. The City has bold buildings that contrast with historical colonial works, and it offers an effervescent nightlife with options for every type of visitor. The local cuisine has a traditional style, with delicacies made in handmade clay pots. Moqueca is the traditional State dish, prepared with fish, shrimp, lobster or crab and seasoned with olive oil, achiote, tomato, onion and coriander.

Traditional clay pots

GALPÃO DAS PANELEIRAS (THE POT MAKERS WAREHOUSE) Rua das Paneleiras, 55 - Goiabeiras. 8 am to 6 pm.

Tadeu Bianconi-Mosaico Imagens/Embratur

Gabriel Lordello-Mosaico Imagem/Embratur

VITÓRIA

Tadeu Bianconi-Mosaico Imagens/Embratur

The sea is part of everyday life in the city, with inviting beaches and bars and restaurants on the waterfronts and in the ports of Vitória and Tubarão, which drive the local economy. Vitória bay and its islands form a beautiful landscape around the city. Previously inhabited by Goitacazes Indians, who gave the town the name Ilha do Mel due to its slow moving waters and mild climate, Vitória is now affectionately known as Delightful Island.

Aerial view of the City of Vitória

The escadaria Maria Ortiz in central Vitória

ESCADARIA MARIA ORTIZ

Previously named the Escadaria do Pelourinho (the Whipping Post Stairway), the name brings back memories of the victory of Espírito Santo over Dutch pirates who tried to conquer the island during the 17th century. In 1625 the invaders were expelled from the City by residents of what was then know as Ladeira Pelourinho, who threw boiling water on the Dutch. The movement was led by Espírito Santo resident Maria Ortiz. In 1899 the hill was renamed after the fearless heroin, and a stairways was constructed at the location in 1924. The Escadaria Maria Ortiz is located in the center of Vitória.

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Clay pots are a centuries-old tradition in Espírito Santo. They are used in the preparation of typical regional dishes, and they are the main attraction at this location. The pots are the result of more than 400 years of tradition, and they continue to be made using the same techniques used by Indians. The warehouse has 32 booths, where each artisan prepares his wares. It is possible to watch the pots being manufactured, and it is also possible to sample the culinary delights of Espírito Santo.

IGREJA DE SÃO GONÇALO Rua São Gonçalo, no number - Centro. Tuesday to Sunday, including holidays, from 9 am to 5 pm A church in colonial style with baroque features on its facade and altar, with wood carvings painted in gold. The Igreja de São Gonçalo was declared a historic site by the Institute of Historical and Artistic Heritage (Iphan) in 1948.

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Designed by the Czech architect Joseph Pitilick and built to replace the old municipal market, this is one of the locations most visited by tourists and local residents seeking handicrafts. Items made from clay, straw and bamboo are among the most sought after.

PALÁCIO ANCHIETA Praça João Clímaco - Centro. Wednesday to Saturday from 10 am to 5 pm. Sundays from 10 am to 4 pm

State. Well-developed agro-tourism divides the visitors attention with beautiful beaches interspersed with rock outcrops and reefs. Aracruz has an infrastructure of hotels and inns able to receive visitors in comfort. The local cuisine is an attraction in itself, with its typical dishes based on fish and seafood served in clay pots. Two ceramic funeral urns are on permanent display in the lobby of the Teatro Municipal, which are around 800 years - these were used by Indians to deposit their dead in a squatting position for burial, before their bodies hardened. The urns were found in the district of Santa Cruz, and are held in pride by the City.

A former Jesuit college, the building was converted into the seat of government. It is one of the oldest buildings in the country, and houses the tomb of Padre Anchieta.

PARQUE MOSCOSO Avenida República, no number. Mondays from 5 am to 9 am and from 5 pm to 10 pm. Tuesday to Sunday from 5 am to 10 pm.

Tadeu Bianconi-Mosaico Imagens/Embratur

MERCADO CAPIXABA Avenida Princesa Isabel, 251 - Centro. Monday to Friday from 8:30 am to 7 pm. Saturdays from 8 am to 4 pm.

The Parque Moscoso is one of the most popular spots among Vitória residents. Visitors and residents make use of the location for walks and to watch cultural performances in the acoustic shell. The park also houses a large fish pond, and an Elderly People’s Academy also operates on the site.

RESERVA NATURAL DE COMBOIOS Rua Principal, no number - Vila Regência. Access to the reserve from Vitória may be via one of two routes: BR-101 for 110 km up to Bebedouro, and then a dirt road for another 38 km to the village of Regência; or follow ES-010 for around 90 km and then take a dirt road for over 30 km to reach the nature reserve. daily, from 8 am to 12 am and from 1 pm to 5 pm. one day

Canoeing among the Piraquê-Açú manguezais

Palácio Anchieta, seat of the Espírito Santo State government

Regional Cooking

A mixture of flavors and traditions: this is the typical cuisine of Espírito Santo. A result of influences from Indians, African and European immigrants, Espírito Santo food is rich in flavors. The use of a panela de barro (clay pot) is one of the principal State traditions and is an “ingredient” of the famous recipes such as Espírito Santo flans and moqueca.

ARACRUZ

81,832 inhabitants 1,435.970 km² Distance from the capital: 83 km

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110V

Local holidays April 3: Anniversary of the Foundation of Aracruz June 24: São João Batista’s day

Accommodation

The State capital maintains a small area of native Atlantic Forest in this park. There are 21,800 square meters of native forest, still home to small wild animals that can be observed during a walk through the park.

Charming and relaxed inns are the most easily found type of accommodation in the Aracruz region. Cities and beaches in the region have inns for every type of pocket. There are also campsites at the beaches around Aracruz. Gabriel Lordello-Mosaico Imagem/Embratur

Gabriel Lordello-Mosaico Imagem/Embratur

PARQUE FONTE GRANDE Estrada Tião Sá, no number - Serafim Derenze Highway. Those arriving on foot can reach the State Park via Rua Antônio Dell Antonia in Fradinhos district, or via Rua Alziro Viana in the City Center. By car, take the Seraphim Derenzi Highway or the Estrada Tião Sá in Grande Vitória district. scheduled guided tours Tuesday to Sunday, from 8 am to 5 pm

Transport The city can be reached by car or bus via BR-101, BR261, ES-010, ES-124 and ES-257. The nearest airport is Eurico Salles, in Vitória. Aracruz is a perfect destination for those who want tranquility amid beautiful scenery. Located around 80 km from Vitória, the City has historical, natural and cultural attractions that reveal the strong indigenous presence in the

The Reserva Natural Comboios, with its 14 km of beaches, was created to preserve fauna, flora and sea turtle hatching grounds. The beaches on the nature reserve are home to the only known concentration of Giant Turtle hatching grounds and the second largest concentration of Loggerhead Turtle nests (the reserve is home to Tamar Project Comboios Base, which monitors 37 km of semi-deserted beaches). The Visitor Center has four tanks with live examples of sea turtle species. The monitored release of new-born turtles takes place on the beach between December and February.

RESERVA ECOLÓGICA PIRAQUÊ -AÇU AND PIRAQUÊ -MIRIM Rodovia ES-010, 35 km marker, Santa Cruz District. open 24 hours, but it is recommended to make the trip during the day. half day This is an ecological paradise formed at the junction of the Rios Piraquê-Açu and PiraquêMirim, with 1,651 hectares of mangroves. It

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BR-262. From São Paulo, take BR-116 (to the Rio de Janeiro), BR-101 (to Vitória) and then BR-262. The nearest airport is Vitória, 64 km from Domingos Martins.

RUA JOÃO BATISTA WERNERSBACH Rua João Batista Wernersbach (Rua de Lazer) Centro. daily from 8 am to 5 pm.

Domingos Martins is an inspirational city, with its abundant greenery, agro-tourism and Germanicstyle buildings, a legacy left by the immigrants who settled in the region in the 18th century. It is also known as the “Green City” for having preserved an important stretch of the Atlantic Forest and registering around 100,000 plant species. It has gained international recognition for its 1,300 species of orchids and bromelias, especially the Cattleya Warneri, considered the largest orchid flower in the world with up to 25 centimeters in diameter. The average elevation of Domingos Martins is 542 m, but the city has peaks that can exceed 1,800 meters. One is Pedra Azul (“The Blue Stone”), one of the main tourist sites in Espírito Santo: a unique geological formation with its large outcrop of gneiss (a type of rock).

Come shopping time, all paths lead to Rua João Batista Wernersbach, also known as Rua de Lazer, or Entertainment Street. There are several craft shops spread along the avenue, as well as shops selling delicacies such as cookies, jams and liqueurs.

DOMINGOS MARTINS

31,847 inhabitants 1,225.331 km² Distance from the State capital: 43 Km

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Tadeu Bianconi-Mosaico Imagens/Embratur

Pedra Azul, the picture-postcard of the town of Domingos Martins

110V

Local holidays January 20: Day of Penance June 12: Municipality Day July 4: Santa Isabel’s Day October 31: Reform Day

Accommodation The city has inns, hotels and one hostel. Tourists have the option to stay in the City center or to stay at inns a little further away, closer to parks and natural attractions.

Transport The city can be reached by car or bus via BR-262 (from Vitória and Belo Horizonte). Leaving from Rio de Janeiro, the route is via BR-101 (up to Vitória) and then

A typical Domingos Martins farm

Local delicacies on sale

Many farms and country properties open their doors to receive tourists. Delicious cheeses, cookies, liqueurs, wines, yogurts, jams and pastries are offered for sale. It is also possible to participate in harvesting cereals, fruit and vegetables, and to watch the products being processed. Agro-tourism is one of the more popular tourist options in Domingos Martins.

tion comes from its coloration, which varies throughout the day depending on the angle of the sun’s rays. The nature reserve possesses rich fauna and a variety of animal species, including endangered species such as mountain marmosets, jaguars and howler monkeys. Vegetation in the reserve includes high mountain rain forests - forests influenced by high rainfall patterns, which are home to plant species such as orchids and bromelia, and trees such as inga, cedar, cassias and ipê, as well as numerous varieties of cinnamon.

Circuito turístico “ orgânico e natural” Visits: weekends and holidays for groups between 15 and 30 people, and from Tuesday to Thursday with advance booking. a full day. parts of the attractions The circuit consists of several properties in the vicinity of Pedra Azul. It offers leisure options in a typical rural environment, such as ecological trails, country inns, restaurants with local cuisine and a varied range of certified organic products. The circuit includes an apiary, shops specializing in organic products, horse riding, a palm tree plantation, a country inn, restaurant and a smallholding with a garden of medicinal plants.

PARQUE ESTADUAL PEDRA AZUL Access via BR-262 (direction of Belo Horizonte) at the 88 km marker, 50 km from Domingos Martins. there are two scheduled start times for tours, the first is at 9 am and another at 1:30 pm. Those wishing to do the full tour will have to climb the Pedra Azul (Blue Stone) with the aid of a rope fixed to the rock to be able to reach the natural pools. The tour may only be undertaken accompanies by a guide and is free (including the guide). Age Restrictions: the walk requires good physical condition, as the trail inclines over the entire route. the complete walk takes about 3 hours (ascent and descent) This is the main attraction in the region. The nature reserve was created in 1960 to protect a series of natural features, including the picture postcard of the Espírito Santo mountains: the Pedra Azul, or “Blue Stone”. The name of the two thousand meter high rock forma-

Felipe Gombossy/Embratur

Marco Ceotto-Mosaico Imagens/Embratur

has brackish water rich in marine and terrestrial species. The estuary is the largest in Espírito Santo and advances inland by approximately 13 km. Schooner trips are an option to learn a little more about the rivers and wildlife species of Aracruz.

beach at Guarapari

GUARAPARI

105,286 inhabitants 595.483 km² Distance from Vitória: 52 km

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110V

Local holidays September 19: Celebration of the Political Emancipation of Guarapari December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceição’s day

Accommodation One of the best known cities in Espírito Santo, Guarapari offers diverse accommodation options, including hotels, inns and campgrounds. Hotels are mostly concentrated in the City, and have the highest prices. However the beaches surroundings the

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Transport Leaving from Vitória it is possible to use the Rodovia do Sol - the “Sun Highway”. Alternatively, it is possible travel via BR-101 across the Grande Vitória region up to the 333 km marker, where there is an exit with access to the city. Bus companies arrive at the Guarapari bus station from cities including São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Salvador and Porto Seguro. The nearest airport is Vitória International Airport. Founded in 1585 by Father José de Anchieta (one of the most significant figures in the history of Brazil due to his role in evangelizing Jesuits in Brazil), Guarapari offers a unique natural landscape that includes both mountains and coastline. Monazite sand beaches with therapeutic properties attract many tourists. There is no lack of attractions for visitors. If the intention is to rest and recharge your energies, then the mountain region of Guarapari is the right place, with its trails, waterfalls and Espírito Santo cooking over a wood stove. Urban beaches offer good infrastructure, in addition to their natural beauty.

Enseada Azul The beaches at Guaíbura, Bacutia and Mucumã form a cove of fine white sand, and are popular with the younger generation. The water is so clear that it is possible to dive down to 8 meters with full visibility and explore a German freighter that sank in 1942. A viewpoint on top of one of the hills offers fantastic views. PRAIA DA BACUTIA This is one of the most beautiful beaches in the region. It has calm, shallow waters with a stunning shade of blue. It is a meeting point for young people, especially in the summer months. PRAIA DA ALDEIA With gold and dark colored bands in the sand, this small beach, just 200 meters long, is the main monazite sand beach in Guarapari. The elderly bury themselves in the sands in search of its medicinal properties. PRAIA DA AREIA PRETA This is one of the most famous beaches in Espírito Santo due to the high level of radioactivity in its sands, which are rich in monazite. At the end of this beach it is possible to see a bank with varied colors: this is known as batinga, a moldable clay used in sculpture.

felipe gombossy/embratur

PRAIA DA CERCA This is an ideal location for surfers. This is a beach with agitated seas and crystal clear waters, protected on one side by Morro da Pescaria and on the other by the forest reserve.

Praia da Aldeia, in Guarapari

PRAIA DE SETIBA Quiet and cozy, this urban beach with clear and calm waters is part of the Setiba complex (Setiba means “shells in abundance”). Kiosks and a camp site are available for visitors.

Gabriel Lordello-Mosaico Imagem/Embratur

City have a wide variety of inns, many with swimming pool, as well as more spartan accommodation. Camping areas are also suitable for tourists who have a taste for adventure.

PRAIA DO SETIBÃO Located within the Paulo Cesar Vinha State Park, this beach unites the beauty of the Atlantic Ocean with the Park’s lush native forest. Strong winds generate tall, strong, waves good for surfing and windsurfing. Praia do Meio This beach is located in central Guarapari and offers excellent infrastructure for bathers. It is sought after by families with children and divers, due to its protected waters. The beach ends at Siribeira Rock. PRAIA DO MORRO The most popular beach town has blue waters and golden sands, with some stretches having waves and others having calm waters. With this mix, Praia do Morro attracts two publics - families and surfers, windsurfers and body-boarders. Praia do Sol This wild beach with rough seas runs almost the entire length of Parque Estadual Paulo Cesar Vinha. It is suitable for surfing and is a benchmark in environmental conservation.

PRAIA DE CASTANHEIRAS This is one of the best urban beaches in the City. It has clear and calm waters that form natural pools protected by reefs. It is ideal for the family.

PRAIA DOS ADVENTISTAS This charming beach is a paradise. Located in a tranquil sea inlet, it has shallow waters with an impressive color. It has a stable depth, with natural pools forming in its crystalline waters. It provides an option for all types of recreation. Viewed from above it is one of the City’s most beautiful picture postcards.

PRAIA DE MEAÍPE This popular beach is part of a fishing village, and was once considered one of the ten most beautiful beaches in Brazil. It is a beach with calm waves and coarse sand, surrounded by tress providing natural sunshades.

Praia dos Namorados This is one of the most famous and romantic urban beaches in Guarapari, and is formed by a set of reefs. Its name comes from an ancient legend about a couple who fall in love because of the magic of the location.

Guarapari beaches

praia dos Padres Bordered by fine golden sand, the sea has a blue-green tint to its crystal clear waters. It is protected by reefs and surrounded by native forest and coconut trees. It has stunning beauty. Praia Recanto da Sereia Praia da Sereia - “Mermaid Beach” - is to the extreme north of Guarapari, on the border with Vilha Velha. It received its name because of a sculpture of the mythical figure of a mermaid in the middle of the beach. There is an amazing panoramic view of the region to be seen from the viewpoint. PRAIA D’uLé This is an ocean beach with high waves, perfect for surfing. It provides a privileged view of an archipelago with three islands. The beach is part of Parque Estadual Paulo Cesar Vinha, and has a trail that leads to Logoa Vermelha. PRAIA DE MUQUIÇABA This small beach is a cove of crystalline waters, and is protected by an image of St. Peter located at the center of the beach. Três Praias These are three beautiful beaches (Leontina, Mateus Lopes and Adventists) separated by small rock outcrops. The left side is popular with surfers. The right side, which does not have waves, is a good location for spearfishing.

divulgação

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Goiás

CACHOEIRA DOS DRAGÕES in Pirenópolis

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GOIÁS

T

he heart of Brazil beats in Goiás. The State neighbors the Federal capital Brasilia and is a point of integration in Brazil between the North and South, linking the country’s principal routes since the times of colonization, when pioneers set out from Goiás in search of gold to supply Portugal. Almost 1.400 km from the coast, the State has much to offer its visitors in terms of parks and nature reserves with their rivers, caves and waterfalls in the midst of savanna vegetation. Although the sea is far away, the Araguaia river provides tourists with refreshing fresh water during the summer months, as well as trails and adventure sports. All this accompanied by dishes of river fish and spices typical of Goiás. Among the tourist destinations in the State are Caldas Novas and Rio Quente, which together provide world-class hydrothermal resorts. The hot springs flow from the ground at a temperature that can reach 60 °C (140 °C). The hot springs were discovered in the 18th century, but it was only in 1910 that the first bath-house was constructed in the town. Since then Caldas Novas has consolidated itself as a destination for those looking for the water’s therapeutic properties, as well as relaxation. In the 1960s, with the inauguration of Brasilia, the two towns have invested in tourist facilities, and have now become a major national tourist destination. Water is one of the attractions for tourists in Goiás. From natural pools of warm water to waterfalls, including lakes and freshwater beaches, the rivers in Goiás are highly sought after by those who enjoy sport fishing. Hotel infrastructure in the riverside areas has expanded and improved over the years. The Araguaia river sits between the main sport fishing centers. Most municipalities through which it passes offer good fishing conditions and tourist facilities, and fish such as the tiger

tocantins

fish are an important ingredient in most typical regional dishes. Aruanã, in the Vermelho River region, Britânia, Nova Crixás, Niquelândia and Itumbiara are some of the towns that make up the Goiás fishing trail. The savanna region is home to numerous caves, trails, waterfalls and natural pools. To help preserve the region’s biome, two large national parks have been established: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Parque Nacional das Emas. The visitor can choose between several towns surrounding the parks as a base from which to explore the natural beauty of the region. In São Domingo alone there are one thousand caves registered. Not all of them are open to visitors, but those that are illustrate the richness of the rock formations. Salto do Itiquira is located in Formosa, with a waterfall 168 meters high. The waterfall is part of a Reserve that also has rapids, natural pools and the Lagoa Feia - ‘Ugly Lagoon’ - which is actually one of the most beautiful in the region. Around 400 meters in width, there are snack bars and restaurants around its edges. Goiás is also home to many traditional festivals, such as the Cavalhada, a horseback parade repeated every year in Brazil since the 19th century (and since the medieval era in Portugal). Far from the medieval traditions, in Alto Paraíso de Goiás the principal attraction is an alternative community formed by esoteric and mystical practitioners.

GO-164

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Goiás GO-326

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BR 153

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BR 153

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minas gerais

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distrito federal

Pirenópolis

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tropical semi-humid  average temperature of 23 °C reaching up to an 39 °C (73,4 °F reaching up to 102,2 °F) savanna

Parque Nacional das Emas

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Geographical information

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mato grosso do sul international airport national highways State Highways

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Feira da Lua Praça Tamandaré, 3 - Setor Oeste. from 4 pm to 10 pm.

Saturdays

The ‘Moon Fair’ is held every Saturday, and brings together over 900 exhibitors with food, crafts and mystical products.

Luciana Barcelos/Embratur

Museu Goiano Zoroastro Artiaga Praça Doutor Pedro Ludovico Teixeira (Praça Cívica), 13 - Centro. Tuesday to Friday from 9 am to 5 pm. Saturdays, Sundays and holidays from 9 am to 4 pm

GOIÂNIA

1,302,001 inhabitants

732,801 km²

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220 V

Local holidays October 24: Anniversary of the founding of Goiânia May 24: Nossa Senhora Auxiliadora’s Day

Accommodation Goiânia has a modern and efficient hotel network that caters to everyone from business travelers through to those who coming for tourism. It is also possible to stay in inns, the more popular being distant from the City. There are also campgrounds and hostels.

Transport The City has paved highways that are maintained in good condition, with connections to other State capitals. The City can also be reached by air via the Airport Santa Genoveva. Goiânia is one of the greenest State capitals in Brazil. Its wide and straight avenues are the mark of a City designed to be the driving force of Goiás, while ensuring quality of life for its

residents. Built to house the new State capital, replacing Cidade de Goiás, the cornerstone for its construction was laid on October 24, 1933. However, the official inauguration only took place almost nine years later, on July 5, 1942, accompanied by a mood of euphoria, with parties, speeches, opening ceremony, dances, and the inauguration of numerous construction projects. Several public buildings inspired by Art Deco were constructed in Goiânia in 1950, and this architectural collection is considered to be one of the most significant in Brazil. Protected by the Institute for National Artistic and Historical Heritage since 2003, this includes 22 buildings and public monuments, the original center of Goiânia and the center of Campinas, originally home to the first residents. But visiting Goiânia is not just about history, it encompasses the Capital’s bars, clubs pubs and restaurants, where you can sample the regional cuisine, with dishes such as galinhada with pequí (chicken with typical regional fruit), sausage, tamales and savanna-style paella. Also experiment a pastry in the Municipal Market.

With Art Deco architecture - a style that marked the buildings of its time - this is the reference museum for Goiás history and culture. The collection includes paleontology, archeology, mineralogy, taxidermy, anthropology, religious art, popular culture and art industry. Temporary exhibitions and a space dedicated to the history of the State capital occupy the top floor.

painted the panels on site during over 105 days. Constructed in pairs, the panels are interconnected to represent the shape of an altar. The surrounding area has grassed parks with halogen spotlights that illuminate the paintings.

Horto Florestal Alameda das Rosas - Setor Oeste. when the park reopens

to be advised

Located in an area of 98,800 m² covered with vegetation, the Horto Florestal (Forest Gardens) is the City’s largest leisure area. It houses the entrance to the Goiânia Zoo as well as areas for sports activities, with a running track, areas of sand and the Lago das Rosas - ‘Lake of Roses’. It is currently closed for renovation. LAGO DAS ROSAS in the horto Florestal

PAINÉIS DA VIA SACRA Rodovia dos Romeiros (road linking Goiânia to Trindade). daily, 24 hours In the largest open-air art gallery in the world, fourteen panels - each 10 meters wide by 4 meters tall each - depict the principal moments in the Passion of Jesus Christ. The artist Omar Souto

Craft fairs

The street fairs held on weekends are good places to buy traditional Goiás handicrafts, such as clay pots and pans, straw baskets, woven fabrics, jewelry, paintings and sculptures. Feira da Lua takes place at Praça Tamandaré – Setor Oeste on Saturday nights. On Sunday morning a Hippy Fair is held at Praça do Trabalhador – Setor Central. On Sunday afternoons shows the Feira das Nuvens is held at Rua T-01 at the corner with Rua T-06 - Setor Coimbra, and in the evening the Feira do Entardecer is held at Praça do Sol - Setor Oeste.

Luciana Barcelos/Embratur

Parque Flamboyant in Goiania

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ROTA DAS ÁGUAS QUENTES

Architectural heritage and urban Art Deco Praça Doutor Pedro Ludovico Teixeira (Praça Cívica) and environs. daily from 8 am to 6 pm.

CALDAS NOVAS e RIO QUENTE

64 220 V Caldas Novas 1,595,965 km² Rio Quente 255,961 km²

Designed in 1935 by Artílo Correia Lima to be the new State capital of Goiás, the first buildings in Goiânia were inspired by Art Deco. Its architectural heritage is one of the most significant in Brazil, having been listed by the Institute for National Artistic and Historical Heritage. This includes 22 buildings and public monuments, the original center of Goiania and Campinas (the location that gave rise to Goiânia). Also worth mentioning are the Coreto (Bandstand), the Courts, the Torre do Relógio and the old railway station.

Local holidays September 15: Nossa Senhora das Dores’s Day October 21: Anniversary of the founding of Caldas Novas

Accommodation

Replica of a Quilombo, in the MEMORIAL DO CERRADO

MEMORIAL DO CERRADO

Luciana Barcelos/Embratur

Luciana Barcelos/Embratur

In perfect harmony with the environment, the museum houses the Instituto do Trópico Subúmido São José Science Station (ITS-UCG). In addition to preserved nature, the scenic village of Santa Luzia - a replica of an ex-slave colony, a self-sustaining farm, and the village of Timbira are some of the attractions. The Museu de História Natural has displays of archaeological research finds.

The region has excellent resort and hotel facilities to serve the most demanding tourists. Horseback riding, tours and various water activities are offered by the resorts, who also provide special services for children.

Transport Caldas Novas and Rio Quente are served by paved roads. It is also possible to reach the region by air, via Caldas Novas Airport (CLV), which is only 22 km from Rio Quente. Located in the south of Goiás, these pure and crystal-clear springs have waters with temperatures ranging from 20 °C (68 °F) to 60 °C (140 °F). This is one of the largest instances in the world of hot springs not related to volcanic activity or magmatism. They simply originate from rainwater that penetrates the soil and rock crevices, reaching depths of more than one thousand meters. Once heated the water returns to the surface through rock fractures. In the Municipality of Rio Quente the waters emerge to form the largest warm water river on the planet. It is surrounded by numerous options for ecotourism and adventure tourism, especially ecological diving. In the neighboring town of Caldas Novas the hot springs with therapeutic properties are among the busiest tourist destinations in the country. In order to cope with demand the world’s largest hydrothermal resort also houses the largest hotel complex in the Midwest of Brazil. Other attractions in Caldas Novas include Lago Corumbá and the Parque Estadual Serra de Caldas Novas, where you can enjoy waterfalls, savanna

image courtesy

TORRE DO RELÓGIO, Art Deco

Luciana Barcelos/Embratur

Memorial do Cerrado UCG Campus 2 - Avenida Bela Vista, km 2 - Jardim Olímpico. monday to saturday from 7:30 am to 7:30 pm. Sundays and holidays from 8 am to 5 pm.

70,473 inhabitants 3,312 inhabitants

flora and fauna, rock formations and streams running through the rocks. Tourists can choose between numerous resort and water park options to enjoy the attractions that the ‘Hot Spa Circuit’ has to offer.

The traditional tile fish, classic cuisine of Goiás

A special attraction

Goiás cuisine is an attraction in itself. The Goiás dish that is most popular with tourists is the delicious peixe na telha - fish on a clay hotplate. The dish can be prepared with a variety of fish in their skin, such as pintado. Once seasoned, the fish is baked on a clay plate, preferably in a clay oven. Pequí fruit - from a tree typical of the savanna - is also widely used in different dishes. Oil is prepared from the pequí, and the fruit can also be used in the preparation of another delicacy popular in the region: rice with pequí. A good meal in Goiás style is not complete without a pastry made with chicken and guariroba leaves. The dish is so important to local culture that the possibility of registering it as cultural heritage is being studied. Unlike other pastries, the Goiás version is usually prepared at home, and is an integral part of traditional festivals and celebrations in the State.

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Rio Quente Camping Esplanada, located at Rua Espírito Santo, 75, Bairro Esplanada - Rio Quente. from 7 am to 5 pm (it is possible to camp overnight at the site).

PARQUE ESTADUAL SERRA DE CALDAS NOVAS Rua E-13, Rural Zone. daily from 8 am to 11 am and from 1 pm to 5 pm. it is necessary to schedule a visit in advance.

Rio Quente is 12 km long and its waters remain warm throughout its entire length. One of the biggest water parks in the country is located on the banks of the river. Facilities include restaurants, bars and accommodations for tourists to enable them to make the most of a day by the tranquil waters of the river. There are also campsites on the riverbanks.

The park was created in 1970 and is contains thermal springs. Two short trails lead to small waterfalls, with viewpoints along the way. A mini-bus ride takes visitors to the highest point (around 11 km away), which has panoramic views. Contracting a local guide is recommended.

ALTO PARAÍSO 6,885 inhabitants

Lago Corumbá Avenida Caminho do Lago - Caldas Novas. 24 hours daily This is part of the Corumbá I Hydroelectric Plant and covers an area of 65 km2. Here you will find boat trips and jet ski rides. It is also good place for fishing. There are waterfalls on the shoreline that are open to visitors. The shoreline also has bars, restaurants and hotels.

2,593,901 km²

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the region. Booking in advance is recommended due to the limited number of vacancies.

Transport

220 V

Local holidays November 27: Nossa Senhora das Graças’s Day December 12: Anniversary of the founding of Alto Paraíso

Accommodation The town has many hotels - from the simple to the more sophisticated - all with the rustic style of the region. There are also some hotels in other towns in

Mirante da Baliza via GO-118 at km 162 in the direction of Brasilia. daily, 24 hours

From Brasilia take the BR-020 to Planaltina, which becomes the GO-118 to Alto Paraíso. From the town it is more 36 km by dirt road to the São Jorge district and the entrance to the national park. Brasilia International Airport is the closest air link. Transfers to Alto Paraíso are available.

With a height of 1,500 meters, the visitor has a 360° view of the mountains of the Chapada dos Veadeiros from this viewpoint. The location is considered the best viewing point for the town of Alto Paraiso.

Located in the Chapada dos Veadeiros, the town is considered to be an important wildlife sanctuary, attracting tourists from around the world for its savanna flora and fauna. The town is also gateway to the Parque Nacional Chapada dos Veadeiros, via the district of São Jorge (36 km from Alto Paraíso). Once a mining village, the principal activity is now ecotourism and serving tourists who come to explore the region.

Encontro das Águas via the road to Colinas do Sul, 20 km from São Jorge. recommended between 8:30 am and 2 pm.

CACHOEIRA VALE DO RIO MACAQUINHO GO-118 highway - Fazenda Santuário das Pedras. visits must be schedules with the owner. Trekking: preferably between October and April when temperatures are cooler. on average to hire a guide for groups of up to 10 people (not mandatory)

At the meeting of the Tocantinzinho and São Miguel rivers there is an easy 1.5 km trail leading to canyons, rapids, and natural pools of water formed by the meeting of the rivers.

CACHOEIRA ALMÉCEGAS GO-327 highway at the 8 km marker. via highway GO-239 in the direction of São Jorge. Monday to Friday from 2 pm to 6 pm. Saturdays from 9 am to 12 am.

CHAPADA DOS VEADEIROS

A trail of almost 5 km leading to the main falls is not the easiest, but compensates with the scenery along the way - canyons, natural pools and waterfalls of up to 50 meters suitable for canyoneering. It is also possible to go trekking across the savanna to the source of the Rio do Macaco, passing by the top of a 150 meter waterfall.

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Danilo Prudêncio/Embratur

São Jorge Canyon in the Chapada dos Veadeiros

This plain with gentle slopes has as its highlight the regional vegetation with buriti palms and a mysticism that revolves around an alleged magnetic force field in the Jardim de Maitreya. The visit consists of a stop at the side of the road to enjoy the scenery and take pictures.

Colinas do Sul

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Jardim de Maytrea via the road to Parque Nacional Chapada dos Veadeiros, GO-239, km 20. daily, 24 hours

Teresina de Goiás

Cavalcante

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1 Cachoeira Poço Encantado 2 Cachoeira Cristal 3 Cachoeiras Anjos e Arcanjos 4 Cachoeiras Loquinhas 5 Cachoeiras Macaquinho e Macaco 6 Cachoeira dos Couros

GO- 118

Alto Paraíso

6 5 São João d’Aliança

7 Cachoeira Cânions and Cariocas 8 Salto do Rio Preto 9 Cachoeira Vale da Lua 10 Cachoeira Encontro das Águas 11 Cachoeira Água Quente 12 Cachoeira Raizama 13 Morada do Sol

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After forming a natural jacuzzi, the Raizama river plunges into a canyon over 100 m in length. The fall at the meeting with Rio San Miguel is 40 meters. A walk of almost 2 km passes through pools and canyons.

Vale da Lua, near the PARQUE NACIONAL CHAPADA DOS VEADEIROS

SÍTIO HISTÓRICO E PATRIMÔNIO CULTURAL KALUNGA via the road to São José, km 29 - Comunidade do Engenho II, Cavalcante

Ponte de Pedra Estrada Cavalcante-Colinas do Sul (GO-152), km 8 - Fazenda Renascer, Cavalcante. it is recommended to visit during the day This viewpoint overlooks the Parque Nacional Chapada dos Veadeiros, Catingueiro and the Rio Claro valley. Situated on the border between Fazenda Renascer and the park, it is a

CACHOEIRA ALMÉCEGAS NEAR THE PARQUE NACIONAL CHAPADA DOS VEADEIROS

At an altitude of 1,500 m, this quartzite rock formation in the form of a whale unveils panoramic views of the Parque Nacional Chapada dos Veadeiros. From the top it is possible to see Sete Lagoas - a part of Alto Paraíso - and several mountains on the horizon.

natural stone arch over the Rio São Domingos. The geological formation is 2.5 billion years old and 30 meters high.

Cataratas dos Couros via highway GO-118 at km 148 in the direction of Brasilia, in São Jorge. on average to hire a guide for groups of 6 to 10 people (not mandatory)

Astorina

A self-guided trail of almost 1 km through the Pousada Fazenda São Bento takes visitors the Cachoeira Almécegas (50 meters in height), which has a viewpoint and natural swimming pool. Rappel down the falls is possible if arranged in advance. Almécega 2 (15 meters in height) is a further 400 meters along an easy trail, and has a shallow pool and calm waters. Admission also includes a 300 meter trail to the São Bento falls, the third at this location. There is also a 850 meter zip line that reaches 55 km/h between the Serra Almécegas and Morro Mirante.

Morro da Baleia via the access road to Parque Nacional Chapada dos Veadeiros (GO-239) at km 18 in São Jorge. it is recommended to visit during the day

Four impressive cataracts are formed by the Rio dos Couros. The tour starts with a light 800 meter trail to the Cachoeira da Muralha. From there it is a further 900 meter walk along the river to Almécegas. Another track, 400 meters long, leads to the other waterfalls, with showers and areas where the sun shines throughout the day.

Salto do Rio Raizama 2 km from the town of São Jorge, follow the GO239 toward Colinas do Sul, taking an exit to the left. it is recommended to visit during the day

Vale da Lua take the GO-239 highway, access via São Jorge. it is recommended to visit during the day. no charge

Marina Campos Vinhal

Astorina

The largest ex-slave colony in Brazil is located in the town of Cavalcante, distributed among Engenho II, Prata, Vão do Moleque and Vão das Almas. The area has been listed by the Government of Goiás as a cultural heritage site.

PARQUE NACIONAL Chapada dos Veadeiros

Formed over 600 million years ago, the rocky ‘Moon Valley’ presents shades of gray similar to those of lunar craters. The site was carved by the action of the São Miguel river, and can be accessed by an easy trail 900 meters long. Natural pools between caves and crevices complete the landscape.

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Trilha dos SaltoS trail of 9 km (round trip). no charge, but it is necessary to hire a guide. The guides have no formal relationship with the park and charge. per group

Traveling through the natural history of the upper savanna, the Parque Nacional Chapada dos Veadeiros invites visitors to explore its 65,514 hectares via the old routes used by miners. Now used by tourists, they lead to trails that reveal unique vegetation, hundreds of springs and streams, rocks more than a billion years old, and landscapes of rare beauty with features that change throughout the year. Walks, observing flora and fauna and bathing in waterfall are the main activities, all amid the immense landscapes of the park, which was declared a World Natural Heritage site in 2001 by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural

Organization). To complete the tour it is worth paying a visit to the old mining areas. Bring appropriate clothing, with hat, shoes with socks and sunscreen. The use of sunscreen and shampoo or soap during river bathing is prohibited. In the rainy season from October to April, bring a light raincoat, sweater and spare clothing. Bring lightweight garbage sacks to take all waste back to the city, including organic waste. Groups are registered on entry, and a waiver must be signed. Remember that children under 5 years may not make the tour. There is also control on the number of visitors, in order to manage impact on the ecosystem. In days with greater movement it is recommend you arrive early at the Visitors Center, located at the entrance gate. Within the park it is only allowed to circulate in the company of guides accredited by the park administration and approved by ICMBio (Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation), the Brazilian government’s environmental agency. The Parque Nacional Chapada dos Veadeiros, located in the Northeast of Goiás, is located between the towns of Alto Paraíso de Goiás, Cavalcante and Colinas do Sul, which all have tourist accommodation facilities.

The itinerary includes passing through Garimpão, which was the largest quartz crystal mine in the region, and was active from 1912 to 1961. Over 30 minutes of trail lead to the Salto do Rio Preto viewpoint, which overlooks a waterfall of 120 meters in height. After 800 meters there is an 80 meter waterfall, which flows in one of the largest pools in the Chapada. A further 20 minutes of steep climb leads to the Rio Preto rapids, where you can bathe and enjoy the natural jacuzzi formed by small cascades.

Trilha do Cânion 2 and CACHOEIRA DAS CARIOCAS Trail of 11 km (round trip). no charge, but it is necessary to hire a guide. The guides have no formal relationship with the park and charge. per group

Astorina

Parque Nacional Chapada dos Veadeiros GO-239 highway, 36 km marker. São Jorge - Alto Paraíso. departing from Brasilia, the park can be reached via the highways BR-020 and GO-118 (220 km) leading to Alto Paraíso, then take GO-239 (36 km, 22 km of which are paved) to São Jorge (gateway to the park). January and July, daily, including holidays, from 8 am to 6 pm with entry allowed only up to 12 am. Remaining months, Tuesday to Sunday from 8 am to 6 pm, with entry allowed only up to 12 am. at least one day

CAsCATA RIO PRETO IN THE PARQUE NACIONAL CHAPADA DOS VEADEIROS

This trail traverses large rock formations, cut by the Rio Preto. It is 2 hours and 30 minutes walk from the entrance to the Parque Nacional to Canyon 1 - closed during the rainy season - and another 40 minutes along the river bed to Canyon 2, with an pool that is excellent for swimming. From there a 40 minute trail leads to the Cachoeira das Cariocas, where the Rio Preto flows into two waterfalls, forming pools suitable for bathing.

Observing fauna

Among the mammals that inhabit the Parque Nacional Chapada dos Veadeiros the attractions include the maned fox and pampas deer. Among the 312 species of birds are the rhea, king vulture, several species of hawks and the very rare Merganser duck (in the Rio Preto rapids), there being 30 bird species endemic to the savanna, 13 to the park and 8 threatened with extinction. Over a thousand species of butterflies and moths can also be observed, as well as 34 frogs and toads, 33 species of reptiles and 49 fish species in rivers and streams that pass through the park.

Canyon in Chapada dos Veadeiros

Maria Amelia Paiva Abrão

Daniel Arcanjo/Gaviões do Planalto

CACHOEIRA DRAGÕES DO PLANALTO, in Cavalcante

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24,727 inhabitants

3,108,018 km²

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Local holidays July 25: Anniversary of the founding of Cidade de Goiás

Accommodation Charming inns and hotels are available for tourists who want to visit the small town and its many traditions. There are options for different budgets and tastes, close to the town center or more distant, in touch with nature. There are also campsites.

Shopping

Built in 1790, the church preserves original items such as the wooden altar with baroque details and frescoes on the ceiling. Much of the town can be viewed from the top of the steeple. Guides are available.

Quartel do 20º Batalhão de Infantaria Praça Brasil Caiado. monday to friday from 7 am to 11 am and from 2 pm to 6 pm. This typical example of 18th century military architecture was constructed in 1747. It now houses the Army infantry division, the Municipal Archives and the Secretary of Culture.

Casa de Cora Coralina Rua Dom Candido, 20. tuesday to saturday from 9 am to 5 pm. Sundays from 9 am to 4 pm. The house where the poet Cora Coralina spent her childhood and the later years of her life today houses a museum with personal objects, books, photos and letters. Totems play videos in which she recites her poems. The house, maintained by the Cora Coralina Foundation, has been declared a national heritage site. It provides monitors who guide visits.

Museu das Bandeiras Praça Brasil Caiado. Tuesday to Saturday from 9 am to 5 pm. Sundays from 9 am to 1 pm. guided visits only by appointment. IGREJA E MUSEU DE ARTE SACRA DA BOA MORTE

MUSEU DE ARTE SACRA DA BOA MORTE Rua Luiz do Couto. Tuesday to Saturday from 9 am to 5 pm. Sundays from 9 am to 1 pm.

Transport

Installed in the Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Boa Morte, the museum houses religious images, in particular sculptures in cedar. This is the only building in the town with a Baroque facade, and is the starting point of the Procissão do Fogaréu - ‘Bonfire Procession’ - a traditional religious and folk festival held during Holy Week. The museum provides guided tours.

From Goiânia the town is reached via the GO-070. Departing from Brasilia, take the BR-060 to Anápolis, diverting near Nerópolis and Inhumas to join the GO-070 in the direction of Itauçu. The nearest airport is Goiânia, 135 km distant.

IGREJA DE SANTANA Praça Dr. Tasso de Camargo. Monday to Friday from 7 am to 11 am and from 1 pm to 5 pm.

Cidade de Goiás, whose historic center was listed by UNESCO as a world heritage site in 2001, still preserves colonial customs and traditions.

Cora Coralina’s house

Rita Barreto/Embratur

On arrival in the town smallholdings and shops offer handmade objects to the tourist. Highlights are items made from black pottery - the pot being the most traditional of all. Wooden objects and liquors, such as traditional the pequí, can also be found in the region.

Listed as a national heritage site, the building dates from the mid-18th century and features a mix of architectural styles.

Located in the former Town Hall and Jail, the museum displays the original Anhanguera cross, as well as panels depicting the history of the exploration of the central region of the country by pioneers, furniture and utensils from the 18th and 19th centuries. It is listed by the National Institute for Historical and Cultural Heritage. Guides are available. MUSEU DAS BANDEIRAS

Rita Barreto/Embratur

Cidade de Goiás

Igreja Nossa Senhora D’Abadia Rua D’Abadia. tuesday to sunday from 9 am to 1 pm

An example is the secular Procissão do Fogaréu, which takes place every year during Holy Week. Founded in the 18th century by the pioneer Bartolomeu Bueno da Silva Filho, who gave the name Vila Boa de Goiás, the town prospered during the gold rush. But the first urban center in Goiás lost influence through to the mid1930s, when the seat of government moved to the current state capital, Goiânia. Goiás Velho, as is also known, is internationally recognized for its architecture in the homes, streets and churches. Among the notable buildings are the Museu da Bandeira, which used to house the City Hall and the local jail, and the Palácio Conde dos Arcos, the former Governor’s residence. On the banks of the Rio Vermelho and neighboring the Serra Dourada, Cidade de Goiás has ecotourism among its attractions. Trails lead to waterfalls such as Andorinhas, whose formations are home to swallows when the bird is resident in the southern hemisphere. Rita Barreto/Embratur

Rita Barreto/Embratur

balneário de Santo Antônio

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This former seat of the State government preserves its original architecture from the 16th century. It houses a museum with furniture from the 18th century and German plates from the 19th century. Every year it returns to be the State Government headquarters during the town’s anniversary celebrations. Guides are available in the Palace.

Pirenópolis

23,006 inhabitants

2,205,008 km²

62 220 V

Local holidays October 7: Anniversary of the founding of Pirenópolis

Accommodation The town has a good network of hotels and inns that cater for tourists with comfort and charm. There are several options for camping in the city and surrounding areas.

Street in downtown Pirenópolis

Transport Pirenópolis is served by paved roads, and road transport is the most common way of reaching the town. There are two nearby airports: Brasilia, 150 km away, and Goiânia, 194 km away.

Cachoeiras das Andorinhas Rural road giving access to Hotel Fazenda Manduzanzan, at the exit for Igreja de Santa Bárbara, 7 km marker, Cidade de Goiás. daily from 8 am to 5 pm. Waterfall on the left side. no charge. Waterfall on the right side. The Cachoeira das Andorinhas is formed among sandstone rocks, and is home to swallows when they are resident in the southern hemisphere.

Marcelo Terraza

Among the various scene played out on the Passion of Christ during Holy Week, the Procissão do Fogaréu in Cidade de Goiás is considered one of the most spectacular in the country. During the procession ‘farricosos’ - colorfully dressed men wearing hoods - carry flaming torches through the historic center, representing the passage of the Romans on the way to arrest Jesus. The group goes barefoot, fast-paced and dramatic, punctuated by the beat of military drums. The procession begins at midnight on Holy Wednesday and goes on to 1:30 am. It has been held since 1745, when it was brought from Europe by the Portuguese priest Perestrello Espindola. On its way through the narrow streets, alleys and bridges, the procession makes two stops. The first, in front of the Igreja do Rosário, symbolizes the Last Supper. The second, on the steps of the Igreja de São Francisco, represents the Mount of Olives. Here, the sound of a clarion announces the arrest of Christ. According to medieval tradition the procession had overtones of penance and self-flagellation. Legends tell that the devil runs loose on the night of the persecution of Christ. It is said that for this reason women were forbidden to participate in the ritual until 1950. Today the Procissão do Fogaréu is the biggest religious-tourism event in Cidade de Goiás, attracting thousands of visitors every year.

urban center in the 18th and 19th centuries, at the height of gold exploration, and had an important role in trade and agriculture to supply mining activities. However, with the decadence of mining it was relegated to isolation for much of the 20th century, being rediscovered in the 1970s with the arrival of the Federal capital, Brasilia, on the Central Plateau of Brazil. Despite the long term of decadence, the town still stands out for the architecture in its center, which was declared national historic patrimony in 1989. It also preserves the Festa do Divino secular celebration for future generations, nationally recognized as intangible cultural heritage, and hosts traditions such as the Cavalhadas and Mascarados horse parades. There are more than 20 waterfalls in the region around the city, most of which are located on private property, with an entry fee for visitors. The Parque Estadual Serra dos Pireneus, located 20 km from the center of town, has free admission and is home to rock formations dating back millions of years. With regard to the local cuisine, rice with pequí, a regional fruit, is one of the Pirenópolis attractions, along with the famous Rua do Lazer with its bars and restaurants providing a popular meeting point for residents and tourists.

Procissão do fogaréu

Behind the cobblestone streets lit by colonial lanterns, Pirenópolis hides the secrets of a town that is pure history. Founded in 1727 by the Portuguese miner Manoel Rodrigues Tomar, it gained the name of Minas de Nossa Senhora do Rosário de Meia Ponte. Starting as a settlement, it became a village in 1832 and a City in 1853. But the new name, Pirenópolis, came only in 1890. The location was an important

Yudi Kusano

Palácio Conde dos Arcos Praça Doutor Tasso de Camargo (Praça do Coreto) - Centro. 3371-1200. tuesday to saturday from 8 am to 5 pm. Sundays from 8 am to 1 pm. it is closed during the town’s anniversary celebrations between July 24-26.

IGREJA matriz EM PIRENÓPOLIS

Procissão do Fogaréu

Maísa Narvaez

Rita Barreto/Embratur

PALÁCIO CONDE DOS ARCOS

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CENTRO HISTÓRICO 24 hours daily. There are many duly registered tourist guides. the price of tours depends on agreement with the guide (private service) Declared as national historic patrimony in 1989, a tour through the cobbled streets passes by colonial houses that now houses craft shops, bars and restaurants, as well as Churches, the Ponte de Maderia (Wooden Bridge), Ponte de Pênsil (Suspension Bridge), and the old City Hall and Jail, the Cinema and Teatro dos Pireneus.

PARQUE ESTADUAL SERRA DOS PIReNEUS Estrada dos Pireneus, 20 km from the City. daily from 9 am to 7 pm. no charge. fee for guide. Age rating: only recommended for persons capable of undertaking a medium-difficult trek

Jose assenco

Cachoeira das Araras, in Pirenópolis

The church was built between 1750 and 1754 and is listed as national historic patrimony. It is beautifully decorated with Baroque and Rococo altars in its interior, rich woodwork and statues, and also houses the Museu de Arte Sacra.

other falls. The Cachoeira das Araras is located next to the town, just 18 km from the historic center. Access to the waterfall is controlled. There are two other waterfalls at the site (Paredão and Renascer). The site is structured to receive visitors and has restaurants, picnic sites, restrooms and a paved path to the main waterfall. The site has beautiful cascades over rocks, deep pools and a beach.

CACHOEIRA das ARARAS GO-338 at the 17 km marker (2 km of dirt road). daily from 9 am to 6 pm.

Igreja Nossa Senhora do Rosário Praça da Matriz - Centro. Wednesday to Sunday from 8 am to 6 pm (closes at lunchtime, from 12 am to 2 pm). Guided tours must be scheduled one week in advance.

The Rio Dois Irmãos forms a natural pool before dropping down the Araras falls, with a height of 7 meters. Located within private property, the trail leading to the waterfall passes by three

Known as the Igreja da Matriz - ‘Parish Church’ - it has been listed as national cultural heritage since 1941. Built between 1728 and 1732, it was destroyed by fire in 2002 and has been fully restored.

Santuário do Vagafogo daily from 9 am to 5 pm. Tour.

Brunch.

1 day

The first Private Natural Protection Reserve in Goiás, it offers a trek along the Vagafogo river, tree climbing, rappel and observation of flora and fauna. It has a library, a snack kiosk with hammocks and a brunch with around 45 items produced on the farm, with savanna fruits and other local produce.

Mirante do Ventilador Estrada dos Pireneus, km 9. daily, 24 hours. it is recommended to visit during the day This viewpoint is 1,150 meters above sea level and provides good views of the Serra dos Pirineus. It has short and easy access trail.

Rice with Pequi

Pirenópolis flavors

Carlos Macapuna

Igreja Nossa Senhora do Carmo Largo do Carmo - Centro. wednesday to sunday from 8 am to 6 pm (closes at lunchtime, from 12 am to 2 pm). Guided tours must be scheduled one week in advance.

Located 20 km from the town center in the Serra dos Pireneus, this environmental preservation area is home to rock formations dating back millions of years, waterfalls, such as the Pocinhos do Sonrisal, the Pico dos Pireneus - the

highest point of the region at 1,385 meters, Morro Cabeludo, which is ideal for climbing, and a chapel that hosts the Festa do Morro every July. Visits are not controlled, but it is advisable to contract a local guide.

One of the main tourist centers in Goiás and Brazil, Pirenópolis is a reference in gastronomy in the State. Typical regional dishes from pequí rice (a Brazilian tree native to the savanna and widely used in local cuisine) to Goiás pastry, peanut candy, corn desert or guariroba (a type of coconut that grows in the region and is very popular either fresh or in the preparation of other dishes). In June the town hosts the International Food Festival, where in addition to typical food dishes it is possible to experience French and Italian cuisine, among others. The town has a good network of charming restaurants.

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daily

Opened in 2009, this museum has an extensive collection relating to the Feast of the Divine, including clothing and masks used in the Cavalhadas (horseback processions), musical instruments and iconographic festival mementos.

The Pirenópolis masked during the Festa do Divino

Fazenda Babilônia highway GO-431, at 3 km. Saturdays, Sundays and holidays from 9 am to 4 pm. Weekdays by prior arrangement. (admission, lecture and colonial coffee) Listed by the National Institute for Artistic and Historical Heritage, the farm was once of the largest plantations in the country, São Joaquim. Built in the 18th century, it is one of the oldest farms in Goiás and has examples of colonial baroque architecture, religious art and historical objects as well as a preserved structure with a water driven mill.

Mauro Cruz

Fazenda Bonsucesso Estrada Fazenda Bonsucesso, km 4. am to 4 pm.

Festa do Divino

The Festa do Divino -’Divine Festival’ - has been celebrated in Pirenópolis since 1819, and was listed in 2010 as Intangible Cultural Heritage by the National Institute for Artistic and Historical Heritage. The rituals, which begin on Easter Sunday and continue until after Corpus Christi, mix religious and non-secular manifestations with various origins and meanings. The intensive program includes the Folia do Divino - ‘Divine Follies’ - in which a religious delegation travels among homes and farms holding the flag of the Divine and collecting alms, Cavalhadas (horseback tournaments), which recall the medieval battles between Moors and Christians and are the climax of the festival on Pentecost Sunday. The festival also includes the Mascarados, who ride on horseback among the streets in colorful clothes, gloves and boots, the Pastorinhos, who enact a play on the birth of Jesus, and congadas (square dances) performed by folk groups.

daily from 9

Crossed by tracks from the gold mining era, this farm has waterfalls and natural pools, including the Landi, Lagoa Azul and Bonsucesso - suitable for rappel, Palmito and Pedreiras. It has a restaurant and car parking. It is located in a rural setting, with a main house, horse riding and wooded trails passing by six beautiful falls, and last being known as Lagoa Azul - ‘The Blue Lagoon’. It is an enjoyable excursion, located only 6 km from the center of town.

João Machado

Museu do Divino Rua Bernardo Saião - Centro Histórico from 9 am to 5 pm.

cidade de pedra, in Pirenópolis

CACHOEIRA DO ROSÁRIO Via GO 338 (exit from Pirenópolis in the direction of Goianésia). There are 25 km of asphalt and over 9 km of dirt road. daily from 9 am to 6 pm. (package including entry, lunch, water, guide and afternoon tea)

COMUNIDADE FRATER Estrada das Pedreiras, km 5

This has a fall of 42 meters and a cave, which can be visited. There are trails, clearings in the forest, a stone house with sunset views and a restaurant. There are also parking, cold showers and a rappel area. The Cachoeira do Rosário, with its impressive 42 meters fall, is surrounded by preserved riverside savanna vegetation and crystal-clear rapids. It also has several springs and deep pools with clear water. Behind the veil of the waterfall there is a cave and a cliff suitable for rappel, as well as several trails through the valley. In addition there is an observation deck to watch the sunset, country-style lunch, afternoon tea and other comforts. It is 35 km from the city center.

The Fraternidade Espiritualista Vale Dourado undertakes activities focused on spirituality, as well as organic farming, ecology, arts, education, alternative technologies, crafts, community living, weaving and natural therapies.

Cidade de Pedra Estrada dos Pireneus, 44 km from Pirenópolis. age rating: only persons capable of undertaking a high difficulty trek

Comunidade Omni Estrada dos Pireneus, km 7.

minimum of 5 hours

This alternative community and ecovillage hosts scheduled visits. The Cachoeira Omni is located within the site. It has facilities for visitors, including parking, restrooms and picnic area.

The site stands out for its rock formations that sprout amid the savanna vegetation, forming canyons, labyrinths and formations that resemble animals and faces. The trails are 3 to 10 km in length and should be undertaken with guides. The site has been listed as municipal natural heritage since 2005 and is located within private property. This tour is undertaken only with duly registered and qualified guides. There are no facilities, nor entrance gate.

Cachoeiras dos Dragões Várzea do Lobo, 40 km marker. daily from 9 am to 6 pm. Age rating: the tour is only recommended for adults in good physical condition due to the difficulty of the hike. 1 day This lies 40 km from the center of Pirenópolis, in the Reserva Ecológica Várzea do Lobo. There are eight waterfalls along the 4.5 km of trails, as well as natural pools considered the most beautiful in the region. The Zen Buddhist Monastery, Eisho-Ji, is also located here. It is advisable to hire a guide in Pirenópolis to make the trip.

Robert S. Flaum

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MARanhão

LAGOA BONITA, in Lençóis Maranhenses

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MA-206

MA-303 MA-209

BR 316

MA-304

MA-106

MA-006

MA-305

alcântara São Luís MA-106

MA-211

PARá BR 316 MA-006

Maranhão

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aranhão brings together in the same region a coastline with warm, almost transparent waters, preserved mangroves that are home to a rich variety of flora and fauna, a large swath of Amazon rain forest and a desert with refreshing lagoons that offers tourists leisure activities throughout the four seasons of the year. The State is located in the Northeast region of Brazil, on the border with the North, and is now much sought after by tourists due to its immense diversity and natural beauty, unique in Brazil. Among the more famous landscapes is the Parque Nacional dos Lençóis Maranhenses, the only desert on the planet with lagoons amongst the dunes of white sand. Maranhão was first colonized by Spanish, but was also invaded by the French and Dutch, who tried more than once to take the territory from the Portuguese. These waves of invasion helped to create a cultural mix that has left its traces in city architecture, customs and aspects of the everyday life of its residents.

BR 135

MA-313

MA-014

BR 402

MA-025

MA-110

MA-034 MA-345

MA-225 MA-034 MA-330

BR 222

BR 222

MA-226 MA-025 MA-230

The interior of the State guards waterfalls and trails for ecotourism lovers - recently discovered tracks through the Guarás forest region. The name is an allusion to a bird typical of the region that has red feathers, and is a vivid attraction for bird-lovers. A huge ecological sanctuary hosts mangroves, beaches and estuaries that can be visited by tourists, provided that they agree to follow the strict rules of preservation established by the State government. The aim is to ensure that this treasure of nature remains untouched.

MA-119 MA-326

BR 222 BR 222

MA-332

BR 135

MA-020 MA-026

BR 316

MA-123

MA-245 MA-006

BR 010

MA-122 MA-008

MA-247

BR 135

MA-012

BR 010

MA-127

MA-262 MA-040

MA-272 MA-275

MA-034

BR 226

BR 226

MA-006

MA-280

BR 226

MA-362

BR 135

MA-012 MA-132

MA-006

MA-132

MA-270

MA-034 MA-036

MA-132

MA-034

MA-138 MA-132

BR 230

MA-012 MA-138

Geographic information

BR 230 BR 230 MA-132

BR 135

piauí

MA-134

BR 230

MA-373

BR 230

tropical, hot and humid average 27 °C (80,6 °F) mangroves and scrub

MA-034

MA-325

MA-006

imperatriz

MA-349

BR 316

MA-026

MA-375 MA-374

BR 324 MA-140 MA-006

International Airport National Airport

tocantins MA-006

National Highways State Highways

MA-006

MA-376

MA-006

MA-006

Bahia

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MONUMENTO AOS PESCADORES, in São Luis

Accommodation 834.780 km2

Local holidays June 29: São Pedro’s day July 28: Adhesion of Maranhão to Brazil’s Independence September 8: Foundation of the city of São Luís December 8: N. Senhora da Imaculada Conceição’s day

Vaccination Yellow fever vaccination is recommended at least 10 days before traveling.

Clothing Due to the high temperatures, visitors should bring plenty of light clothing such as shorts and t-shirts, not forgetting the shoes suitable for long walks.

Tiles are the legacy of Portuguese colonization

Visitors coming to São Luís will find good accommodation options at all levels, from simple inns to five star hotels. Most of them concentrated in the City center and on the seafront, especially near Avenida Litorânea.

Transport The access highway to São Luís is the BR-135. There are bus lines connecting the capital of Maranhão to several Brazilian cities. For those who opt for air travel, São Luís has an airport that receives domestic and international flights and is only 15 minutes from the City center. The City also has Itaqui Port, which receives medium and large vessels from Brazil and other countries. Within the city The City’s public transport is not very extensive. Visitors are recommended to rent a car or use taxis.

Handicrafts Albani Ramos/Setur Maranhão

1,014,837 inhabitants 98 220 V

Albani Ramos/Setur Maranhão

Stage of major disputes between the French, Dutch, Portuguese and Indians, São Luís is the capital of the second largest state in Northeastern Brazil. Located on the Ilha de UpaonAçú (big island, in the Indian language), the City was founded by the French led by Daniel de La Touche with the support of the Indian population, and was baptized Equatorial France in 1612. This period saw the start of construction of the Portuguese colonial houses in the City center, one of the most important examples of this type of architecture in the country. The cultural richness of these buildings draws the attention of visitors coming to São Luís, as well as the beaches and wealth its wealth of cultural festivals.

MANOEL PEREIRA/EMBRATUR

SÃO LUÍS

Centro de Comercialização de Produtos Artesanais (Ceprama) Rua de São Pantaleão, 1232 - Madre Deus. Monday to Friday from 9 am to 7 pm. Saturday from 9 am to 8 pm. Sunday from 9 am to 1 pm. no charge This warehouse served as the factory of the former ‘Companhia de Fiação e Tecidos de Cânhamo’, and now operates as the base for the Center for Sale of Artisanal Products. There are items on sale ranging from bags and sandals made from buriti palm fiber, bobbin lace (a very thin type of lace, made on a kind of cushion), as well as miniatures of bumba-meu-boi.

MANOEL PEREIRA/EMBRATUR

Aerial view of the Igreja da Sé and PALÁCIO DOS LEÕES

Cotton, leather, wood, clay and even guarimã fiber (a leaf from a plant typical of the region) are transformed into art in the hands of local artisans who, inspired by local culture, produce sculptures, bags, pots and hats. Some of the highlights of the diverse Maranhão crafts are pieces produced from strands of buriti - a palm tree common in the region, pottery and lace.

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Museu Histórico e Artístico do Maranhão Rua do Sol, 302 - Centro. Tuesday to Sunday, from 9 am to 3:30 pm. guided tours are free

São João Festival

Folk Festivals

Fonte das Pedras Rua São João, no mumber - Tirirical In addition to serving as a resting place and attracting many tourists, this water head has historical significance for the City. In 1615 it was here that Captain Jeronimo de Albuquerque camped with his troops prior to the battle to expel the French who had tried to invade the region. There are underground galleries, fountains and gargoyles carved in stone in colonial style.

Praia Ponta D’Areia Via Avenida dos Holandeses and Avenida Ferreira Goulart. Taxi or car are the easiest ways to get there. Public transport is not recommended Despite its water not being fit for bathing, the Ponta D’Areia beach attracts many tourists who are visiting São Luís. In addition to good tourist facilities, there are bars, restaurants and several reggae clubs - a rhythm that is popular in the capital of Maranhão - attracting many young people to the beach.

Museu de Arte Sacra Rua Treze de Maio, 500 - Centro. Monday to Friday from 9 am to 6:30 pm. Saturdays and Sundays from 2 pm to 6 pm.

Parque Ecológico Lagoa da Jansen Avenida dos Holandeses, no number - Ponta da Areia. daily from 6 am to 6 pm. no charge Ana Jansen was a major landowner during the colonial era in São Luís. The park that bears her name was built in around 150 hectares surrounding a lake with the same name, home to preserved species of native fauna and flora. The park includes sports courts and tracks for running, football, basketball and volleyball, which are open to the public.

Lagoa Jansen

Praia de São Marcos Via Avenida Litorânea and Avenida dos Holandeses. Taxi or car are the easiest ways to get there As well as the agitated night life due to the bars along its entire length, the beach also tends to be crowded during the day, especially with surfers who take advantage of its big waves. The landscape is formed by dunes and by what remains of Forte de São Marcos, built in the 18th century and giving rise to the name of the beach.

Praia do Calhau Via Avenida Litorânea and Avenida dos Holandeses. Taxi or car are the easiest ways to get there This beach draws visitors due to its clear and calm waters and for the dunes and vegetation along its entire length, forming a beautiful landscape. The kiosks and restaurants located on stilts, a type of pile supporting buildings in maritime areas, help complete the appearance. Sports fans practicing running and cycling are amongst the visitors to the beach, in addition to families.

Setur-MA

MANOEL PEREIRA/EMBRATUR

The region’s folk festivals are rich in Portuguese, Indian and African traditions. Among them is São João, a festival that takes place in many towns throughout the Northeast. The Tambor Crioula - ‘Creole Drum’ - a traditional African festival, gained the status of Intangible Brazilian Cultural Heritage from UNESCO in 2007. The festivities mix song and dance in a parade honoring São Benedito. Traditionally the festivities do not have a fixed date, however parades and small groups small celebrating this folk festival can occur on the streets or in squares in the State.

The Museu Histórico e Artístico do Maranhão houses a collection of furniture, porcelain, crystal and glass that belonged to the wealthiest families in town in the 18th and 19th centuries. The house, which was formerly the Solar Gomes de Sousa - one of the wealthy City residents in the past - also has an observatory with a view of vessels entering the Baía de São Marcos.

The Museu de Arte Sacra houses images of saints that were used in Holy Week processions. The collection also has religious objects from the 18th to 20th centuries, such as painted vases, crosses and priest and bishop’s robes.

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ALCÂNTARA ruins

Cashew, typical fruit from Maranhão

Maranhão Gastronomy

ALCÂNTARA

21,851 inhabitants 98 220 V

1,486.670 km2

Local holidays June 29: São Pedro’s day July 28: Adhesion of Maranhão to Brazil’s Independence December 8: N, Senhora da Imaculada Conceição’s day

Vaccination A yellow fever vaccination is necessary at least 10 days before departure.

Clothing Due to the high temperatures, visitors should bring light clothing such as shorts and t-shirts, not forgetting the shoes suitable for long walks. Caps and hats are also essential because of the sun.

Accommodation There is limited accommodation, with only few inns available for tourists. It is best to pass a day in the town and stay in São Luís, which has more accommodation options.

Transport Alcântara can be reached by land or by sea. Alcântara and São Luís are connected by the BR-135 highway.

The journey can be made by car in about half an hour. Going to the island by boat is a more practical option. There are ferries leaving for Alcântara at regular intervals from the Port of Itaqui in São Luís. This ancient Tupinambá Indian village and important 17th century commercial center is today a quiet historic town. It is an hour by boat from São Luís. Its stone streets are home to buildings of great architectural and cultural value. It is possible to see visits the tourist sights in just one day, since most of them located in the center. Nearby is the Ilha do Cajual, where valuable fossils have been discovered - this is another tourism option in the region. The town is also well-known for being the base for Brazilian Army satellite launches. The site is not open to visitors.

Museu Histórico e Artístico de Alcântara Praça da Matriz, no number - Centro. Tuesday to Sunday, from 9 am to 2 pm The Museu Histórico e Artístico de Alcântara houses furniture, plates, silverware and artwork. The pieces belonged to families who resided here between the 18th and 19th centuries.

Rita Barreto/Embratur

JOsÉ ASSENCO

Rice is the most widely used ingredient in Maranhão cooking, together with fish and seafood on the coast and dried beef and cassava in the countryside. One of the more typical dishes is cuxá rice, made with a sour-tasting spice mixed with dried shrimp, dry manioc flour and peppers. Fish stews and other fish dishes prepared with seafood rice are also popular along the entire State coastline. Meals are always accompanied by typical regional fruit juices, such as cajá, cashew fruit, mangaba, sapodilla, bacuri or Jesus guaraná - a sweet local drink that is famous in Maranhão.

Pelourinho Praça da Matriz, no number - Centro This pillory was the location where slaves and criminals were jailed and punished, and is one of the best preserved of the country. The top of the monument is adorned with weapons from the Portuguese empire.

Praça da Matriz Praça da Matriz, no number - Centro Surrounded by stately mansions, the central square has centuries-old trees and is home to the town’s main tourist sights, such as the pillory and the ruins of the Igreja de São Matias.

Casa do Divino Rua Grande, 88 - Centro. from 9 am to 5 pm

instruments used in the Divine Holy Spirit festival. During the celebration season, in May, the house becomes the center of the festivities and for the rest of the year it serves as a museum.

Fonte de Mirititiua Bairro de Caravelas This stone water source built in the 18th century has water that is believed to have therapeutic properties. This feature and the beauty of its construction make it a place that attracts visitors throughout the year.

Ilha do Cajual 40 minutes from Alcântara by boat. no charge for visits to the island. The cost of the boat trip should be agreed with the operators who make the crossing

Tuesday to Friday

The house bears the Portuguese architectural style of the 18th and 19th centuries, with its tiled facade. It houses the altars, objects and

The island has recent archaeological discoveries. Fossils similar to those found in Africa have been discovered in its 1,600 hectares, which may eventually prove that in the past Africa and the Americas were one continent.

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PARQUE NACIONAL DOS LENÇÓIS MARANHENSES Ponta dos Mangues Secos

The name of this national park comes from its plateaus, which resemble large stone tables. It has 160,000 hectares and lies between the towns of Carolina, Riachão, Estreito and Imperatriz. The ecological sanctuary has dozens of waterfalls, cliffs with cave paintings, as well as a rich variety of fauna and flora. There are locations for practicing various sports, including trekking and rappel. All sightseeing tours and sports should be undertaken accompanied by duly authorized guides.

Complexo Turístico da Pedra Caída 35 km from the center of Carolina via dirt roads The name Pedra Caída (Fallen Rock) comes from a rock formation around one thousand meters long and nearly 300 meters tall. A variety of sports can be practiced at the site, notably zip line. The complex also has three waterfalls, including the one named after the park, which has a 46 meter drop into a natural pool.

CACHOEIRA DE SÃO ROMÃO 70 km from the town of Carolina on dirt road, and a further half hour on a marked trail

L. Gaivota

Matões

Marcelina

Morro das Figuras 40 km from the town of Carolina via a dirt road. To reach the top via the trail takes around one and a half hours The Morro das Figuras (Hill of Figures) is the most historically important part of the park. The rock walls have inscriptions that researchers believe are a record of an ethnic group descendant from the Tupi-Guarani, the Craô.

MA-122

Imperatriz

Amarante

Barra do Corda Grajaú

BR 226

MA-006

Tocantins

Estreito

São Pedro Dos Crentes

PARQUE ESTADUAL DO MIRADOR

MA-006

CHAPADA Pedra DAS MESAS Caída

Fortaleza dos Nogueiras

BR 230 São Raimundo Mangabeiras

Riachão Carolina

BR 230

BR 230

Balsas

BR 230 piauí

Rio Negro

Vargem Grande

Pedras Sangue

Bonzinho

Queimada dos Britos

Espião

Manoelzinho

MA-138

The Cachoeira da Pedra Furada (Hole Rock) is one of the most difficult to access in the region. From Pedra Furada a 40-minute trail takes the visitor to Rio Brejão, where another walk of about 15 minutes leads to the waterfall. Bathing is not recommended for nonswimmers and care must be taken with rocks.

Maranhão

L. Santo Amaro

The Cachoeira de São Romão is an attraction not just for its staggering natural beauty. As most of the track to reach the waterfall can only be undertaken by a jeep or other four wheel drive vehicle, the round trip is an adventure in itself. Bathing is not recommended for non-swimmers and care must be taken with rocks.

BR 010

Cachoeira da Pedra Furada 1 hour walk along a trail from Pedra Furada

Travosa I. Grande

rijú/

Sucu

ntes

Atins

Casa bo

elo cam Mo mar a iti A onit ul ixe Bur B . Az . Pe . L L L L. da Lua Lagoa Esperança

Mirinzal

Barreirinhas

Mandacarú Espadarte

Rio Preguiças

MA 4

02

Pequenos Lençóis

Sobradinho

PARQUE NACIONAL DOS LENÇÓIS MARANHENSES the entrance to the park is in Barreirinhas, 272 km from São Luís. daily from 7 am to 12 am and from 1 pm to 6 pm. there is no charge for visits to the park, however the cost of a guide should be negotiated separately and has a variable cost. One of the most beautiful landscapes in Brazil, Lençóis Maranhenses provides tourists with the opportunity to be in the midst of a completely different ecosystem, where large lagoons and sand dunes form a landscape of unique beauty. The Parque Nacional dos Lençóis Maranhenses borders the Rio Preguiças and occupies an area of 155,000 hectares covered with sand formations up to 50 meters tall, with lagoons of water in shades ranging from blue to emerald green. The better-known, with easier access for bathing for adults and children, Bonita and Azul, are popular with those who want to rest after a long walk on the sand under the blazing Maranhão sun. The Park cov-

ers the Municipalities of Primeira Cruz, Santo Amaro and Barreirinhas, which is the gateway to the region. Despite the desert-like appearance due to the immense sand dunes, the lagoon are formed by heavy rains in the region during the summer. The best time to visit is therefore in winter (between June and mid September). There are no roads within the park. All tours are done on foot or by boat and should be undertaken in the company of a guide. LAGOA AZUL, Lençóis Maranhenses

FELIPE GOMBOSSY/EMBRATUR

PARQUE NACIONAL DA CHAPADA DAS MESAS 80 km from the center of Carolina. daily from 9 am to 6 pm. lthere is no charge for entry, but guides charge according to the size of the group. adults who cannot swim should take care in the waterfalls

Pepe Melega/Embratur

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MATO GROSSO

Sunset on the rio Paraguai

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MATO GROSSO pará

L

ocated in central Brazil, the State brings together several of the world’s great natural attractions: 10% of the Amazon rainforest lies in the State, with its exuberant vegetation and impressive biodiversity. One third of the Brazilian part of the Pantanal wetlands is the main tourist attraction in the State, next to the Chapada dos Guimarães. Not to mention large areas on the margins of the Rio Araguaia that provide Mato Grosso with a second Pantanal thanks to the extent of the wetlands from the river’s waters. Finally, the State is home to more than 40 indigenous groups, an interesting historical heritage, and a cuisine influenced by the diversity of natural resources and the mixture of cultures. The starting point to enjoy all that Mato Grosso has to offer is the Pantanal. The largest wetland in the world is one of nature’s wonders, and is shared by Brazil, Bolivia and Uruguay. The Brazilian side of the Pantanal is becoming an ever more important location for bird watchers, and the large variety of birds found in the region attracts both Brazilian and foreign ornithologists. Among the species found in the Pantanal is the tuitiú - Jabiru Stork - which is the symbol of the Pantanal, the black hawk and Spix’s Macaw. Although most of the land area of the Pantanal is located in the neighboring State of Mato Grosso do Sul, the Mato Grosso wetlands compensate with a second Pantanal - the Araguaia. The Rio Araguaia is another of the State’s tourism attractions. Clear waters and the white sandy beaches fringing the length

of the river during the dry season provide visitors with the opportunity to enjoy the sun in the midst of the region’s unspoiled nature. Visitors will have the opportunity to learn more about indigenous culture at first hand. Some Indian villages allow visitors to participate in tribal dances and chants, however, the largest indigenous reserve in the world, Território do Xingu, is not open to visitors. The reserve was established in 1960 and is home to 16 different ethnic groups that together represent the greatest indigenous cultural diversity on earth. The Chapada dos Guimarães has rock formations and hiking trails that lead tourists to incredible landscapes. The region, which is subject to environmental protection, also offers adventure sports such as rafting and rappel. Natural pools and waterfalls flowing over rock cliffs are the picture-postcards of the region. A new type of tourist is also being attracted to the region, looking for places that are considered to be mystical. Many UFO seekers and esoterics are among the visitors. Mystics believe that the Cerrado region, including Mato Grosso, is a point of healing for the planet, and they come to Mato Grosso for periods of contemplation. Following outdoor activities in direct contact with nature, visitors can enjoy a varied local cuisine ranging from grilled fish in riverside areas to dishes like ‘Maria Isabel’ (dried meat with rice), pacu (a relative of the piranha) baked with cabbage, dried meat with banana flour, and Pantanal-style barbecue - a local variation created by cattle drovers.

Amazonas

MT-206 MT-206 MT-208

MT-418

MT-170

MT-208

MT-160

MT-010

MT-325

MT-420

MT-208

MT-322

MT-320 MT-410

MT-160

BR 158

MT-430

BR 163

MT-431 MT-413

MT-432

MT-320

MT-412

MT-328

MT-423

MT-220

MT-322

MT-423

MT-220

BR 242

MT-319 MT-010

MT-442

MT-338

MT-160

MT-225 BR 163

MT-140

MT-170

MT-388

MT-242 MT-129

MT-235

MT-255

MT-255

MT-235

MT-130

MT-358

BR 364

MT-235 BR 364

MT-343 MT-415

MT-199 MT-473

MT-248

cáceres MT-265

MT-388

MT-020

MT-326

MT-130

MT-351

BR 163

BR 070

BR 158

MT-338

nobres

MT-140

BR 251

MT-448 MT-100

MT-130

CuiAbá

MT-343 MT-160

MT-250

MT-020

MT-109

MT-020

MT-409

MT-160

MT-339

MT-388

MT-338

MT-241

MT-358 BR 174

MT-246 MT-110

MT-336 BR 070

MT-351

BR 364 MT-110 MT-110

MT-050 MT-060

MT-471 BR 163

Geographic information tropical, hot and humid annual average of 24 OC (75,2 OF) savanna mato grosso do sul

MT-458 MT-370

MT-107 BR 364

MT-461

goiás

international airport national highways State Highways

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capitals, as well as from the interior of the State and from neighboring countries such as Peru and Colombia. Marechal Rondon International Airport is located in the neighboring municipality, Várzea Grande, 10 km from the center of Cuiabá. It receives regular flights from major cities. Cuiabá has an extensive public bus transport system, with regular lines circulating throughout the metropolitan area.

CASA DO ARTESÃO in Cuiabá

Rai Reis/Embratur

The city is both a gateway to the Amazon and to the Chapada dos Guimarães and the Pantanal. An ideal starting point for tourists seeking contact with nature, Cuiabá offers accommodation in hotels and inns. The city reserves a few surprises

for visitors, among them the historic center, listed by the Institute for National and Historical Heritage. Visitors should not miss the Museu Rondon do Índio, which has a collection of articles from the various indigenous groups that have inhabited the region for centuries. Another attraction is the Museu de Pedras Ramis Bucair, which has displays of rocks, precious and semiprecious stones, and archeology. Cuiabá is the most centrally located city in South America. The strong indigenous presence in the city and the State ensures that visitor will find cultural heritage throughout the city, whether in the local dialect, in the regional food or in local traditions.

551,098 inhabitants

Transport 3,362.755 km²

65 220 V

Local holidays April 8: Anniversary of the founding of Cuiabá November 20: Black Consciousness Day

Cuiabá can be reached by the BR-364, BR-163 and BR-070 highways. Bus lines arrive at the bus terminal from the principal Brazilian cities and State Rai Reis/Embratur

CUIABÁ

cuiabá

Accommodation Cuiabá is a city with a good range of hotels and inns. As the traditional starting point for those traveling on to the Pantanal, the city has many accommodation options conveniently located around the airport and in the city center and surrounding area.

Praça da República, CENTRO HISTÓRICO of CUIABÁ

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3 1

5

Shopping The strong point in the local shops is handicrafts, with objects made from ceramics, wood, fibers, bones and woven textiles. The typical regional pottery is made from baked clay, fired in a clay furnace, and includes decorative items and housewares such as pots, pans and dishes. Among the woven textile goods on offer, the work of lace makers and indigenous products stand out, with the latter being made from natural fibers and wood. Another item that is popular in the region is the ‘Viola de Cocho’, a wooden musical instrument that accompanies the rhythms of cururu and siriri dances.

1 Arena Pantanal 2 Parque Mãe Bonifácia 3 Casa do Artesão 4 Bus Terminal 5 Catedral Metropolitana de Cuiabá

Centro Histórico daily, 24 hours. Local guides offer guided tours. price on request Listed by the Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional, the historic center of Cuiabá preserves the first urban streets in the city, dating back to 1722 - at the time when gold was discovered on the banks of the Rio Prainha. Well-preserved mansions and churches can be visited by tourists, as well as the shops, cafés and small restaurants that are housed in the historic buildings. The city center has been completely restored, with houses painted in bright and cheerful colors. The road surfacing

has been changed and street lighting recuperated. Tourists are recommended to keep an afternoon free to wander among the narrow streets of the charming historic center.

IGREJA DO ROSÁRIO E SÃO BENEDITO Praça do Rosário, no number - Centro. the church only opens for one hour before each mass, which takes place Tuesday to Friday at 7 pm. Sundays at 8 am and 7 pm. at the side of the church Built by slaves in the 18th century, the church is one of the main tourist sights in Cuiabá, and has been listed by the Institute for National and

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Historical Heritage. Its architecture is typical of the Brazilian colonial period, and its interior is home to rich gilt and silver decorative rococobaroque altars.

Museu Rondon do Índio UFMT Campus (Federal University of Mato Grosso), Avenida Fernando Correia da Costa, no number, Coxipó. Tuesday to Friday, from 7:30 am to 11:30 am and from 1:30 pm to 5:30 pm. Saturdays and Sundays, from 7:30 am to 11:30 am.

Museu de Pedras Ramis Bucair Rua Galdino Pimentel, 195 - Centro. Monday to Friday, from 7 am to 11 am and from 1 pm to 4 pm

fiber, weaving, indigenous works, bio-jewelry made from a wide range of local seeds, ceramics and regional deserts.

The museum houses rocks, precious and semiprecious stones, and hundreds of archeological finds. Worthy of particular attention are the Indian artifacts, cave paintings, the femur of a Tyrannosaurus more than 100 million years old, and Neolithic stone axes that were discovered in the region.

1

CHAPADA dos GUIMARãES

2 MT-241

3

NOBRES

PARQUE NACIONAL CHAPADA DOS GUIMARÃES Emanuel Pinheiro Highway (MT-251), km 51, in Chapada dos Guimarães. Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays, from 8 am to 5 pm. prices charged by independent guides accredited to operate in the park are negotiated directly with the guide or with a tour operator. for a group of four people

6 MT-351

4

5

12 8

9

13

10

BR 251

11

SESC Casa do Artesão Rua 13 de junho, 315 - Porto. Monday to Friday from 8:30 am to 5 pm. Saturdays from 8:30 am to 1 pm.

Amid sandstone walls in shades of red and orange, giant rock formations, caves, canyons and lookouts, many hundreds of species of savanna fauna and flora are unveiled to the eyes of visitors. The scenery is completed with waterfalls, rivers and streams that run through the 33,000 hectares of the diverse topography of the Parque Nacional Chapada dos Guimarães. A Natural Heritage Site, listed

This is located in a listed historic building that was previously used as a school in the early 20th century. The former classrooms now house wooden handicrafts, rattan made from palm

Typical handicrafts from Mato Grosso

CAMPO VERDE

BR 251

14 CUIABÁ

MT-140

BR 364

15 MT-361

MT-344

JACIARA 16 1 Gruta da Cerquinha 2 Ribeirão Estivado 3 Gruta da Lagoa Azul 4 Cascada do Pingador 5 Morro do Japão 6 Lago do Manso

7 Mirante da Lage 8 Curral da Pedra 9 Balneário Rio Claro 10 Véu da Noiva 11 Alto do Céu 12 Pedra Grande

13 C  halé dos Governavdores 14 Lagoa Azul 15 Cascada Rio das Mortes 16 Baia Chacororé

Paulo Ribas Jr

Rita Barreto/Embratur

Inaugurated in 1972, the museum has one of the largest national collections relating to indigenous culture, with over 16,000 publications. The audiovisual archive includes photographs and films of the rituals and activities of various indigenous groups. It is open to the public, but visits should be scheduled in advance. The museum also operates a research center on indigenous life and culture.

MT-140

7

PARQUE NACIONAL CHAPADA DOS GUIMARÃES

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special difficulties. The waters fall into a pool of green water, however it is prohibited to visit the bottom of the waterfall. The visits are controlled, and only one hundred visitors are allowed at a time. The valley and sandstone escarpments add to the beauty of the location. They are best appreciated from a viewpoint located close to the park administration offices.

and Independência. The tour includes a visit to the Casa de Pedra - a sandstone cave carved by the Independência river, which served as a refuge for runaway slaves and later as a shelter for the men of the Prestes Column during its incursion into the backlands of Brazil.

Véu da Noiva e Mirante The trail that leads to Mirante is 1.1 km long (round trip), with some slopes with stairs and ramps. up to 100 people simultaneously on the trail. daily, from 9 am to 4 pm. However, as there is little shade on the trail it is recommended to avoid the hottest time of day.

Morro de São Jerônimo By foot, around 6 km on uphill and downhill trails, plus a small climb, with a high degree of difficulty. 36 visitors per day, up to 6 people per guide. daily, between 8 am and 12 am, return by 5 pm. A visit should be booked with a registered guide no later than 11:30 am. there is no admission fee, however it is necessary to hire a guide. The value is negotiated directly with the guide or tour operator. for a group of four people. 6h

The main attraction of Chapada dos Guimarães, the Cachoeira Véu da Noiva, is formed by the Rio Coxipó, and has a free fall of 86 meters. The waterfall is located amidst sandstone cliffs. The walk to get to the top of the Véu da Noiva has just over 500 meters and does not present any

The boundary between the municipalities of Cuiabá and Chapada dos Guimarães is marked by the Portão do Inferno, a stretch of road with a dangerous curve, bordered by a canyon more than 50 meters deep. The location is home to numerous macaw nests preserved in the sandstone, which have existed for over 150 million years.

At more than 800 meters this is one of the highest points and one of the most scenic walks in the park. Visits to the site are controlled (36 visitors per day) and must be accompanied by a guide. The walk is difficult, and is around six km in length. Visitors should be in suitable physical condition to undertake the trail. From the top it is possible to see the City of Cuiabá. The site is also known for reports of flying saucer sightings.

Circuito das Cachoeiras Daily, with entry allowed between 8 am and 12 am and departure by 5 pm. It is necessary to arrange a visit with a registered guide by no later than 11:30 am on the day of the walk. there is no admission fee, however it is necessary to hire a guide. The cost is negotiated directly with the guide or tour operator. for a group of four people

Vale do Rio Claro Located in Baixada Cuiabana, near the 36 km marker on Rodovia Emanuel Pinheiro. Access is by vehicles with four wheel drive. a visit should be booked with a registered guide no later than 11:30 am. there is no admission fee, however it is necessary to hire a guide. The cost is negotiated directly with the guide or tour operator. for a group of four people. 4h

Paulo Ribas Jr

The trail leads to seven waterfalls with bathing areas. The first falls are the Sete de Setembro “Seventh of September” - after an hour’s walk. After that comes the waterfalls named Hidromassagem, Pulo (the jump), Degrau (the step), and Prainha (“the beach”), after which there are two small falls with natural pools, and finally the largest waterfalls on the trail: Andorinhas

Portão do Inferno Rodovia Deputado Emanuel Pinheiro (MT-251) – frontier between Cuiabá and the Municipality of Chapada dos Guimarães

CACHOEIRA VÉU DA NOIVA, Chapada dos Guimarães

Huge sandstone cliffs, preserved savanna, paths and trails are part of the Vale do Rio Claro landscape. The main activities are bathing and hiking up to the view points on the cliffs, including the Crista de Galo, which provides a 360° view of the valley.

PAULO HENRIQUE ANDRADE

by Unesco (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), is also the source of one of the main tributaries forming the Mato Grosso Pantanal, the Rio Cuiabá, and the Upper Paraguay river basin. Among the more than 400 species of animals found in Chapada dos Guimarães are the fox, scissortailed kite and the North American thrush, as well as species threatened with extinction, such as the giant anteater, maned wolf, ocelot and jaguar. Most of the attractions within the park can only be accessed by trails, and accompanied by an authorized guide. As there is little shade along the paths, it is recommended to avoid walking during the hottest time of day, between 11 am and 3 pm. It is also advisable to wear socks and shoes that are suitable for longer walks, a cap or hat, sunscreen, and carry a raincoat in the period from October to May. For the Circuito das Cachoeiras (The Waterfalls Circuit) carry water, insect repellent, food, a garbage bag, bathing suit, rain gear, binoculars, camera, a mobile phone and be sure to have the number of park administration in case of an emergency. There is no accommodation for visitors at the Parque Nacional Chapada dos Guimarães. However, it is possible to stay in the Municipality of Chapada dos Guimarães, in the Complexo Turístico da Salgadeira, or in Cuiabá.

Tourist snorkeling

NOBRES

15,002 inhabitants 3,892.051 km² 65 and 220 V Distance from the capital: 120 km

Local holidays May 1: Nobres Anniversary October 12: Nossa Senhora Aparecida’s day

110 V

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MATO GROSSO

Nobres has inns and one hotel, most offering air conditioning - a necessity due to the high temperatures. There are also areas for camping.

Transport The best way to reach Nobres is from Cuiaba. From the State capital to Nobres is only 120 km via paved roads. The town has a runway for light aircraft. Located in the Serra do Tombador, Nobres is home to several true marvels of nature, with rivers, waterfalls and caves - some still totally unexplored. The town offers visitors the opportunity to bathe in natural pools, lagoons and waterfalls amid shoals of colorful fish. Inside the caves and caverns, wells of crystal blue water are an irresistible invitation to those who have walked the trails through the forest. Located 120 km from Cuiabá, and with just over 15,000 inhabitants, its real charm is outside the urban perimeter, where archaeological sites of great scientific value are also part of the landscape. The antiquity of human occupation of the region is testified through its cave paintings and inscriptions. Nobres was the first municipality in the State to offer ‘Ecofolia’ - “Eco-party” - an alternative to Carnival in the major urban centers. It seeks to make visitors think about local residents and their habits during their visit, and take a responsible attitude to their passage through the natural attractions. The town is now wellknown for ecotourism and adventure tourism, having the Aquário Encantado (Enchanted Aquarium”), Lagoa das Araras (“Parrot Lake”) e Reino Encantado (“Magic Kingdom”) among its attractions. It is recommended to hire a local guide in order to visit most of the tourist attractions, especially the waterfalls and river activities. There are travel agencies trained to assist people with disabilities. Nobres can be visited throughout the year. The rainy season between December and March is an interesting time to visit, when the fauna gains more vivid colors and there are more species to be seen. The dry months have the advantage of having fewer mosquitoes.

Aquário Encantado Recanto Ecológico da Lagoa Azul - MT-241, in Vila Bom Jardim, Nobres. Monday to Friday, from 7 am to 4 pm.

Sunset on the Rio Paraguai

This natural aquarium is located within the Lagoa Azul (“Blue Lagoon”) complex. It is a natural reservoir where several species of fish can be found. Visitors may dive in the aquarium and can swim alongside colorful fish. After the dive, a track of about 180 meters leads to the Rio Salobra, where it is possible to snorkel, following the flow of the river. It is necessary to book through a travel agency.

Lagoa das Araras Rodovia 241, km 65 marker, Vila Bom Jardim district, 60 km from Nobres. daily, from 5 pm to 6:30 pm. At sunset, hundreds of macaws, parrots, parakeets and other birds congregate on the trunks of the buriti palms around the lake. Other animals, including caiman, can be observed. The ideal time to visit is late afternoon, when the birds return to their nests. The use of repellents is recommended and for bird lovers a good pair of binoculars will help you to identify the local species. The location is ideal for photography, with the birds flying over the wetlands displaying incredible colors.

Reino Encantado MT-241, 10 km from Vila Bom Jardim. daily from 7 am to 4 pm. per person Activities with different package prices can be negotiated at the site This name is given to a group of natural attractions on the margins of the Rio Salobre. The location offers ecological hikes, swimming, or a float down the river. Between attractions, take in a visit to the water head and the Complexo das Insurências. Accommodation is available.

Pepe Melega/Embratur

Accommodation

CÁCERES

87,942 inhabitants

24,351.446 km²

82

110 V

Local holidays August 25: São Luiz de Caceres’ day October 6: Anniversary of the founding of Cáceres

Accommodation Cáceres has hotels, inns, boat-hotels, and camp sites. There are prices to suit every pocket and many establishments have air conditioned rooms.

Transport To get to Cáceres the best option is by road, which is paved. The nearest airport is in Cuiabá. Cáceres is the gateway to the beauty of the Mato Grosso, Pantanal. It serves as a base for tourists wishing to enjoy the region. Among the more popular attractions in Cáceres are sport fishing, bathing on the freshwater beaches of

the Rio Paraguai, and trails to the beautiful waterfalls. Centuries-old farms open their doors to day visitors, allowing them to experience the typical day of a Pantanal-dweller, complete with horseback riding and Pantanal-style barbecue accompanied by iced tererê tea. A large number of trails invite visitors to experience the beauty of the region and cool off in one of the many waterfalls open for visits. Tourists can also choose to spend time relaxing on the white sands of one of the river beaches in Cáceres and the surrounding region. All of this before taking in the region’s biggest attraction - the Pantanal.

CENTRO HISTÓRICO Guided Tour: consult with local tour operators. There is a group of buildings from the 18th century, with many of the mansions displaying co-

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MATO GROSSO

lonial and neoclassical styles, dating back from the days when Cáceres was a thriving river port. The facades, gables and eaves have neo-gothic, art-deco and eclectic remnants. The center is a State Historic Heritage site.

Monday to

Situated in a building dating from 1922 constructed in neoclassical style, the museum traces the history and culture of the wetland people by following the development of Cáceres. The collection includes oil paintings, a plaster bust of the founder of the town, photographs, medals, books and furniture. The archeology room has ceramic pots used by Indians as funeral urns.

Dozens of comfortable and well equipped boathotels depart from the river port of Cáceres on trips of one or several days down the Rio Paraguai to observe the Pantanal flora and fauna. Bays, fluvial waters (channels that connect the waters of bays and lagoons with nearby rivers) and lakes are a haven for water hyacinth, water lilies, fish ponds, bird nests, resting caiman and capibaras. Tours are organized by local operators. Trips into the Pantanal take place mainly in the months of October and November, during which fishing is prohibited, and December to April, the season when the rivers in the region are at their highest level.

Tourists sailing on RIO PARAGUAI

Pepe Melega/Embratur

Dolina Água Milagrosa 22 km from Cáceres - take MT-343 for 12 km in the direction of Barra do Bugre, and then 10 km by a side road. monday to sunday, with times agreed directly with the owner. full day (in order to dive it is necessary to take a 3-day course, with the first dive on the last day, accompanied by an instructor)

SAILING ON THE RIO PARAGUAI Rua Dom Bosco, no number. via the Cáceres river port, located on the left bank of the River Paraguai in the Pantanal region. in consultation with local operators and boat owners.

BOATS ON RIO PARAGUAI

Rita Barreto/Embratur

MUSEU HISTÓRICO DE CÁCERES Rua Antonio Maria, 244 - Centro. Friday from 7 am to 6 pm

The dolina is a circular lake 183 meters deep surrounded by rocky cliffs on all sides. The descent to water level, which supposedly has medicinal powers, is via a steep staircase. During the dry season the water gains a bluish hue, while in the wet season it turns green. There is also a cave and a cavern at the site that is open for diving and viewing.

PANTANAL Declared a World Natural Heritage site by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), the Pantanal is recognized worldwide as an ecological sanctuary. Not surprising, since it is the most extensive wetland in the world and home to spectacular flora and fauna, with 3500 species of plants, 124 species of mammals, 463 species of birds and 325 species of fish. Within Brazilian territory the Pantanal extends through the States of Mato Grosso do Sul and Mato Grosso and includes 12 towns within its borders. Within Mato Grosso do Sul is the Parque Nacional do Pantanal Mato-Grossense, which can reached either by boat or by plane. For those who prefer to explore the Pantanal by land, the 145 km of the Transpantaneira highway is an attraction in itself. When it was projected, it was planned to provide a link between Poconé (Mato Grosso) and Corumbá (Mato Grosso do Sul), however it stopped in

Cáceres

MT

Cuiabá Poconé Rondonópolis

Parque Nacional Mato-grossense e do Pantanal Porto Jofre Bolívia

Sonora

PANTANAL Coxim Corumbá

Miranda

Aquidauana Paraguai

Bonito

Campo Grande MS

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MATO GROSSO

By Air landing is possible on the runway at the Acurizal Farm (PRNP/Ecotrópica Foundation). From there it is more than 30 minutes by boat to the park headquarters. Road access via MT-060, departing from Cuiabá up to Poconé, with 102 km on paved road. Then travel a further 167 km on the Transpantaneira highway to Porto Jofre to take a boar for access to the park. daytime only. You may not stay overnight in the park. admission fee: no charge obligatory guides upon request

prefer a little more comfort when they are relaxing should consider giving preference to establishments offering air conditioning, to help ward off the heat and mosquitoes. Those visiting the region must be vaccinated against yellow fever; the vaccine must be administered at least ten days before arrival. Repellents are essential, since the untouched nature of the Pantanal does not exclude mosquitoes. Repellents with DEET are preferable, offering extra protection against the dengue mosquito. Hats, shorts and T-shirts are mandatory tourist dress. The use of sunscreen is recommended throughout the year. Hiking boots, particularity rubber-soled models, are recommended for those venturing on the trails. Preference should be given to taller boots, which help to protect from animal bites.

The park is recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site and World Biosphere Reserve. The best time to visit is from May to September, when there is less rain and it is easier to observe the fauna. The main attraction is the wild animals and bird nest colonies at Baía do Burro. Fishing, hunting and night observation of caimans are strictly prohibited at the site. Walking and hiking is only allowed with prior authorization - the conservation area is not yet open for public visits. For this reason there is no accommodation available. It is necessary to make the return journey on the same day, or stay overnight on a hotel boat.

Parque Nacional do Pantanal MatoGrossense (Poconé, Mato Grosso) Boat 4 hour journey departing from Porto Jofre, accompanied by a private guide and only with prior authorization from the park

Fernando Weberich

Rita Barreto/Embratur

Parque Temático de Mineração Beripoconé Av. Porto Alegre, no number - Poconé. daily, from 7 am to 11 am and from 1 pm to 5 pm. no charge. Local tourist guides can be contracted at the CAT for a tour of the town, including a visit to the park. For groups of over 8 persons, hiring a guide is obligatory

Blue-and-Yellow Macaw

JABURU on the Rio Vermelho in Corumbá

The search for gold in the Pantanal left an area of 13 hectares of land and nature degraded by man. The site was reclaimed by the State government and the area was turned into a major tourist park. There are areas for children, soccer fields, walking and jogging tracks, exercise equipment, benches, a gazebo and small squares occupying what was once the sad landscape of mine waste. The restoration work began in the late 1990s, when students and local residents helped to define the layout of the park and took an active role in planting of native trees, including the yellow ipê. The site runs has nursery for cultivating native species.

Antonio Lenarduzzi

Porto Jofre (Mato Grosso), at the Rio Cuiabá. Travel on this gravel road becomes impractical during the rainy season, from October to April. However, from mid-April to September, it becomes a stage for capibaras, anteaters, caiman and flocks of storks. Local tour operators offer safaris that travel the back roads and farm trails, passing by hidden gems such as waterfalls, warm water river beaches and quiet spots for relaxing and enjoying a unique encounter with nature. With luck, visitors can see and even photograph the star of the Pantanal, the jaguar. In the wet season the main program is sport fishing, which has been the fastest growing Pantanal tourism segment since the late 1970s. The towns surrounding the region offer accommodation in hotels, inns and camp sites. Not all areas are open to camping, but there are farms and ranches where you can sleep under the stars and enjoy the region as if you were a true wetland resident. Tourist parties can spend several days and nights on board, in search of jaguars, piranhas, catfish and South-American trout. Those who

Transpantaneira is the highway with the largest number of bridges in the world

Transpantaneira MT-060, from Poconé in direction of Porto Jofre. is negotiated directly with the guide or tour operator. for photo safaris 145 km long, the road (which has become an option for those who enjoy challenges and adventure travel in a well prepared four wheel drive vehicle) connects the town of Poconé to Porto Jofre. The initial project for the road contemplated extending the route up to Corumbá (State of Mato Grosso do Sul), but construction was interrupted. This has not stopped the Transpantaneira from registering a world record: the road with the largest number of bridges in the world: (125, and all are made of wood). Little used by commercial traffic, the road has become a kind of ecohighway, where few cars travel and those that do mostly carry tourists on photo safaris, hopeful of seeing native species by the side of the road. Retained flood waters and water accumulated on the sides of the road turn it into a refuge for caiman, capibaras, storks, anacondas and other animals. Local operators organize photographic safaris. Tourist guides can be hired at the Tourist Service Center in Poconé or in hotels. Avoid the rainy season, from October to April.

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Daniel De Granville

A river of clear waters in the region of Bonito

MATO GROSSO DO SUL

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MATO GROSSO DO SUL

W

ith its two magnificent calling cards - the Pantanal and the Bonito region Mato Grosso do Sul dispenses further introduction. But the State has even more to offer the tourist, with its regional cuisine, a heritage of the mixture of peoples who colonized the region, countless locations for ornithologists, natural pools and freshwater rivers. Created almost 40 years ago, when it was officially separated from Mato Grosso, the State of Mato Grosso do Sul received a massive influx of migrants from other Brazilian States including Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná and São Paulo. The State has borders with Paraguay and Bolivia, which also contribute to its cultural melting pot. Corumbá, considered to be the capital of the Pantanal, is one of the main gateways to the region, which attracts ever-increasing numbers of tourists from around the world. The city serves as a base for those wishing to enjoy the natural wonders of the Pantanal, and has good hotel infrastructure, restaurants, bars and urban attractions.

mato grosso

Diving in crystal water in wells carved in rock formations, adventure sports and trekking on trails with idyllic landscapes are all on offer. The region of Serra da Bodoquena, which includes Bonito and seven other municipalities, is one of the most beautiful in the country. It is no wonder that Bonito, which is the main tourist hub in the region, is among the prime ecotourism destinations in Brazil. The Vale do Rio Aporé region is another destination that should be on the agenda of those seeking trails, waterfalls, adventure sports and fishing. Balneário do Salto, on the Rio Aporé, is listed as a heritage, culture and natural beauty site, and its waterfalls of over 5 meters in height make it one of the main attractions of the region. The North of the State is maintained by Caiapó Indians. In this region of the Pantanal it is possible to observe numerous species of birds. The region retains its waterfalls, archaeological sites and natural pools almost untouched, although it is open to ecological safaris allowing observation and contemplation of its natural assets.

BR 163 MS-215

BR 158

BR 359

MS-217

MS-422

MS-223

MS-223 MS-429

MS-316

MS-436

goiás MS-425

Corumbá

MS-229 MS-422

MS-223 MS-226

BR 262

MS-337

MS-142

MS-430

MS-337

BR 163

MS-316 MS-438

MS-352

BR 419

BR 262

MS-325

BR 060

MS-427

MS-184

MS-010

MS-345 MS-447

MS-352 MS-339

MS-339

MS-382

MS-440

MS-456

MS-455

BR 060

MS-471

MS-320

BR 163

MS-459

MS-395

MS-040

MS-162

BR 267 BR 060

BR 262

BR 158

MS-338

Bolivia MS-474 MS-472 MS-384

MS-444

MS-338

MS-166

MS-467

MS-112

MS-124

MS-357

MS-178

BR 267

MS-377

MS-456

BR 060

bonito

MS-324

MS-347

MS-458 MS-382

MS-245

MS-245

MS-355

MS-382

MS-362

MS-162

MS-164

MS-470

MS-145

MS-157

MS-141 MS-134

MS-145

MS-270

MS-274

MS-141 MS-395

MS-276

MS-164

MS-380

MS-378

BR 376

BR 163

MS-280

são paulo

MS-395

BR 267

BR 163

MS-468

MS-270 MS-166

MS-455

BR 463

MS-141

BR 376

MS-134

MS-156 MS-283

BR 163

MS-386 MS-156

paraguay

MS-283 MS-145

MS-289

MS-487

paraná

BR 487 MS-156

MS-386

Geographical information hot tropical average 23°C (73,4 °F) savanna and grasslands

minas gerais

MS-240

campo BR Grande 262

BR 262

MS-345

BR 483

MS-320

BR 163

MS-080

MS-195

MS-178

BR

MS-112 MS-310 158

MS-124

MS-316

MS-170 MS-243

BR 419

MS-324

MS-338

BR MS-441 060

MS-340

MS-244

BR 158

BR 163

international airport

MS-295 MS-156

national highways State Highways

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MATO GROSSO DO SUL

786,797 inhabitants

8,092.966 km²

Local holidays August 26: Anniversary of the founding of Campo Grande October 11: Creation of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul

Accommodation Campo Grande has hotels to suit all types of tourists, with some establishments more oriented to business tourism and others to leisure tourism. The City also has hotels and inns outside the center.

Shopping Characteristic local crafts include bruguinhos carved from wood (small dolls typical of the region), indigenous products, especially by the Kadiwéu and Terena ethnic groups, which use clay, straw and woven textile as their raw materials. Carved pieces of bone sculpture, pieces made with fish leather, decorative pieces and agro-products are all regional specialties. A wide variety of regional products are available at the Casa do Artesão.

Campo Grande can be reached by air or by car. The city is served by paved roads, and Campo Grande International Airport is located only 7 km from the center. It receives both national and international flights. Within the city Campo Grande has a modern integrated system bus, which permits travel throughout the city with a single ticket. Taxi services are also available. Those who prefer, can opt for a city tour on a touristic line. The trip takes 2 hours and 30 minutes and is accompanied by a guide. Campo Grande - also known as Cidade Morena because of the reddish color of the land - has countless green areas. An icon of outdoor recreation is the Parque das Nações Indígenas, which houses the Museu de Arte Contemporânea and the Museu das Culturas Dom Bosco, the latter with a collection of items by the State’s indigenous peoples. The State Capital of Mato Grosso do Sul concentrates the second largest community of Indians in the country and is a point of confluence of traditions and customs since the

Situated in the only urban Indian village in Brazil, the ‘Memorial to Indigenous Culture’ houses around 100 families in an area of 340 m2. The area includes two large constructions made of renewable treated bamboo covered with bacuri straw. It provides an outlet for the sale of craft products.

Mercado Municipal Antônio Valente Avenida Sete de Setembro, 65 - Centro. Monday to Saturday from 6:30 am to 6:30 pm. Sundays and public holidays, from 6 am to 12 am. Opened in August 1958, the Mercado Municipal has its origins in a street fair, a point of sale for meat and vegetables that occupied a large area between Avenida Afonso Pena and Rua 7 de Setembro. The fair operated until the late 1950s, when the land was donated to the local City Hall. Known as the Mercadão (‘the Big Market’), it became the central point of sale for horticultural products, fish and spices.

Transport 67 110 V

daily from

Rita Barreto/Embratur

Campo Grande

Memorial da Cultura Indígena Rua Terena - Bairro Marçal de Souza. 8 am to 6 pm.

Traditional regional crafts, with pottery and an Indian influence

Casa do Artesão Avenida Afonso Pena, 2.050 - Centro. to Saturday from 8 am to 6 pm

Monday

The Casa do Artesão (Artisan’s House) was originally designed for residential use. In the 1920s it was home to the first branch of the Bank of Brazil in the City, and since 1975 it houses the crafts center. It is one of the most popular shopping outlets in town. Specialties include Indian products such as Kadiweu ceramics, liqueurs, bows and arrows, lace, embroidery and straw artifacts. The site is part of the Mato Grosso do Sul’s cultural heritage.

Rita Barreto/Embratur

Morada dos Baís, built between 1913 and 1918, the first brickbuilt house in Campo Grande

Rita Barreto/Embratur

arrival of its first residents in the second half of the 19th century. The city also blends in influences from neighboring countries such as Paraguay and Bolivia, as well as Japanese from Okinawa, who arrived in the early 20th century. This cultural diversity can be seen in the regional cuisine, in particular fish dishes, barbecue with cassava, chipa, salta, and locro Paraguayan soup (made from pumpkin, beans and corn). Those choosing to escape from city life will find that rural tourism provides an option for them to come in direct contact with nature. One of the attractions is the Pantanal train, which runs 220 km from Campo Grande to Miranda via Aquidauana, amid the landscapes of the Southern Pantanal.

A diversity of flavors in the MERCADO MUNICIPAL in Campo Grande

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Bonito

PARQUE DAS NAÇÕES INDÍGENAS in Campo Grande

19,587 inhabitants

4,934.425 km²

67

110 V

Local holidays June 29: São Pedro’s day October 2: Anniversary of the founding of Bonito

Accommodation Bonito has excellent accommodation infrastructure, with inns and small hotels. There is space set aside for camping and it is also possible to stay in farm-hotels. This type of accommodation allows you to experience a taste of the life of a Pantanal resident, with horse rides, barbecues and tererê.

Transport

Rita Barreto/Embratur

Bonito is located 300 km from Campo Grande and has good access roads. There is an airport that receives flights from major Brazilian cities.

Located on the upper part of Avenida Afonso Pena, the Parque das Nações Indígenas occupies an area of approximately 119 hectares, one of the largest urban parks in the world. The Rio Prosa, whose source is in the Reserva Natural de Poderes, forms a lake with a small island served by a pier. Its waters pass through the entire length of the park, and are crossed by several bridges. Although 70% of its area is covered by grass, some native vegetation is maintained, with areas of fruit and ornamental trees planted by the previous owners. It also hosts the Monumento ao Índio (Monument to

PARQUE AQUÁTICO MUNICIPAL IN BONITO

the Indian), the Museu de Arte Contemporânea (Museum of Contemporary Art) and the Museu das Culturas Dom Bosco.

Trem do Pantanal Vagão escritório (ticket purchase) - Avenida Noroeste - opposite the Marada dos Baís. Estação Indusbrasil/Campo Grande (ticket purchase and train departure) Rua Cascatinha – Vila Entroncamento Indubrasil. Vagão ticket office: Monday to Friday from 7 am to 6 pm. Saturdays from 8 am to 12 am. This tourist train travels 220 km from Campo Grande to Miranda, via Aquidauana. It provides views of the Serra Maracaju. The train stops at Aquidauana station for 2 hours and 30 minutes and allows passengers to enjoy the surroundings, where the transition from green forests of to wetlands begins. Boating and horse riding are available during the halt in the journey, and in addition there is the option to savor typical dishes based on fish is that are offered during the trip.

Viaer Aerofotografia

Parque das Nações Indígenas Upper part of Avenida Afonso Pena. daily from 6 am to 9 pm. no charge. Museu de Arte Contemporânea Tuesday to Friday from 12 am to 6 pm. Saturdays and Sundays from 2 pm to 6 pm. no charge Museu das Culturas Dom Bosco Tuesday to Friday from 8 am to 5:30 pm; Saturdays and Sundays from 1 pm to 6 pm.

Bonito is one of the main ecotourism and adventure tourism destinations in Brazil. Clear waters and colorful fish contrast with the intense green of the native forest. Rafting, floating in natural fish pools, tree climbing, waterfalls, caves, trails and diving are among the many leisure activities in the region. The attractions are complemented by extensive hotel and restaurant facilities. Due to the ecotourism management model adopted by the municipality, all tours are subject to a maximum daily capacity. It is therefore advisable to make reservations early, especially during the high season in the months of July, December, January and February, and during public holidays. Bonito can be visited at any time of the year. However, the ideal period is between December and March, during the rainy season. This ishen flora and fauna thrive, the rivers run higher and the waterfalls offer a greater spectacle.

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The Grutas de São Miguel (São Miguel Caverns) are located in the Reserva Natural Parque Ecológico Vale Anhumas. Access to the caverns is via a narrow trail of almost 200 meters, passing under a canopy formed by virgin forest treetops. The principal cavern is home to a large quantity of speleothems (formations typical of the interior of caves) and limestone formations.

Cultural mix

André Turatti

Mato Grosso do Sul presents visitors an unusual cultural mix. Livestock ranching has provided the barbecue, served with cassava. Vaca Atolada, a beef rib dish prepared with cassava and cooked in a pressure cooker is also a popular dish in the wetlands. Campo Grande contributes with the heritage left by the first Japanese immigrants who arrived in the region, and offers dishes based on sobá (a type of pasta). Fish, of course, is an important part of the menu: pacu (a fish from the piranha family), pintado and dourado (types of tigerfish) are the most sought after and are served in stews, fried or grilled. ‘Caldo de piranha’ - piranha broth - is a local delicacy greatly emjoyed by residents and by visitors. The influence of the ‘gaúcho’ from the South and from Paraguay has made tererê (iced tea drunk from a gourd) the official drink of the Pantanal. Paraguayans and Bolivians have also brought ingredients to Mato Grosso do Sul cuisine. Cassava cakes, chipa (cheese savory), puchero (cooked meat and vegetables, Pantanal-style), savories and Paraguayan soup are some of the foods that have crossed the border.

Fluctuation in RIO SUCURI

Valdemir Cunha

Floating down the Rio Sucuri Rodovia Bonito - Fazenda São Geraldo, km 18. daily. The tours are conducted between 8 am and 4 pm. the trails are accessible and floating won the river can be undertaken by the disabled

Abismo Anhumas Centro de Treinamento na Rua General Osório, 681 - Centro. at least half a day. Capacity: up to 18 people per day. training for rappel is undertaken the night before the trip

Rai Reis/Embratur

The Abismo Anhumas is the largest submerged cavern in the world. A drop of 72 meters by rappel from a cleft in the rock gives access to magnificent cave formations and a crystalclear lake, where you can float and dive. Visitors receive training prior to descending by rappel. Diving is only permitted for certified divers.

Beef with cassava, one of the region’s typical dishes

Grutas de São Miguel Parque Ecológico da Reserva Natural do Vale das Anhumas. Reservations: Zagaia Eco-Resort Hotel, Rodovia Bonito-Três Morros, km 0 Bonito. daily from 8 am to 4 pm.

Daniel De Granville

Rappel in the Abismo de Anhuma

Gruta do Lago Azul in Bonito

Gruta do Lago Azul Road to Campo dos Índios, km 2. 7 am to 2 pm.

This tour starts with a walk through the forest, which allows you to observe animals and trees. The tour includes a visit to the source of the Sucuri river, with an observation deck high above its crystalline waters. At the end of the walk the aquatic part of the tour begins: a descent of 45 minutes floating down the river between schools of varied species of fish. The site also offers cycling and horse riding.

daily from

The Gruta do Lago Azul (Blue Lake Cavern) is home to a lake with dimensions that make it one of the largest flooded caves on the planet. The depth of the lake is unknown (87 meters is the maximum that a diver has reached), and it holds fossils of prehistoric animals. It is necessary to take a trail with a drop of 100 meters to reach the cavern, and a rustic stairway with 300 steps to get to the lake. It is obligatory to contract a guide through a local tour operator.

Buraco das Araras BR-267 at the 510 km marker, Município de Jardim. daily from 7 am to 5 pm. the first viewpoint is fully accessible. The remainder to the tour is still being adapted, however guides are trained to facilitate access for people with limited mobility There is a trail around the sinkhole (a depression caused by the erosion of limestone), which is 124 meters deep and 160 meters in diameter. The trail provides a view of the interior, where

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Rita Barreto/Embratur

red macaws and other birds return to their nests the end of the day. It is recommended to book a time in advance. The tour takes place every 15 minutes in groups of up to 10 persons.

Daniel De Granville

Rita Barreto/Embratur

Boat ride on the Rio Vermelho in Corumbá

One of the waterfalls on the Rio Formoso in Bonito

Parque Ecológico Rio Formoso Rodovia Bonito - Guia Lopes, km 7. daily from 8 am to 5 pm. there is no specific infrastructure, but guides are trained to assist people with limited mobility The float ride down the Formoso river starts with a walk along a trail. As you climb up Morro da Piúva, the Serra Bodoquena can be seen in the distance. The flora in this location attracts birds and wildlife. The 2.3 km ascent ends at the Deck Paraíso, where the descent of the river begins. The visitor floats between shoals of fish, algae and submersed trees. Diving is also an option. You can get to the park by bicycle from the town. The park also has a restaurant and horseback riding.

Tererê from a gourd, the typical regional drink

Rodas de tererê

A prime area of the City and the region with the busiest bars, upper Avenida Afonso Pena is a meeting point for the famous ‘rodas de tererê’ to the tune of regional music. Here, friends gather to enjoy the typical drink of the region - tererê, made of yerba mate and iced water, served in an ox horn mug. The meetings have well defined rules, such as serving tererê counter-clockwise, an allusion to the movement made with a lasso. Each person is served in turn and must drink the entire contents, until the gourd makes a noise, and then return it to the server. If nothing is said, it means they want to continue. To leave the circle, they should offer thanks. The traditional fraternal gatherings gain a special touch at the end of the day, one of nature’s finest spectacles: the Campo Grande sunset.

Corumbá

103,703 inhabitants 67 110V

64,962.836 km²

Local holidays February 2: Nossa Senhora da Candelária’s day June 13: Retaking of Corumbá September 21: Foundation of Corumbá November 20: Black Consciousness Day

Accommodation Corumbá offers hotels, inns and campgrounds. There are also boat-hotels for those who prefer to stay on the river.

Shopping The Casa do Artesão in Corumbá is one of the main points of interest for those who want to purchase items made by the region’s indigenous population. The nearby city of Puerto Aguirre, in Bolivia, is a duty-free zone.

Transport The city has an efficient bus system for passenger transport, and taxis are also available. Corumbá can be reached by car, bus or by air.

One of the largest municipalities in terms of territorial area, Corumbá is considered to be the Capital of the Pantanal, and is one of its principal access gateways. Corumbá is also home to one of the largest inland ports in the world. This infrastructure will become even more necessary thanks to major development projects, including renovation of the ‘Trem do Pantanal’ and improvements to the highway linking Brazil to Bolivia. A cosmopolitan town, it offers good hotel infrastructure and local services, which helps to attract tourists coming to the region to visit the Pantanal and Bonito. The town’s modern buildings have adopted an Art Nouveau style, reminiscent of cities such as Buenos Aires and Montevideo. It is a planned city, and is a mosaic of influences from the different peoples who helped create it. A border town, Corumbá is has Bolivian and Paraguayan influences in is cuisine and culture. Remnants of this influence can also be found in the musical preferences of the local population: guaranhas from Paraguay and even tango, which was once the most popular dance in the city.

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experience, as if they were in the Pantanal. It recounts the story of the arrival of man in the region, and how the region has been affected by that contact. The exhibition also presents the differences between the various parts of the region. The museum maintains an archeology research group, created to identify and help preserve the more distant past of the Pantanal.

Pepe Melega/Embratur

Cattle graze the flooded wetland

Casa do Artesão Rua Dom Aquino, 405 - Centro. Monday to Friday from 8 am to 11 am and from 2 pm to 5 pm In the building that housed the public jail until the 1970s, the tourist can now find handicrafts in leather, wood and ceramics, all made by local artisans. It is one of the principal tourist and shopping spots in the City, with more than 30 local artisans making and selling their products. Old jail cells now house small workshops, studios and shops. The site also offers local delicacies and homemade liqueurs.

This cultural center has models, images and sounds that show the principal species of fauna, flora and Pantanal wetland hydrology. The site holds a series of lectures and workshops on the Pantanal.

Instituto Luiz de Albuquerque Praça da República, 119 - Centro. Monday to Friday from 7:30 am to 5:30 pm

Corumbá boat-hotels

Corumbá has one of the largest fleets of boats for recreational river fishing river in South America, and some of these vessels provide accommodation for visitors. There are a total of 33 boathotels with over 600 beds, able to embark at any time of the day or night. These are shallow-draft vessels, able to navigate in areas where the water level is low. To rent a boat get in touch with a local tour operator or the Department of Tourism in Corumbá, who will provide information on vessels that are compatible with the number of people in the group. Tourist packages normally last for 5 days and most include facilities such as telephone and full board with meals typical of the region, as well as transfers to/from the airport. The safety of the vessels is subject to regular inspection by the Pantanal Port Harbor Master.

The building, dating from 1922, houses a museum with stuffed animals, items from various local Indian tribes, art, leather crafts, pottery, personal items of the first explorers to reach the Pantanal and items belonging to Marechal Cândido Rondon (a Brazilian army officer who explored the Amazon region)

24 hours daily.

Protected by the National Institute for Artistic and Historic Heritage since 1992, and a picturepostcard of the City, this area is one of the most popular with tourists. The buildings used to house large emporiums, tanneries and the first ice factory in Brazil. The old premises of Wanderley, Baís & Cia., built in 1876, is one of the most attractive in the harbor area. The Secre-

There are 87 wooden bridges along the 120 km length of the Estrada Parque (Park Road) as it crosses the Pantanal, linking Corumbá and Anastácio. The road provides the opportunity to observe birds, mammals and caiman. The road has been adapted to improve tourism infrastructure and also to protect wildlife. It can now be driven by normal vehicles during the dry season. Road conditions worsen during the rainy season, when is only possible to pass some parts in a four wheel drive vehicle. Farm-hotels along the route provide overnight accommodation. The best way to make the journey is on a photographic safari organized by local tour operators.

taria Municipal do Meio Ambiente e Turismo and the Pantanal Culture Foundation are also located at the site.

Museu de História do Pantanal Rua Manoel Cavassa, 275 - Porto Geral. day to Saturday from 1 pm to 17:30 pm.

Tues-

The Museu de História do Pantanal was opened in 2008 in the historic Wanderley & Baís building in Corumbá port region. The museum has a permanent exhibition with sounds and images that provides visitors with an immersive

Rita Barreto/Embratur

Casario do Porto Rua Manuel Cavassa - Centro. city tour

Estação Natureza Pantanal Ladeira José Bonifácio, 111 - Porto Geral. Tuesday to Friday from 9 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 6 pm. Saturday from 3 pm to 6 pm. children under 6 years and seniors over 60 years of age are free of charge.

Estrada Parque BR-262 from the km 646 marker at the junction with MS-228 (Corumbá ring road), where there is a Forestry Police post. 24 hours daily; it is recommended to travel during the light of day. The packages include lunch and specialized guide. 1 day

One of the boat hotels in Corumbá

View of Ouro Preto with the iGREJA DE NOSSA SENHORA DO CARMO

Marcelo Nacinovic

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Minas Gerais

bahia

W

ith its wide cultural diversity, and with one of the most important architectural collections of Baroque art in Brazil, Minas Gerais is home to many historical cities that reveal a part of Brazil’s colonial past, when the State was the economic heart of the country thanks to the mining of precious metals. Ouro Preto was the State’s first capital city due to the high output from the region’s mines, which were eventually exhausted by Portugal. With the decline of the mining sector, towns and villages built in the vicinity of the mines started to empty. Although on the one hand the end of economic activity in mining threatened to plunge the region into a recession, on the other hand this was the incentive that the population needed to seek new locations and find new livelihoods. Coffee helped to create a second economic boom in Minas Gerais. In the 19th century coffee plantations helped to open up new roads and cities, and they were the basis for strengthening the region’s transportation infrastructure. Also, thanks to the need to refine and transport coffee, Minas Gerais began to industrialize. Occupying a land area larger than France, Minas Gerais grew without losing the characteristic hospitality of its inhabitants, and still preserves its rich history, traditions and culinary diversity that both enchant and conquer tourists.

BR 135

BR 122

BR 251

MG-402

BR 251

MG-145

MG-181

BR 251

BR 251 MG-161

BR 367 BR 116

MG-308

MG-408

BR 451

MG-188

BR 496

BR 040

BR 365

MG-188

BR 259

BR 365 BR 364

BR 153

BR 497 BR 050

BR 364

BR 381

BR 120

BR 259 MG-232

MG-232

BR 352

BR 354

BR 497 BR 262

BR 116

BR 259

MG-229

BR 146

BR 452

BR 120

MG-010

BR 040

BR 365

BR 381

uberaba

belo horizonte sabará

BR 381

MG-129

BR 116

MG-123

MG-329

ouro preto BR 356

inhotim MG-050

BR 146

congonhas

BR 369

BR 383

BR 265

BR 491 BR 381

BR 040

tiradentes

BR 459

MG-456

BR 381

BR 262

mariana BR 482 BR 120

BR 265

são joão del rei zona da mata

BR 267

BR 494

MG-179

são paulo

espírito santo

carlos prates BR 262

Geographic information

BR 418

MG-217

MG-214

diamantina

uberlândia

MG-105

MG-211

BR 451

BR 135 BR 367

BR 050

MG-405 BR 342

montes claros BR 365

goiás

BR 354

MG-406

BR 135

MG-202

BR 265

upper altitude tropical average temperature of 22.2 °C (71,96 °F) tropical savanna and atlantic forest

MG-401

BR 479

BR 460

BR 354

Rio de janeiro international airport national airport national highways State Highways

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MUSEU DAS MINAS E DO METAL Praça da Liberdade, no number, (Prédio Rosa). Tuesday to Sunday from 12 am to 6 pm. Thursdays from 12 am to 10 pm.

One of the parks in the capital

Cristiano Xavier/Embratur

The collection is focused on mining and metallurgy, which are the main economic activities in the State. It has virtual environments that allow visitors to interact with the world of metals.

Cristiano Xavier/Embratur

Traditional cheese bread

BELO HORIZONTE 2,375 inhabitants 31 110 V

331,400 km²

Local holidays December 8: Imaculada Conceição December 12: Anniversary of the founding of Belo Horizonte

Accommodation The city offers a sophisticated mix of hotels catering to a wide variety of different tourist tastes: there are hotels to meet the requirements of executives through to smaller cozy hostelries for those who are in town on holiday. One of the highlights of local hotels is their breakfasts, usually included in the room rate, served with regional delicacies such as white cheese, cheese-bread and jams.

Transport Belo Horizonte can be accessed by several of the country’s highways. For those coming from São Paulo, BR381 is the easiest route. For those coming from Rio de Janeiro or Brasilia, access is best via BR-040. Tancredo Neves International Airport (Confins) receives flights from all Brazilian State capitals.

Within the city Belo Horizonte has as a fleet of buses with routes integrated with subway lines and railroads. A new rapid bus system is being implemented in the city. Tourists also have the option of using taxis and special transport. Framed by the Serra do Corral mountains, the State capital was the first planned city in Brazil. Known as the “Capital of the Bars” for having the highest average number of bars among Brazilian cities, Belo Horizonte has an annual contest to elect the best bars in various categories. There are more than 14,000 such establishments in the city, ensuring animated nightlife. The famous local flavors are part of the culture of the city and attract visitors in search of porco assado, tutu de feijão, bife ensopado (beef ribs with cassava) and sweet home-made deserts. Belo Horizonte provides tourists with an extensive range of restaurants serving regional food. The cheeses produced in the city and surrounding regions must also be mentioned - a true part of the cultural heritage of Minas Gerais. The city is an inviting place for an enjoyable stroll: starting at Praça da Liberdade, wander

through the neighborhoods of Savassi and Lourdes, with a variety of cafes and shops. All this is complemented by the unequaled hospitality of the Minas Gerais people, seasoned with their particular accent.

PALÁCIO DAS ARTES Av. Afonso Pena, 1.537 - Centro.

no charge.

The Palácio das Artes is the largest multicultural center in the State, with three concert and theater halls, a cinema, five shopping galleries, library, newspaper archive and music archive. There is also a bookstall, café and craft center.

CENTRO DE ARTESANATO MINEIRO (Ceart) Avenida Afonso Pena, 1537 - Funcionários. Monday to friday from 9 am to 7:30 pm. Saturday from 9 am to 1:30 pm. Sunday from 8 am to 12:30 pm. This site sells ceramics from Jequitinhonha and Ouro Preto, as well as carpets embroidered in wool (arraiolo-style), pewter objects, lace and sculptures from the town of São João del Rei, among other items.

Baldim Jabuticatubas

Matozinhos Lagoa Santa

Capim Branco

MUSEU DOS BRINQUEDOS Avenida Afonso Pena, 2.564 - Funcionários. Monday to Friday from 9 am to 5 pm. saturdays from 10 am to 5 pm. Closed on Sundays. Around 700 toys are on display, with some pieces dating from the late 19th century.

MERCADO CENTRAL Avenida Augusto de Lima, 744 - Centro. Monday to Saturday from 7 am to 6 pm. Sundays and holidays from 7 am to 12 am.

Esmeraldas

São José Pedro Leopoldo da Lapa Santa Luzia Ribeirão das Sabará Neves Contagem Belo Horizonte

Florestal

Taquaraçu Nova de Minas União

Confins

Betim

Ibirité Juatuba São Joaquim Sarzedo de Bicas Mário Campos Igarapé

Caeté

Raposos

Nova Lima Rio Acima

Serra da Caraça

Mateus Leme

Brumadinho

Itatiaiuçu Rio Manso

Itaguara

This holds more than 400 food stores with fresh garden produce, cachaça, fresh cheeses and sweet preserves. The market also sells handicrafts.

Belo Horizonte Metropolitan Region

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Bernadete Guimarães Silva

Designed by the landscape architect Roberto Burle Marx, the site is one of the largest urban parks in Latin America. It is home to 28 species of mammals, 160 species of birds, 20 species of reptiles and 19 species of amphibians. The park covers 2.8 million square meters, with trails, sport grounds and a playground. The park also offers cultural activities on specific commemorative dates, which are held in the Praça das Águas and the Teatro Arena. From the Mangabeiras viewpoint it is possible to see the urban landscape on one side, and the Serra do Curral mountains on the other.

Minas Gerais craft pieces

Local crafts

The cultural wealth of Minas Gerais is also mirrored in the diversity of its handicrafts, including works in clay, wood, silver and stone, as well as embroidery, knitwear, crochet and handmade leather items. Pottery wares are also popular. With their origins in indigenous traditions, potters (particularly in the valleys of Jequitinhonha and São Francisco) produce sculptures and objects such as pots, pans and vases.

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This was Niemeyer’s first project, originally constructed in 1946 as a casino. In 1957 the “Palácio de Cristal”, as it was known, was transformed into a museum. It was renovated in 1996 and gained new multimedia rooms, a library and coffee bar among other facilities. MAP has a collection of 1,600 works by several Brazilian artists.

PARQUE ECOLÓGICO DA PAMPULHA Avenida Otacílio Negrão de Lima, 7.111 / 6.061. Tuesday to Friday from 8:30 am to 5 pm. no charge.

LAGOA DA PAMPULHA Avenida Otacílio Negrão de Lima, no number. daily, 24 hours.

One of the greenest places in the city, the park houses a great diversity of Brazilian fauna. The site has a sports-orientated public, and offers a bicycle track, bicycle hire and a walking track.

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MUSEU DE ARTE DA PAMPULHA (MAP) Avenida Otacílio Negrão de Lima, 16.585 - Pampulha. Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 7 pm. no charge.

The church was constructed in 1943 and is considered a masterpiece of Brazilian modernist architecture. Designed by Oscar Niemeyer, it houses panels by Portinari and Paulo Werneck, sculptures by Alfredo Ceschiatti and gardens designed by Roberto Burle Marx.

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With a length of 18 km, the lake is the site of various activities such as walking, cycling and international competitions.

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1 Estádio Governador Magalhães Pinto - Mineirão 2 Airport of Pampulha 3 Lagoa da Pampulha 4 Igreja de São Francisco de Assis 5 Parque Prof. Lage Guilherme 6 Toca da Raposa I 7 Parque Ecológico Renato de Azere 8 Parque Carlos Prates 9 Parque Municipal das Mangabeiras 10 Museu Histórico Abílio Barreto 11 Museu das Minas e do Metal 12 Palácio das Artes 13 Museu de Artes e Ofício

The famous State capital architectural complex surrounds the Lago da Pampulha. There are three works designed in the 40s by Oscar Niemeyer: the Museu de Arte da Pampulha - a building which once housed a casino, the Casa do Baile - a construction with sinuous forms that appears as if it were a continuation of the lake, and the Igreja de São Francisco de Assis - with 14 tiled panels that depict the Via Sacra, designed by Candido Portinari. The area has gardens created by Burle Marx. The Mineirão football stadium, the Mineirinho gym, a zoo and an amusement park have also been added to the site.

IGREJA DE SÃO FRANCISCO DE ASSIS Avenida Otacílio Negrão de Lima, 3.000 - Pampulha. Tuesday to Saturday from 9 am to 5 pm. Sundays from 12 am to 5 pm.

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TOUR AT PAMPULHA CONJUNTO ARQUITETÔNICO DA PAMPULHA Avenida Otacílio Negrão de Lima, 751 - Pampulha. no restriction

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City of Belo Horizonte

MUSEU MINEIRO Avenida João Pinheiro, 342 - Centro. Tuesday to Friday from 10 am to 6 pm. Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays from 10 am to 4 pm. no charge on Sundays. no charge.

The Museu Mineiro maintains a permanent collection by important baroque artists (Aleijadinho and Ataíde among others). It also has works by contemporary local artists such as Amilcar de Castro and Celso Renato. The museum seeks to offer visitors a demonstration of Minas Gerais culture to the full, and is located in a preserved building that is also in Baroque style. After having been closed for almost a year, it reopened in January 2011.

BANCO DE IMAGEM MINISTÉRIO DO TURISMO

PARQUE DAS MANGABEIRAS Avenida José Patrocínio Pontes, 580 (south access) and Rua Caraça, 900 (north access) - Mangabeiras, MG. Tuesday to Sunday including holidays, from 8 am to 6 pm.

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48,519 inhabitants 304,066 km² 31 Distance from the State capital: 89 km

110 V

Local holidays December 17: Anniversary of the Founding of Congonhas

Accommodation The historic town has comfortable hotels and inns available for tourists. Most offer accommodation in baroque buildings and take great care in the service and food that they provide. There are options both in the town center and also in the outskirts. Farm-hotels are another very popular choice.

Transport Congonhas can be reached via two major highways: BR-040 (departing from Belo Horizonte and Rio de Janeiro) and BR-381 (departing from São Paulo). The nearest airport is Confins in Belo Horizonte, 89 km from Congonhas. The “Cidade dos Profetas” houses one of the masterpieces of Brazilian colonial art, the Basílica do Senhor do Bom Jesus de Matosinho, in addition to the 12 figures carved in soapstone by the master Aleijadinho between 1795 and 1805. “Os Profetas” were declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and form the largest collection of baroque statues in the world. The stone ramp leading to the church, skirted by the prophets, is an invitation to travel back into the city’s rich cultural past. The ramp is also bordered by six chapels that display a total of 64 images carved from cedar (many of them made by Aleijadinho) with scenes from the Paixão de Cristo. Congonhas has numerous colonial houses dat-

The Basilica originated from a promise by a Portuguese immigrant who became ill and swore that he would order a temple to be constructed if he improved. Having been cured he ordered work to begin in 1757. In front of the rich baroque church is a churchyard with the twelve prophets carved in soapstone by the master craftsman, Aleijadinho. The statues were carved between 1800 and 1805, and the image of Daniel is considered to be the pinnacle of the artist’s talent. The group of 12 prophets in soapstone is the most famous group of baroque statues in the world. They took five years of hard work by Aleijadinho, who was very sick at the time and was aided by his assistants. The 12 prophets are Isaiah, Jeremiah, Baruch, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Jonah, Joel, Obadiah, Habakkuk, Amos, and Nahum.

Minas Gerais baroque

Baroque in Minas Gerais was one of the first examples of Brazilian art forms. Imported from Portugal and adapted to the colonial setting by craftsmen, painters and local artists, it was born amid the excitement of the Minas Gerais gold rush, from which it gained greater momentum. Religious buildings were the main stage for baroque art in Brazil: ceilings and paintings in gold, a richness of detail and a profusion of Rococo a predominantly Brazilian style found in floral paintings and carvings, particularly in religious objects. The principal name in Brazilian baroque is Aleijadinho. Antonio Francisco Lisboa was born in Ouro Preto, and his greatest work is the 12 phophets in the town of Congonhas (further information in the Congonhas section).

ESTRADA REAL THE ESTRADA REAL AND ITS HISTORY The Estrada Real is composed of four roads that were officially opened by the Portuguese Crown in the 17th century. The wealth extracted from Brazil (gold and diamonds) passed down these roads its way to the port of Rio de Janeiro, and from there to Portugal. The road guards true treasures of Brazilian history along its 1,200 km extension. The attractions along its path bring together a mix of history, culture, adventure, nature conservation and rich gastronomy.

Neno Vianna-Barrocopress/Embratur

Claudio Salvalaio

CONGONHAS

BASÍLICA DO SENHOR BOM JESUS DE MATOSINHOS E OS 12 PROFETAS Praça da Basílica, 180. Tuesday to Sunday from 6 am to 6 pm. no charge.

ing back from the time of the gold rush, located mainly in the Beco dos Canudos. It is the stage for pilgrimages throughout the year, and in the 1930s the town built a Pilgrimage Hostel, a large inn consisting of bungalows arranged in a circle. It is now a site dedicated to preserving the town’s history. As if so much art and culture were not enough, the town also provides tourists with the best in Minas Gerais cuisine in restaurants serving home-made food full of flavor and history.

BASÍLICA Do Senhor Bom Jesus de Matosinhos

The Old trail The 630 km of old trail linked the mines to the sea: departing from Paraty it passes via the Mantiqueira mountain range, the Circuito das Águas - ‘The Circuit of the Waters’, and former villages that have now grown into towns. Its final destination is Ouro Preto, the central point of the Estrada Real. In the section between Passa Quatro and Vila Embaú you can take a 12 km ride on a steam train on Saturdays, Sun-

ESTRADA REAL

Caminho dos Diamantes Caminho do Sabarabuçu Caminho Novo Caminho Velho Belo Horizonte

Diamantina

Conceição do Mato Dentro Barão de Cocais Santuário do Caraça

Ouro Preto Mariana

Tiradentes

Rio de Janeiro Paraty

days and public holidays. The train runs from Passa Quatro to Estação Coronel Fulgêncio. The Parque das Águas (“Water Park”) lies on the section between São Lorenço and Caxambu. The park receives visitors from across the country seeking the medicinal properties of its mineral waters. Chairlift rides and the steam train are just some of the attractions. A round trip along the banks of the Rio Verde lasts two hours and is accompanied by guitarists. The Lambardi section is more suitable for elderly tourists. The principal attraction is also named Parque das Águas. The area offers six different springs - gaseous, alkaline, magnesian, slightly carbonated, ferruginous and spicy - as well as mineral water swimming pools.

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Caminho Novo With a length of 515 km, the “New Trail” was created in 1698, but its route was only finally defined in 1725. It leaves Ouro Preto in the direction of Rio de Janeiro and has dozens of remnants dating back to the mining days. Caminho do Sabarabuçu An alternative route between the Diamond Trail and the city of Ouro Preto, the Sabarabuçu Trail is 160 km long and links the districts of Cocais (Barão de Cocais) and Glaura (Ouro Preto).

MUSEUmS ON ESTRADA REAL (Towns included in the tour: Ouro Preto, Tiradentes, Petrópolis, Sabará, Caeté).

OURO PRETO, MINAS GERAIS Museu da Inconfidência Praça Tiradentes, 139 - Centro. day, from 12 am to 6 pm.

Tuesday to Sun-

The museum is located in the old Town Hall and Jail, built in 1855. Opened in 1944, it houses works of religious art from the 18th and 19th centuries together with replicas of works by Aleijadinho, Xavier de Brito and Master Athayde, as well as documents and furnishings connected to the Conspiracy.

The steam train that makes the journey between Mariana and Ouro Preto

CAETÉ Museu da Cachaça Sitio Vale do Ipê - Carretera da Fazenda Ouro Fino. Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays from 9 am to 5 pm. The museum provides a detailed history of cachaça through the ages. The collection includes labels that recall the history and tradition of the sugar cane distillate, which was originally prepared in slave quarters.

TRAIN ROUTES ON ESTRADA REAL (Towns included in the tour: Ouro Preto, São João del Rei, São Lourenço, Passa Quatro)

Setur MG

Maria Fumaça São João del-Rei - Tiradentes Avenida Hermílio Alves, 366, - São João del Rei. Praça da Estacão, no number - Tiradentes. Departures from São João del Rei: Friday and Saturday at 10 am and 3 pm. Sundays at 10 am and 1 pm. Departures from Tiradentes: Friday and Saturday at 1 pm and 5 pm. Sunday at 11 am and 2 pm. Children under 5 years: free of charge. Children 6-10 years old and adults over 60 years old: 50% discount. 3h

Estrada Real road marker

Trem das Águas (Maria Fumaça) São Lourenço - Soledade de Minas Praça Dr. Ismael Junqueira de Souza, 9 (São Lourenço). Departures on Saturdays and public holidays at 10 am and 2:30 pm. Sunday at 10 am Children under 5 years old. free of charge João Correia/Embratur

Caminho dos Diamantes The “Diamond Trail” runs for around 350 km between Diamantina and Ouro Preto. One of the stops on the route is São Gonçalo do Rio Preto, which offers several natural attractions.

The journey is undertaken by an American steam locomotive from the early 20th century. The 13 km ride takes around half an hour, passing along the banks of the Rio das Mortes and providing views of the São José mountains. The steam train only operates on weekends. In São João Del Rei be sure to visit the Railroad

Complex - opened in 1881 by Dom Pedro II (the second and last monarch of Brazil’s Empire period) it is living museum, with locomotives still in operation. The station in Tiradentes was constructed around 1880, and was also inaugurated by Emperor Dom Pedro II. The building has architectural characteristics typical of a British rail station of the period.

Maria Fumaça (Mariana-Ouro Preto) Barro Preto - Mariana. Praça Cesário Alvim Ouro Preto. Tuesday to Sunday, including holidays, from 9 am to 5 pm. Departure from Ouro Preto: 10 am and 3:30 pm. Departure from Mariana: 8:30 am and 2 pm. Children under 5 years old. free of charge. Children 6-10 years old and adults over 60 years old: 50% discount. half day. The trip to Ouro Preto is short (there are only 18 km, traveled in less than an hour), but the sensation of traveling in time is guaranteed by the locomotive from 1949 and carriages with internal woodwork and design similar to compositions of the early 20th century. Scenic views are provided by typical Minas Gerais landscapes formed by waterfalls and mountains. In Ouro Preto, the former station and carriage shed has been restored and turned into a cultural center. While waiting for the train visitors can visit the Vagão Café, with its leisure facilities and cuisine, and the Culture Network Area, which offers crafts made by artisans from Ouro Preto and Mariana.

This centuries-old railway was designed and built by the British, and Dom Pedro II and his entire entourage traveled on the track seeking the Minas Gerais climate and its health-giving mineral waters. This earned the track the nickname of the “Water Railway”. Songs from guitar players enliven the journey.

Trem da Mantiqueira (Maria Fumaça) Passa Quatro - Coronel Fulgêncio (SP) Praça Paulo de Frontim, no number. departures on Saturdays at 10 am and 2 pm. Sundays at 10 am. There are additional departures on public holidays and during vacation periods. children under 5: no charge (ticket reservation required). at the station. It is necessary to fold up wheelchairs on the train The composition is drawn by a steam locomotive constructed in 1929, departing from the historic station in Passa Quatro and making a stop for a little shopping at Manacá station before proceeding to Col. Fulgêncio station, at the mouth of the tunnel with the same name situated on the border between the States of Minas Gerais and São Paulo. The scenery is composed of Atlantic forests and numerous mountains, valleys and streams. Advance reservations are recommended at weekends.

INHOTIM

33,973 639,434 km² 31 110 V Distance from the capital: 60 km

Accommodation The town of Brumadinho has accommodation available for visitors in inns and farm-hotels, many of which are located in natural surroundings. Some have swimming pools and other amenities such as wireless internet. Those who wish can also stay in

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Eduardo Eckenfels-Acervo Inhotim

Cildo Meireles, Miguel Rio Branco, Hélio Oiticica, Neville D’Almeida, Adriana Varejão, Doris Salcedo, Victor Grippo, Matthew Barney, Rivane Neuenschwander, Valeska Soares, Janet Cardiff & George Bures Miller and Doug Aitken.

Artistic Theme Visit Tuesday to Friday from 9:30 am to 4:30 pm. Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays from 9:30 am to 5:30 pm. adults over 60 years of age and students. no charge for children under six years old. there are designate routes for people with special needs, and there are also free services including transport in electric carts.

This was the first settlement in Minas Gerais, and the history of Sabará is linked to the settler’s legend of “a mountain made of silver and precious stones”. The town was one of the mining centers in the region that dispatched the most gold to the Portuguese crown. Even today, there are dozens of well-preserved baroque buildings, churches and mansions. During Holy Week the town is a busy destination, with processions and ceremonies that attract both the faithful and tourists. One of the more important events is the Via Sacra, on Easter Friday. Try the ora-pro-nóbis, a typical regional vegetable that has its own festival in Sabará. The event occurs at the end of May in Pompéu.

View of the Galeria Adriana Varejão in Inhotim

inns at Inhotim. Due to its proximity, it is also possible for tourists to stay in Belo Horizonte.

Transport The main access roads to Brumadinho are BR-381 and MG-040. The nearest airport is the Internacional Tancredo Neves (Confins) in Belo Horizonte.

Shopping The Instituto Inhotim has a shop with items of decor, accessories, books, toys and typical regional culinary products. These include items with exclusive designs, inspired by the landscapes, colors and forms of the gardens and works of art. Proceeds from their sale is used for Instituto Inhotim projects. Brumadinho also has craft shops and local produce. The Instituto Inhotim de Arte Contemporânea is one of the country’s major natural and cultural attractions. Located in the municipality of Brumadinho, 60 km from Belo Horizonte, Inhotim combines a contemporary art museum and a botanical garden, and houses a large collection of works of art of international significance. The works can be visited in the open air or in galleries situated in beautiful gardens. The visitor therefore has an interaction with the site through its gardens and landscapes of forests and rural areas, between trails, mountains and valleys. Rare plant species are found throughout the site, in addition to its five lakes and an area of preserved forest.

Jardim Botânico The Jardim Botânico de Inhotim has two main attractions: a Nature Reserve with 300 hectares of preserved native forest, and a Visitation Area with 100 hectares of botanical gardens and five ornamental lakes. The site maintains one of the largest Brazilian collections of palm trees, 334 species of orchids, and an impressive collection of Araceae - a plant family that includes Anthurium, Philodendron and Lilyof-the-Nile. With around 450 species, it is the largest living collection of this plant family in the southern hemisphere. Altogether there are around 165 botanical families and 3,000 species of vascular plants.

ENVIRONMENTAL TOURS During this organized visit, tourists pass through the gardens, learning more about parts of the botanical collection, as well as having time to enjoy the ornamental lakes, waterfowl and other features. Specific themes are covered within an annual program.

THE GALLERIES More than 500 works by national and international artists are exhibited in the Inhotim galleries. The works on display in the galleries cover a diversity of themes and techniques, and the collection includes works by Tunga,

This provides a meeting between educators and the visiting public for discussions on artists and artworks in the collection. The visit may be based on a gallery, an artist or a specific trail within the park.

SABARÁ

126,269 inhabitants 302,173 km² Distance from the capital: 23 km

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Local holidays July 17: Anniversary of the founding of Sabará December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceição

Accommodation Most accommodation in Sabará is in inns and farm-hotels. There are some options in the center of Sabará, but most are to be found on the outskirts of the city. Sabará receives a large number of tourists during the Festival da Jaboticaba (during the summer, usually at the end of the year) and for the Festival da Banana (in September).

Transport Access by road is via BR-262 or MG-437. From Belo Horizonte, take Avenida Cristiano Machado (in the direction of Vitória). From São Paulo, take the BR-381 to Belo Horizonte. From Rio de Janeiro, take the BR-040 to Belo Horizonte. On the Belo Horizonte Ring Road follow the signs for Sabará. There are hourly bus departures from Belo Horizonte to Sabará every day. The nearest airports are those in Belo Horizonte, 23 km away.

ARTESANATO (ASSOCIAÇÃO DOS ARTESÃOS E DAS TRADIÇÕES CULTURAIS DE SABARÁ) Rua Borba Gato, 13 - Centro. Monday to Saturday from 9 am to 6 pm. Sundays and public holidays from 9 am to 3 pm. no charge This sells items including crochet and decorative baroque palms.

IGREJA DE NOSSA SENHORA DO CARMO Rua do Carmo. Tuesday to Friday from 9 am to 12 am and from 1:30 pm to 5 pm. Sundays from 1 pm to 5 pm. Built in the 18th century by Master Craftsman Tiago Moreira, the rococo-style church houses images of São João da Cruz and São Simão Stock that are attributed to Aleijadinho.

IGREJA DE NOSSA SENHORA DO Ó Largo de Nossa Senhora do Ó. Tuesdays to Fridays, from 8 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 5 pm. Saturday, Sunday and public holidays, from 8 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 5 pm.  The picture postcard of the town, the church was built in 1717 in honor of Nossa Senhora da Expectação do Parto (“Our Lady of Hope for Childbirth”). It represents the first phase of Minas Gerais baroque.

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July 16: Anniversary of the founding of Mariana

Master of the Brushes

Manuel da Costa Athaíde, or Master Athaíde, worked with Aleijadinho and is considered to be one of the most important names in religious painting in the region. He was responsible for bringing painting in perspective and ceiling decoration to Minas Gerais. Among his more important works are the ceiling of the Igreja de Santa Bárbara, painted in perspective, and the Igreja de São Francisco de Assis in Ouro Preto.

IGREJA DE NOSSA SENHORA DO ROSÁRIO DOS PRETOS Praça Melo Viana. Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 11 am and from 1 pm to 5 pm. The church was built by the ‘Irmandade dos Homens Pretos de Barra do Sabará’ in 1713. Because of lack of funds, the slaves took almost 100 years to complete its construction.

MUSEU DO OURO Rua da Intendência - Centro. day from 12 am to 5 pm.

Tuesday to Sun-

The collection includes machinery and tools used to mine gold, a press from 1630, and an image of Sant’Anna attributed to Aleijadinho.

TEATRO MUNICIPAL Rua Dom Pedro II. Monday to Friday from 8 am to 12 am and from 1 pm to 5 pm Brazil’s second oldest theater still in operation, it has one of the best acoustics in Latin America and was built during the decline of the Gold Rush. The influence of English theaters of the period can be seen in its architectural lines.

MARIANA

54,219 inhabitants 1,194.207 km² 31 V. Distance from the State capital: 110 km

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Accommodation The town is one of the most sought after by those who appreciate good food and historical tourism. Mariana is making ongoing investments in its hotel infrastructure, and the town offers accommodation in hotels and inns. The most charming are housed in baroque buildings, following the prevailing architectural style of the town.

Transport Access is via highways BR-356 and MG-262, or by train on the Ouro Preto - Mariana steam train. The nearest airport is the International Airport Tancredo Neves, located 116 km away in Belo Horizonte. Mariana was the first capital of Minas Gerais and was the largest gold producer during the 18th century. Visiting Mariana is like traveling back in time, with its rich historical center, churches, museums and colonial buildings providing an indication of the opulence of the gold period. The best way to town is by walking. The town center is where the main attractions such as the baroque churches can be found, in particular the Basilica da Sé. The Passagem gold mine is open to visitors, and is another tourist attraction that should not be missed. You can see how the metal that gave fame to the region was extracted. It is located in Passagem de Mariana district, 5 km from the center of Mariana. The annual Carnival celebration recalls the town’s history, with a lively carnival parade. Mariana’s Catholic traditions also provide some picturesque religious events such as processions.

CATEDRAL BASÍLICA DA SÉ Praça Claudio Manoel, no number - Centro. Tuesday to Sunday, from 8 am to 6 pm. The Basilica was founded in 1760 and is considered to be one of the most richly decorated in Brazil. It has Bohemian crystal chandeliers, altars carved by Francisco Xavier de Brito and paintings by Athayde. But its great treasure is a German organ made in 1701 and measuring

seven meters in height and five meters in width. It attracts both local residents and tourists when it is played on Friday and Sunday mornings.

IGREJA NOSSA SENHORA DO ROSÁRIO DOS PRETOS Rua Monsenhor Horta, no number - Rosário. Monday to Friday, from 1:30 pm to 7 pm. The church was built in 1752, and brings together Santa Efigênia, São Benedito and Nossa Senhora do Rosário. The ceiling painting is by the master Athaíde, and there are sculptures by the Portuguese artist Francisco Vieira Servas.

MUSEU ARQUIDIOCESANO DE ARTE SACRA Rua Frei Durão, no number - Centro. Tuesday to Friday from 8:30 am to 12 am and from 1:30 pm to 5 pm. Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, from 8:30 am to 2 pm. Open Mondays during the months of january and july. The museum holds a wide variety of works by Aleijadinho, paintings by Athaíde, as well as religious objects in silver and gold and religious costumes and sculptures from the 17th and 19th centuries. The museum is housed in a mansion built in 1770.

MINAS DA PASSAGEM Rua Eugênio Eduardo Rapallo, 192. Passagem de Minas district, 5 km from the center of Mariana. daily from 9 am to 5:30 pm. Monday and Tuesday closes at 5 pm. The complex was inaugurated in 1719 and deactivated in 1985. It yielded over 35 tons of gold in over two centuries of operation. Today is one of the largest mines in the world that is open to the public. The entry to the mine is via a trolley (a small wagon with seats) that runs along 315 meters of track, taking the visitor to a depth of 120 meters. On the way down tunnels and lakes can be seen, where cave diving is practiced. The tour is accompanied by guides who tell of the curiosities and the history of the mine.

Acervo Setur-MG

Local holidays

Igreja de Nossa Senhora das Mercês in São João del Rei

SÃO JOÃO DEL REI

84,469 inhabitants 1,464.327 km² Distance from the State capital: 180 km

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Local holidays December 8: Anniversary of the founding of São João del Rei

Accommodation The town has comfortable inns that cater to every type of tourist. It is possible to encounter accommodation in colonial style, with characteristic furniture and excellent breakfasts. There are also options in more modern buildings, with rooms for groups.

Transport The main highways serving the town are BR-265, BR-383, MG-6, MG-60 and MG-23. There are daily bus services from various locations to São João del Rei. The town also has a regional airport, Prefeito Octávio de Almeida Neve.

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Tin is the main raw material for items made in São João del Rei. From coffee sets to candlesticks, the town offers variety of products. Items in wood can also be found. Swiss rolls produced in nearby Lagoa Dourada are famous throughout the State and are sold in the center of São João. “The land where the bells speak”. Thus it is known to the town of São João del Rei. And all because of a curious tradition: the ringing of the bell tells where, when, who will hold a religious ceremony. The sound of the bells can also tell if there will be a procession, and in the case of funerals, if the deceased was a man or woman. A rich tradition that, along with beautiful historical sites, makes the town a very popular tourist destination. The town of São João del Rei grew out of the former Arraial Novo do Rio das Mortes. Occupation of the village dates back to 1704, when the office worker Lourenço Costa discovered gold in the São Francisco Xavier creek. By 1713 it was already quite prosperous, and the location was raised to the stature of town, receiving the name São João Del-Rei in honor of Dom João V, the King of Portugal. It is worth taking the time for a ride in the steam train that connects São João to Tiradentes, passing along the “old trail” with its beautiful waterfalls.

GARDEN HILL GOLF CLUB BR-383, Km 96 (entrance to the town). including equipment

Not

The Garden Hill Golf Club has a course that caters to all levels of players. It has a 150 yard driving range, equipment for golf lessons and six bays for practice throughout the year.

minimum group of ten people is required for the scenes to be enacted. When there are fewer people, the tales are only read out. There are seven tales in seven different points around the town. • Chica mal acabada, at the Municipal Theater • Segredo, at the Igreja de São Gonçalo • Sacrilégio, at the Igreja de São Francisco • O Retrato, at house no. 33 on Rua Santo Antônio • Missa das Almas, at the Igreja de Nossa Senhora do Pilar • Defunto que o diabo levou, at the Mansão da Baronesa • Irmão Moreira, in the Cemitério do Carmo Banco de imagens do Ministério do Turismo

Shopping

IGREJA DE NOSSA SENHORA DO CARMO Rua Dr. Augusto dos Viegas Chagas, no number, Centro. Monday to Saturday from 7 am to 12 am and from 1 pm to 4 pm. Sunday from 7 am to 12 am. The church was constructed in 1732 and its interior houses an image carved in wood, the famous “Cristo Inacabado” (author unknown). The roof, side altars and some images are by Joaquim Francisco de Assis Pereira.

IGREJA DE SÃO FRANCISCO DE ASSIS Praça Frei Orlando Plaza, 170 - Centro. Monday from 8 am to 4 pm. Tuesday to Saturday from 8 am to 5 pm. Sundays from 8 am to 2:30 pm. The town’s main tourist attraction of the city, the church was built in 1774 and sits amidst a garden of royal palms. The facade has carvings in soapstone, and its interior houses a Baccarat crystal chandelier. It also has a cemetery; President Tancredo Neves is buried here.

TALES OF MIDNIGHT OR SÃO JOÃO LEGENDS (Night-time sightseeing tour) Largo do Rosário. 2h

MUSEU FERROVIÁRIO Avenida Hermílio Alves , 366 - São João Del Rei. Tuesday to Saturday from 9 am to 11 am and from 1 pm to 5 pm. Sunday from 9 am to 1 pm.

The tour takes visitors around the town’s tourist sites, where tales or scenes from the book of writer Lincoln de Souza are enacted. Note: A

The São João del Rei railroad was inaugurated in 1881 by Dom Pedro II. It is a living museum, with machinery and equipment from the 19th century.

Colonial houses in Tiradentes

TIRADENTES

6,961 inhabitants 83,047 km² Distance from the capital: 190 km

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Local holidays January 19: Anniversary of the founding of Tiradentes

Accommodation There are hotels and inns in and around the town center. Accommodation in colonial style buildings is the most captivating and also the most sought after. Many inns and hotels offer package tours to the region’s more traditional attractions, such as steam train rides.

Transport Access road to the town of Tiradentes is via the BR040 and BR-265 highways. The nearest airport is 14 km away, at São João del Rei. The historic town of Tiradentes offers a mix of culture, religion and nature. There are important examples of Baroque art located throughout the town, with architecture showing the

touch of the sculptor Aleijadinho. Reserve some time to stroll among the old mansions and take a look at local crafts. In July classic motorcycle fans gather in Tiradentes for the Bike Fest. Soon after, in August, the whole town participates in the Festival Gastronômico, which is considered to be one of Brazil’s biggest haute-cuisine events.

IGREJA DE NOSSA SENHORA DO ROSÁRIO DOS PRETOS Rua Direita, no number. Tuesday to Sunday from 10 am to 5 pm. The paintings on the ceiling representing the fifteen mysteries of the Rosary are by Victor Manoel de Jesus, who is buried in the church. Of mixed race, Manoel lived during the time of slavery, and was responsible for the paintings on the ceiling the retable (a large shrine found above the altar in baroque churches) in the church, a project that took three years to complete.

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The church is considered to be the second most richly decorated in Brazil, with its gilded altars and carvings. It is home to one of the fifteen most important organs in the world. On Friday, Saturday and Sunday evenings a light show accompanies a presentation on the history of the church.

HORSE AND CARRIAGE RIDE, LARGO DAS FORRAS Largo das Forras. daily from 9 am to 9 pm. The carriages take tourists around the town’s main points of interest, such as the churches of Nossa Senhora do Rosário dos Pretos, Nossa Senhora das Mercês, Matriz de Santo Antônio, the Chafariz de São José and the Museu Padre Toledo.

BALNEÁRIO DAS ÁGUAS SANTAS Avenida Presidente Castelo Branco, no number. daily from 9 am to 6 pm. partial The site has water known for its curing powers flowing from underground springs. Attractions include a beautiful lake with paddleboats.

DIAMANTINA

45,880 inhabitants 3,891 km² Distance from the capital: 292 km

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Local holidays

259, MG-2, MG-121 and BR-367. There is also a regional airport with flights from Belo Horizonte on Fridays and Sundays. Situated in the middle of the Espinhaço Mountains and known as the “Cidades das Serenatas”, it takes the visitor back to ancient and romantic times, when gold and diamonds were found here. Mining was responsible for the origins of the town. With origins in a settlement from around 1722, by 1730 urban development led to the formation of the town of Diamantina. The historical center of the town has now been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Diamantina gains new colors, sounds, and visitors during its religious festivals. The Festa do Divino is held seven weeks after Easter Sunday, when participants dress in Imperial period costumes for the parade. The Festa de Nossa Senhora do Rosário is held in the first half of October, with its novenas, banners, a Festival Mass and procession. The procession of the Royal Court takes place on the principal day of the festival. The town’s craftwork was chosen as the official representative for the 2014 World Cup.

CASA DE CHICA DA SILVA Praça Lobo Mesquita, 266. Tuesday to Saturday from 12 am to 5 pm, Sundays from 9 am to 12 am. no charge This was the residence of the slave Chica da Silva between the years 1763 and 1771. Chica was a freed slave who maintained a stable relationship with a diamond trader and reached a celebrated position in local society. The house is a symbol of the most prosperous phase of this diamond mining town.

October 13: Anniversary of the founding of Diamantina

Accommodation The tourist will find a variety of different types of accommodation in hotels and inns. A good tip is to seek establishments close to locations where the town’s musical performances are held, such as serenades and songs sung from the balconies of historic mansions.

Transport The main highways serving the town are the BR-

JEQUITINHONHA - VALLEY OF THE POTTERIES Rua Macau do Meio, 401. Monday to Thursday from 8 am to 6 pm (“Relics of the Valley” Potteries) Crafts from Jequitinhonha Valley are famous, especially the clay figures inspired by everyday scenes. The region also offers items in other materials such as embroidery, basketry, wood and leather.

COOPERATIVA ARTESANAL REGIONAL DE DIAMANTINA Rua das Bicas, 115 - Serrano. Monday to Friday from 9 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 5 pm. Saturday and Sunday from 9 am to 5 pm Wool-woven Arraiolos rugs are one of the best known handicraft products in Diamantina, made using a technique that arrived in the region in the 17th century. In addition to carpets, the cooperative also sells products such as jewelry and straw dolls.

IGREJA NOSSA SENHORA DO ROSÁRIO DOS PRETOS Praça Dom Joaquim (Old Largo do Rosario), no number - Centro. Tuesday to Saturday from 9 am to 12 am and from 1 pm to 5 pm. The church was built in 1731, and is one of the oldest in Diamantina. It has a unique tower, which is listed by IPHAN, the Brazilian preservation Institute. Outside the church is the Cruz da Gameleira and the Chafariz do Rosário, dated 1787.

Neno Vianna-Barrocopress/Embratur

MATRIZ DE SANTO ANTÔNIO Rua da Câmara, no number. daily from 9 am to 12 am and from 2:30 pm to 5 pm. at the side of the church

IGREJA DE Nossa Senhora do Carmo in Ouro Preto

OURO PRETO

70,281 inhabitants 1,245.864 km² Distance from the capital: 96 km

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Local holidays July 8: Anniversary of the foundation of Ouro Preto

MUSEU DO DIAMANTE Rua Direita, 14 - Centro. Tuesday to Saturday from 12 am to 5:30 pm. Sundays and holidays from 9 am to 12 am. The museum collection includes objects used in diamond mining as well as oratorios, weapons, pottery, artwork and furniture from the 17th to the 19th century.

PASSADIÇO CASA DA GLÓRIA Rua da Glória, 297/298 - Centro. am to 12 am and from 1 pm to 6 pm.

Accommodation Ouro Preto has the greatest number of rooms among the historical cities of Minas Gerais. There are hotels, inns, and a few options for those who prefer to camp. There are also apart-hotels in town as well as some charming farm-hotels in the surrounding region. The gastronomy is another strong point of the hotels and inns, which are proud to offer elaborate breakfasts and typical regional dishes on their menus.

Shopping daily from 8

One of the picture postcards of Diamantina, this is an 18th century construction with two houses connected by a passageway above the street. The older of the houses belonged to the Portuguese Crown and later to Dona Josefa Maria da Glória. Today it is the Headquarters of the Federal University Center for Geology.

Famous for its minerals and decorative crafts, Ouro Preto has several ateliers selling religious art and sculptures. The fair at the Largo de Coimbra opens daily from 8 am to 6 pm and offers a wide variety of typical regional items carved in soapstone.

Transporte The main highways serving the town are BR-356 and MG-030. The nearest airport is Tancredo Neves in Belo Horizonte, 140 km from Ouro Preto.

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IGREJA DE SANTA EFIGÊNIA Rua Santa Efigenia, no number - Alto da Cruz. Tuesday to Sunday from 8:30 am to 4:30 pm. The atrium serves as a viewpoint for the town’s beautiful scenery. There is a painted ceiling in its interior that depicts a negro Pope, as well as an altar carved by Francisco Xavier de Brito, who was Aleijadinho’s mentor.

IGREJA MATRIZ DE NOSSA SENHORA DO PILAR Praça Monsenhor João Castilho Barbosa, no number - Pilar. Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 10:45 pm and from 12 am to 4:45 pm. More than 400 kilograms of gold and silver were used to decorate the interior of the church. It was erected between 1711 - 1733, and its design is attributed to Pedro Gomes Chaves. There are sculptures of angels throughout the church. The Museu de Arte Sacra functions on the church sacristy, with a display of items from the 18th century.

IGREJA NOSSA SENHORA DO CARMO Rua Brigadeiro Musqueira, no number (previously Morro de Santa Quitéria) - Centro. Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 11 am and from 1 pm to 4:45 pm. The church, which was constructed in 1766, includes Portuguese tiles in its decoration - which is unique in Minas Gerais. It was designed by

Manuel Francisco Lisboa - Aleijadinho’s father, and has decorative details by Aleijadinho and paintings by master-painter Athayde.

IGREJA DE SÃO FRANCISCO DE ASSIS Largo do Coimbra, no number - Centro. Tuesday o Sunday from 8:30 am to 12 am and from 1:30 pm to 5 pm. The church is considered to be one of Aleijadinho’s greatest works and one of the finest examples of Brazilian baroque. The painting on the ceiling of the nave is authored by the masterpainter Athayde. Construction works began in 1765 and was completed in 1869.

MUSEU ALEIJADINHO Rua Bernardo Vasconcelos, 179 - Antônio Dias. Tuesday to Saturday from 8:30 am to 12 am and from 1:30 pm to 5 pm. Sunday from 12 am to 5 pm. The collection includes pieces by the great artist including Colonial period furniture, baroque and rococó sculptures, objects in gold and silver and a statue of São Francisco de Paula in soapstone.

MUSEU DO ORATÓRIO Adro da Igreja de Nossa Senhora do Carmo, 28 - Centro. Monday to Sunday from 9:30 am to 5:30 pm. The museum exhibits an important collection of oratorios - unique in the world. There are 163 oratories and 300 images from the 17th to the 20th centuries. It is well worth taking time to see items made from shells by Francisco Xavier das Conchas.

TEATRO MUNICIPAL – CASA DA ÓPERA Rua Brigadeiro Musqueira, no number. from 12 am to 5:30 pm.

Sunday

This historical building dating from 1770 has perfect acoustics. It is the oldest theater in operation in Latin America, and its lyre-shaped auditorium holds up to 350 people.

Roberto Seba

With the largest collection of baroque art in the world, Ouro Preto was declared a World Heritage Site in 1980, becoming the first Brazilian city to receive this title. Its artistic and architectural heritage from Brazil’s colonial period, embedded in a mountain valley, makes it the most visited destination in the State. The old Vila Rica with its steep cobbled streets hold parts of Brazil’s history, as well as veritable treasures such as the Igreja de São Francisco de Assis - one of Aleijadinho’s masterpieces - and the Igreja de Nossa Senhora do Pilar, decorated with more than 400 kilograms of gold. On the outskirts of the town, there are numerous options for practicing adventure sports.

Adventure Tourism in Serra do Cipó

Adventure Tourism in Minas Gerais

Good food, history, art and culture. Minas Gerais has everything, and still finds room to please those who like adventure sports within its national parks, beautiful mountain scenery and widespread environmental preservation areas. Among the more popular destinations are the Parque Estadual Itacolomi (100 km from Belo Horizonte), with its rich preserved flora. The Parque Estadual do Rio Doce (248 km from Belo Horizonte) includes several lakes. In addition to trails and hiking, the park also offers bird watching among its attractions. Ibitipoca, a park near the Mantiqueira Mountains and the Atlantic Forest, has walks and trails that lead to caves, freshwater beaches and natural pools. Orchids and bromeliads can be seen throughout the park.

The Parque Natural do Caraça, (130 km from Belo Horizonte) is one of the main destinations for those looking for outdoor excursions and activities such as tree climbing and hiking. Waterfalls, rapids, grottos and the meeting of Atlantic forest vegetation with the savannah makes the park an important environmental preservation area. The mecca for adventure sports, however, is in the Serra do Cipó (100 km from Belo Horizonte). The Cachoeira da Farofa, with more than 70 meters free fall, and the Bandeirinhas canyon are the most sought after attractions for enthusiasts of climbing, trekking, kayaking, rappel, mountain biking and caving. Ibituruna (324 km from Belo Horizonte) is a popular location for ballooning, parachuting, para-gliding and hang gliding.

Felipe Gombossy/Embratur

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Restaurants in the Estação das Docas

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Pará

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athed both by the Atlantic Ocean and the Amazon and Tapajos rivers, Pará offers visitors a wide variety of river and sea beaches as well as some unique scenes, such as buffalo rearing on the island of Marajó. Mining is the main source of income in the State, which is home to the famous gold mining region of Serra Pelada. The site came to be regarded as the largest open-cast mine in the world over two decades ago. In the 1980s, the discovery of gold in Serra Pelada created one of the biggest gold rushes in the modern era. The deposits attracted thousands of prospectors and Pará witnessed a wave of migration from all over Brazil. Although officially deactivated in 1992, mining had already become an important source of income for the State. There is still mining of iron ore, bauxite, manganese, limestone, gold and tin. The diversity of its peoples is a hallmark of the State, which includes indians, negros, whites and riverside-dwellers, in addition to influences from Portuguese, Spanish, Italian and Japanese immigrants. The richness of this cultural mix can be seen in Pará crafts - with pieces inspired by Indian culture and produced with natural raw material - as well as the cuisine and typical Amazon regional dances and legends.

Amapá

Roraima

BR 210 BR 163

Ilha Mexiana

val-de-cans

Ilha do Marajó PA-254 PA-439

PA-254

PA-437 PA-429

PA-427

Belém

PA-254

PA-140

PA-423 PA-156

Santarém

Alter do chão

Amazonas

PA-457

PA-154

PA-151 PA-475

PA-124

PA-140

PA-151 PA-167 PA-415

PA-370

PA-475

PA-156

BR 163

PA-435

BR 316

PA-253

PA-252

PA-252

PA-469

PA-431

PA-433

Salinópolis

PA-430 PA-446 PA-395 PA-124 PA-140 PA-136 PA-448 PA-242 PA-324 BR PA-320 316 PA-380 PA-112 PA-102 PA-127

PA-256

PA-475

altamira

BR 010

BR 230

BR 230

PA-125

PA-475 PA-263 BR 422

Itaituba

PA-150

BR 230

BR 230

BR 222

marabá BR 163

MAranhão

BR 230 PA-459

PA-257 BR 153 PA-150 carajás PA-279

PA-150 PA-449 PA-287

Geographic information equatorial amazon average temperature 31.4 °C (88,52 °F) amazon forest

PA-235

BR 158

PA-327

Tocantins BR 163

PA-411

international airport national airport national highways

BR 156

Mato grosso

State Highways

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Restaurants in the Estação das Docas

1,393,399 inhabitants 91 110 V

1,059.402 km2

Local holidays January 12: Anniversary of the founding of Belém August 15: Adhesion of Grão-Pará to Brazil’s Independence December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceição’s day Second S in October: Círio de Nazaré

Vaccination Yellow fever vaccination is recommended, at least 10 days before traveling.

Clothing Light clothes to suit the local climate.

Accommodation Belém offers accommodation options commensurate with its size and importance to the North of Brazil.

There are international chains and national three to five star hotels, as well as inns and guesthouses. Ecolodges are also common - accommodation with a sustainable structure set in extensive areas of greenery.

Transport The two main routes serving the State capital are the BR-316 highway and the Belém-Brasilia highway (BR-153 and BR-010). From Brasilia to Belém is almost two 2,000 km and just over 23 hours of travel. Departing from Teresina, the capital of Piauí, Belém is reached via the BR-316. The 907 km of highway can be traveled in around 11 hours. Departing from São Luis, the capital of Maranhão, use BR-135, BR-222 and then BR-316. The distance is around 800 km, which can be covered in approximately 10 hours. There are direct flights from major Brazilian cities. The airport also has international arrivals and departures to Europe and the United States. River transport is very common in the North of Brazil - Belém can be accessed

Felipe Gombossy/Embratur

BELÉM

by boat from the Cities of Manaus (Amazonas), Santarém (Pará), Amapá (Amapá), Ilha do Marajó (Piauí) and other locations. Belém is a modern metropolis, however it preserves its past from the times of the gold rush and the rubber boom. With a strategic position close to the coast, it was founded on January 12, 1616 as Feliz Lusitânia, a name that was later changed to Santa Maria do Grão Pará, Santa Maria de Belém do Pará, until finally becoming Belém, the first capital in the Amazon region. However the heyday would only come in the early 20th century, when the City received numerous families from Europe and other parts of Brazil during the latex extraction times. Important landmarks on the City date from this period, including the Teatro da Paz (Theater of Peace), the Museu Emílio Goeldi, Mercado Ver-oPeso, and the Palacete Bolonha. Its rich culture includes rhythms such as Carimbó and Marujada, inheritance of the negros and indians who lived in the region, as well as the Círio de Nazaré, the largest Catholic festival in Brazil, which has taken place in the city since 1793. Pará cuisine is rich in colors and flavors, including tucupi duck and a plethora of fruits such as bacuri, açaí and cupuaçu.

Felipe Gombossy/Embratur

Felipe Gombossy/Embratur

CATEDRAL METROPOLITANA DE BELÉM - NOSSA SENHORA DA GRAÇA

Aerial view of the City of Belém on the banks of the RIO GUAMá

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Belém City Center

Parque Naturalístico Mangal das Garças Passagem Carneiro da Rocha - Cidade Velha. Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 6 pm. Reserva José Márcio Ayres (Collection of Butterflies), Farol de Belém, Viveiro das Aningas, Memorial da Navegação da Amazônia, Passport (one price for all attractions)

MERCADO VER-O-PESO

Mercado Ver-O-Peso Av. Castilhos França - Cidade Velha. from 5 am to 2 pm. COMPLEXO FELIZ LUSITÂNIA Praça D. Frei Caetano Brandão, 117 - Cidade Velha. Tuesday to Sunday, from 10 am to 8 pm. Public holidays, from 9 am to 1 pm. (students pay half price) at the fort. For other attractions there is no charge for admission. This is the oldest part of the city, and is home to historic buildings dating from the 17th and 18th centuries, including the Catedral Metropolitana de Belém (which is where the procession begins for the Círio de Nazaré), Santo Alexandre and the Forte do Presépio, among others. Here tourists can visit the buildings and learn a little more about the history of the city.

daily

One of the City’s landmarks, this majestic market offers an opportunity to get to know the ingredients in Pará cooking, as well as sampling them at the stalls. The same complex houses the Estação das Docas, Mercado da Carne (Meat Market), Mercado do Ferro (Iron Market), Praça do Relógio (Clock Tower Square) and the Feira do Açaí.

BASÍLICA DE NAZARÉ E MUSEU DO CÍRIO Praça Justo Chermont - Nazaré. the Basilica is open daily from 10 am to 6 pm. The museum is open from Tuesday to Sunday from 10 am to 6 pm. no charge for the Basílica. museum. This is the most important church in Pará, built in honor of Nossa Senhora de Nazaré, the patron saint of the State. Be sure to also visit the Museu do Círio de Nazaré housed in the crypt of the Basilica, which is dedicated to the largest religious festival in Northern Brazil.

Estação das Docas Boulevard Castilhos França, 707 - Campina. variable - each restaurant and store has its own opening times, some being open through the day and others at night. no charge for entry, consumption is charged by each establishment.

SANTARÉM

294,580 inhabitants 22,886.761 km² 91 110 V Distance from the State capital: 1,520 km

Felipe Gombossy/Embratur

Opened in 2000 in an area that was previously occupied by the old port of Pará, Estação das Docas houses restaurants serving regional and international cuisine, as well as craft shops and an area for events.

Márcio W. Monteiro

Felipe Gombossy/Embratur

This location is home to hundreds of aquatic birds, including herons, and has a butterfly garden and a viewpoint from where it is possible to view the Rio Guamá. Next to the historic city center, the park was inaugurated in 2005 in an area that was formerly a part of the City that was flooded.

Kiosks selling regional spices and food product in MERCADO VER-O-PESO

Local holidays June 22: Anniversary of the founding of Santarém August 15: Adhesion of Grão-Pará to Brazil’s Independence December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceição’s day Second Sunday in October: Círio de Nazaré

Vaccination Yellow fever vaccination is recommended at least 10 days before traveling.

Clothing Bring light and comfortable clothes, and use sunscreen and insect repellent when walking near lakes and streams.

Accommodation Santarém is the regional center and gateway to the beautiful beaches of the Rio Tapajós. The town offers small hotels (mostly three and four star rating) and pleasant inns, some situated by the river.

Transport Access by road from Belém via BR-163 (SantarémCuiabá Federal highway). The distance of 1,443 km takes around 18 hours. Air transport is available, with daily flights arriving at the Santarém Airport - Maestro Wilson Fonseca. There are air links from Santarém to Belém and Manaus, around one hour’s travel. To reach Santarém by river is around 880 km from Belém or 756 km from Manaus.

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Museu João Fona Next to the Praça Barão de Santarém - Centro. daily from 8 am to 1 pm. This museum is housed in the third oldest building in the town. Built between 1853 and 1868, it has previously been home to the jail, the City Hall and the Courts. The collection includes exhibitions of tapajós ceramics (produced by Tapajó Indians - one of the largest and most important indigenous nations in Pará).

IGREJA DE Nossa Senhora da Conceição Praça Monsenhor José Gregório - Centro. Monday to Friday from 7 am to 11:30 am and from 2 pm to 6 pm

The oldest church in the City, it houses the Crucifixo de Von Martius, an artifact that belonged to the famous German scientist Karl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, who became known for escaping death in a shipwreck on the Rio Amazonas.

ALTER DO CHÃO

6,740 inhabitants 437,500 km² Distance from the capital: 1,500 km

93

ILHA DOIS AMORES, in Alter do Chão

110 V

Local holidays March 6: Anniversary of the founding of Alter do Chão June 22: Anniversary of the founding of Santarém

Accommodation As a small river village, Alter do Chao offers only a few inns and simpler hotels.

Transport From the center of Santarém follow State highway PA-457 to the village of Alter do Chão. The distance of 38,3 km can be covered in 55 minutes. Belém International Airport has regular flights to Santarém. It is also possible to rent an air-taxi at the Municipal airport (Airport Brigadeiro Protásio de Oliveira) for destinations within the State of Pará. Mediumsized vessels navigate the river to Belém (Pará),

Vania Myrrha

Santarém is the second most important City in Pará and the second oldest city in the North of Brazil. Founded in 1661, it lies in a strategic position between the main capital cities of Amazônia (Belém and Manaus), and its history and ecotourism have made it internationally famous. Its historical heritage, beautiful landscapes, more than 100 km of freshwater beaches, lakes, archaeological sites, preserved forests, streams, trails and islands make Santarém a destination that should not be missed by those visiting Pará.

Manaus (Amazonas) and Amapá (Amapá). Travel to the town by river is around 880 km from Belém or 756 km from Manaus.

Emir Hermes Bemerguy Filho/Embratur

One of the freshwater beaches in the Santarém region

Those coming to this small village in the Santarém region cannot believe that the waters that they see in front of them are a river. Alter do Chão is on the banks of the Rio Tapajós, and at this location the river has a blue-green color akin to the color of the seas in the Caribbean. This splendor has attracted tourists and the attention of publications around the world, such as the British newspaper “The Guardian”, which considered this to be one of the most beautiful beaches on the planet. As well as the splendor of its beaches, the town harbors untouched retreats such as the Floresta Nacional Tapajós and Ponta do Cururu, where one can observe river dolphins - an animal ever-present

in Amazonian legends. These animals are also part of one of the most famous local festivals, the Sairé, which brings together elements from Catholicism and indigenous traditions during the month of September, with typical regional dances and the dispute between the Rio Tucuxi’s dolphins (in gray) and the pink-colored seducer. It is a spectacle that displays the colors and ways of the Amazon.

Praia Ponta do Cururu (River Dolphin Refuge) 15 km from Alter do Chão. by boat from the town center. no charge. Cost of transport on request. Contact local agencies to make the journey Here it is possible to see the mythical Rio Alter’s dolphins, famous in local legends and festivals.

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Río Tapajós banks of the river in Alter do Chão The Tapajós river cuts across Alter do Chão, forming lakes and small rivers that reach up to three meters deep at some times of year.

ILHA MEXIANA

21,005 inhabitants (Municipality of Chaves) 670 km² 91 110 V 6 meters Distance from the capital: 226 km

Local holidays June 6: Anniversary of the founding of Chaves August 15: Adhesion of Grão-Pará to Brazil’s Independence December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceição’ days Second Sunday in October: Círio de Nazaré

Accommodation The resort is the only lodging option on the island, whose price includes full board, transfer from Belém or Santarém and, in the case of sports fishermen, organized fishing tours.

Transport The island has a runway for single-engine light aircraft. Flights from Belém take an average of 30 minutes. Ilha Mexiana can also be reached by boat. It takes around 8 hours from Belém. There are tour operators in the Complexo Dragão do Mar in Belém who offer to arrange this form of transport. A paradise of sport fishing in the North of Brazil, Ilha Mexiana attracts ever more fishing enthusiasts. One of the islands that make up Ilha de Marajó, Mexiana is located on the margins of the Rio Amazonas, with its north side facing the Atlantic Ocean. However, the force of the strongest river flow in Brazil prevails, and consequently its fresh waters have a large number of fish species such as pirarucu and tucunaré (peacock bass). The island is also rich in fauna and flora, especially regional fruits. The island has few facilities; there is only one resort on the island, with international cuisine. This is intentional, to reserve this untouched paradise for adventure and fishing.

Cerámica marajoara: arte de los indios de la región

ILHA DE MARAJÓ, LOCATED AT THE MOUTH OF THE RIO AMAZONAS

Sport fishing excursions are possible by hiring a fishing guide with a boat or purchasing a package through the resort on Ilha Mexiana. The package is for four days and three nights for a group of at least four people, and is only available in winter.

ILHA DE MARAJÓ

466,005 inhabitants (16 municipalities) 40,100 km² 91 110 V Distance from the capital: 87 km

Rafael Daltro

Local holidays

Typical handicrafts from ILHA MEXIANA

carlos macapuna

Sport Fishing only by boat or light aircraft. the resort offers transportation from Santarém airport, which must be paid separately. at the resort

January 20: Anniversary of the founding of Soure January 24: Anniversary of the founding of Portel July 6: Anniversary of the founding of Manaú August 15: Adhesion of Grão-Pará to Brazil’s Independence

Vaccination

Transport

Yellow fever vaccination is recommended, at least 10 days before traveling.

For those who wish to drive, it is possible to take a ferry that makes the daily crossing from Icoaraci to Porto Camará, a district in Belém located about 20 km from the center. Access to Icoaraci is via the Augusto Montenegro highway or the Artur Bernades highway. There are no schedules flights to Ilha Marajó, however it is possible to rent helicopters or an air-taxi service. The journey can also be made by boat, and there are several bus lines services and mini-buses that travel to Soure (31 km from the port) and Salvaterra (25 km from the port).

Clothing Appropriate clothing for warm weather, preferably light and simple. Do not forget repellent and a hat.

Shopping Marajó pottery and Indian artifacts are the bestknown items on sale. They can be found at locations scattered across the island.

Accommodation Of the 16 municipalities that make up Ilha Marajó, the best accommodation infrastructure is found in Soure, with several grades of inn available. It is common for the more sophisticated to provide full board.

With part of its area bathed by the sea and part by the Rio Amazonas, Marajó is the largest fluvial island in the world. It is a place with rich geography and biodiversity. Buffaloes - the local symbol - are reared on open ranges on the island. Marajó is divided into

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Igarapé da Água Boa the community is located around 14 km from Salvaterra. the site is via PA-154 (before Joanes) on a dirt road This is a fishing community where you can enjoy the tranquil waters of the streams, in addition to buying fresh fish to be roasted on a beach campfire, Marajó-style.

Praia do Pinheiro located in the Municipality of Salvaterra, opposite Praça das Comunicações. it is possible to walk from the town center This is one of the most beautiful spots on Ilha Marajó. Praia do Pinheiro is popular with local residents at weekends, when families meet up around the restaurants and kiosks.

Praia do Pesqueiro 10 km from the center of Soure. it is possible to reach the beach by boat from the town center This is the most popular beach on the island and has the best facilities. Its warm waters attract many visitors during holidays and at weekends.

Praia Grande de Salvaterra within walking distance, less than 500 meters from the Centro de Salvaterra

This is the principal beach in Salvaterra, with numerous restaurants, bars and inns. At the height of the dry season it is the main meeting point in town.

ITAITUBA

97,493 inhabitants 62,040.111 km² 93 110 V Distance from the capital: 1,626 km

gold. However with the depletion of the reserves interest turned to the wealth of biodiversity and landscapes around the town, which has now become a center with significant potential for eco-tourism. In great part this is due to the beaches that form during the dry season, caves, the Parque Nacional da Amazônia (Amazon National Park), the São Luiz do Tapajós

region, and the Tabuleiro de Monte Cristo. In addition to trekking on forest trails and diving in the clear waters of the Tapajós, one can also observe several species of birds and turtles. For those in search of sport fishing, Lago do Jacaré is the best option, with large tucunaré (peacock bass) and filhote - a small fish very popular in regional cuisine.

Local holidays August 15: Adhesion of Grão-Pará to Brazil’s Independence December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceição Second Sunday in October: Círio de Nazaré December 15: Anniversary of the founding of Itaituba

Endless Colors and Flavors

Vaccination Yellow fever vaccination is recommended at least 10 days before traveling

Pará cuisine is mainly influences by Indian culture, but with some special touches brought by Portuguese and African immigrants. Typical ingredients from the Amazon region are the basis for many of the delicacies found in the State. Spices, greens and fruits such as açaí, cupuaçu, castanha-do-pará (Brazil nut), peach, tucumã, muruci, peppers and herbs such as jambu (used in various recipes and known for leaving the tongue numb) accompany a wide variety of fish and seafood dishes. Traditional dishes such as pato no tucupi (duck in yellow mandioc sauce), and maniçoba (a type of bean stew) and tacacá (a spicy soup) should not be missed by tourists visiting the State. Be sure to experiment Chibá, a broth with manioc flour and water with a slightly acid taste, considered to be the most typical dish in Pará. Leave space for the desserts and liqueurs made with fruits from the Amazon.

Clothing Although average temperatures are not high, the use of lightweight, comfortable, clothing is recommended. Insect repellent is essential for outdoor walks.

Accommodation Considered a medium sized town, Itaituba has few facilities for visitors. There are a few simple inns and hotels, mainly in the central part of town. Some coastal communities offer rooms and houses for rent, but these must be reserved well in advance.

Transport From Belém it is 1,374 km by road, which takes approximately 18 hours. Drivers should follow state highways PA-140, PA-252, PA-475, and PA-263. In Tucuruí take BR-422, then BR-230 (Rodovia Transamazônica), which leads to Itaituba. A small part of the route, just before the town of Itaituba, is made by ferry. The town also has a regional airport and it is possible to rent a helicopter or air-taxi. Located in the Santarém region, on the banks of the Tapajós, Itaituba started out in 1836 as an Indian village, when the States of Pará and Maranhão were still part of Grão-Pará. For a long time the town depended on mining, principally

JEAN BARBOSA

16 municipalities, the principal towns being Joanes and Soure. Here is it possible to find a good selection of inns and restaurants, as well as guides for more remote tours. During walks through the preserved forest is possible to see birds and caiman, the latter especially at night. Marajó pottery is known worldwide and reflects the heritage left by the Marajó Indians. Many of these pieces, such as centuries-old funeral urns, vases, jars and artwork can be seen in the Museu do Marajó in Cachoeira do Arari, one of the small villages on the island.

The endless colors of typical Amazonian fruits

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Easily accessible, the Parque Nacional is formed by mixed tropical forest, alluvial forests, streams and rare tree species, as well as numerous animal species. There are trails and a viewpoint from where you can observe the Rio Tapajós.

Ilha de São Luiz do Tapajós Departing from the Municipal offices in Itaituba. the journey takes around one hour by car on a dirt road. it is recommended that the tour is done during the day

A picturesque location, where you can spend a morning or afternoon enjoying the beauty of the Rio Tapajós and the local cuisine. The highlight is the tambaqui, a fish abundant in the region, which is used in various recipes. Access is easy and does not require a guide.

SALINÓPOLIS

37,421 inhabitants 237.487 km2 Distance from the capital: 220 km

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Rhythms

110 V Grupo de Carimbó “Os Quentes da Madrugada”

Parque Nacional da AMAZÔNIA Left bank of the Rio Tapajós. travel to the park takes half an hour by car or bus from the town center. By river it can be reached in around 1 hour. daily from 9 am to 5 pm. full day

Local holidays August 15: Adhesion of Grão-Pará to Brazil’s Independence Second Sunday in October: Círio de Nazaré October 22: Anniversary of the founding of Salinópolis December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceição

Vaccination Yellow fever vaccination is recommended at least 10 days before traveling

Clothing

The Carimbó and the Lundu are among the more traditional rhythms in Pará. Considered to be of indian origin, the name Carimbó refers to the drum which provides the rhythm - the curimbó. The beat has been subject to negro and Portuguese influences over time, and has evolved from a traditional dance into a popular modern rhythm. The Lundu has its roots in Africa, and was created from the drumming of slaves brought from Angola. The rhythm is considered by many to be the original AfroBrazilian form of music.

Carimbó Da irmandade de São Benedito

green waters. Atalaia and Maçarico are the most frequented beaches, with excellent facilities for visitors. For those who want peace and quiet, the recommendation is the beaches at Curvinas and Cruzerio, virtually isolated due to difficult access.

Light clothing suitable for the region’s climate.

Accommodation One of the few locations in Pará with a saltwater beach, Salinópolis offers a variety of inns and hotels for tourists. The most sought after are located in neighborhoods near the shore and the town center.

Transport

PRAIA DO FAROL VELHO, in Salinas

Carlos Macapuna

From Belem to Salisbury is around 220 km, which takes two and a half hours. Access is via BR-316 and PA-124. There are also bus lines leaving the terminal in Belém that serve the town. Salinópolis is one of the few saltwater resorts in Pará. The name originates from the fact that in its earlier days it was the location of a large salt deposit, which supplied the entire region. It was known as Salinas up to 1920, when a decree changed its name to Salinópolis. It is popular with those who like to relax on its fine white sand lapped by gray-

Praia do Maçarico Located with the urban area. it can be reached on foot or by car from any point in the center This is one of the more popular destinations during the high season nights in July. Its 2 km coastline has bars, restaurants and kiosks serving regional snacks.

Ilha do Atalaia From the town center it is 12 km via Estrada do Atalaia The island is bordered by the Salinas, Atalia and Farol Velho beaches, which together are over 20 km long. The beaches have good tourist facilities, including kiosks, restaurants and areas set aside for various sports. Its waters are calm and suitable for bathing.

IGREJA DE São Francisco in João Pessoa and its rococó baroque style

Toddy Holland/Embratur

285

PARAíba

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Paraíba

J

une is the busiest month of the year in Paraíba: this is when the “Festa Junina” - St. Johns Festival - happens. In the rest of the country the festival takes place in scattered events in streets, schools and churches, however Paraíba celebrates “the greatest São João in the world” in the town of Campina Grande. The celebration lasts for a month, accompanied by plenty of country dances (“forró”), typical regional delicacies and animation comparable only to Carnaval in Bahia. Paraíba is one of the nine States in Northeastern Brazil, and just like its neighbors it also offers beautiful beaches, warm, calm waters, traditional northeastern hospitality and long, clear, calm days for those who choose the region for rest and relaxation. With a warm climate all year round, the visitor can enjoy the urban beaches of João Pessoa, the State capital. In total there are 30 km of beaches for the tourist to choose from. More recently discovered by visitors, the deserted beaches in Southern Paraíba are marked by rock formations and beach buggy rides along the sands. Those who visit the State must not miss the opportunity to see one of the most important archaeological sites in the world. Located in the municipality of Sousa, the Parque dos Dinossauros (Dinosaur Park) includes over 50 different types of footprints of prehistoric animals.

Rio grande do norte

BR 110 PB-321 PB-323 BR 110

PB-117 BR 104

BR 110 PB-405

PB-325 PB-359 PB-391

sousa

BR 230

PB-057 PB-233

PB-275

PB-348

BR 230

PB-426

PB-221

tropical average of 28 °C (82,4 °F) remnants of atlantic forest

BR 104

PB-177

PB-851 PB-251

PB-055 BR 104

PB-121

PB-366 BR 361

PB-426

ceará

BR 110

Campina Grande

PB-176

PB-306

PB-226

PB-356

BR 412

PB-210 PB-216

PB-306

PB-025 PB-041

João pessoa

BR 408

PB-102

acaú BR 104

PB-196

PB-224

PB-242 PB-264

PB-196

international airport national highways State Highways

Pernambuco

PB-008 Pitimbu

PB-032

PB-090

BR 110

BR 110

PB-018 PB-030 BR 101

PB-160

BR 412

PB-214

cabedelo

PB-067

PB-054 BR 230

PB-148

BR 361

PB-075

BR 230

BR 230

PB-238

BR 361

PB-404

Porto de cabedelo BR 101

PB-228

PB-384

PB-372

PB-085

BR 230

PB-368

PB-400

Baía da Traição

BR 110

BR 230

PB-400

PB-103

PB-111

PB-299

PB-705

PB-417

Barra de camaratuba

PB-089

PB-177

BR 427

PB-361

Geographic information

Barra do guaju PB-065

PB-099

PB-137

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their offerings of dishes based on seafood. Ponta do Seixas, the point in Brazil which first sees the rising of the sun, is one of the most popular urban beaches in the City. Tambaba was the first beach in the North East to be dedicated to naturism. Cabo Blanco, with its 40 meter tall cliffs weathered by the action of the sea, offers unforgettable views. There are 30 km of beaches for the tourist to choose from. The capital of Paraíba is one of the country’s principal centers of cachaça and cane juice production, both of which are a legacy from the golden age of sugar mills in the State, so well portrayed by the books of José Lins do Rego, one Paraíba’s most famous residents. The City has a past marked by conflicts with invaders, natives and settlers. Much of this history can be seen in the monuments located in the center of the City and in conversations with the friendly population.

Aerial view of PRAIA DE TAMBAÚ in João Pessoa

Toddy Holland/Embratur

FORTALEZA SANTA CATARINA Rua Francisco Serafim - Praia Ponta de Matos. Monday to Friday from 8 am to 5 pm. no charge

723,515 inhabitants

Transport 211,474 km²

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220 V

Local holidays August 5: Anniversary of the founding of João Pessoa

Clothing The best choice for tourists visiting João Pessoa to pack light and comfortable clothes, due to the high temperatures. Comfortable shoes are essential for walking long distances.

For those who choose to travel by bus or car, the access roads to João Pessoa are BR-101 and BR-230. The bus terminal has lines serving several Brazilian State capitals. The Presidente Castro Pinto International Airport is located in Bayeux, a small town 12 km from central João Pessoa, and has 16 daily flights.

Accommodation

Within the city The capital of Paraíba has 88 local bus routes and a fleet of 445 vehicles. Since 2005 it has been possible to make at least three connections in three hours while paying for only one ride.

Visitors to João Pessoa have a wide range of hotels in various price ranges to choose from. The more sophisticated options are located on coast and include international hotel chains. For those who prefer simplicity, there are beachfront inns with lower prices.

The beaches of João Pessoa are its main tourist attraction. A typical day is spent between the warm waters and fine clear sands, and then later enjoying an evening in a restaurant with

Plentiful seafood in Paraíba cuisine

Paraíba cuisine

In addition to seafood, which is abundant all along the coast of Paraíba, two dishes are considered typical of the region: sun-dried beef and ‘buchada de bode’ - goat offal, both specialties of the interior of the State. Sun-dried beef ‘carne-de-sol - is offered by restaurants accompanied by cassava, beans and whole-milk butter. Buchada de bode is a hearty dish, based on offal seasoned and prepared in a goat’s stomach.

Jardim Botânico Avenida Dom Pedro II - Centro. Saturday, from 8 am to 5 pm

Tuesday to

In the middle of the Buraquinho Forest - a remnant of the Atlantic Forest - the city’s botanical garden maintains a cataloged collection of species and plants that are typical of the region. Besides its beautiful landscapes, is also offers seven walking trails open to the public, however only if accompanied by a guide.

Intermares by car via BR-230, or intercity bus from João Pessoa bus terminal

Toddy Holland/Embratur

JOÃO PESSOA

The original fort, built in 1589, was destroyed in battles for possession of the City by the Portuguese, Spanish and Dutch. It was rebuilt in stone around 100 years later, and it remains intact to this day. Visits are accompanied by guides, who take visitors to the Captain’s house, chapel, 16th century canons, and to a viewpoint at the site.

Toddy Holland/Embratur

paraíba

PRAIA FORMOSA, in cabedelo

The high waves at this beach make it the main destination for the City’s surfers. In addition to the waves, the beach is visually stunning, fringed by coconut trees and with clear, soft sand.

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with children. There is also a lighthouse that marks the easternmost point. Visitors choosing to visit the site are advised to program their trip for the morning, as the cliffs cast a shadow on the beach from early afternoon onward.

In the municipality of Cabedelo natural pools form on the beach at low tide, providing great fun for children. Long walks are also an option for visitors. Catamarans depart from the beach carrying tourists who wish to visit the Ilha Areia Vermelha - “Red Sand Island”. This sand islet appears only during low tide on around 20 days a month.

Toddy Holland/Embratur

Coqueirinho by car via the PB-008 State highway

ILHA AREIA VERMELHA

Ceramic statues sculpted by local artisans

Handicrafts

Embroidery and crochet are among the more widespread handicraft techniques in Paraíba. They are found in items such as purses, quilts, towels and in the decoration of T-shirts. The local artisans are also experts in working with ceramics.

Tambaú From the center of town via Avenida Almirante Tamandaré, or municipal bus (lines 510, 511 and 513) Lying at the side of the main tourist infrastructure of hotels, inns, bars and restaurants, this beach can get very busy. Its pleasant appearance, formed by coconut palms and gameleiras (a species of tree) helps to attract its public, mostly comprised of families. However the main attraction is the sidewalk, popular in the morning and late afternoon with people who enjoy walking.

Bessa by car via BR-230 or by municipal bus (lines 601, 513, 521 and 603)

PRAIA DO JACARÉ from the center of João Pessoa take BR-320 for 18 km to the town of Cabedelo

The paradisiacal beach has bungalows on the sand for those who want to enjoy sunbathing and relaxation, and it is also suitable for children. The clear and calm waters provide safe bathing. The beach becomes animated in late afternoon, when the kiosks become very busy.

This beach is formed by the meeting of the waters of the Paraíba River with the sea. and offers a landscape that is ideal for visits at sunset with the entire family. The site has been listed by the Institute for National Artistic and Historical Heritage, which prevents new construction in the region, however it has a full range of facilities for visitors, with restrooms, restaurants, bars and inns.

Cabo Branco by car from the center of town or by municipal bus (lines 507, 507B and 1007)

This beach has both sea water and warm fresh water from a river, and attracts families of bathers - however water is not the only attraction. Colored cliffs and a canyon that can be visited by beach buggy help to make it one of the most popular destinations in João Pessoa. Consequently the beach gets crowded at weekends. Sculptures on the shores of Açude Velho representing the Tropeiros da Borborema

Ponta do Seixas by car or bus (lines 507, 1007 and 5007 B) via Avenida Cabo Branco or Avenida Panorâmica

The beach is long and has many kiosks spread out along its length. The site attracts athletes who play volleyball on the fine sands, and is also popular for running, walking or cycling along the main avenue, which is closed for cars to allow the practice of physical exercises between 5 am and 8 am each morning.

Toddy Holland/Embratur

Toddy Holland/Embratur

Camboinha / Ilha Areia Vermelha by car via BR-230 to Cabedelo. From there take a catamaran or ferry to make the crossing

This destination is famous for being the easternmost tip of the Americas. In addition to the blue sea and fine sand, the beach has rustic kiosks that attract groups of friends and parents

CAMPINA GRANDE 385,213 inhabitants

594.179 km²

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220 V

Local holidays

Cabo Branco

Toddy Holland/Embratur

Craft fair in Tambaú

Toddy Holland/Embratur

Toddy Holland/Embratur

October 11: Anniversary of founding of the City June 24: São João’s day

Clothing Beach at Ponta do Seixas, the easternmost tip of the Americas

Give preference to light and comfortable clothes because of the heat, and comfortable shoes for long walks. The temperature usually drops at night during the winter months, so a light jacket is recommend.

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Toddy Holland/Embratur

The Campina Grande hotel network is made up of hotels and inns, most having three and four star rating. Demand is high during the month of June, and reservation at least one month in advance is recommended.

Festas Juninas in Brazil

In Brazil there are two distinct types of Festas Juninas. In the Southeast, South and Midwest the festivals are most commonly based around organized fairs and dancing, in the Northeast the celebrations go on for many days, with the tone set by rhythmic regional dances such as forró, baião and xote. The food at the festivals in the Northeast is also somewhat different from the rest of the country, using local ingredients such as coconut oil and palm oil in the preparation of some dishes. The use of corn as the basis for several Junino specialties such as corn cake and curau is common throughout the country.

SOUSA

65,803 inhabitants

738.543 km²

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220 V

Local holidays July 10: Political Emancipation of the Municipality

Transport

Clothing

Access to Campina Grande is via federal highways BR-104, BR-230 and BR-412. The town can also reached by air.

Light clothing and sandals are recommended due to the hot, dry weather. Comfortable shoes for long walks and a cap or hat are also recommended.

Campina Grande has a rich culture and is home to a well known festival. Every year it hosts the Maior São João do Mundo (World’s Greatest São João), a festival of huge proportions, with dancing, handicrafts and traditional foods. It attracts tourists both from Brazil and overseas. Home of some of the best-known names in Northeastern culture, such the singer Elba Ramalho and singer-songwriters Jackson do Pandeiro and Luis Gonzaga, is also home to one of the best known Brazilian rhythms, forró.

Accommodation

maior São João do mundo Rua Major Belmiro, Parque do Povo - São José. open 24 hours during festival days. no charge. see local schedules for shows, made available a few days before the start of the festivities The festival takes place throughout the month of June, and is town’s biggest attraction. Visitors are drawn to Campina Grande by over a thousand hours of music, dance and traditional foods. Around two million tourists usually passing through the city during the festival.

Expresso do Forró Rua Paulo de Frontim - Estação Velha. From 10 am to 3 pm on June 11, 12, 18, 19, 23, 24 and 25. varies each year. it is recommended to verify times in early June, near the date of the tour. The Forró Express is a train with seven carriages, all decorated with Junino Festival themes. It departs from the Estação Velha (Old Station) in the Galante district, 12 km from Campina Grande. The party is animated by a forró trio.

Sousa has limited accommodation, with less than ten hotels and inns. As demand is very high throughout the year, it is recommended to book well in advance, preferably through travel agencies.

Transport Access to Sousa and is via BR-230. There are bus lines connecting the town to João Pessoa, however Sousa does not have a bus terminal. Located in the heart of the Paraíba countryside, Sousa sits on the banks of the Rio do Peixe. It is home to some of the most remarkable archaeo-

logical finds in Brazil, including footprints and traces of more than 80 species of prehistoric animals, located in the Vale dos Dinossauros. In addition to Sousa, finds have been made in 29 other towns in Paraíba. The Valley became a protected conservation area in 2002.

Sítio Vale dos Dinossauros Rodovia Estadual Gadelha José de Paiva, 5 km marker (direction Uiraúna). daily from 7 am to 5 pm. no charge. the site offers guides to accompany tours; services vary depending on group size The valley is one of the most important paleontological sites in the world, with over 50 types of footprints of prehistoric animals spread across its trails. There are also replicas of some species of dinosaur. The most interesting trails are the Serrote dos Letreiros and the Serrote do Pimenta, which take visitors to locations where these large reptiles lived and left their mark. As it is impossible to visit everything in one day, it is recommended to seek accommodation in Sousa to take advantage of all the attractions on offer.

Paraíba agreste festival Aroeiras (São João and São Pedro) The festival of São João and São Pedro in Aroeiras lasts for seven days, and takes place in the month of June. The festival features concerts, a donkey race, typical food and the famous São Pedro procession.

Guarabira (Forró Fest, São Pedro e Sanfona Fest) The festivities attract around five thousand people to enjoy typical foods, dances and other cultural events. During the Sanfona Fest the audience can watch presentations by accordion players from around the country, who gather to socialize and display their art.

Toddy Holland/Embratur

Accommodation

Robert s. flaum

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IGUAÇU FALLS

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PARANÁ

P

araná is an original Tupi-Guarani name, which means “big like the sea.” The territory’s first colonizers represented the Spanish crown, and as of 1541, founded the first settlements in the region. Thirteen years later, in 1554, the first European settlement - Vila de Ontiveros - arose in Paraná. Later, still in the 16th century, the Portuguese started colonizing the part of the territory they were entitled to and created two captaincies: São Vicente and Sant’Ana, in the extension of Paranaguá. Paraná has a modern economy, which makes its cities (especially the capital, Curitiba) examples of development and life quality. It is the largest agricultural producer in Brazil, and has the country’s fourth largest industrial center. The state has an efficient road network, connecting major cities in the states of Paraná, São Paulo and Santa Catarina. The main highway of Paraná is BR-277, which crosses the state from East to West. In total, there are 13,750 km of paved highways. Paraná has a very mixed culture, which includes Portuguese, Italians, Ukrainians, Germans, Polish, Dutch, Arabic and Japanese. They are immigrants who settled in the State in different periods of the history in search of work, fertile land and the mild climate of the region (which allowed easier adaptation to Brazil).

são paulo

mato grosso do sul PR-340 PR-557

PR-542

PR-577

PR-556

PR-170 PA-450

PR-463

PR-090 PR-437 PR-445 PR-537

PR-180 PR-182

BR 376

PR-218

PR-470

BR 158

PR-317

PR-463

PR-340

PR-218

PR-218

PR-317

PR-461

BR 158

PR-545

PR-170

PR-323

PR-490

PR-487

BR 163

PR-589 PR-239

PR-239

PR-239

BR 317

PR-488

PR-182

PR-163

BR 376

BR 487

PA-460

BR 467

PA-238

BR 158

BR 277

PR-364

Geographic information subtropical averaging 21 °C in Summer and 13 °C in Winter (69,8 °F in Summer and 55,4 °F in winter) atlantic forest

PR-438 BR 277

PR-170

argentina

BR 153

PR-281

PR-469

morretes

BR 158

PR-151

PR-427

BR 476 BR 476

PR-447 PR-459 BR 158

curitiba

PR-281

PR-446

PR-562 PR-170

PR-449

BR 280 BR 280

Paranaguá

BR 153

santa catarina

PR-407

BR 476

PR-433

PR-163 PR-180

BR 376

PR-151

bacacheri

PR-364

PR-483 BR 280

PR-090

PR-153

PR-281 PR-180

BR 476 BR 116

PR-513

BR 277

BR 373

PR-340 PR-092

PR-364 BR 158

PR-340

PR-151

BR 376

BR 153

PR-281

PR-163

PR-092

PR-405

BR 373

PR-473

PR-471

PR-092

PR-090

PR-522

BR 277

PR-182

PR-151

BR 376

BR 487

PR-364

PR-180

PR-163

PR-081

PR-340

PR-441

BR 466

PR-163

PR-090

PR-160

PR-456

PR-180

state highways

PR-151

PA-160

BR 277

Foz do Iguaçu

BR 153

PR-340

PR-160

BR 466

PR-249

PR-585

BR 182

national highways PR-239

PR-239

PR-160

PR-364

PR-182

national airport

PR-092

PR-340

PR-462

PR-574

internaTional AIRport

PR-151

PR-531

PA-082

PA-535

BR 467

PR-151

BR 153

PR-090

PR-249

PR-180

PR-092

PR-272

PR-160

BR 376

BR 487

BR 317

PR-182

PR-495

PR-495

BR 369

PR-317

BR 158

PR-151

PR-218

PR-438

PA-451

PR-549

PR-468

PR-092

PR-218

PR-435 PR-090

PR-462

PR-364

PR-239

PR-160 PR-445

BR 308

BR 272

BR 272

PR-182

PR-364

PR-488

PR-468

BR 486

BR 272

BR 308

PR-546

BR 487

PR-180

PR-439

PR-424

PR-567

BR 272

PR-151

PR-090

BR 317

PR-558

PR-580

PR-431

BR 153

PR-160

PR-525 PR-082

PR-489

PR-487

PR-431

PR-092 PR-436 londrina PR-218

PR-471

paraguay

PR-442

PR-180

BR 487

PR-436

PR-518

PR-090

PR-487 PR-485

PR-092

PR-517

PR-160 PR-323

PR-218

PR-323

PR-170

PR-454

PR-218 PR-480 PR-580

PR-543

PR-458

PR-461

PR-480

PR-508

PR-511

BR 376

PR-427 BR 116

PR-057 PR-281

Ilha do Mel

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highest quality standards of life in Brazil, and its environmental care turned it into an example in Brazil and worldwide. Sustainability has arose with the foundation of the city: its early inhabitants followed strict rules, just cutting down trees in outlined areas and the river was kept clean. Curitiba means “lots of pine trees” in Guarani, by reference to the large number of pines in the city.

Jardim Botanico of Curitiba

Bosque Alemão Rua Niccolo Paganini (corner of Rua Schubert) or Rua Francisco Schäffer. daily from 6 am to 8 pm

Mario Sergio Silvestri/Embratur

435,274 km²

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curitiba metropolitan REGION

Local holidays

PRAÇA DO RELÓGIO DAS FLORES

September 8: Nossa Senhora da Luz dos Pinhais

Adrianópolis

RUA 24 HORAS Between the Rua Visconde and Rua Visconde do Rio Branco. 24h.

Cerro Azul

Accommodation

Tunas do Paraná Itaperuçu

Bocaiúva do Sul Campo Largo

Campo Almirante Colombo Magro Tamandaré

Transporte

A stroll through more than 26 parks and forests of Curitiba, many of which are a tribute to the immigrants. The city has one of the

Rio Branco do Sul

Pinhais Curitiba

Quatro Barras

Piraquara

Balsa Nova Araucária São José Fazenda dos Pinhais Rio Grande Contenda

Lapa

Campina Grande do Sul

Covered with a large tube-shaped steel frame, the street is an architectural milestone of the city. It shelters 34 stores, which work from 9 am to 11 pm.

Mario Sergio Silvestri/Embratur

Curitiba has many hotel options scattered over various districts. Several international chains are present in the city and tourists can choose between more luxurious or more traditional accommodations.

The road from Curitiba receives buses from the hinterland cities of Paraná, as well as major Brazilian cities and capitals. Two major highways linking Curitiba to the rest of the country: BR-116 and BR-376 (continued from BR101). Located in the same address as the highway, the railway station has a passenger train line, which connects the capital city to Morretes and Paranaguá. The Afonso Pena International Airport is located 18 miles from downtown Curitiba and receives regular flights from major Brazilian cities, with connections to foreign destinations.

Mario Sergio Silvestri/Embratur

1,751.907 inhabitants

With attractions aimed at the dissemination of the German culture, the forest has the John and Mary (João e Maria) trail, Bach’s oratory, a children’s library and a belvedere overlooking the Serra do Mar (Sea Mountain Ridge).

Typical house of Bosque Alemão (German Woods) Quitandinha

Mandirituba Tijucas do Sul

Campo do Tenente

Rio Negro

Piên

Agudos do Sul

Bosque João Paulo II and Memorial da Imigração Polonesa Rua Wellington Oliveira Vianna - Centro Cívico, with entrance also from Rua Vieira dos Santos and through the back of the Museu Oscar Niemeyer. Woods: daily from 6 am to 8 pm. Memorial: Mondays, from 1:30 pm to 6 pm. Tuesdays to Sundays, from 9 am to 6 pm. only at the memorial.

Mario Sergio Silvestri/Embratur

CURITIBA

The site is a tribute to the Polish immigration in Paraná, which began in 1871. It shelters a village with typical houses and a specialized collection. With an area of 46,000 m², its landscape project was designed by Burle Marx. The forest also hosts festivals of the Polish community in Curitiba.

RuA 24 hoRAS

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CENTRO HISTÓRICO Largo da Ordem / Praça Coronel Enéas/ Praça Garibaldi/ Rua Doutor Kellers.

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1. Tanguá Park 2. Pedreira Paulo Leminski Park 3. São Lourenço Park 4. Gen. Iberê de Mattos Park 5. Barreirinha Park 6. Tingui Park 7. São Cristóvão Park

Culture in the dance

The culture of Paraná has the contribution of Portuguese, Spanish, Africans, native tribes, Italians, Germans, Dutch, Polish, Ukrainians, Japanese, Arabs, Koreans, Chinese and Bulgarian, as well as influences from the people of the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Minas Gerais and the Northeast. A great mix that can be experienced in museums, fairs, festivals, crafts and in the daily life of Paraná’s people. But one of the state’s main artistic and cultural manifestations are the typical dance groups, influenced by their ancestors who keep alive important traditions, involving mainly European immigrants. These groups are presented in typical costumes for dances such as Pau-de-fitas (Maypole dancing of Portuguese origin), the Balainha (typical

of the coastal region) or Fandango (dance in pairs known in Spain and Portugal since the Baroque period). Spread over several cities in the state, there are groups inspired by German immigrants, such as the group of Germanic Root Dances, from the city of Marechal Cândido Rondon (with choreography from Germany, like Sternpolka, Horlepipe and Halbe Kette), and the group Folk Dances Fortschritt Ohne Grenzen, of Pato Bragado. Inspired by Ukrainians there is the Kalena folk group (which dances the Hopak, Kolomeika, Polka, among others), from the city of União da Vitória and the Vesselka from Prudentópolis. From Poland came the inspiration for Lublin, of Irati, and from Italy, one from the Italian folk group named Cuore d’Italia of José dos Pinhais.

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8. Bosque da Fazendinha 9. Reinhard Maack Park 10. Náutico Park 11. Iguaçu Park 12. Jockey Club de Paraná 13. Arena da Baixada Stadium 14. Paraná Airclub 15. Tropeiros Park 16. Museu Oscar Niemeyer

MEMORIAL AFRICANO Rua Eloi Orestes Zeglin and Rua Lothario Boutin, Pinheirinho. 24 hours daily. Outdoor Academy: over 12 years old. Square opened in 2010 as a tribute to the African descendants. The main portal has 54 columns, representing the African countries. It offers gym equipment for use by visitors.

Ópera de Arame e Espaço Cultural Paulo Leminski / Parque das Pedreiras Rua João Gava - Abranches. Tuesday to Sunday from 8 am to 10 pm (subject to change). no charge. Built at an old quarry, the two areas make up the Parque das Pedreiras. The Ópera de Arame, of tubular structure and transparent ceiling, is Curitiba’s symbol of modern architecture. The Espaço Cultural Paulo Leminski stages on the greatest outdoor events for up to 20,000 people.

MERCADO ORGÂNICO

MUSEU OSCAR NIEMEYER Rua Marechal Hermes, 999 - Centro Cívico. Tuesday to Sunday, from 10 am to 6 pm. only at breakfast. Designed by Oscar Niemeyer, the museum has a collection of about three thousand works by Brazilian artists like Tarsila do Amaral, Cândido Portinari, Ianelli and Caribé. MUSEU OSCAR NIEMEYER

Mario Sergio Silvestri/Embratur

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Mario Sergio Silvestri/Embratur

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With modern architecture, it is connected to the Mercado Municipal. This is the first market of organic products in Brazil.

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Largo da Ordem, at Historic Downtown in Curitiba

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Set of older buildings in the city, such as the Casa de Romário Martins (18th century), the Igreja da Ordem Terceira de São Francisco de Assis (1737) and German-inspired buildings (second half of the 19th century). In the area, also found are the Relógio das Flores (Flower Clock) and Largo da Ordem (Order Square), with its traditional handicrafts fair on sundays.

MERCADO ORGÂNICO Rua da Paz, corner of Rua General Carneiro. Tuesdays to Saturdays from 7 am to 6 pm. Sundays from 7 am to 1 pm.

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TEATRO GUAÍRA Rua 15 de Novembro, 971 - Centro. 13:30 (guided tours). no charge.

Fridays, at

Built in the 1950s, the modern buildings encompass one of the largest theaters in Brazil. The Guaíra is also the seat of the Symphony Orchestra of Paraná, The Balé Teatro Guaíra, the G2 Compania de Dança and the Dance School.

Its route full of curves and canyons reveals beautiful views of the Atlantic Forest. The train crosses part of Curitiba and Morretes - place of the Engenheiro Lange station, entry point toward the Parque Estadual Marumbi. On sundays, the train goes to Paranaguá. There are two composition options: train, with VIP and ordinary coaches, and Litorina with luxury options.

IGUAÇU FALLS

Mario dias

Curitiba was the first city in the world to create an area of environmental studies open to the public. The architectural design, built with rustic materials, reflect the four elements of nature: earth, water, fire and air in shape and colors.

Felipe Gombossy/Embratur

Universidade Livre do Meio Ambiente no Bosque Zaninelli Rua Victor Benato, 210 - Pilarzinho. daily from 8 am to 7 pm. no charge.

The tube stations, used as small terminals

TREM DA SERRA DO MAR Train and bus station of Curitiba, Engenheiro Lange Railway Station (Morretes), Morretes Railway Station, Railway Station of Paranaguá. Monday to Saturday 7 am to 6:30 pm. Sunday from 7 am to 12 pm. 3h.

Curitiba is known in Brazil and abroad for its efficient and innovative public shuttling system. The first step in this direction occurred in the 80’s, when users could exchange lines without paying new fares, called the Urban Transportation Network. Ten years later, other innovations were incorporated into the system, such as the first 25m biarticulated Brazilian bus for up to 270 passengers, the creation of tubeshaped stations, used as small terminals, which became the city’s post card, as well as a bus stop warning system, which upon leaving a tube station is automatically triggered to inform passengers of the next stop and which doors to be used for getting off. More recently, in 2011, the so-called “Ligeirão” (Speedy) was deployed, having become the world’s largest with 28 meters in length and capacity for 250 passengers. Those visiting the city will notice a variety of bus colors, which are used to distinguish the public transport lines. Indeed, one of the lines is dedicated to the tourists, being light green, designed to transport visitors for sightseeing.

FOZ DO IGUAÇU

256,088 inhabitants 617,702 km² Distance from the capital: 637 km

45

Iguaçu Falls

110V

Local holidays June 10: City Anniversary June 24: São João Batista

Accommodation The city of Foz do Iguaçu is served by a wide variety of hotels, from the simplest to the most luxurious, always ready to meet all the needs and expectations of visitors. There are also lodges with specialized services for foreign tourists.

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Transport Foz do Iguaçu connects to Curitiba and Paranaguá through BR-277 highway. This highway receives buses from the main cities of Paraná and also of Paraguay and Argentina. The International Airport of Foz do Iguaçu receives commercial flights from major domestic airlines, coming from major Brazilian capitals.

Paraguay

Brasil

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Av. Tancredo Neves

Rubens Nemitz Jr

RAILWAY at Serra do Mar

Efficient transport

1 Ponte da Amizade 2 Río Paraná 3 Usina de Itaipú 4 Cataratas do Iguaçu 5 Marco das Três Fronteiras

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Av. Repúbilca Argentina Av. Felipe Wandscheer

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With an area of 17 hectares of native forest, home to more than 900 birds of 150 species in large nurseries open to visitors. At the site, there are still alligators, turtles, snakes and a butterfly nursery.

Rafting on the rivers of IGUAÇU FALLS

IGUAÇU FALLS

Protected by UNESCO, this World Heritage area occupies about 182,000 hectares, with waterfalls and preserved forest. Gazebos and panoramic

Gabriela Godoy

Felipe Gombossy/Embratur

PARQUE NACIONAL IGUAÇU Rodovia das Cataratas, km 18. daily from 9 am to 5 pm. Includes transportation within the park. Access for the handicapped: yes.

Grilled Basst

elevators allow the observation of the Iguaçu Falls, and a walkway that leads to Devil’s Throat, the largest fall of the set. You can also lunch and dine in restaurants on the brink of the Falls.

tion of the Itaipu hydroelectric plant also brings entertainment options with its artificial beaches, anchorages, marinas and parks. It also pays to take advantage of the city’s sports infrastructure, with its beautiful golf fields and tennis courts.

PONTE DA AMIZADE BR-277, border with Paraguay.

daily

The obelisk is one of the main sights of the city and symbolizes the intersection of Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. The site offers parking, coffee shop, craft shop and gazebo, where you can enjoy the sunset.

Parque das Aves Path to the Iguaçu Falls. Rodovia das Cataratas, km 17,1. daily from 8:30 am to 5:30 pm.

24 hours, daily.

Inaugurated in 1965 and located at the end of the BR-277 highway, the bridge gives road access to Ciudad del Este, Paraguay. Tourists from countries outside the Mercosur must present a passport and visa (if required) to the customs.

USINA HIDRELÉTRICA DE ITAIPU Avenida Tancredo Neves, 6731. daily from 8 am to 10 pm. just in the visitors’ area Felipe Gombossy/Embratur

Marcio Neves

The location of the city of Foz do Iguaçu makes the highlight of your stay become the cuisine in dishes where the freshwater fish stand out such as surubim (catfish) and dourado (golden). Besides the famous roasted dourado on the grill with varied seasonings, another typical dish is Pirá Foz, where the surubim is cooked with various spices and served with mashed cassava.

Marco das Três Fronteiras Rua Marco das Três Fronteiras - Porto. from 9 am to 6:30 pm

Iguaçu Falls borders Argentina and Paraguay. Therefore, the transit of Brazilian and foreign tourists in this region is intense. At the Brazilian customs, watch out for buying quotas: by land, US$ 300 and by air (Asunción, Paraguay or Buenos Aires, Argentina), US$ 500. In purchases above the stipulated values there are 50% duties on the excess amount. Brazilian and foreign tourists must fill out the Accompanied Baggage Declaration (DBA), even within the limits allowed. Documents Foreigners must present a passport or passport together with visas (where required); foreigners residing in Mercosur countries may travel with the stay documents, provided the consular visa is waived by the receiving country.

Freshwater fish

Foz do Iguaçu is one of the Brazil’s postcards, thanks to its monumental spectacle of 275 waterfalls that make up the Iguaçu falls, distributed over 2,7 km on the border between Brazil and Argentina. Of the 19 so-called “great falls”, three (Floriano, Deodoro and Benjamin Constant) are on the Brazilian side, in the Parque Nacional do Iguaçu. Declared a World Natural Heritage by UNESCO, it is the habitat of several species of fish, birds, mammals and butterflies. The best time to enjoy the Falls is in the summer (December to February), when rainfalls are short and the water volume greater. At Foz do Iguaçu there is no shortage of sightseeing options, such as the Parque dos Pássaros and the Marco das Três Fronteiras, whose diversified trade and affordable prices attract the visitors’ attention. Those looking for adventure are never disappointed. Foz do Iguaçu offers tourists a mix of wonder and excitement with activities like rappel, climbing, tyrolese and rafting on the Iguaçu river. The lake formed with the construc-

Borders

Zipline in Waterfall, at IGUAÇU FALLS

During the visit to the largest dam in the world, one can observe the magnificence of the works and the water flow from the plant’s internal and external sides. The Itaipu Tourist Complex also offers attractions and activities in Brazil and Paraguay territories.

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It brings together important examples of colonial architecture, such as the Igreja de Nossa Senhora do Rosário, the Colégio Jesuíta, the Igreja da Ordem Terceira de São Francisco das Chagas and the former Beach Road, with houses in neoclassic style. All the architectural and urban set was declared a National Historic Heritage in 2009.

CENTRO HISTÓRICO DE Paranaguá seen from RIO ITIBERÊ

IGREJA NOSSA SENHORA DO ROSÁRIO Largo Monsenhor Celso - Centro Histórico. daily from 6:30 am to 7 pm.

Rubens Nemitz Jr

Inaugurated in 1578, it is the zero milestone of the township and village of Paranaguá. The land was home to the village’s cemetery, the work of pioneer Jesuits and Portuguese colonizers.

110V

Local holidays July 29: Anniversary of Paranaguá October 7: Nossa Senhora do Rosário Day

Accommodation Paranaguá has simpler hotels, resorts and inns to cater to tourists arriving in the city. At Ilha do Mel, most lodging options are typical inns of the beach, which are also divided among the simplest and the most sophisticated.

Transport The main access is by BR-277 that links Curitiba to Paranaguá, a stretch about 90 km long and double-laned. Coming from Santa Catarina by BR-376, take a single lane road at the height of Garuva town up to Guaratuba. Once there, take the ferry to Matinhos. Follow the Beach Road up to Paraná Point, and thence, through the link to Paranaguá. From Curitiba’s road and railway station, regular buses shuttle to the Paranaguá highway. At Ilha do Mel, automobile traffic is not allowed. You must leave the car at Paraná Point and cross by boat to

the island. The access to Paraná Point can be done by BR-277, taking the exit to PR-407. From the passenger terminal of Paranaguá, the journey takes 1h30. From the terminal of Pontal do Sul, a neighboring city of Paraná Point, the passage is covered within 30 minutes. The nearest airport is Afonso Pena in São José dos Pinhais, in the outskirts of Curitiba. From there, BR-277 connects the airport to Paranaguá.

The construction in neo-renaissance style was the old fish market. It was restored and now serves as a point of sale of the region’s traditional crafts.

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Paranaguá means the “great round sea” in Tupi-Guarani native tribe dialect. The city has one of the biggest ports of Latin America and a historic center that brings together important examples of colonial architecture. From Paranaguá, one reaches the Ilha do Mel (Honey Island ), one of the main touristic sights of the state. The State Park occupies 5% of the island area and is open to visitors. As the island is a protected area, up to 2000 concurrent visitors are allowed.

CENTRO HISTÓRICO Igreja de São Benedito, at Rua Conselheiro Sinimbu up to Rua Visconde de Nácar. daily, 24 hours (local operators offer guided tour with prior appointment).

Built in cast iron, mixing classical elements with art nouveau. It was transformed into a gastronomic center of seafood and typical dishes.

MERCADO MUNICIPAL DO CAFÉ

Rubens Nemitz Jr

140,469 inhabitants 826,676 km² Distance from the capital: 91 km

MERCADO MUNICIPAL DO CAFÉ Rua General Carneiro (Rua da Praia) - Centro Histórico (next to the Mercado do Artesanato). Monday to Saturday from 9 am to 6 pm. Sundays from 9 am to 12 am.

Rubens Nemitz Jr

PARANAGUÁ

MERCADO DE ARTESANATO Rua General Carneiro (Rua da Praia) - Centro Histórico. Monday to Saturday from 9 am to 6 pm. Sundays from 9 am to 12 am.

PORTO DOM PEDRO II in Paranaguá

Craft Market

Handicrafts made from vine

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BAÍA DE PARANAGUÁ By boat. boat tours scheduled by tourist agencies or at boarding terminals of Paranaguá and Pontal do Paraná. In some tours

has no banking services or ATMs. Most of the establishments accept cards, but this is not a rule. Also, there are no drug stores on the island or medicine posts. Pets are not allowed.

Recognized by UNESCO as a World Natural Heritage, the bay brings islands together (the main one is Ilha do Mel) and fishing communities. As a fishing area in the open sea, the bay is also ideal for snorkeling.

Marcos Guerra

View from one of the viewpoints of Ilha do Mel

Table with Barreado and side dishes

The Barreado

One of the most typical dishes of the coast of Paraná, the Barreado has its origin disputed between the cities of Morretes, Paranaguá and Antonina. But despite this dispute, the flavor of this dish is indisputable. Its most accepted origin comes from the cowboys, horsemen who went up and down the hills of the region and, while camping in the late afternoon, had a large meal. The simplicity of preparation is one of the reasons, besides its taste, of course, that still today maintains the same ingredients and features. It consists of meat in a crock pot cooked for about 20 hours. The secret to keeping the meat flavor during cooking is a major differential of the dish: the pot is sealed with a mass of flour and water to retain the steam. After cooking, the meat (which is on the point of being shred) is served with rice, cassava flour, bananas and oranges. Extraordinary attraction!

Rubens Nemitz Jr

Distant 15 miles from Paranaguá, Ilha do Mel is the main destination of the Paraná coastline. Of its 27 km2, only 5% can be visited. The remaining 95% is an environmental reserve, administered by the Environmental Institute of Paraná. For this reason, there is a limit of 2000 concurrent visitors. There, the tourist can observe archaeological remains known as sambaquis (deposits of shells that demonstrate the habits of prehistoric communities), the wide variety of flora and fauna, besides enjoying the beautiful beaches and landscapes that cross the island. The Shell Lighthouse (Farol das Conchas) and the Fortaleza Nossa Senhora dos Prazeres are also points of interest. But beware: the island

Rubens Nemitz Jr

Ilha do Mel Boats depart from Boarding Terminal of Paranaguá (2h duration). Paranaguá: daily (in peak season up to Easter), 9:30 am, 1:30 pm and 4:30 pm. Southern Point: daily, every hour - from 8 am to 6 pm. Crossing. 1 to 3 days

Ponte Velha over RIO NHUNDIAQUARA in Morretes

MORRETES

15,718 inhabitants 684,582 km² 41 127V 8,48 meters. Distance from the capital: 68 km

Local holidays September 8: Nossa Senhora do Porto Day October 31: City Anniversary

Accommodation The town is small but well-served by hotels and inns. Most do not have much luxury or sophistication, but all are well prepared to receive tourists visiting the city.

Transport Take BR-277 and then PR-408 highway. Or through Estrada da Graciosa, from BR-116. Another option is to take a bus, departing from various points of the state, and get off at Brasílio Carlos Bus Terminal. Trains leave the station every day, bound for Morretes. The nearest airport is the Afonso Pena International Airport in São João dos Pinhais (Curitiba outskirts).

Arriving at Morretes is just as pleasurable as the path leading to the municipality through Serra do Mar (Sea Mountain Range)- the most protected Atlantic Forest area in Brazil. The path can be done by train, which goes the Centennial Railroad, an engineering work that crosses the whole mountain and offers privileged views of the Garganta do Diabo (Devil’s Throat) and the Véu de Noiva (Bride’s Veil). If the traveler prefers to go by car or bus, the Estrada da Graciosa is a good option. This road unfolds numerous lookouts from where one can enjoy the region’s fauna and flora. Another alternative is bike riding. The trip by bicycle is slower, taking 5 hours between the capital and the coast, but allows a closer contact with nature. The city also takes pride in preserving the culture of their ancestors at events such as Fandango, a typical dance brought from Portugal and marked by the sound of the clog sandals and guitar.

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This village with ruins of sugar mills, houses and cobble stone sidewalks, has river beach, camping area and several inns. At Porto de Cima are the starting points for the practice of buoy-rafting and canoeing on River Nhundiaquara. From there, you can also access the Itupava path.

CICLO TURISMO according to the operator. 32 km path for biking through rural area of Morretes going through rivers, waterfalls, fountains, wire bridges, lakes and a craft factory of cassava flour and banana candy. The script is offered by local operators and scheduling must be made two days in advance.

CAMINHO DO ITUPAVA through the town of Porto de Cima (by the Beach Road) or through the Parque Estadual do Marumbi. daily, 24 hours (recommended to take a stroll during the day). free (organized tours, according to tour operator). about 10 hours on foot at moderate pace, with occasional stops Part of Borda do Campo and ends in Porto de Cima. The 22 km path crosses the Parque Estadual do Marumbi railway and passes through the Cadeado Sanctuary, where are located the Bride’s Veil dam and waterfall is found. The road has been fully restored with seven walkways and three semi-suspension bridges. No specialized guide is necessary.

Rubens Nemitz Jr

ESTRADA DA GRACIOSA PR-410. BR-116 (exit at 37 km from Curitiba). daily, 24 hours (covering sections of Graciosa Road is recommended during the day).

Igreja de Nossa Senhora do Porto, in historic downtown Morretes

Rua das Flores Along River Nhundiaquara - Centro. 24 hours, daily. The street of flowers has among the attractions, boardwalk with historic houses, the house where Dom Pedro II stayed overnight, the Zero Milestone, fountains, gazebos and the city’s first telegraph.

The historic Graciosa Road was built in the 19th century and crosses the most preserved Atlantic forest of Brazil, offering recreational options along its path. Excerpts from the old colonial way (the Graciosa Trail) can also be accessed from the road.

ESTRADA DO ANHAIA BR-277 (on return after the Viaduto dos Padres). daily, 24 hours (recommended to take a stroll during the day). No specialized guide is need, but the tour operators offer it) The path is part of São José dos Pinhais towards Morretes and the Parque Estadual do

Pau Oco. Being 60 km long, it is widely used by cyclists to practice downhill. Along the way, it is possible to stop for bathing in streams and small waterfalls.

by UNESCO as Nature’s World Heritage Site. The Visiting Center brings together the museum, camping and headquarters of the Mountain Corps Rescue (Cosmo).

PARQUE ESTADUAL MARUMBI In Morretes, access through the Curitiba-Paranaguá railroad. Get off at the Engineer Lange station, where is the Visiting Center is located. By BR-277, take the exit to the town of Porto de Cima, following the Beach Road (Prainhas). As it is not yet paved, recommendation is to go on foot by the trail up to the Engenheiro Lange train station. You can also reach the road to Engenheiro Lange. Wednesdays to Mondays, from 08:30 am to 6 pm. on rainy days, some trails are closed. Take information at the Visiting Center about which trails can be done on the day of the visit. Local operators offer guided tours. time needed for visit: the minimum length of stay in the park is 5 hours, the period between the train arrival from Curitiba towards Morretes (morning) and the departure to the capital (afternoon). The program should take into consideration the train schedules and in accordance with the attraction to be visited. Trails, rivers, mountains and a privileged view of the Serra do Mar and the Bay of Paranaguá are part of the park, which houses the Marumbi set, comprised by nine peaks. It is recognized

Indigenous People and Europeans

The cuisine of Paraná is marked by indigenous and European influence. Mainly inherited from native tribes is the consumption of pine nuts, served in several ways: cake, delicacies and snacks like “bom-bocado”, “croquetes”, “paçoca”, “picadinho”, pancakes, pudding, soup and even pinion souffle. And in every part of the state one can enjoy such a typical delicacy. On the coast, there is the so-called “barreado”, a dish that came to Paraná through the Portuguese colonization. The dish consists of a cooked meat in a thick sauce served with rice and cassava flour, whose preparation is still done as in the past: slowly and cooked in clay pots. At Pontal

Rubens Nemitz Jr

Porto de Cima You can get regular bus, which departs from downtown Morretes with access from Graciosa. daily, 24 hours (downhill buoy-rafting takes place between 9 am and 3 pm)

Tourists stroll in Ponte Velha, in Morretes

do Paraná, there is the “cambira” dish based on fish and bananas. In the city of Guaíra, a typical dish of Spanish cuisine is the “pintado na telha” (Brazilian Tiger Fish on a tile). The state also offers many gastronomic festivals, events where the cuisine blends with artistic manifestations. The Festival Nacional do Charque in the city of Candói serves dishes based on “charque” - jerked beef, a type of dried meat. The Festival Naciomal do Porco on the spit, which occurs in Toledo, has several recipes in which the main attraction is an entire roasted pig. At the Festa do Cupim Assado (Roast Beef) in Pato Bragado, several teams compete for the best food preparation.

Ministério do Turismo de Pernanbuco

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Morro Dois Irmãos,in Fernando de Noronha.

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PERNAMBUCO

T

he State may only have less than 200 km of coastline, but for Pernambuco this is more than enough to house some of the most idyllic scenery in Brazil. It could be off the Northern coast, with the dolphin sanctuary in the warm blue waters off the island of Fernando de Noronha. It could also be closer to Recife, the State capital, in the town of Boa Viagem - one of the more traditional destinations among Brazilian and foreigner tourists. It could also be walks along the white sands of beautiful beaches such as Porto de Galinhas, where every year tourists discover something new to enjoy in this region that maintains its traditions of preservation and good food. A land of superlatives, Pernambuco hosts the world’s largest open-air market in the town of Ca-

rio grande do norte

ruaru, occupying an area of 90 thousand square meters. Here visitors will find crafts, clothes, shoes, decorative items, general hardware and, of course, dishes and delicacies that can be enjoyed at the market’s kiosks. The Feira de Caruaru was declared a historic site by the National Institute of Historical and Cultural Heritage in 2007. The State knows how to preserve its traditions and ensures that its historical sites are maintained in excellent condition for visitors who come from around the world. Olinda is one of those places. Listed by UNESCO as a historical heritage of humanity site, Olinda has the air of a cinematic town, such is the state of conservation of the old mansion houses lining the steep narrow stone streets that have witnessed some important moments in the history of Brazil.

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As one of the States in with a significant Dutch presence in the past, the City of Recife has the first synagogue in the Americas, Kahal Zur Israel, built by Dutch Jews in 1637. The State capital and its historic center preserve other treasures of national heritage for those visiting the City. One of the oldest churches in Brazil, São Cosme e Damião, dated 1535, is located in Igarassu, 28 km from Recife. It is one of a group of buildings listed by the National Institute of Historical and Cultural Heritage. Recife Antigo (Old Recife), despite its name, is more of a cultural and gastronomic center rather than a historical district. The region is popular among tourists for its craft fairs and bars. Escondidinho de carne seca and other local savories are especially popular on lively summer nights.

The town’s Carnival is among the most popular with Brazilians, who party on the city streets for an entire week without rest. Pernambuco is the birthplace of one of Carnival’s most contagious rhythms, the frevo. Created in Pernambuco, the dance requires good physical condition, but it can be enjoyed by all those wishing to experience the exhilarating joy of the dance. Pernambuco also offers other traditional rhythms such as maracatu, caboclinho, coco de roda and the ciranda. These dances and rhythms are inherited from Indians, African Negros and Europeans who passed through the region, particularly during the colonial era. More recently mangue beat has appeared, a musical fusion of rock and traditional maracatu, which has Chico Science as its principal exponent.

BR 110

PE-309

BR 316 PE-475

PE-430

PE-320

PE-507

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BR 232

serra Talhada

salgueiro

BR 232

PE-390

PE-630 PE-555

BR 428

PE-460

BR 316

PE-570 BR 428

BR 316

national Airport National Highways State Highways

bahia

BR 110

PE-360

PE-360

PE-145

PE-280

PE-041

BR 104

PE-145

arcoverde

BR 423

BR 104

PE-149

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garanhus BR 423

PE-300 PE-300 BR 423

PE-233

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BR 101

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TAMANDARÉ

BR 104

BR 424

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Geographic information

BR 110

Petrolina alagoas

Candeias

Porto de Galinhas

PE-064

PE-103

PE-096

PE-187

Olinda recife

PE-060 PE-009

PE-085

Palmares

BR 423

ILHA DE ITAMARACÁ IGARASSU

CABO DE SANTO AGOSTINHO BARREIROS

PE-037

PE-063

PE-217 BR 424

BR 316

PE-045 PE-058

BR 232

BR 232

PE-180 BR 316

PE-097

PE-027

lagoa do PE-078 itaenga PE-079 vitória de BR 232 Santo Antão

Caruarú

PE-197 PE-219 BR 232

PE-095

BR 408

PE-050

PE-090 Santa cruz do capibaribe

PE-160

PE-270 BR 316

BR 316

BR 407

BR 232

BR 232

BR 110

BR 128

BR 232

PE-390

PE-422

BR 122

International Airport

BR 232

PE-340

Cabrobró

PE-555

BR 407

BR 110

BR 110 BR 116

BR 122

PE-292

PE-483

PE-483

BR 104

PE-275

PE-365

BR 116

BR 316

BR 122

PE-630

BR 101

PE-088

PE-630

PE-635

GOIANA

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tropical, hot and humid average of 28 °C (82,4 °F) mangroves, tropical forest and savanna

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Gustavo Bettini/Embratur

Aereal view of PRAIA DE BOA VIAGEM, in Recife

RECIFE

1,537,704 inhabitants

218.498 km²

81 220 V

Local holidays March 12: Anniversary of the founding of the Recife June 24: São João’s day July 16: Nossa Senhora do Carmo’s day December 8: Nossa Senhora Imaculada da Conceição

Clothing Light clothing is recommended for Recife’s tropical climate. Do not forget sunscreen, sunglasses and a cap or hat.

Accommodation With an excellent accommodation network, the City of Recife has hotels and inns in all comfort and price categories located in several neighborhoods. The more expensive and sophisticated are located in Boa Vigem.

Transport For those coming from the North or South of the country, the principal access route is the BR-101.

It is 123 km from the nearest State capital, and the journey can be undertaken in around an hour and forty minutes. The journey can also be undertaken by bus from Maceió to the Integrated Passenger Terminal in Recife. For those opting to fly there are regular flights from Brazil’s main cities to the Gilberto Freyre International Airport - Guararapes, which lies 11 km from the center. Within the city The city of Recife and the metropolitan region have an excellent public transportation network, with more than 2,700 buses operating on 385 lines. As in other cities, it is possible to make three connected rides on a single ticket. The city is best known for its Carnival and São João festivities and for the famous Paixão de Cristo theatrical spectacle during Holy Week, which has been bringing people from around the world for over 40 years to witness its emotive scenes. Recife is also the birthplace of popular street performances and regional cu-

linary culture - it is the premier gastronomic center of the North and Northeast - and ranked third in Brazil. Nicknamed the “Brazilian Venice”, the City is crisscrossed by rivers and bridges, forming islands such as Santo Antônio, São José and Bairro do Recife. Recife Antigo (Old Recife) is the region most popular with tourists. Its picturesque historic buildings practically make it an outdoor museum. A good way to get to know the City is on a catamaran trip on the Rio Capibaribe, with guides recounting stories and trivia about the City. Recife’s coastline provides the City’s picturepostcard. Its beaches are known for their calm, clear and warm waters. The most popular beach is Praia de Boa Viagem, which offers visitors complete facilities as well as its natural beauty. Tourist activities include diving among shipwrecks in the region’s clear waters.

Capela Dourada Rua do Imperador Dom Pedro II, s/n. Monday to Friday from 8 am to 11:30 am and from 2 pm to 5 pm. Saturday from 8 am to 11 am.

Recife Metropolitan Region itapissuma Itamaracá

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The Capela Dourada - ‘Golden Chapel’ - is the largest example of baroque religious art. It was built in the 16th century, at the height of the sugar cane boom. The name come from the gold painted wood paneling in its interior. The ceiling, as well as other parts of the chapel, is covered in religious images typical of the period.

COMPLEXO CULTURAL PÁTIO DE SÃO PEDRO Pátio São Pedro - São José. daily, 24 hours no charge.

Cinematographic state

Pernambuco is the birthplace of several successful filmmakers, including Karim Aïmouz, Paulo Caldas, Lírio Ferreira, Marcelo Gomes and Heitor Dhalia. The State has hosted Cine Pernambuco for over For 16 years - a major film festival that aims to present new directors to the public and show new works by prominent professionals. The festival takes place at the end of April and is part of the international cinema calendar.

The Complexo Cultural hosts Pernambucan cultural events. Several arts groups make presentations in the Courtyard, with music and dancing. It is also home to several institutions including the Igreja de São Pedro dos Clérigos, Memorial Luiz Gonzaga, Museu de Arte Popular, Memorial Chico Science, Casa do Carnaval Research Center and the Recife Design Center. To round off their visit tourists can also sample local cuisine in the restaurants and bars in the complex.

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African-Brazilian culture, thanksgivings, iconography, furniture, china and crystal. The collection of paintings includes works by artists such as Cicero Dias, Telles Júnior, Francisco Brennand and Burle Max. All of the exhibits present a little of the culture and history of the State of Pernambuco.

taurants and a craft fair, and is the most popular destination for tourists and fun lovers. The zero kilometer mark of the city of Recife is located here.

recife antigo

Praia da Boa Viagem There are buses leaving from the center of Recife (Marco Zero) that go directly to Bairro Boa Viagem where the beach is located. The journey can also be made by car, taking Avenida Agamemnon Magellan from the center

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RECIFE ANTIGO

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This beach is one of the most popular with tourists, mainly those with families. In addition to its natural pools and beautiful setting circled by coconut trees and coral reefs, the local neighborhood offers plenty of facilities, with bars, nightclubs and restaurants. It is a perfect spot for a stroll or just to pass the time. There are facilities available on the seafront for wreck diving. Visitor can dive at 17 of the 30 known wreck sites, accompanied by an instructor.

Recife ANTIGO Praça do Marco Zero. some stores open during normal business hours, but most remain open until late evening. no charge.

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Museu do Estado de Pernambuco (MEPE) Avenida Rui Barbosa, 960. closed Mondays. Open Tuesday to Friday from 9 am to 5 pm. Saturdays and Sundays from 2 pm to 5 pm. Created in 1929, the Museu do Estado de Pernambuco has a collection of 14,000 items relating to archeology, indigenous culture, the Dutch presence in Pernambuco, religious art,

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Neighboring Boa Viagem, Praia do Pina is known for its calm, warm waters - a great beach for bathing. The seafront has food, bars and live music. In addition, the beach has facilities for volleyball, soccer, tennis and even basketball.

Gustavo Bettini/Embratur

Tarso Bessa

Praia do Pina the same route as for Praia de Boa Viagem. Praia do Pina is adjacent to Boa Viagem (one beach before). It is possible to walk between the two

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FAROL DE OLINDA is one of the City’s landmarks

Gastronomy

Gustavo Bettini/Embratur

Gustavo Bettini/Embratur

Like its culture, Pernambuco has a rich gastronomy. Traditional ingredients include coconut, cashew nuts, seafood, manioc flour and diverse fruits. Among the delicacies always present on the Pernambuco menu are shrimp served in a pumpkin, buchada (a dish made from goat offal), tapioca with various fillings, Bolo de Rolo (a kind of swiss roll) and cartola - a desert made with banana, cheese, butter, sugar and cinnamon. Ingredients that commonly appear in Pernambuco recipes include molasses and cane sugar, used to make to make candies and cakes and also used in more contemporary recipes, such as melted cheese with sugar and biquinho peppers. Arrumadinho, famous dish from Recife

Instituto Ricardo Brennand Alameda Antônio Brennand - Várzea. to Sunday from 1 pm to 5 pm.

Tuesday

The Institute hosts temporary art exhibitions. The art gallery is equipped with a cafeteria, auditorium for 100 people, shop and library. The Museu de Armas Castelo São João houses a collection of weapons of dating from the 15th to 21st centuries, with pieces from Europe, Asia, America and Africa. templo central, one of the outdoor spaces of Oficina Brennand

Parque das Esculturas de Francisco Brennand Praça do Marco Zero, Recife Antigo. from 9 am to 5 pm.

daily

Parque das Esculturas is an outdoor museum. The center houses around 90 works in clay and bronze by the artist Francisco Brennand. Among numerous works the sculpture that stands out is the Coluna de Cristal, which is 32 meters tall and made from clay and bronze.

OLINDA

377,779 inhabitants

41.659 km²

81

220 V

Local holidays March 12: Anniversary of the founding of Olinda June 24: São João’s day August 6: São Salvador do Mundo’s day November 10: Declaration of the Republic

Clothing The hot climate in Olinda requires light clothing.

Accommodation The City has a few inns in several categories, but as Olinda is close to Recife it is possible to staying in the capital and visit the neighboring town.

Gustavo Bettini/Embratur

Transport

third largest city in Pernambuco and was State capital until 1837, when it lost the title to Recife. Its churches and the old mansion houses located throughout the town are among its attractions. It was one of the first places in Brazil to investment in education, and the first Law faculty in Brazil was established here, as well as the first public library. The City was listed by UNESCO as a historical and cultural heritage of humanity site in 1982. But it is not just its history that makes it remarkable. Carnival in Olinda is also spectacular, with much maracatu and frevo - dances typical of the region - and processions with the famous Olinda giant figures. When visiting be sure to sample the traditional tapioca and enjoy yourself in the cultural events that take place on the city streets.

There is a circular bus line between Recife and Olinda. Another option is to go by car. Departing from Recife take Avenida Agamemnon Magellan directly to Olinda.

Farol de Olinda Bairro do Amaro Branco. Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays from 2 pm to 8 pm. no charge

It is said that the name come from an expression uttered by Duarte Coelho, the first holder of the Capitania de Pernambuco. When he saw the place he is supposed to have said: “Oh! Linda (beautiful) place to build a town”. It is the

Olinda lighthouse is one of the town’s landmarks. Its concrete tower, 42 meters tall, is painted with black and white stripes. It has a small elevator - the first in a lighthouse in Brazil - which has capacity to carry only one person at a time.

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Mamulengos are puppet-like dolls typical of Northeastern Brazil, especially Pernambuco. They are used to enact light-hearted theater pieces depicting Northeastern life and customs. The museum has a collection of more than one thousand pieces made by great artisans. Some of the dolls date from the 18th century. It is the first museum in Brazil and Latin America dedicated to this type of folk culture.

São João Festivals

São João celebrations take place throughout Brazil and are known as Junina festivals, so named because they are celebrated each year in the month of June. During these festivals in the Northeast they are somewhat different to other States - tourists and residents enjoy cakes made with cassava and maize, tapioca, canjica, dance forró, quadrille, xote and xaxado, wear country fancy-dress and celebrate around bonfires.

Mercado da Ribeira Rua Bernardo Vieira de Melo. daily from 9 am to 6:30 pm. Some shops remain open until 9 pm. no charge The Mercado de Ribeira is home to several craft galleries as well as the workshops of artisans and painters. The building has design and decoration from the colonial era, complete with Portuguese floor tiles and surrounds. This was the location for slave trading in the past. During Carnival the market becomes the meeting point for processions that depart from here before going on to the hills of the city.

CENTRO HISTÓRICO DE OLINDA Avenida Getúlio Vargas, Praça do Carmo and Rua Amparo and Rua 13 de Maio are some of the principal roads that make up the center of town. daily, 24 hours. no charge The Centro Histórico de Olinda is home to many old mansion houses and sloped streets. Simply taking a walk through the town the visitor will find many fascinating sights. It is on the streets that the magic happens. The stage for street performances, the center of Olinda is also home to one of the best known festivals in Brazil, Carnival.

Handicrafts

Praia do Farol Via Avenida Ministro Marcos Freire, on the seafront Located by Farol de Olinda, this beach is popular because of the bars and restaurants lining the seafront, which become animated at night. Visitors can also purchase fresh fish and seafood from the local fish stalls. Another attraction is the Forte de São Francisco (known as the ‘Fortim do Queijo’ - Cheese Fortress - on account of its shape), which records local culture and history. There is no bathing on this beach and there is no sand on the seashore, only rocks.

Gustavo Bettini/Embratur

The building was constructed in the 16th century is home to several religious sites: the Igreja de Nossa Senhora das Neves, the Capela de São Roque (the oldest chapel of the Third Secular Order in Brazil) and cloisters with 16 Portuguese tiled panels depicting the life and death of Francisco de Assis, as well as the sacristy. Its beauty lies in the craftsmanship in the ceiling, carved in wood and containing paintings from the 18th century. To complete the picture there is a cross made from reef coral in front of the building. This was the first Franciscan convent to be built in Brazil.

Clay is a raw material for various crafts

Located on the highest point in Olinda, the building was inspired by the Igreja de São Roque in Lisbon, Portugal. It has functioned as a religious seminary since the 19th century, when the Jesuits - former owners of this building - were expelled from the city. Gustavo Bettini/Embratur

CONVENTO DE SÃO FRANCISCO Rua de São Francisco, 280. daily from 9 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 5 pm. Mass takes place tuesday at 7 pm, Saturday at 5 pm and Sunday at 8 am. no charge

IGREJA DE NOSSA SENHORA DA GRAÇA Rua Bispo Coutinho. daily from 9 am to 11:45 am and from 2 pm to 5 pm. Mass: Monday to Saturday at 7 am. no charge

Olinda Historic Center view

From the clay figurines of Mestre Vitalino to leather pieces to the carved wooden figureheads from the Rio São Francisco region, Pernambuco crafts are one of the great prides of its people. In Olinda large doll figures are a feature of the local Carnival processions, and miniature versions are always popular souvenirs with tourists. Folk stories, poems and songs accompanied by sketches, published in booklets - known as Literatura de Cordel - are very common. This is one of the richest cultural traditions of Pernambuco, and their sketches can be seen in other art forms such as decor.

Gustavo Bettini/Embratur

Museu do Mamulengo Rua de São Bento, 344. Tuesday to Friday from 10 am to 5 pm.

The mercado da ribeira has history and handicrafts

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The clay doll is one of the most typical handicrafts of Pernambuco

CARUARU

314,912 inhabitants

Accommodation 920.606 km²

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Local holidays May 18: Anniversary of the founding of Caruaru June 24: São João’s day September 15: Nossa Senhora das Dores’ day

Luiz Gonzaga: the great name in xote, forró and baião

Pernambuco is a State with a strong tradition in various musical rhythms. The xote is one of the most traditional, and has similarities to the European polka; the toré is based on an indigenous rhythm, as is the forró and baião, both also very popular in the Northeast. Luis Gonzaga was one of the great names of these styles of music and was the creator of regional classics such as Asa Branca, Respeita Januário, Dança da Moda and A Feira de Caruaru. The musician, singer and composer would reach 100 years of age in 2012 and released over 40 albums during his career.

Caruaru offers a variety of inns and hotels, most of them simple. Most are in the center of the town.

Transport From Recife the journey can be made by bus from the Terminal Internacional de Passageiros (TIP). By car the route is via BR-104. From the center of Recife take Avenida Getúlio Vargas to BR-232, then take the entry ramp for BR-104 and continue towards Caruaru. It is a total of 138 km and the journey takes on average two hours. There are also bus lines to Caruaru from other State capitals: Aracaju, Brasilia, Fortaleza, Maceió Natal, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, São Paulo and Teresina. Caruaru is the main metropolis in rural Pernambuco. Nick-named Pincesa do Agreste (Princess of the Countryside), the town is nationally recognized for its São João festivities. It is the birthplace of the world’s largest São João festival, which can go on for up to 30 days. It is also the capital of the famous forró and the Caruaru Fair. The region in which the town of Caruaru lies was once an immense cattle ranch. When the first settlements were founded the area prospered due to the transport of cattle from

Feira de Caruaru Parque 18 de Maio - Centro. every day; stalls open from 8 am to 5 pm. The most popular days are Tuesdays and Saturdays from 2 am to 1 pm. no charge. The Feira de Caruaru is considered to be the largest open-air fair in the world. It takes place at Parque 18 de Maio, which becomes crowded with stalls where visitors can purchase local craft products. On Tuesdays there is also the Feira da Sulanca, known for its 10,000 stalls with used clothes and shoes, as well as the Feira Livre, where visitors can buy, sell or exchange any kind of product.

FESTIVAL de SÃO JOÃO The entire town becomes one big party, but most of the events take place around Parque de Eventos Luiz Gonzaga in the town center, or at Praça Coronel José de Vasconcelos (also known as Praça da Criança). events take place from 4 pm to 2 am. no charge, including shows and events

The traditional country men’s leather hat

The Festival de São João of Caruaru is one of the largest and most famous in the world, lasting for 30 days. Events take place throughout the town, which is decorated with colored flags in honor of the saint. There are a variety rhythms to be heard during the presentations. The visitor can enjoy typical Northeastern rhythms like forró and xaxado, but there are also some rock shows. It is also possible to savor the local cuisine and have fun in the street processions that bring together thousands of people. In addition there are cultural and artistic events and exhibitions at the Centro Cultural at the old Railway Station.

Alto do Moura Rua Mestre Vitalino. no charge.

daily from 8 am to 5 pm.

This village is located 7 km from Caruaru, and it is home to a community of skilled craftsmen, which makes the village the center of figurative art in the Americas. Here you will find more than 40 shops with all kinds of carved clay figures produced by followers of Mestre Vitalino, the most famous of the clay figure craftsmen.

Gustavo Bettini/Embratur

Gustavo Bettini/Embratur

the interior of the State to the coast. Development was consolidated when the Great Western railway built a rail station in 1895. Built by an English company, this connected Caruaru to the capital, Recife, for the transport of passengers and freight. Caruaru has also became the principal center for figurative art in the Americas, thanks to the skilled hands of local craftsmen and the greatest genius of this art form, Mestre Vitalino, famous for his clay sculptures that depict the history and culture of Pernambuco in their shapes and colors.

Feira de Caruaru

The fair covers an area of ​​more than 90 thousand square meters. Here you can purchase unique Pernambuco gifts such as Mestre Vitalino dolls and the leather hats typical of the countryside, which are used by ranch hands to this day. The fair also sells snacks, clothes, shoes, fruits and vegetables.

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PERNAMBUCO

Rocks and crystal clear waters in Fernando de Noronha

FERNANDO DE NORONHA 2,630 inhabitants

17.017 km²

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Local holidays August 10: Anniversary of the Island August 29: São Pedro’s day

Clothing It is recommended to bring sunscreen, swimsuits and other items such as sandals, sunglasses and diving equipment, although this can be rented on the island. The warm climate signifies the use of lightweight clothing, but it is also recommended to bring something a little warmer. You should also bring also a pair of shoes suitable for walking trails and a snorkel, as there are beaches where snorkeling is widely practiced and marine life can be observed up close.

Accommodation In order to stay in Fernando de Noronha it is necessary to pay an Environmental Conservation Fee, which is charged per person per day, regardless of age. Rates may be checked and paid directly via the internet at http://www.noronha.pe.gov.br

Transport There are only two ways to get to Fernando de Noronha, from Recife and Natal. It will be necessary

to make a stopover at one of these two cities if departing from elsewhere in the country. There are regular flights out of Guararapes International Airport in Recife and the Augusto Severo International Airport in Natal. The flight takes approximately one hour. To arrive at the archipelago by sea, the visitor can choose an organized tour packages including transport by cruise ship. There is also the option to travel with your own vessel - in this case you must have permission from the Island Administration and you will be charged a daily anchorage fee.

Praia dos Americanos Between Praia do Boldró and Praia do Bode

Of volcanic origin, this archipelago comprises 21 islands and rock islets, with only the largest island being inhabited: Fernando de Noronha. Its beaches are divided between the “land-facing” where the waters are facing the continent, and the “sea-facing”, fronting the Atlantic Ocean. Long before becoming an ecological paradise, sought by tourists from around the world, Fernando de Noronha was used as a prison colony. Detainees saw out their sentence in an old prison, located near the Praia Cacimba do Padre in the village of Quixaba. That was until 1938, when it only housed political prisoners of the Estado Novo. Today the prison is deactivated, and what remains of the building can be seen from the beach. The island has unique flora and fauna, which is protected by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio). It is common to find locations where bathing is prohibited or restricted, and there are a limited number of people allowed into the water and only at certain times. Nevertheless, the archipelago is one of the most beautiful places in Brazil.

Located between Praia da Conceição and Praia do Cachorro, Praia do Meio is a small tract of land. The waters are calm, but become agitated by swollen seas. It is therefore prohibited to enter the seas during this period.

This is the beach that has greatest level of privacy on the island. It sits next to the Praia do Boldró and received its name because of the Observation Post installed by Americans.

Praia da Conceição Adjacent to Praia do Cachorro

Praia do Meio Between Praia da Conceição and Praia do Cachorro

The beach is easily accessed, which makes it one of the more popular on the island. It is long, and the sandy beach is perfect for a pleasant walk. It is also a great place for a swim at low tide, and ideal for surfers at high tide.

Praia do Bode Soon after Praia dos Americanos

Praia do Cachorro Just below the Fortaleza dos Remédios, near Praia da Conceição

This beach is very quiet, and it is also a great place for bathing. Above the beach there is a large rock outcrop - Pedra do Bode - which also serves as a viewpoint.

Praia do Cachorro -’Dog Beach’ - got its name because it has a bronze fountain with the face

Fernando de Noronha ilha rata ilha do meio

ilha cuscuz ilha da conceição praia dos americanos praia do bode

praia da cacimba do padre ilha dois irmãos

baía dos porcos

praia do boldro

ilha sela gineta

ilha são josé

ilha rasa praia do cachorro buraco da raquel

morro do pico

Vila dos Remédios

baía do sancho

BAÍA AND PORTO DE SANTO ANTÔNIO At the tip of the island, near Buraco da Raquel. 24 hours. no charge Santo Antônio bay is the harbor that receives visiting vessels - both fishing and tourism. Its depths hold the remains of the cargo vessel Eleani Sthatathos. Besides the natural beauty of the bay, you can also see the remains of the first pier, built during the war for unloading canons.

of a dog. Here visitors can drink from the fresh water fountain and visit the cliffs of Parque de Sant’Ana and a stone pool, named Buraco do Galego. The beach also hosts a part of the Tourist Terminal with its fair, where the visitor and their family can purchase typical Island products.

enseada da caieira

morro do francês

baía dos golfinhos morro do espinhaço

morro branco

Ponta da Sapata

morro da quixabinha

morro dois abraços praia do leão

capim açu

ilha do morro da viúva

pontinha

praia da atalaia ilha do frade

ilha do morro da leão

morro da madeira praia do ilha dos trinta réis sueste ilha dos ovos ilha do chapéu ilha cabeluda ponta das caracas

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View of one of the beaches of Fernando de Noronha

Praia de Atalaia To visit the beach you should contact a guide (there are several scattered around the island) or to arrange a visit with a tour operator. Authorization to visit must be sought from ICMBio. The guide will lead the visitor to the beach This beach is composed of black rocks and reefs and has crystalline waters perfect for diving, allowing a close-up view of local marine life. At high tide waves beating on the rocks form plumes of spray that rise to impressive heights. It is also possible to visit the remains of a salt plant that functioned here during the war.

Ministério do Turismo de Pernanbuco

Parque Nacional Marinho Alameda do Boldró - Boldró. 8 am to 6 pm.

Baía dos Porcos Adjacent to Baía do Sancho

It was here that the Americans set up a Radio Observation Post, which today functions as a hotel. When the tide is low the beach is perfect for a walk on the rocks. At high tide, the beach is popular for surfing. The location is also home to Forte São Pedro do Boldrá, an 18th-century fortress.

This is considered one of the most beautiful beaches in Brazil. There is almost no sand to walk on, being composed almost entirely of rocks. The bay is very small, and is formed by pools that are home to an enormous diversity of colorful fish. Access is difficult, but is worth every step of the way across the rocks.

Praia da Cacimba do Padre At the side of Baía dos Porcos and Praia do Bode

Buraco da Raquel Only allowed to view the marine life in the location’s natural pools. Bathing is prohibited

Praia da Cacimba do Padre is one of the longest beaches on the island. The main attraction is Morro Dois Irmãos: two huge rocks curiously situated by the water’s edge, one beside the other. The two rocks have identical forms, as twins.

The story goes that Rachel was the daughter of a military commander on the island. She used to hide among the rocks of the region, which ended up being given her name.

Ponta da Sapata Close to Baía dos Golphinhos and Praia do Leão Ponta da Sapata is the perfect choice for divers, in part due to its difficult access, which means that the waters are free to be explored. It is located at the tip of the island, in a region with unique vegetation that is rigidly preserved.

every day from

This National Park consists of several Environmental Preservation Areas (APAs) controlled by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio). Visits to attractions in this area are strictly controlled in order to preserve the local flora and fauna. The park also is used for research and scientific studies.

Praia do Boldró Adjacent to Praia dos Americanos

mammals. This is where they rest and mate. Visitors are not allowed to enter the water, which is delimited by buoys and ropes, but the antics of dolphins can be seen from the Mirante dos Golfinhos - “Dolphin Lookout” located high over the Bay.

Baía do Sancho There are three possible access routes to Baía do Sancho: by boat from the sea, down stairs carved in a crevice in the rocks complemented by steps on the stones that descend to the sand, or by climbing across the rocks from nearby Baía dos Porcos With unique vegetation and numerous birds’ nests, Baía do Sancho is one of the few beaches where vessels are allow to anchor without danger of damaging corals. The waters are so clean that it is possible to see the white sand seabed. It is not recommended for children.

Baía dos Golfinhos From Baía dos Sanchos and Baía dos Porcos As the name suggests, Baía dos Golfinhos (“Dolphin Bay”) has many of these friendly

Enseada da Caieira Close to Praía do Cachorro and Buraco da Raquel. daily from 8 am to 6 pm This cove is composed of natural pools and an ecological rarity on the island - it is surrounded by sand dunes. The surrounding banks are steep place, and the descent via the rocks requires care. As it is part of a Parque Nacional visitation is restricted.

Projeto Tamar Alameda do Boldró - Boldró. the museum is located near the island’s main highway (BR-363) and the airport; simply follow the signs. every day from 9 am to 10 pm. no charge. The Projeto Tamar is responsible for the management and preservation of endangered species of turtle. The project has a Tourist Service Center integrated with a museum on Fernando de Noronha, which has permanent exhibitions on the life of these reptiles. Visitors can also see life-size replicas of the five turtle species that the Projeto Tamar protects. The center’s facilities are also an attraction for their sustainable architecture. Visitors can attend ecological talks, held every day of the week at 8 pm. The annex to the center has a café, Tamar products store and an ATM.

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Gustavo Bettini/Embratur

Transparent waters of the natural pools in Porto de Galinhas

horse, a marine animal threatened with extinction. Within Porto de Galinhas the visitor can also wander through the fishing village to buy local souvenirs such as the famous stylized chickens, carved from the trunk of coconut trees by artisan from Caracará.

ing, it is also possible to take a raft trip on the Maracaípe river. The trip provides visitors with access to areas of mangrove and to the Projeto Hippocampus seahorse reserve, where the natural habitat of these small animals that are symbols of Porto de Galinhas can be seen.

Porto de Galinhas and Praia da Vila From the center of Porto de Galinhas it is easy to access on foot

Raft trip to the natural pools Praia da Boa Viagem. determined by the tourist agency.

Elected for the tenth time as the most beautiful beach in Brazil, Porto de Galinhas is much visited by tourists, including families with small children. Its waters are warm and clear, making it perfect for swimming and diving to observe colorful schools of fish.

Trips on jangandas - a type of raft - are made only at low tide, when natural pools form between the reefs, and shoals of fish can be seen with the naked eye. Skin diving is also very popular at this location. The pools attract children

Praia de Maracaípe By car via local road. Departing from Rua Esperaça it is 3 km of asphalt road

21,391 inhabitants

532.644 km2

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Local holidays March 30: Emancipation of the Municipality of Ipojuca June 24: São João’s day September 29: São Miguel’s day

Clothing The warm climate of Porto de Galinhas requires light clothing. Do not forget to use plenty of sunscreen and use a hat or cap, and bring swimsuits and accessories such as sandals, sunglasses and diving equipment.

Accommodation Porto de Galinhas offers the tourist a wide choice of inns, from the most simple to the more sophisticated. However, as there is strong demand in high season it is recommended to book well in advance.

Transport Recife is the easiest starting point for access to Porto de Galinhas. Public transport can be used. The

lines leading to the resort are the 195, 191 and 196 (all follow the route Recife / Porto de Galinhas). It is also possible to drive to the resort, via Avenida Mascarenhas de Morais. The journey takes around one hour. An idyllic setting, pleasant temperatures and crystalline waters make Porto de Galinhas the most lively resort in Brazil. Considered one of the best beaches in the country, it is a popular destination throughout the year. Around 70 km from Recife, Porto de Galinhas, which is part of the Municipality of Ipojuca, offers excellent tourist facilities, including accommodation, food and entertainment. There are several resorts, hotels, inns and hostels throughout the town, along with restaurants, bars and craft shops. Visitors can bathe in the warm sea waters, swim in the company of tropical fish in the clear waters of the natural pools formed by coral reefs, or dive to discover the regional marine biodiversity. There are also other leisure options, such as beach buggy rides and trips on jangadas - the regional raft. Tourists can also take a trip to visit Projeto Hippocampus, which is responsible for the preservation of the sea-

Affectionately nicknamed ‘Maraca’, the Praia de Maracaípe is a lively meeting point for the young. Located 3 km from Porto de Galinhas, it is ideal for surfing due to the strong seas. In addition to hosting national and international surf championships, the beach is also a venue for concerts.

Praia de Muro Alto By beach buggy it is 6 km via PE-09, then 3 km of dirt road, or it can be reached on foot via the dirt road from Praia do Cupe The warm, calm sea at Prais de Muro Alto is an open invitation for bathing. This is one of the points that delimits Porto de Galinhas and is the location of several resorts.

Raft Ride on the Rio Maracaípe Praia da Boa Viagem. In addition to unique scenery with many corals, white sand and calm waters suitable for bath-

Gustavo Bettini/Embratur

PORTO DE GALINHAS

Vagner Carvalheiro

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Pedra Furada, in Serra da Capivara

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ilha grande Cajueiro da Praia Delta do parnaíba PI-210

PIAUÍ

BR 343

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P

iauí has the shortest coastline of the States in Northeast Brazil but it makes up for this with a unique landscape: the Parnaíba Delta - the only formation of its kind in America that flows to the sea. Shared with the State of Maranhão, this is one of the principal attractions for those visiting the State. The coastline also offers tourists the opportunity to observe wildlife, as well as beach and river cruises. The interior of the State is a great place for adventure tourism and ecotourism, thanks to its parks and nature reserves. Serra da Capivara is home to the Museu do Homem Americano - Museum of the American Man - as well as some prehistoric remains. Parque das Sete Cidades has rock formations and trails for the visitor who enjoys long walks and places that are little explored. Another highlight of tourism in the State its cuisine, one of the most diverse and interesting in the country. In particular, Piauí cuisine innovates with spices that are unknown in most parts of Brazil. White scallion, annatto, peppers and others provide dishes with characteristic regional flavors.

PI-110 PI-112 PI-258

PI-113

BR 404

BR 343

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maranhão

PI-320 PI-216

BR 343

PI-369

Teresina

PI-115

PI-215

PI-450

BR 343

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ceará

PI-407

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BR 316

BR 343

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BR 343

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PI-140

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Serra da Capivara

BR 230

BR 020

BR 407

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PI-142

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BR 324

PI-392

PI-241

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PI-407

BR 316

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BR 230

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BR 316

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BR 324

BR 135

pernambuco

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PI-324

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BR 407

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BR 324

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Geographic information

PI-470

BR 020

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semi-humid tropical average of 28 °C (82,4 °F) secondary forest, savannas and bushland

PI-324

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BR 135

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BR 324

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tocantins

BR 135 PI-411

BR 135

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PI-415

Bahia

international airport national airport National Highways State Highways

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On the margins of the Rio Poti, it has untouched forests within the urban area, much visited for hiking or even for a moment of rest in the nature. The city was a fishing village for a long time. It was only in 1852 that the administrative center of Piauí - which was previously Oeiras, 313 km away - moved to an urban area created especially for the purpose. This was to be one of the first planned State capitals in Brazil. This organization can still be seen today when walking through the wide avenues and streets of Teresina. Among the more interesting tourist sights in the city are the Ponte Metálica João Luis Ferreira - the Metal Bridge - which connects Teresina with Timon, a small town in the neighboring State of Maranhão, and the Parque Ambiental Encosto dos Rios - a preserved region near the center of the city.

Aerial view of Teresina

PONTE ESTAIADA JOÃO ISIDORO FRANÇA Centro. 24 hours. no charge. Aureliano Muller

Besides being a beautiful backdrop for those taking a walk in the city, the bridge - built to celebrate 150 years of Teresina - has an observation tower accessible by elevator or stairs. From here the tourist has an excellent view of the city and the Rio Poti.

814,230 inhabitants

1,391.974 km2

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Local holidays March 13: Batalha do Jenipapo’s Day August 16: Anniversary of the founding of Teresina October 19: Anniversary of the founding of Piauí December 8: Nossa Senhora da Imaculada Conceição’s Day

Vaccination Yellow fever vaccination is recommended at least 10 days before traveling.

Clothing Light clothing and shoes, but suitable for long walks. Hats, caps, sunglasses, sunscreen and insect repellent are also recommended.

Accommodation Teresina has excellent accommodation infrastructure.

The visitor can choose between hotels (three to five stars) and simpler inns and hostels, most located in the central area of the city.

Goat buchada, a popular regional dish

Piauí cooking

The rich and diverse gastronomy of Piauí is part of the attraction for those visiting the State. Among the most popular dishes are the Capote (a type of chicken prepared with hot peppers) and Maria Isabel (dried meat with rice). Dishes based on seafood are also popular. All are accompanied by cajuína, a soft drink made from the fruit of the cashew that is very popular across the State. Desserts are also are among the highlights. Containing fruits such as cashew, buriti, mango and lemon peel, they are well known throughout Brazil.

ponte estaiada João Isidoro França, designed for the celebrations of 150 years of Teresina

Transport For those departing from Fortaleza, Maranhão, Pernambuco or Tocantins, the best way to reach Teresina is by ground transportation such as car or bus. Access highways are BR-222, BR-343, BR316 and BR-324. There also air connections with several other cities in Brazil. The airport is only 3,5 km from the city center. Within the city Teresina has 92 bus lines in operation. The system is integrated, and passengers pay only one fare to use more than one bus on the same journey. Teresina is the only State capital in the Northeast that is not located on the coast. However, it is one of the greenest cities in Northeast Brazil.

Candido Neto/Embratur

TERESINA

Candido Neto/Embratur

Piauí

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Pottery sculpted by local artisans

Parque Ambiental Encontro dos Rios Rua Des. Flavio Furtado, Parque Ambiental Encontro dos Rios - Poti Velho. daily from 8 am to 6 pm. no charge

Seafront in the Municipality of Cajuero da Praia

polo cerâmico de teresina Rua Desembargador Flavio Furtado, 1,021 - Poti Velho. daily from 10 am to 10 pm. no charge. Opened in 2006 on a site that was formerly a fishing village, the project helped develop the local production of ceramic handicrafts. The center is popular with both local residents and tourists, and is composed of 23 kiosks that sell artifacts directly to the public and to other Brazilian States and overseas countries.

Museu do Piauí Rua Aerolino de Abreu, 900 - Centro. Tuesday to Friday from 7:30 am to 5:30 pm. Saturdays and Sundays from 8 am to 12 am.

Candido Neto/Embratur

Candido Neto/Embratur

This park is an ecological reserve that preserves the flora and fauna that surround the Parnaíba and Poti rivers. It also preserves Teresina culture, with space for exhibitions, a craft fair and a monument to Cabeça-decuia, the principal folklore figure in Piauí. The park has a restaurant, trails, viewpoints and areas for water sports.

Igreja de São Benedito Avenida Frei Serafim, 1,926 - Centro. Monday to Saturday at 6:30 am and 5:30 pm. Sunday at 6:30 am, 9 am and 6 pm. no charge

CAJUEIRO DA PRAIA 7,163 inhabitants

This church is one of the most important in State. It is 40 meters tall and was built between 1874 and 1886. It is well known for the children’s choir presentations that take place on its entrance steps, especially during the month of December.

271,705 km²

220 V

Local holidays October 19: Anniversary of the founding of Piauí December 8: Nossa Senhora da Imaculada Conceição’s Day

igreja de São Benedito in Teresina

Vaccination Yellow fever vaccination is recommended at least 10 days before traveling

Clothing

This museum is also known as the Casa de Odilin Nunes in honor of a renowned Piauí historian. The museum houses exhibits that help preserve the State’s heritage. Among these are West Indies Company dishes, porcelain, works of art and instruments used to torture slaves.

Light clothes and shoes due to the heat.

Museu dos Rios Rua Des. Flavio Furtado, s/n - Parque Ambiental Encontro dos Rios, Poti Velho. daily from 8 am to 6 pm. no charge

Transport

Accommodation Tourists visiting Cajuero da Praia can choose between the few simple inns in the town or can opt to rent a house or room from local fishermen, which is a common option in this region.

Candido Neto/Embratur

The museum is located inside the Parque Ambiental Encontro dos Rios and was created to introduce visitors and tourists to the flora and fauna that surround the Poti and Parnaíba rivers.

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Departing from Teresina by car, visitors should take the BR-343 up to Luís Correia. From there, access to the town is via trails that follow the coastline, which takes around 1 hour on foot. One of the newest towns in Piauí, Cajueiro da Praia was part of neighboring Luís Correia, and became a municipality only in 1996. It sits on

the border with Ceará and has some of the most beautiful beaches in Northeastern Brazil, including Cajueiro and Barra Grande. Tourist facilities have been improved in recent years, but it has not lost its charm and simplicity. The region is very popular for kite surfing and is also well known for its abundance of seafood, including oysters, fish, shrimp and mussels. The Manatee Marine Project - which aims to protect this endangered species - has a base on Praia do Cajueiro, which is open for visits.

The Beach at Cajueiro da Praia access to the village is via trails departing from Luís Correia Surrounded by coconut palms and cashew trees, the beach has calm, clear waters, suitable for bathing. It is ideal for families and groups. In addition to the beautiful scenery, two special tours depart from here. The marine manatee - a mammal protected by the local municipality - can be observed from some stretches of beach and can also be observed via scheduled canoe tours. The seahorse habitat is a little further away from the shore - the trip taking tourists to observe the animal is obligatorily made by canoe and takes around two hours.

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This beach has excellent facilities with inns, restaurants and bars and is a good location for families because of its calm and clear waters. However, care should be taken due to a stretch of sloping sands (even in the shallows there may be deeper hollows, which can cause drowning) that should be avoided. The site is also popular for kite surfing and windsurfing.

Rota do Fraldão Praia de Cajueiro da Praia. to be scheduled in advance with the guide. price of services on request. This trip, passing among the Cajueira streams, gets its name because the visitor uses an inverted lifejacket - looking like a big diaper (‘fraldão’) - and is carried along by water currents. Note: the tour can only be done in the company of an authorized guides. Ilha Grande de Santa Isabel

Oyster Cultivation Praia de Cajueiro da Praia. to be scheduled in advance with the guide. price of services on request.

Clothing

This trip takes tourists out along the mud trails to see firsthand how oysters are cultivated. The trip can only be done during low tide and must be scheduled in advance with accredited guides. It is also possible to buy fresh seafood, direct from the sea.

Accommodation Accommodation facilities on Ilha Grande are somewhat precarious. There are few inns and houses available for rent. One option is to visit the attractions in a day and stay in the neighboring towns of Parnaíba or Luís Correia.

Transport

ILHA GRANDE 8,914 inhabitants

134,317 km²

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Local holidays October 19: Anniversary of the founding of the Piauí December 8: Nossa Senhora da Imaculada Conceição’s Day

Vaccination Yellow fever vaccination is recommended at least 10 days before traveling

For those coming from Teresina, access is via the BR-101 highway. For visitors coming from Parnaíba, there is a bridge connecting the two towns. Ilha Grande is one of the islands that makes up the Parnaíba Delta. For a long time it was part of Parnaíba, the largest city in Northern Piauí, becoming a municipality only in 1994. The town is well known for its Festival do Caranguejo ‘Crab Festival’ - an event that takes place annually and celebrates the main local product, and also features musical and theatrical presentations. Pedra do Sal is located on Ilha Grande; a beautiful formation consisting of dunes and lagoons - unspoiled nature offering the visitor an unforgettable sunset. Praia da Atalaia is another attraction, with excellent tourist facilities.

Barra das Canárias On the coast at the boundary between Ceará and Piauí. daily, 24 hours. no charge This landform marks the end of the Piauí coast and the beginning of the State of Ceará. This is the mouth of the São João and Timonha rivers, which provide a very beautiful scenario that can be admired from the land bar.

Ayrton Porto/Embratur

PRAIA DA PEDRA DO SAL

Light clothes and sandals are the best option due to the heat.

Barra da Timonha Boardline between Piauí and Ceará coasts. 24 hours. gratis This landform marks the end of the Piauí coast and the beginning of the State of Ceará. This is the mouth of the São João and Timonha rivers,

Carlson Pessoa

Praia de Barra Grande access is via trails departing from Luís Correia

which provide a very beautiful scenario that can be admired from the land bar.

Praia da Pedra do Sal The beach is accessed via the PI-116, which leads to the town with the same name. It is located 15 km from the municipality This beach extends over 8 km of dunes and lagoons located in a fishing community with virtually untouched natural surroundings. The water circulates through the rock formations, where sea salt is deposited. This is where its name comes from - ‘Salt Rocks’. It is not recommended for swimming, however it is much visited by families and tourist groups.

Praia do Atalaia 13 km from the town center, access to the beach by road is via PI-116 in the direction of the coast. The road crosses the town This beach has the best tourist facilities in the region, and receives a lot of visitors, especially during the holiday period. Here you can sample regional seafood and products from the mangroves, such as crab.

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Primeira Cidade The First City is where you will find the Piscina dos Milagres - ‘The Pool of Miracles’ formed by a water source that gushes water even in periods of drought. The First City is also home to the Pedra do Canhão, Pedra da Gia, Salão do Pajé and the Salão do Dragão Chinês, among other natural monuments.

Segunda Cidade The main attraction in the Second City is the Arco do Triunfo - one of the most photographed natural monuments in the park. It is also home to the Pedra do Americano, Pé do Gigante, Pedra do Falo, Morro das Oliveiras, Pedra do Castelo and Soldado Velho, among others.

One of the archaeological sites of Serra da Capivara

Simone Zwirtes

PARQUE NACIONAL DAS SETE CIDADES

Sétima Cidade Area closed for visits. This has characteristics similar to the other cities, but access is allowed only with permission from ICMBio or IBAMA .

Candido Neto/Embratur

Terceira Cidade The head of Dom Pedro I is the most outstanding formation in the Third City. The rock formation that looks like the profile of the Brazilian emperor often impresses visitors. Other monuments that are part of the Third City are the Três Reis Magos, Pedra do Segredo, Pedra do Pombo, Gruta do Estrangeiro and the Totem do Sol.

PARks

Sete Cidades

PARQUE NACIONAL Das SETE CIDADES

5 km from Piracuruca. daily from 8 am to 5 pm. visits to the park are free, but it is necessary to use a guide who will charge according to the size of the group.

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Created in 1961, the Parque Nacional has around six thousand acres of natural monuments and rock formations, waterfalls and ancient inscriptions, all of which are protected by the Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade (ICMBio). Seven imaginary cities that are home to the attractions were created to facilitate visits. The last city is not open to the public and can only be accessed with prior authorization. The park has infrastructure for receiving visitors, with several options for food and a hostel with 12 rooms. It is also possible to cycle through the park, but it is necessary to obtain permission in advance.

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Quarta Cidade The Fourth City used to be home to José Catirina, the region’s healer. This part of the park houses the Cabeça de Águia, Pedra dos Dois Lagartos, Pedra dos Dois Irmãos e Leão Deitado.

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Exit to Piripiri Park Attractions 1 Fonte Tépida 2 Jardim Suspenso 3 Arco do Triunfo 4 Miradouro 5 Castelo 6 Lagartos

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Quinta Cidade Here you will find Pedra do Camelo, Furna do Índio, Pedra das Inscrições - with beautiful rock paintings - Casa do Guarda and the Pedra do Rei.

Sexta Cidade The highlights here are the Pedra da Tartaruga, Pedra do Cachorro and the Pedra do Elefante, rock formations that resemble the animal that have lent their names - Pedra da Tartaruga, Pedra do Cachorro and Pedra do Elefante.

Parque nacional da serra da capivara

PI-140 in São Raimundo Nonato. daily from 6 am to 6 pm. Tours can only be made in the company of guides, who charge according to the size of the group.

Its area of 129,000 hectares is home to the largest number of archaeological sites in the Americas: more than one thousand are cataloged, with cave paintings and other traces indicating a human presence in the region going back 60,000 years. Of this total, around 200 are open to visitors. Research conducted in the park is under the responsibility of Fundação Museu do Homem Americano (Fundham), which is located in São Raimundo Nonato. A location of global importance, Parque Nacional da Serra da Capivara was declared Cultural Patrimony of Humanity by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 1991. To visit all the sites in the park takes at least six days. The sites are divided among 14 circuits, each equipped with walkways and stairs, where you can see inscriptions, go down a canyon, enjoy the flight of swallows in the late afternoon and visit the imposing Pedra Furada - ‘Holed Stone’ - the symbol of the park. It is also possible to do night walks, in the company of guides, and stay overnight in inns and campgrounds in the region.

David Rego Jr/LUME

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Aerial view of Cristo Redentor

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RIO DE JANEIRO

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The State as it is today is very young. It was created by a decree of the tenth-President Ernesto Geisel in 1975. Previously there had been the State of Guanabara and the City of Rio de Janeiro, considered to be a “neutral city” as it was the nation’s capital. A native of the State of Rio is called a Fluminense. Someone born in the City of Rio de Janeiro is known as a Carioca.

egarded as one of the picture postcards of Brazil, the fame of the State is due in part to its capital City, also named Rio de Janeiro, whose beautiful beaches and natural attractions are well known throughout world. The City is home to internationally recognized icons such as Maracanã football stadium, samba, and the Girl from Ipanema. Brazil’s most famous Carnival and the spectacular samba parades also take place in what is known as the “Cidade Maravilosa” - the Marvelous City. Rio was the second capital of Brazil and used to be the residence of the Portuguese crown, which moved to Rio when Portugal was invaded by Napoleon Bonaparte in the early 19th century.

RJ- 220 BR 356 RJ- 186 RJ- 210

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tropical and high altitude tropical average annual temperature of 22 °C to 24 °C (71,6 °F to 75,2 °F) atlantic forest

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Geographic information

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INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT NATIONAL AIRPORT

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NATIONAL HIGHWAYS State Highways

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and Jacarepaguá Airport (30 km from the center). Rio has a subway system and 836 bus lines operated by 47 companies. Tourists can also use taxis (official taxis are yellow) to get around.

Banco de imagens do Ministerio do Turismo

RIO DE JANEIRO 6,320,446 inhabitants

1,200.279 km2

21 110 V

Local holidays January 20: São Sebastião’ s Day April 23: São Jorge’ s Day November 20: Black Consciousness Day / Zumbi dos Palmares

Accommodation Rio has an extensive hotel network that caters to different economic profiles, with exclusive boutique hotels for those who enjoy the most luxurious accommodation, to international networks and vast number of apart-hotels.

Shopping The strong point of shopping in Rio de Janeiro is street-side shops. There are streets that provide an excellent shopping experience, particularly in the districts in the city south zone. The heart of Ipanema concentrates local brands, while Leblon is home to well-known luxury stores. The Saara market (‘Society of Friends from the Streets Surrounding the Customs

House’) is located in the center of Rio, and has over 600 stalls. The specialty is the garment trade, originally brought to the region by Arab immigrants. Other outlets that appeal to tourists are craft and antiques fairs. The ‘Feira Rio Antigo’ is the most famous: in addition to the objects on sale, the place is virtually an outdoor antique museum, with conserved houses dating from the 19th century. Another very popular fair takes place at night at Copacabana. Weekends bring around 150 stalls selling paintings, sculptures, drawings and decorative objects by Rio artists and artisans. There is also the Ipanema hippy fair, which takes place on Sundays. Its international fame led to it being listed as intangible historical patrimony.

praia de copacabana

Banco de imagens do Ministerio do Turismo

praia de ipanema

Rio de Janeiro is one of the best known Brazilian cities overseas, and is a place where differences seem to coexist in harmony. Here you will find metropolitan infrastructure, one of the largest urban forests in the world, sea breezes on the beaches and cool mountain air. Since its founding in 1565, Rio de Janeiro has a history marked by its national significance. It was the nation’s capital from 1763 to 1960 during the Colonial, Empire and Republican periods. Today, even though it is no longer the seat of political power, it still exports trends and a distinctive lifestyle. Whatever the purpose of the trip, one thing is certain: this City and its inhabitants will not go unnoticed. Much of social life in Rio happens on the beaches, where

locals, tourists and different social classes mingle. The local ‘Cariocas’ enjoy walking, reading and playing football on the beach, often mixing different types of sport. The beach is the center of attention for anyone coming to the City, where you to take advantage of the outdoors and its beautiful setting. Cycling,

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Transport The State is served by the Dutra Highway (linking Rio to São Paulo) as well as other highways connecting the City with other State capitals. The highway has been renovated and offers amenities and comfort for those arriving by bus. The City has three airports: Galeão International Airport / Tom Jobim (20 km from the center) and two further airports that receive domestic flights: Santos Dumont Airport (Guanabara Bay)

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1 Rio de Janeiro 2 Belford Roxo 3 Duque de Caxias 4 Guapimirim 5 Itaboraí 6 Itaguá 7 Japeri 8 Magé 9 Maricá 10 Mesquita 11 Nilópolis

12 Niterói 13 Nova Iguaçu 14 Paracambi 15 Queimados 16 São Gonçalo 17 São João de Meriti 18 Seropédica 19 Tanguá 20 Jacarepaguá 21 Ilha do Governador

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Jardim Botânico Rua Jardim Botânico, 920 (pedestrians) and 1008 (vehicles). daily from 8 am to 5 pm.

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Created by Dom João VI in 1808, the Botanical Garden is home to rare species of flora and provides recreation for both children and adults. The principal highlights are the centuries-old imperial palm trees at the entrance to the garden, an orchid nursery with over 600 species, and the Sensory Garden - a space created especially for people with visual impairment. It has guided tours in English and Spanish, by appointment.

quinta da Boa Vista Quinta da Boa Vista. 10 am to 4 pm.

Tuesday to Sunday from

This Neoclassic style building was the residence of the Imperial family during the 19th century. Since 1891 it has houses the Museu Nacional, the oldest scientific institution in Brazil and the largest natural history and anthropology museum in Latin America. In addition to the museum there is a park with landscapes that were designed in 1869, and the Rio de Janeiro Zoo, which has the largest collection of Brazilian primates and birds in the country.

ATERRO DO FLAMENGO

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1 Estádio do Maracanã 2 International Airport of Galeão 3 Airport Santos Dumont 4 Praia de Ipanema 5 Praia de Copacabana 6 Pão de Açúcar 7 Cristo Redentor 8 Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas 9 Parque Nacional da Tijuca 10 Jardim Botânico 11 Praia de São Conrado 12 Lagoa da Tijuca 13 Arpoador 14 Leblon 15 Parque Ecológico de Marapendi 16 Lagoa de Jacarepaguá

Jardim Botânico

Ricardo Zerrener/Riotur

Banco de imagens do Ministerio do Turismo

walking and jogging along the seafront and lunch in small, charming restaurants are part of daily life of Rio, a City that provides visitors with a warm welcome and includes them in the City’s healthy routine. But it is not just the beaches are popular on sunny weekends. The roads on the seafront in the south of the City are closed to cars and receive crowds who enjoy walking, cycling (bikes can be rented on the seafront) or simply enjoying a day at the beach in Rio. It is a tourist program that is a must for anyone visiting the City, and should be rounded off by watching the spectacle of the sunset on Ipanema beach, one of the sights most beloved by residents. It is a tradition to applaud this wonderful spectacle that nature provides for free every day. Do not be shy! Applaud as well!

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Officially known as Parque Eduardo Gomes, Aterro do Flamengo is one of the most beautiful and popular parks in Brazil. Created by infill from a variety of ground works, the attractions at the site include gardens with native vegetation designed by Burle Marx. The Aterro site is home to several important tourist sites, including the Museu de Arte Moderna, the Glória Marina and the Monument to those killed in World War II. The site is very popular for sports at weekends, as well as for walks and even with those risking a dip off the Flamengo beach. Some sporting competitions take place at the site, which has access via modern footbridges and subways for pedestrians.

Friendly City

Rio is one of the main Brazilian destinations for LGBT tourism. The City has special locations to receive this public, and improves facilities for LGBT tourists every year. The City was elected by TripOutGayTravel as the sexiest gay City in the world for the second consecutive year. Considered by voters to have the world’s most sensual residents, Rio was also highlighted because of its beaches, parties, and the Carioca lifestyle. In front of Posto 9 on Ipanema beach is one of the major international LGBT meeting places, where visitors have access to bars, restaurants and a variety of parties.

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Rampa da Pedra Bonita Bairro de São Conrado. request.

price of services on

Fireworks on New Year’s at Copacabana

This launch ramp is the most traditional location for hang gliding in Brazil. The altitude of 597 meters offers a unique view of the city.

AYRTON360/EMBRATUR

trem para Corcovado

Corcovado Estrada de Ferro Corcovado - Rua Cosme Velho, 513, Cosme Velho. daily, every 30 minutes from 8:30 am to 7 pm. by the Corcovado train or via the Parque Nacional da Tijuca. (round trip). This 706 meter-high hill is home to one of the seven wonders of the modern world: Cristo Redentor. Brazil’s best known symbol, the statue was inaugurated in 1931 and is 30 meters in height and is made of soapstone blocks that were sculpted in France. The monument can be seen from almost all parts of the City, and it provides a panoramic view of Rio de Janeiro.

Palácio do Catete / Museu da República Rua do Catete, 153. Tuesday to Friday from 10 am to 5 pm. Saturdays, Sundays and holidays from 2 pm to 6 pm. This was the seat of the Federal Government from 1897 to 1960, and 18 Presidents have passed through its doors. Important historical events took place here, such as the announcement of

Palácio do catete

The Capital of Fireworks

PARQUE NACIONAL DA TIJUCA Floresta da Tijuca: Praça Afonso Viseu, Alto da Boa Vista. Vista Chinesa: Estrada da Vista Chinesa, Alto da Boa Vista. Pedra da Gávea: access via Barra da Tijuca (Estrada Sorimã) and via São Conrado (Estrada das Canoas Road). Mirante Dona Marta: access via the neighborhood of Cosme Velho (Laceira dos Guararapes). daily from 8 am to 5 pm. no charge.

Brazil’s participation in World War II and the suicide of Getúlio Vargas (President of Brazil at the time). It was transformed into a museum when the Federal capital moved to Brasilia.

Collection of Museu da República

AYRTON360/embratur

Marizilda Cruppe/Riotur

Vista Chinesa Observatory

This immense conservation area crosses the City from north to south. It includes several attractions, such as the Floresta da Tijuca - the largest urban forests in the world, created in 1861 by Emperor Pedro II to replant the areas affected by deforestation caused by the cultivation of sugar cane and coffee, and Vista Chinesa - a viewpoint in oriental style that is located 380 meters over the City. The park is also home to the famous Pedra da Gávea, a huge rock 842 meters tall, which has been receiving tourists and climbers since 1830, and is one of the main locations for hang gliding. The Mirante Dona Marta viewpoint is also part of the park, and has one of the most privileged views of almost the entire length of Rio de Janeiro.

The night of December 31 is a special event in Rio. The fireworks in Copacabana draw millions of people every year, who crown the beach, the streets (always closed in advance for those coming to celebrate New Year on the beach) and animated parties in seafront apartments and on cruise ships. The party starts early, many hours before midnight. Tourists and locals mingle in the sands in search of a good place to see the fireworks or watch one of several shows that take place on the beach. Wearing white is not mandatory, but is certainly preferable. Iemanjá devotees leave white flowers and jump waves, offering thanks to the Mother of all Orixás (a deity with roots in Africa, worshiped in Umbanda and Candomblé in Brazil). They show gratitude for the past year or ask her to intercede for a better year to come. The midnight celebration is emotive, with one of the longest and most spectacular fireworks displays in the country. The party ends only the following morning, after many hours of music and dancing to celebrate the year-end, Rio style. For Christmas, the spectacle is provided by the beautiful Christmas tree mounted in the center of Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas. Those visiting the City at this time always take the opportunity to admire the light show that takes place here.

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In the middle of the Guanabara Bay, this small island was the site of the French occupation, which occurred in Rio de Janeiro from 1555 to 1567. Its attractions are the graceful beaches, historic buildings and traditional buggy rides.

Pão de Açúcar Avenida Pasteur, 520. the ticket office is open from 8 am to 7:50 pm (the park closes at 20:50). Cable cars leave every 20 minutes, or when they reach maximum capacity (65 people). adults children 6-12 years. One of the most famous sights in the world, ‘Pão de Açúcar’ offers rides in the traditional cable car, climbing on 400-meter high rocks, walks in the midst of nature, helicopter flights, bars and cafés. All this and 360-degree views of one of the most beautiful cities on the planet.

parade os samba school, Marquês de Sapucaí

Samba and carnival: the greatest shows on Earth

Andrea Simões/Embratur

PÃO DE AÇÚCAR

If samba was born in Bahia, it was in Rio de Janeiro that it grew up. Each district of the City has samba circles, shows and the famous backyard samba music groups, the ‘pagodes’. During Carnival samba gains greater prominence, with samba school parades - an annual mega-event that takes place in the Sambadrome and is considered to be the greatest spectacle on Earth. Carnival and samba schools are part of daily life in Rio. Throughout the entire year the population prepares, practices, invests and supports one of the 25 samba schools that compete for the title of Carnival Champion. As soon as Carnival ends and the Champion is declared, samba school members and supporters start preparations for the following year. The theme, music, costumes and floats begin to be designed. Another way to enjoy the Carnival is to follow one of the 400 Carnival blocks – groups of revelers who organize themselves into street parties to enjoy the City’s Carnival. There are Carnival blocks for all tastes and all ages, spread across all districts. Some of the most popular are the Cordão do Bola Preta, Banda de Ipanema and the modern Mono-

bloco. It is one of the most popular and fun ways to dress up, dance down the street singing and meet new people: the whole of Rio hits the streets during Carnival. The Cidade do Samba, the area with the warehouses holding the samba school floats, serves as a stage for events based on this musical style. Opened in 2006, this is a modern complex of studios with scenery and costume equipment, where the workers from the samba schools create and construct the Carnival spectacle.

Nelson Perez/Riotur

Rio lives to the accompaniment of rhythm. In fact, the various musical rhythms that run through the City are part of its history. The samba, of course, is par excellence Carioca. It has a presence that goes well beyond Carnival, and is celebrated in daily life in bars, on the beach and all across the City. Music lovers by nature, Cariocas adore singing in different rhythms about their City and the issues that affect people’s lives. One of those rhythms is Bossa Nova, invented by Tom Jobim and Vinicius de Morais while sitting on the beachfront with a guitar, and inspired by the landscape. Bossa Nova is still the best-known Brazilian music style outside the country and is appreciated in all corners of the planet. Its smooth and delicate melody, sophisticated and poetic lyrics guarantee its presence in any environment. A musical style that is a little louder is carioca funk. It is the rhythm of the nightclubs in the periphery and on the hills, and is accompanied by sensual dances and songs about life in the slums. The beat of carioca funk has also became an export product, and even clothing brands related to funk lifestyle have been used by musicians from other countries.

Ilha de Paquetá Ilha de Paquetá. consult at the Estação de Bracas (boat berth) - irregular hours. consult at the Estação de Barcas (boat berth). boats leave from the Estação das Barcas at Praça 15.

AF Rodrigues/Riotur

City of Music

Baianas during samba school parades in Rio de Janeiro

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The museum has 11,000 works in its permanent collection, including paintings and sculptures by internationally renowned artists such as Fernand Léger, Alberto Giacometti, Jean Arp, Henry Moore, Bourdelle, Marino Marini and Max Bill, among others. Brazilian artists including Di Cavalcanti, Lygia Clark, Helio Oiticica, Franz Weissmann, Amílcar de Castro and Wyllis de Castro also have works on display at the museum. The museum has an exhibition of works by Gilberto Chateaubriand - one of the

most comprehensive collections in the world in terms of modern art. Among the collection are works by Anita Malfatti, Tarsila do Amaral, Lasar Segall, Di Cavalcanti and Ismael Nery. It also has an exhibit of photography by Pierre Verger, with a unique documentary of AfricanBrazilian culture.

spectators. It has been the stage of some major sporting events, including the one thousandth goal by Pelé in 1969, as well as national and international concerts. It houses a museum dedicated to football with a “sidewalk of fame” with the footprints of the country’s principal players. The stadium is undergoing a major renovation for the 2014 World Cup.

MARACANÃ STadium Rua Professor Eurico Rabelo, Avenida Maracanã. daily, including holidays, from 9 am to 7 pm.

MARINA DA GLÓRIA Avenida Infante Dom Henrique.

Opened in 1950 to host the World Cup, the Estadio Mário Filho Stadium (the official name) will host the final of the 2014 tournament. Symbol of Brazilian football, Maracanã once held 200,000

The marina receives national and international vessels and has facilities for sailing and boat rental. The location regularly also hosts shows and events.

Outeiro da Gloria

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MUSEU DE ARTE MODERNA (MAM) Avenida Infante Dom Henrique, 85, Parque do Flamengo Tuesday to Friday from 12 am to 6 pm Saturdays. Sundays and public holidays from 12 am to 7 pm.

Arcos da Lapa

A tour of the city center

The center of Rio is a place that exudes history. A walk through the main sites in the center takes the visitor on a trip to the old Rio, a City that blends a strong European influence with a tropical seaside landscape.

Rio attractions

Santa Teresa: one of the most picturesque districts in Rio, it is situated on a hill and is home to numerous ateliers, bars and restaurants that endow a bohemian atmosphere to its streets.

frequented by artists, journalists and younger Rio residents. Its lively nightlife appeals to foreign visitors, who can see up close how the local population enjoys themselves.

Baixo Leblon: a meeting point for the young since the 1970s, it has animated nightlife with its many popular bars and restaurants. This part of the district of Leblon is home to the singer and composer Caetano Veloso and journalist Nelson Motta.

Lapa: a region historically known as the birthplace of bohemia, home to numerous bars and restaurants with typical local dishes. The principal reference points are the Arcos da Lapa (‘Lapa Arches’), Circo Voador and Fundição Progresso, which regularly hosts concerts and shows. The Arcos da Lapa were built between 1744 and 1750 to carry the water supply to the city. This aqueduct is a trademark of the City.

Baixo Gávea: a bohemian district, off the normal tourist trail, with plenty of bars and restaurants

THEATRO MUNICIPAL

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Cinelândia: this large square earned the name Cinelândia in the 1930’s, due to a concentration of a large number of cinemas, theaters, bars and restaurants. Today it is the address of several historic buildings including the Biblioteca Nacional and the Theatro Municipal. There is only one cinema remaining at the location – the Odeon Cinema –, which is worthwhile visiting.

Largo da Carioca: a commercial center of historical importance, where the main attraction is a 17th century convent - the Igreja de Terceira Ordem de São Francisco da Penitência, constructed on top of a hill. Rua do Ouvidor: before the inauguration of Avenida Central, this was the most important street in the Empire. It now houses the remains of colonial buildings and has bustling commerce during the day. Praça Mauá: the square is named after its first owner, the Baron of Mauá, and has a statue in his honor. It houses the Porto do Rio, which is responsible for much of Brazil’s exports and is an important commercial center. Avenida Rio Branco: the old Avenida Central, built early in the 20th century by the newly elected Republican government in order to modernize the country’s capital. It was inspired by Parisian boulevards and is now one of the City’s main commercial streets. It links the two extremities in the center of Rio: the obelisk on Avenida Beira-Mar and Praça Maua in the port zone.

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The City has the highest Human Development Index in the State of Rio de Janeiro, and is a pleasant destination full of natural attractions that can be visited in a day. This is the site of the Museu de Arte Contemprânea - ‘Museum of Contemporary Art’. The symbol of the City, the building was designed by the architect Oscar Niemeyer. Its rounded forms combine with the landscape, and it provides panoramic views of Rio de Janeiro. The museum has exhibits with several contemporary styles, including works by Hélio Oiticica, Tomie Ohtake, Flavio-Shiró and Cildo Miereles.

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Social tourism

’Favela’ is the common name given to the needy communities of Rio de Janeiro, mostly located in the hills. Historically dominated by violence and drug trafficking, many of them are now peaceful places that have community policing units and attract visitors in search of social tourism. The Rocinha Favela is the largest community in the country, with a population of approximately 100,000. Among its tourist attractions are the Ateliê da Mery and the Acadêmicos da Rocinha Samba School, which rehearses on Saturdays from 10 pm. The community most visited by tourists is the Dona

Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas

Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas.

FORTE DE COPACABANA

As well as being a symbol of the City, the lagoon is an immense recreation area and the largest outdoor gastronomic center in Latin America. It has three parks (Cantagalo, Taboas and Patins), 9,5 km of cycle paths and 25 kiosks with bars and restaurants. It is the most popular location for cycling and rowing.

Christian Knepper / Embratur

Niterói Mirante da Boa Viagem. Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 6 pm. 2 hours.

MUSEU DE ARTE CONTEMPORÂNEA de niterói

Marta favela, a pioneer in social tourism. There are tourist guides and signposts for visitors. The favela became well-known in 1996 when Michael Jackson recorded a video clip here - “They don’t care about us”. There is a statue of the singer at the site. The Vidigal favela has one of the most privileged views of the City, facing the sea. Chapéu Mangueira has its tourism managed by a residents association, with income going to community social actions. Attractions include tours with an ecological walk, lunch, samba and capoeira lessons. There is a hostel in the favela. favela da Rocinha

Tania Bolerio

Opened in 1914 to reinforce the defenses of Guanabara Bay, this is a tourist spot with a privileged view. It houses a branch of the famous Colombo Confectioner.

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FORTE DE COPACABANA Praça Coronel Eugenio Franco, 1 - Copacabana. Tuesday to Sunday including holidays, from 10 am to 6 pm. External area Tuesday to Sunday including holidays, from 10 am to 8 pm.

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nardino and Nossa Senhora do Carmo, as well as colonial houses and charming restaurants. The region is home to luxury hotels and private islands. It receives ships from all over Brazil and from other countries. Angra dos Reis is spread over a wide area along the side of the BR-101 highway, and its center is near the site of the founding of the City, on a peninsula. The center is located in a narrow region between mountains and the sea, forcing the City grow uphill.

Luiz Baltar

Jorge Brivilati

One of Ilha Grande beaches

ANGRA DOS REIS 169,511 habitantes

825.088 km2

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Local holidays January 6: anniversary of the founding of Angra April 9: São Benedito’s Day April 23: São Jorge’s Day December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceição’s Day

Accommodation Angra has hotels and inns for all budgets. It is also possible to berth a boat at the marina and stay on board, if arriving by sea.

Transport Angra can be reached by bus or car. The City has paved highways connecting it to other Cities and States, as well as an urban bus system and a small fleet of taxis to cater for tourists. The airport of Angra dos Reis is small and primarily serves private aircraft. Most tourists disembark in Rio de Janeiro,

166 km away. Many cruises include Angra dos Reis in their schedule. Yachts and other vessels can use the moorings in the various marinas and yacht clubs. Imagine a place where nature meets luxury. This is Angra dos Reis. A city on the Costa Verde (‘Green Coast’), it is circled by 365 islands, with over two thousand beaches and diverse marine life, making the region one of the best diving sites in the country. The City’s name comes from a squadron commanded by the Portuguese navigator Gonçalo Coelho, who entered the bay at Ilha Grande on January 6, 1502. It was Twelfth Night, and for this reason named it “The Anchorage of the Kings”. Commencing as a fishing village and port, Angra developed in the 18th and 19th centuries due to the sugar trade. Even today it is still possible to visit the ruins of large mills such as Bracuí and Casa da Fazenda do Pontal. The City still preserves some interesting historical attractions, such as the Convents of São Ber-

CONVENTO DE SÃO BERNARDINO DE SENA AND CAPELA DE SÃO FRANCISCO Ladeira de São Bernardino de Sena - Centro. Monday to Friday from 10 am to 5 pm. Saturdays from 10 am to 12 am. no charge

Ilhas de Angra Ilhas Botinas: known as the “Sister Islands” or “Twin Islands”, these formations take their name from their shape, resembling a pair of shoes. They have clear waters that are inviting for diving. Ilha da Gipoia: the second largest island in Angra and one of the most sought after by visitors due to its small beaches. For those who like animation, the destination is the Praia do Dentista (Jurubaíba), with its floating bars. At Praia das Flechas the attraction is the crystalline waters and the cuisine. Surfers mark their presence at Praia Brava. Praia das Amendoieras is popular with divers. Access is by sea, departing from the Santa Luzia wharf in the center of Angra dos Reis. Ilha de Cataguás: formed by two small patches of land that were originally part of the Serra do Mar mountains, the island receives many visitors due to its bars and kiosks. Ilha de Paquetá: one side of the island has calm waters and a steady breeze, while the other has small waves and a strong wind.

Both occupy an outcrop on Morro de Santo Antônio, overlooking the harbor and the City. They date from the 18th century. The ruins of the convent still have the original bell tower, while the chapel has some beautiful religious images. The site hosts occasional cultural activities such as concerts and exhibitions.

IGREJA DE NOSSA SENHORA DA CONCEIÇÃO Praça Silvestre Travassos (Largo da Matriz) Centro. Monday to Saturday from 8 am to 4 pm. Sunday at 6 am, 9 am 6 pm and 8 pm (visits on Sundays only during Mass). no charge This is the best decorated Church in the City, with religious images and historical costumes, as well as rare images of Nossa Senhora da Conceição. Construction work began in 1623, but was only completed in 1750.

ILHA DE CATAGUÁS, in Angra dos Reis

Alessandra J Almeida

Angra dos Reis

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Angra dos Reis beaches Anil: a long urban beach with coconut trees and kiosks. Much frequented by local residents. Bonfim: an urban beach 300 meters long with calm waters and fine sand.

Saco: clear, calm water, with a rocky shore. Vermelha: has reddish sand, which gives it its name - ‘Red Beach’. Access is via stone steps.

Biscaia: very popular with families. Éguas: has views of the shipyard. Figueira: the tree that gives its name to the beach provides shade from the sun. It has calm seas, good for bathing.

Ponta do Algodão: suitable for water sports.

Angra dos Reis

Paola Sansão

Mambucaba: this has kiosks and craft stalls and is located in the Centro Histórico de Mambucaba.

Livia Vieira

Grande: a meeting point for the young, with live music at the kiosks in high season.

búzios central beach

BÚZIOS, ARRAIAL DO CABO AND CABO FRIO 27,560 inhabitants

70.278 km2

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Local holidays November 12: anniversary of the founding of Búzios July 26: Nossa Senhora da Sant´Anna’ s Day

Accommodation The region has an excellent network of hotels, inns and campsites to cater to for tourists visiting the town. Inns vary in price and offer different services, which can include everything from water sports to walks through specific local attractions.

Praia do saco

Andrea Mendes

Transport The region has paved highways connecting to other towns in the State. The Umberto Modiano Airport in Búzios is small, and only has capacity for executive jets. The marina at Búzios offers safe and well equipped anchorage. This resort region stands out for its boutiquehotels, gastronomy, internationally recognized beachwear fashion, and of course the night-

life. Up until the 1960s the fishing colony of Armação dos Búzios was a discreet, quiet, village with around 300 inhabitants, lying on the outskirts of the town of Cabo Frio. But one day an illustrious visitor chose this location for her holidays, and the place was never the same. The passage of French actress Brigitte Bardot has profoundly changed the direction of the town, which became known worldwide and attracted visitors who wanted to see the place that she had “discovered”. In function of this, Brigitte has a statue in her honor on the seafront, which also bears her name: Orla Bardot. As the region’s historical and urban center, the town of Cabo Frio has several historic attractions including the Capela de Nossa Senhora da Guia, the Passagem district and the Forte de São Mateus, which offers a splendid view of the coast. The importance of Cabo Frio in Brazil’s history dates back to 16th and 17th centuries, when it was on the route of the first pioneers and was the scene of several battles between the Portuguese and French. Its beaches have cold waters and a constant wind, suitable for sports such as windsurfing, kitesurfing and surfing. At the

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Búzios beaches Azeda and Azedinha: with calm seas, these attract families and those in search of relaxation. Brava: the surfer’s favorite. Canto: located in the center of Búzios, it includes the Amores and Virgens baches.

Jonathas Mikosz de Moura

The lagoon has natural pools and native vegetation, including the rare white head cactus. It is composed of rock formations dating back over 500 million years, with abundant marine fauna and native vegetation.

RUA DAS PEDRAS Rua das Pedras - Búzios. Monday to Saturday from 11 am to 1 am. Sundays from 11 am to 12 pm The symbol of Buzios, the Rua das Pedras (‘Stone Road’) is known as the gastronomic and fashion center due to the concentration of the best restaurants and shops (especially for fashion beachwear), inns, art galleries and nightclubs along its 600 meters length.

Ferradura: has calm seas, good for water sports. Ferradurinha: features a natural pool. Foca: the sea is calm, with clear waters. Forno: wild, suitable for diving. Geribá: good waves, popular with surfers and the young. João Fernandes: its many restaurants attract tourists in search of animation. Suitable for snorkeling. Manguinhos: suitable for sail sports. Olho de Boi: nudist beach. Tartaruga: good bars and restaurants. The beach is a stop-over for schooners.

Ponta da Lagoinha Búzios

PRAIA de JOÃO FERNANDES

Orla Bardot Búzios This sidewalk around 600 meters long is a continuation of Rua das Pedras. A tribute to the actress who “discovered” Búzios, Orla Bardot is home to historic buildings and colonial mansions, that give the town a nostalgic air. Works of art by Christina Motta adorn the sidewalk and are symbols of Búzios, with the highlight being the sculpture of Brigitte Bardot.

Viewpoints Búzios Two of Búzios’ hills are natural viewpoints that provide spectacular views. From Mirante do Forno - easily accessible - you can see almost the entire peninsula. Mirante João Fernandes provides views of Brava, Rasa and Armação beaches.

devastation of the region. The Serra also acts as protection for six islands in the region: Âncora, da Rasa, Branca, Caboclo, Feia and Gravatás, where the rich variety of marine life is an additional attraction. The Environmental Protection Area has an area of 12,000 square meters set aside for the preservation of species endangered in Brazil. The Serra also has archaeological sites and native vegetation, which attracts birds and butterflies.

Ponta Do Criminoso Búzios The highlight here is the small beach between the outcrops. Ponta do Criminoso is a meeting place for fishermen and is popular with divers.

RESERVA ECOLÓGICA DE TAUÁ Búzios. from 8 am to 6 pm. no charge

BOAT TOURS Arraial do Cabo The best way to discover Arraial do Cabo and its attractions is by boat. Trips take an average of 4 hours (leaving the from Praia dos Anjos), the route takes in Prainhas, Gruta Azul and Ilha do Farol as well as stops at beaches and for diving.

This private archaeological and ecological reserve offers visitors the opportunity to see more than 30 exotic species and bromeliads, among other endangered plants. Butterflies and colorful birds are another of the park’s attractions. The area is also considered to be of great importance for Brazilian culture due to the presence of remains of ancient civilizations that lived here. In addition to birds, it is possible to see some species of animals, such as domestic animals such as the forest dog, armadillos and agouti. The Universities of Viçosa, Fluminense and Rio State have undertaken joint research to catalog the species that live here. The reserve also has a museum with exhibits of work by local artists. An indigenous Indian hut has a collection of objects made by Tupi-Guarani Indians. Only small groups with a guide are permitted to enter the park.

Serra das Emerências Búzios One of the most important reserves of brasilwood in Rio de Janeiro, the Serra das Emerências was declared an Environmental Protection Area to help prevent human encroachment and

PRAIA DO FAROL, Arraial do Cabo

Jonathas Mikosz de Moura

northern end of the Região dos Lagos (‘Lake District’), a small fishing village proves a natural water park of unparalleled beauty. Arraial do Cabo is synonymous with nature, adventure and much history. The town was historically a port for pirates, buccaneers and explorers. The most famous of these was Américo Vespúcio, who was here in 1502 and built a fort that today has an obelisk in his honor. There are many sites for diving distributed along the coast, with crystal clear waters, rich marine life and more than 30 shipwrecks. Among the principal sites near the town are the Gruta Azul (‘Blue Grotto’) and Ilha dos Franceses.

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PRAIA GRANDE, Arraial do Cabo

Take a stroll through the streets lined by old buildings, all listed by the National Institute for Artistic and Historical Heritage, setting aside

Secretaria Municipal de Turismo Arraial do Cabo - RJ

BAIRRO DA PASSAGEM Cabo Frio

time to visit the Igreja de São Benedicto, built in 1701. In the square there are bars with live music to entertain visitors.

RUA DOS BIQUÍNIS Rua José Rodrigues Povoas - Cabo Frio. daily from 9 am to 9 pm (low season) and from 8 am to 12 pm (high season)

BOULEVARD CANAL Avenida dos Pescadores - Cabo Frio.

The “Street of Bikinis”, with over one hundred stores, was considered by the Guinness Book to be the biggest open-air beachwear shopping area in Brazil. The site attracts visitors in search of items of good quality with attractive prices.

One of the main tourist points in Cabo Frio, the Boulevard is home to companies that offer tours on schooners and other commerce, in addition to the principal restaurants in the Lagos region. At night bars and nightclubs attract the younger generation.

PONTAL DO ATALAIA Arraial do Cabo Known as the town’s best spot for viewing the setting sun, this viewpoint is one of the highest points on the Costa do Sol and attracts visitors especially at sunset. Access is by a steep cobbled street.

Secretaria Municipal de Turismo Arraial do Cabo - RJ

Boqueirão of Arraial do Cabo

Night view of the marina in Cabo Frio

FORTE SÃO MATEUS Rodovia Forte de São Matheus. Praia do Forte, Centro - Cabo Frio. daily from 8 am to 6 pm. no charge The fort is a historic site dating from the era of Portuguese colonization, with well preserved cannons and a guard house that today is a cultural space. From the fort viewpoints (built in 1620) it is possible to see the coastline and Ilha do Japonês.

Douglas Gomes

The seabed off the coast at Arraial has more than 1,200 diving sites that will provide a festival for diving practitioners. The land-side of Ilha dos Porcos is ideal for those who enjoy diving in shallow waters. The Saco do Anequim has the largest colony of gorgonians (brightly colored fan-shaped coral) in the region, forming a veritable underwater forest. For professional divers the popular choice is the Enseada do Oratório, with rough seas and cold waters and dive depths of up to 50 meters. On the Ilha dos Franceses the highlight is the large rock formations on the sea bed. The Gruta Azul, a grotto 30 meters long and 15 meters tall, is very popular due to the light effects in the formation. Nearby is the Buraco da Camarinha, with an opening of 30 meters that gives access to the open sea. The destination for wreck divers is Arraial do Cabo. The Thetis, which sank in 1830 in the Saco dos Ingleses, lies at 25 meters. Another shipwreck from the same era is the frigate Dona Paula, located near Ilha dos Franceses, which has cannons and other parts in good condition. Some wrecks are more recent: the Harlingen, sunk in 1971, and the Tunamar, which went down in 1994, are both in good condition but lie at 65 meters and can only be accessed by qualified divers.

Aerial view of Arraial do Cabo bay

Secretaria Municipal de Turismo Arraial do Cabo - RJ

DIVING Arraial do Cabo

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Museu Imperial, in Petropolis

PETRÓPOLIS

295,917 inhabitants

795.798 km2

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Local holidays March 16: anniversary of the founding of Petrópolis July 29: Day of arrival of the first German colonists in Petrópolis April 23: São Jorge’s Day

Accommodation Petrópolis offers accommodation in charming inns and hotels that will appeal to different types of tourist. One recommendation is to take advantage of accommodation close to the forest, where you can see and hear the birds.

Transport Petrópolis may be reached by car or bus. Highways are paved and are maintained in good condition. Care should be taken during the rainy season (December to February), when landslides may occur. Located 68 km from the State capital of Rio de Janeiro, on the Serra da Estrela, Petrópolis is known as the “Imperial City”, and reserves a little of the country’s history on each of its streets. Significant historical events took place here, such as the first film session (1897) and the inauguration of the first paved road - União e Indústria - in 1861. It was also one of the first planned cities in Brazil. Its architecture includes

palaces, such as that which houses the Museu Imperial, the Catedral de São Pedro de Alcântara, the modernist house of the architect Lúcio Costa and the home of the father of aviation, Santos Dumont, which houses several of his inventions. The City was the residence of emperors, presidents, diplomats, intellectuals and artists. The history of Petrópolis is marked by the figure of Emperor Dom Pedro II, its founder and most illustrious inhabitant. From 1843 to 1889 the Emperor and his entire court moved to the City during the summer, during which time it was the capital of the Brazilian Empire. Petrópolis is now an important center for textiles, brewing and tourism. It also has a large scientific research unit, which is gaining national prominence in the development of technology.

LAGES SOLTAS DE DOM JOÃO VI from Vila Inhomirim in Magé to Bairro Secretário in Petrópolis Inaugurated by the Emperor during a trip he made to the interior of the State, this track was built by slaves and at that time was considered to be an important work of Brazilian engineering. The paving, which is now listed and preserved, has many sharp turns. As it is practically covered by Atlantic Forest it is normally wet and slippery.

Museu Imperial/Ibram/MinC

CASA DE SANTOS DUMONT Rua do Encanto, 22 - Centro. Tuesday to Sunday from 9:30 am to 5 pm. Guided tours in English, Portuguese and Spanish. The residence was designed by Santos Dumont himself in 1918, and is located on what was known as Morro Encantado - ‘Enchanted Hill’, hence the nickname “The Enchanted”. The house now holds a collection of the personal belongings of the father of aviation, as well as curiosities such as the ladder that forces the visitor to begin the climb with the right foot.

CATEDRAL DE SÃO PEDRO DE ALCÂNTARA Rua São Pedro de Alcântara, 60 - Centro. daily from 8 am to 6 pm. Visits to the steeple can be made Tuesday to Saturday at 10 am or 5 pm.

This was the first location along which passed horse-drawn vehicles, horses, trams and cars. Today Rua Teresa is home to the City’s tradition textile industry: a 2 km long open air shopping precinct that offers items at factory prices.

ESTRADA DO IMPERADOR located on the road that connects Petrópolis to Paty do Alferes, via the top of Serra do Couto, a distance of 36 km This road was constructed in 1848 and carries the Emperor ’s name due to its frequent use for horse rides by Emperor Dom Pedro II. The road has been abandoned since the 1980’s and has been taken over by the forest. It is now used for ecotourism. Walking time is 1 hour 20 minutes, and it has an inclination of 70°.

This imposing Gothic building dating from 1925 was inspired by French and German cathedrals, and has a steeple 70 meters high. The Imperial Mausoleum is inside the Cathedral, with the remains of Dom Pedro II, Empress Teresa Cristina and Princess Isabel.

VALE DOS GOURMETS the shops in the Vale dos Gourmets operate Tuesday, Thursday and Sundays from 10 am to 8 pm. Friday and Saturday from 10 am to 10 pm. Shops along Estrada União and Estrada Indústria open Monday to Friday from 9 am to 5 pm. Saturday and Sunday from 9 am to 6 pm

MUSEU IMPERIAL Rua da Imperatriz, 220. Tuesday to Sunday from 11 am to 6 pm (ticket office to 5:30 pm). Sound and Light Show from Thursday to Saturday at 8 pm. Family Ticket (2 adults + 2 students). Sound and Light Show.

The ‘Vale dos Gourmets’ has good restaurants, hotels and inns, as well as international quality antique shops, and shops selling pottery, furniture, decor and fashion accessories. It is best

The neoclassical style palace has gardens, halls and a rich historical collection. Among the permanent collection is the crown of Dom Pedro II, with 639 diamonds and 77 pearls and his golden scepter. On Thursday to Saturday nights the Palace is the setting for a Sound and Light show.

RUA TERESA Rua Teresa. Monday from 2 pm to 6 pm. Tuesday to Saturday from 9 am to 6 pm. Sundays from 10 am to 6 pm, except holidays

Itaipava

Itaipava is a district of Petrópolis. Its name comes from Tupi and means “Lake of Stone.” The town receives a large number of visitors seeking a cozy location during winter. Itaipava stands out for its culinary tradition, exclusive shops and surrounding nature. Attractions include a municipal park surrounded by Atlantic forest, a valley full of bars and gourmet restaurants, shopping malls and even a castle. The Itaipava Fair, specialized in the sale of clothes, is one of the most popular locations. It is worth visiting.

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PALÁCIO DE CRISTAL Rua Alfredo Pachá - Centro. from 9 am to 6 pm.

Tuesday to Sunday

Opened in 1884, the ‘Crystal Palace’ was brought from France, being built in the workshops of the Sociedade Anônima de Saint-Sauvers Les Arras in 1879 for the Petrópolis Horticultural Association, the President of which was the Conde d’Eu husband of Princess Isabel, to serve as a location for exhibitions and parties. Its transparent structure supported by metal frames draws attention amid the neoclassical houses in the historical center The construction was restored in 1998 and since then has been the setting for concerts and events such as the Imperial Serenade, held on the last Thursday of each month.

TERESÓPOLIS

163,746 inhabitants

770.601 km2

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Local holidays June 13: Santo Antônio’s Day June 6: Anniversary of the founding of Teresópolis October 15: Santa Teresa’s Day

Accommodation Teresópolis has accommodation available in medium size inns and hotels. Establishments near the forests and mountains have panoramic views and provide the opportunity to observe birds.

town was named after Empress Teresa Cristina, married to Dom Pedro II for many years. It is likely that the imperial family was enchanted by the natural beauty and mountain climate. Teresópolis is home to Granja Comari, where the Brazilian national soccer team trains and prepares for the principal competition. The site became a must for anyone who likes soccer and is a fan of the national team.

FEIRA DO ALTO (teresópolis artisan fair) Praça Higino da Silveira - Bairro do Alto Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays from 10 am to 6 pm. This is the largest craft fair in the State of Rio de Janeiro, with 823 exhibitors selling various products made from materials such as bamboo, wood, leather and straw and furniture, hardware, jewelry, crafts, home-made food and semi-precious stones.

PARQUE ESTADUAL TRÊS PICOS Estrada do Jacarandá, Bairro Jacarandá. via the BR-116 or State highways RJ-116, RJ-122 and RJ130. The route ends on municipal roads. Tuesday to Sunday from 8 am to 5 pm. This is the largest park in the State of Rio de Janeiro, with a high degree of biodiversity. It is possible to go rock climbing, hiking and bathing in the beautiful waterfalls.

Teresópolis can be reached by bus or car. The town is served by paved roads.

PARQUE NACIONAL SERRA DOS ÓRGÃOS Avenida Rotariana - Soberbo. daily from 7 am to 7 pm (ticket purchase). Visits daily from 8 am to 5 pm (lower part of the park). Access to the mountain, with ticket, is between 6 am and 10 pm.

Varying shades of green surround the City of Teresópolis. Sitting at the top of the Serra dos Órgãos, the landscape of mountains and peaks includes well-known locations such as Dedo de Deus - known for mountaineering, and Pedra do Sino - a location for those not wishing to climb but who want to enjoy the scenic views. The

One of the oldest national parks in Brazil, the “Parnaso”, attracts many visitors due to its rich flora and fauna as well as waterfalls with natural pools and areas for climbing areas, among other attractions. The Pedra do Sino, standing more than 2,000 meters tall, is the highest point of the park and is frequented by climbers.

Transport

Lookout in the Serra do Itatiaia

Carlos Henrique Dias/EMBRATUR

to make a reservation for restaurants in the region. The best and most charming are small and only accept diners with reservations.

ITATIAIA, PENEDO AND VISCONDE DE MAUÁ 28,783 inhabitants

245.146 km2

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Local holidays March 19: São João’s Day June 1: Anniversary of the founding of Itatiaia

Accommodation The town and the surrounding municipalities have inns and hotels for all budgets. There are also luxury and boutique hotels in the region.

Transport Itatiaia can be reached by paved highways from Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Belo Horizonte. The highways have service areas available along the route. The bus terminal is served by lines from major cities. The nearest airport is in Rio de Janeiro, 179 km distant.

Situated between Brazil’s two largest Cities, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, Itatiaia is a mountainous region full of charm, home to one of the most important ecological reserves in the country, Parque Nacional do Itatiaia. Amidst peaks, waterfalls, rivers, forests and valleys, visitors will find various natural, cultural and gastronomic attractions. Itatiaia, which in Tupi-Guarani means “cliff full of points”, is about 170 km from Rio de Janeiro and has a history linked to the exploitation of gold and coffee. Even today, traces can be seen of the old railway line that connected the region to Rio de Janeiro during the time of the Empire. Today it is a popular tourist destination, principally because of its mountainous terrain, offering trekking, climbing and bathing in waterfalls. In addition to the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia

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POÇÃO DO MAROMBA 1 km from Praça da Maromba, on the trail to Escorrega - Visconde de Mauá The ‘Maromba Well’, which is almost five meters deep, is a very popular natural attraction. There is a place where you can leap into the water, but caution is recommend since the depth varies between seasons.

MUSEU FINLANDÊS Avenida das Mangueiras, 2.601 - Penedo. Saturday from 10 am to 5 pm. The collection is composed of objects from Finland including art, tapestries and documents.

CASA DO PAPAI NOEL / PEQUENA FINLÂNDIA Rua das Velas, 100 - Penedo. Tuesday to Thursday from 1 pm to 8 pm. Friday from 1 pm to 9 pm. Saturdays and Sundays from 3 pm to 9 pm.

Known as “Father Christmas’ Summer House”, this location resembles a residence in the interior of Finland, and houses an interactive toy factory. Around house is so-called “Little Finland”, with several shops with Finnish names selling crafts.

PRATELEIRAS AT THE TOP OF PARQUE ITATIAIA

CACHOEIRA DO ESCORREGA The slide is located 3 km from the village of Maromba - Visconde de Mauá Carlos Henrique Dias/EMBRATUR

the region is home to the Finnish colony of Penedo, the villages of Maromba and Maringá, and the town of Visconde de Mauá - all options are highly sought after by tourists from Brazil and abroad. The small town of Penedo was founded as the only Finnish colony in Brazil in 1929. The influence can be seen in the town’s food, handicrafts and architecture. Highlights are handmade chocolates and ice cream made in accordance with Finnish tradition. Another common dish in the region is trout, fished from the local mountain rivers. At the very top of the mountain is Visconde de Mauá. The town was named in honor of the legendary Brazilian businessman of the 19th century, Ireneu Evangelista de Sousa, the Viscount of Mauá, owner of a farm at the site that today is the national park, incorporating the villages of Maringá and Maromba. Horseback riding, bathing in waterfalls and natural pools, boating, hiking, mountain biking and an alternative community are some of the attractions that the town offers. All this in an atmospheric and charming setting.

This attraction is a natural water slide 30 meters long. Swimmers slide down the rocks with the force of the water until they reach a natural pool. There is a craft fair at the site on weekends.

CACHOEIRA SANTA CLARA from the village of Maromba it is an easy 40 minute walk - Visconde de Mauá This is one of the highest in the region, with a drop of 30 meters. The natural pool and showers are popular with visitors. The most adventurous can practice rappel.

CACHOEIRA DE DEUS Estrada da Fazendinha - Rio das Pedras. Penedo This waterfall has a drop of four meters and has clean, cold waters that form a natural pool and strong rapids. Care is needed when bathing.

PARQUE CORREDEIRAS DO ALCANTILADO Parque das Corredeiras, Museu Duas Rodas Visconde de Mauá. Park: Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays from 10 am to 5 pm. Museum: daily from 9 am to 5 pm. Park. Museum This park provides several options for radical sports, including river floats, zipline, climbing, rappel, tree climbing and others. There is also the Museu Duas Rodas - ‘Two Wheels Museum’ - with over 100 vehicles on display, among them the oldest motorcycle in Brazil.

PARQUE NACIONAL Do ITATIAIA Presidente Dutra highway - BR-116, km 316 (Parte Baixa). For Parte Alta take the Presidente Dutra highway - BR-116 to km 330. Then take BR-354 in the direction of Itamonte. daily from 8 am to 5 pm. Founded in 1937, this is one of the oldest national parks in Brazil. The park has a diversity of fauna and unique climate. It is possible to see areas of tropical forest as well as mountain forest, with hail and even snow on more rigorous winter days. Pico das Agulhas Negras, at 2791 meters in altitude, is the fifth highest point in Brazil. Sports such as trekking and mountaineering are among the attractions offered by the park. In addition the site is considered to be one of Brazil’s five best locations for bird watching. The park is divided into two distinct regions Parte Baixa (lower reaches) and Parte Alta (upper reaches).

Cachoeira Poranga: has a large volume of water as a leap of 10 meter drop to a natural pool measuring 20 x 30 meters. Authorization is required to access this waterfall. Cachoeira Véu de Noiva: the waterfall is 40 meters high and is formed by the Maromba river. The site is accessed by a trail with a certain level of difficulty. Centro de Visitantes: is home to the Museu Regional da Fauna e Flora, with a valuable collection. The permanent exhibition displays samples of plants and animals that live in the park. Lago Azul: the ‘Blue Lake’ has facilities including kiosks and barbeques (which can be booked in advance) on the banks of this natural lake. Mirante do Último Adeus: with a height of its 90 meters, you can enjoy a beautiful panoramic landscape of the park from this viewpoint.

Parte Baixa Cachoeira Camapuã: a six meter drop to a natural pool, very popular for bathing.

Piscina Natural do Maromba: this large natural pool is at an altitude of 1,100 meters.

Cachoeira Itaporani: reached by a 15 minutes of walking, this beautiful waterfall has three falls and a lake.

Três Picos: reached by a 6 km walk, the ‘Three Peaks’ provides beautiful views of the Paraíba river valley.

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Transport

Parte Alta Abrigo Rebouças: this shelter, which is at an altitude of 2,540 meters is used by researchers and mountaineers. The temperature can reach -15 degrees Celsius during winter.

The roads to Paraty are paved and well cared for. Buses and cars are the main means to reach the city. Leaving Rio de Janeiro, the fastest option is taking Rio-Santos highway. From São Paulo, tourists have the option of the Rio-Santos highway (which cuts the whole northern coast of the state), the Dutra and Ayrton Senna highways.

Cachoeira Aiuruoca: a beautiful waterfall with cold water accessed by a 6 km trail. Cachoeira das Flores: with a drop of 7 meters, the waterfall forms a lake that is very popular with tourists. However, access is via a trail with a high level of difficulty.

Known as the city-museum and cultural tourism reference, Paraty is an unusual blend of nature and history. This beautiful coastal village located in the Bay of Ilha Grande and founded in 1667 is surrounded by 65 islands and was an important port for the export of Brazilian gold. Its historical and architectural importance is responsible for the classification of Paraty as a National Monument. The old town has grown since it was situated on the route of flow of gold and precious stones and because of its harbor, sheltered in a bay of calm waters and strategic location. With the opening of new routes, the Gold Road was abandoned by the coffee barons. Yet, the colonial

Ovos da Galinha: has round-shaped rocks, which lead to this tourist spot gaining the name ‘Chicken Eggs’. Pedra do Altar: has several locations for climbing with varying levels of difficulty. Pedra Assentada: almost 2,500 meters tall, this rock is shaped like a seal with a ball balanced on its nose.

PRAIA DO CENTRO, PARATY

Fabiano Bueno

Pico das Agulhas Negras: is located 2,791 meters above sea level and is the highest point of the State of Rio de Janeiro. Prateleiras: has multiple climbing routes to its 2,548 meter peak, and is popular with mountaineers. PARQUE NACIONAL DO ITATIAIA

Detail of typical houses of Paraty

PARATY

37,533 inhabitants

925.053 km2

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Local holidays

Accommodation Paraty has good structure and a diverse network of inns and hotels. The tourist will find accommodations in the city center, where the emphasis is on inns and hotels in old buildings, very close to attractions such as restaurants and bars. More remote lodges and hotels are near the beach and the woods, where you can enjoy the local nature.

rita barreto/embratur

Carlos Henrique Dias/EMBRATUR

February 28: Anniversary of the Founding of Paraty September 8: Nossa Sra. dos Remédios’ s Day

past is still very much alive. Part of the Royal Road passes through it, and the ruins and sights are very popular. Visiting the streets, houses and churches of the historic center means a trip back in time to old Brazil. Paraty has several unique features. Its most notable architectural landmark is the pavement “pé-de-moleque,” built

Waterfalls Paradise

For nature lovers, Paraty excels in waterfalls. One is Toca das Andorinhas, which forms small pools good for swimming. Just as the Cachoeira da Pedra, formed by two waterfalls that end in a well and is widely visited by groups of jeepers. Waterfalls in Saco Bravo, of which the differential is that its pool is formed from a rock five meters from the sea. Another tip: the Waterfall Waterslide, with three jumps, the highest being three feet tall, well worth the visit. Find out about prices and access to local travel agencies.

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with large stones that make pedestrians walk slowly. The streets are shaped like troughs and the houses are at least a foot above its level to allow for the rising tide, the roads are washed naturally by sea water. The Masonic influence is also well known and can be seen in some corners that rely on three stone pillars carved to form the Masonic triangle. The tradition of making good spirits, dating from the time when the city grew to more than 200 sugar cane plantations, is another highlight. Currently, a major cultural event moves Paraty during four days of the year: the International Literary Festival of Paraty (FLIP), which became a symbol of renewal to the city, attracting visitors from all over the world.

Festival Literário Internacional de Paraty- FLIP FLIP - Paraty International Literary Festival - It was launched in 2003 and each year stands as one of the most important literary events in the country. During five days in July, the whole city is taken by activities related to literature: there are about 200 events, including lectures, discussions and

roundtables that bring together great Brazilian writers and other nationalities. The festival also has a section devoted to young people, “Flipizona” and, in parallel, there is the “Flip Off” Circuit Ideas event, with programming focused on local artists. For more information: http://www.flip.org.br

IGREJA DE Santa Rita

Rita Barreto/embratur

javier chiappai

RIO DE JANEIRO

IGREJA DE Nossa Senhora dos Remédios Praça Monsenhor Hélio Pires. Tuesday to Sunday, from 9 am to 2 pm. Avenida Roberto Silveira Church of the neoclassical style, his work was completed in 1873, albeit with its unfinished towers. At the opening, a procession led sacred images of Santa Rita to the church and this tradition was maintained, the Feast of Our Lady of Remedies. Emphasis on life-size images during the Holy Week.

Vila de Trindade

Just 30 km from Paraty, there is the small town of Trindade. The landscape that combines the Atlantic coast and virtually intact native vegetation is popular among tourists. Its pristine beaches, trails and waterfalls attract visitors throughout the year to complete, along with the historic sights of Paraty, the menu of attractions in the region. Highlight for Cepilho, ideal for surfing, the beach and Cachadaço Natural Pool, with its clear waters, surrounded by volcanic rocks, and that Stone Swallows, cave accessed by a trail that leaves from Praia do Meio.

Distant 15 km from the center of Paraty, the site is a return to the past, bringing together old houses, ruins of a major sugar plantation and a beach where the products were shipped from the region. There is also the Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Conceição, built in the 17th century.

Cristiano Almeida

Nelson toledo/FLIP

SÍTIO ARQUEOLÓGICO DE PARATY-MIRIM Praia de Paraty-Mirim. daily, 24 hours. no charge

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FORTE DEFENSOR PERPÉTUO Av. Orlando Carpinelli. Tuesday to Friday, from 9 am to 12 am and from 1 pm to 5 pm. Saturdays and Sundays from 9 pm to 12 pm and from 2 pm to 5 pm. no charge. Because of its importance as a military base some time ago, Paraty has built a security system that includes the Perpétuo Defensor. In the collection there were kept authentic English pieces. The fort has a beautiful view of the Bay of Paraty.

Pouso da Cajaíba

Brava: As the name suggests, strong waves, visited by surfers. Access by trail 30, minutes off the road to Trindade. Deserta: accessible only by boat, its clear waters invite diving. It is one of the main points for the practice of marine observation in the city. Cajaíba da Praia Grande: on the corner of the beach there is a trail to one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the region. The trail to get to it is simple and accessible, being an attraction in itself. Jabaquara: beach with calm water and bottom mud rich in iodine and sulfur, which is considered medicinal.

surfing. Accessed by a trail of 1h, leaving from the beach landing. Pontal: beach center of Paraty and accommodation options. It is not recommended for swimming.

Local craft shop

Saco do Mamanguá: it has many fishing farms.

Walking on “pé-de-moleque”

Pouso da Cajaíba: there lives a community of fishermen, providing some infrastructure. São Gonçalo: with clear waters and white sand, is very crowded. Sono: sandy beach, calm waters and green. From there leaves a trail that leads to the Lagoa do Jacaré, with its inviting natural swimming pool.

Fabiano Bueno

Visit the main beaches of Paraty

The farm, which was running Paraty’s oldest mill (17th century), today it still maintains large casks of brandy. Besides tasting drink and home cooked meals, the farm offers recreational activities such as horseback riding, hiking to waterfalls, bikes, canopy tours, zip line and climbing.

Lula: stopping point for boat trips. Martim de Sá: wild and strong waves ideal for

Sumaca: wild, rough seas and difficult to access. Typical colonial house of Paraty

A beautiful architectural ensemble with 31 blocks make up the historic center of Paraty. The local meets the Town Hall, churches, the Culture House and mansions of the era of colonial Brazil. There you can find craft shops and the best restaurants. The streets are paved with cobbles known as “pé-de-moleque” (footboy), symbol of the city. The streets began to be made of irregular stones (debris brought in Portuguese caravels,) in the 18th century and ended only in 1830. It was after 1970 that the historic downtown streets were closed to traffic.

Rita Barreto/embratur

fernando felgueira

Fazenda Murycana Estrada Paraty - Cunha, km 6. daily from 8 am to 5 pm. admission fee. attractions

Catamarans on the coral reefs of Maracajaú

Ricardo Junqueira/Embratur

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RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

T

he most famous and most sought after coastline among Brazilians and by a growing number of foreigners, Rio Grande do Norte juts into the Atlantic Ocean, at the uppermost corner of Brazil. Here the visitor can enjoy small coves, landforms and stunning scenery bathed by clear, warm waters that form natural seawater pools at low tide - ideal for a little relaxation. The largest producer of salt in Brazil, the State enchants tourists with tall white dunes contrasting with beautiful blue skies and the green of the sea. Its best know picture-postcard is Genipabu, a cluster of dunes bathed by freshwater lagoons. Only 30 km from the State capital, Natal, tourists who venture out on beach buggy or camel rides in the heat of the day regain new life after a dip in the warm clear lagoon waters. In addition to its 400 km of beaches and coastal landscapes, Rio Grande do Norte also offers good hotel and service facilities. The number of visitors to the region has doubled over the last decade, reaching over two million per year. It was this combination that led to Natal being chosen to be one of the venues for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Those who are lucky enough to enjoy the games in Natal run the risk of forgetting about the football and being carried off to unmissable destinations like Praia da Pipa, just over 50 km to the South, where you can enjoy the high waves that have attracted local surfers since the 1970s. Around 40 km further another spectacle awaits: Baía Formosa enchants visitors with its cliff formations and white sand dunes. The location is not completely developed and some locations are therefore almost untouched.

RN-013

ceará

BR 304

RN-012 RN-221 BR 110 RN-221 RN-401

RN-014

RN-022 RN-402

RN-129

RN-404 BR 405

RN-406

RN-129

BR 304

RN-263 RN-160

BR 304

RN-076

RN-177

RN-177

RN-041

RN-203

BR 226

BR 110

RN-203

RN-129

RN-203 RN-093

RN-203

BR 226 RN-315

RN-118

RN-316

RN-087

BR 226 RN-077

natal

RN-064

RN-023 BR 226

RN-079

RN-078

RN-129

BR 104 RN-042

BR 226

RN-177

RN-120

RN-263

RN-233 RN-118

BR 405

BR 101

RN-263

RN-263

RN-233 RN-177

BR 406

RN-309

RN-405

RN-177

BR 104

RN-118

BR 110

RN-064

RN-023

RN-120

RN-407

RN-088

BR 104

BR 226

BR 101

RN-160

RN-129

RN-091 RN-003

RN-092 RN-093

RN-177

RN-288

BR 427

RN-118

Geographic information humid tropical average of 28 °C (82,4 °F) coastal plains and mangrove forests

RN-228

RN-269

Baia Formosa

RN-062

RN-269 RN-269

RN-228

RN-089

Praia da Pipa

RN-317

RN-089

RN-081

RN-086

Paraíba international airport national highways State Highways

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Ponte Newton Navarro, better known as Ponte Forte-Redinha

sand bar after several unsuccessful attempts at colonization. The date became the State Capital’s anniversary. During the Dutch occupation (between 1633 and 1654) several improvements were made in the region. Later,

January 6: Reis Magos November 21: Nossa Senhora da Apresentação’s day

North by the BR-304. There are regular bus lines from several Brazilian cities to Natal. There are also air connections with most major cities. The international airport is 18 km from the center, in the neighboring Municipality of Parnamirim. For those who prefer to travel by sea, the Port of Natal receives medium and large vessels from Brazil and abroad.

Clothing

Within the city

Light clothing and hat are best for the local climate

The urban bus fleet consists of 646 vehicles carrying over 10 million passengers per month. It is also possible to get around town using one of Natal’s fleet of taxis (white vehicles with a red stripe).

803,739 inhabitants 84 220 V

167,160 km2

Local holidays

Accommodation With a vast hotel network, Natal offers all types of tourist accommodation, including inns, hostels and three to five star hotels. Accommodation is located in various neighborhoods, but those located at the seafront tend to be the most sought after.

Transport The capital of Rio Grande do Norte is connected to the South of the country by the BR-101, and to the

Beautiful beaches, dunes, rich culture and a high development index. Natal offers all of this to the thousands who visit each year, both from Brazil and abroad. The City is named Natal (Christmas) because on December 25, 1597, Admiral Antonio Valente da Costa and his men entered the Rio Potengi

Ricardo Junqueira/Embratur

Ricardo Junqueira/Embratur

NATAL

during World War II, the City served as a base for South Atlantic patrols, principally North American, which led to significant growth. With the strengthening of its economy and through tourism, the City began to provide one of the best qualities of urban life and infrastructure in the Northeast of Brazil, something which local residents are proud of.

Fortaleza dos Reis Magos At the tip of Praia do Meio. daily from 8 am to 4:30 pm. students and pensioners pay half price

Ricardo Junqueira/Embratur

Ponta Negra, one of the more popular beaches in Natal

Fortaleza dos Reis Magos, built by the Portuguese in 1598 and designed to last for centuries

Known as the Fortaleza dos Reis Magos (The Fort of the Three Wise Men), actually named Fortaleza da Barra do Rio Grande, this was the first construction in Natal. Construction began on January 6, 1598 - Epiphany - hence the name. It is strategically location at the mouth of the Rio Potengi, offering a wide view of the sea and preventing invasion by pirates who came ashore to steal pau-brazil wood. The view from the fort is one of the most beautiful in Natal.

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The cuisine of Rio Grande do Norte is rich in dishes based on seafood, such as shrimp - which even has its own annual festival in Natal, Feira Nacional do Camarão (Fenacam). Prepared with cajá fruit and other natural ingredients, it is found in several delicious dishes. Crab is also widely offered in coastal restaurants. It is prepared following several different recipes, including some international dishes. Tapioca and ice cream made from regional fruits are also among local delicacies which should be savored.

Praia da Ponta Negra There are two ways to reach the beach, both by car: the first commences at Ladeira do Sol and the second is Via Costeira 12 km from the center of the City, this is one of the best known of beaches in Natal. Here you will find Morro do Careca, a 100 meter high dune and a well-known local landmark. The beach becomes busy at weekends, attracting both local residents and tourists drawn by the natural pools that form during low tide - an ideal spot for families with children. It is also the beach with the most tourist infrastructure, concentrating a large number of stalls, restaurants, inns and shops.

Ricardo Junqueira/Embratur

Parque das Dunas Avenida Alexandrino de Alencar - Tirol. walks can be made from Tuesday to Sunday and public holidays at 8 am, 8:15 am and 8:30 am, and in the afternoon at 2 pm, 2:15 pm and 2:30 pm. A large green area amid the urban spread of Natal, its 1,172 hectares include the Bosque dos Namorados - with children playgrounds, primate PRAIA DE PONTA NEGRA WITH Morro do Careca in the background

viewing area (marmosets) and a laboratory with regional plants and insects - as well as the dunes themselves. It is possible to learn more about the park through guided walks; these start at Bosque dos Namorados and are available with various distances and routes to suit the physical condition of the group. During the tour, guides explain more about the regional flora and fauna, and the formation of the sand dunes.

Centro Municipal de Artesanato Avenida Beira Mar - Praia do Meio. daily from 8 am to 10 pm. no charge This is the place most recommended for those looking for typical regional products or souvenirs, not just for the variety on offer, but also because of its location, at Praia do Meio. In addition to the craft stores - selling traditional pottery figures, baskets woven from straw, and pieces carved in stone and wood - the center has food stalls where you can sample local delicacies, such as tapioca with varied fillings.

Dunes and beaches that enchant tourists

Ricardo Junqueira/Embratur

Local Gastronomy

Praia de Mãe Luiza Along the beach, within walking distance from Ponta Negra

Praia dos Artistas Praia dos Artistas is very close to the city center. It is within walking distance from either Praia do Meio or Praia do Forte. For those who prefer to make the journey by car, is can be reached via Avenida Hermes da Fonseca or the Via Costeira The ‘Artist’s Beach’ lies between the Praia do Meio and Praia do Forte. It is very popular throughout the week with both local residents

A traditional raft launches from one of the beaches in Rio Grande do Norte

Ricardo Junqueira/Embratur

Ricardo Junqueira/Embratur

The beach is not recommended for bathing, but deserves a visit due to the lighthouse Farol de Natal - also known as Farol de Mãe Luiza, which provides some of the best views of the City. The name of the beach is a tribute to a famous midwife who lived and worked in the region in the 19th century.

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BAÍA FORMOSA 8,573 inhabitants

245,660 km2

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Local holidays December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceição’s day December 21: Emancipation of Bahia Formosa

Clothing Light clothing and hat are best for the local climate.

Accommodation

Ricardo Junqueira/Embratur

The small town has comfortable inns with varied categories. As places are limited place it is best to book in advance, or take an excursion to Baía Formosa Bay during a stay in Natal.

Ricardo Junqueira/Embratur

Transport

Dunes of Genipabu

Camel ride in the dunes of Genipabu

and tourists. Tourist facilities are limited, however, there are a few kiosks and restaurants. Its sidewalk is popular for walks, especially in the morning and evening.

One of the most popular destinations in Rio Grande do Norte, Genipabu is famous for its picturesque dunes and beach buggy, camel and donkey rides. Most rides are concentrated in the ecological park - Parque Turístico Ecológico Dunas de Genipabu - which is part of an environmental preservation area and includes a beach, lagoon and the dunes. The dunes are mobile, changing shape with the action of the wind. The park is located in the municipality of Extremoz, 16 km from Natal. Other leisure options at the beautiful white sand beach and calm seas are “esquibunda” - riding down the sand dunes and into a lagoon sitting on a board - and trips on jangadas - the traditional local raft.

Catamaran trip on Baía Formosa

Baía Formosa has its origins in an ancient port, which later became a fishing village. It became a Municipality in 1959 and has since become a very popular resort. Besides its picturesque beaches it has one of the few Atlantic Forest reserves in Northeast Brazil, the Mata Estrela,

home to numerous native species, in addition to the beautiful Lagoa da Araraquara, also known as Lagoa Coca-Cola due to its dark, cold waters. The surrounding cliffs and dunes, ideal for those seeking both relaxation and waves suitable for surfing, complete the scenery.

Folk Festivals

Francisco Soares de Lima

Ricardo Junqueira/Embratur

Parque Turístico Ecológico Dunas de Genipabu (Extremoz) 25 km from Natal. tours must be scheduled in advance with a tourist agency or accredited guide. beach buggy rides and camel rides vary with the size of group and the agency.

Baía Formosa is 94 km from Natal. From Natal follow BR-101 to the junction with RN-062, then take this road for another 17 km. It can also be reached along the beach, however only beach buggies can take this route. If you wish to take a buggy - the trip is very scenic - contact a local travel agency.

Tourist coming to Rio Grande do Norte in June will have the opportunity to experience the São João festivals held in the countryside and on the beaches. The festival in São Miguel do Gostoso is one of the best known in the State. Another São João festival popular with Brazilian and local tourists is held in Extremoz, at the entry point to the northern coastline, near Genipabu. In January, the Festa de Navigantes also attracts thousands of to watch the procession to the sea and to see presentations by regional folk groups.

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Mata Estrela and Lagoa South of Baía Formosa. daily from 9 am to 5 pm. no charge; products and services on request Mata Estrela is a preserved stretch of rainforest that is under private ownership. The nature reserve was established to protect local species, including gameleiras (a type of mulberry tree), pau-brasil and amescla. Another attraction within the forest park is Lagoa Araraquara, also known as Lagoa Coca-Cola. Its dark and cold waters are an invitation for a refreshing swim after the walk. The best way to visit is in the company of an experienced guide who knows the trails and can provide information on the plants and animals that inhabit the park. Ricardo Junqueira/Embratur

Ricardo Junqueira/Embratur

Tourists diving among the Baía Formosa reefs

Praia de Baía Formosa On foot or by car from the entrance to Baía Formosa. It is the first beach in town

Zipline at LAGOA PITANGUI

Ricardo Junqueira/Embratur

Praia do Pontal On foot from the town center, via Rua Cacimba or Rua Bacopari With regular waves formed by numerous rocks, Praia do Ponta is the meeting point for surfers in Baía Formosa. It is also known as Praia do Presídio, because there used to be a prison (‘presídio’) at the site. It has good tourist infrastructure, with several kiosks and bars.

LAGOA PITANGUI

Praia do Sagi On foot or by beach buggy along the seafront, 16 km from the town center

Coral reef in aracajaú

Small and quiet, the beach is a haven for those seeking relaxation and bathing in its calm waters. It is the final beach on the South coast, lying on the border of Rio Grande do Norte and the State of Paraíba. It is a totally unspoilt beach, quiet and good for bathing, even for children (duly accompanied by their parents).

Ricardo Junqueira/Embratur

This is the central urban beach, and is surrounded by striking cliffs that change color through the year. Its waters are calm and are suitable for those with families, and it has a wider choice of tourist facilities than Baía Formosa, with restaurants, bars and inns at the edge of the beach.

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View from Praia da Pipa

Ricardo Junqueira/Embratur

comes from Portuguese colonists, who likened the shape of the coastline to that of a barrel (known as ‘pipa’ in Portugal). Currently the place is known as a destination for younger tourists, seeking adventure sports such as surfing and kite surfing during the day and parties at night. The vibrant nightlife takes place in the various bars on the seafront.

Praia da Pipa in Tibau do Sul

Praia do Centro It is the first beach when arriving in town The main attraction at the busiest beach in the village are the natural pools that form at low tide, attracting both adults and children. The beach has bars, restaurants and kiosks. It is locally known as Praia da Pipa.

Praia do Amor 2 km walk at low tide from Praia do Centro

Ricardo Junqueira/Embratur

A picturesque beach, surrounded by cliffs and dunes, it is suitable for surfing due to the strong waves breaking on the shore. It receives few visitors and has no tourist facilities.

11,385 inhabitants (Tibau do Sul) 84 220 V

Transport 101,821 km2

Local holidays April 3: Anniversary of the founding of the city June 13: Santo Antônio’s day

Clothing Light clothing and hat are best for the local climate

Accommodation There are a large number of inns and hostels in Pipa. However it may be difficult to find a room on the beach, especially during the summer. It is therefore recommended to make reservations well in advance. An option is to stay at other beaches in Tibau do Sul.

Coming from Natal take BR-101 and enter the town of Goianinha. From there follow RN-003 to Tibau do Sul. Praia da Pipa is a further 8 km. Another option for those who wish to enjoy the scenery en route is to take a buggy along the beaches, starting at Ponta Negra in Natal. This route follows Rota do Sol towards the south, with a ferry to Tibau do Sul. This sleepy fishing village in the Municipality of Tibau do Sul was first discovered by surfers in the late 90s. After its ‘discovery’ Pipa began to receive thousands of tourists interested in experiencing this small corner on the South coast of Rio Grande do Norte with beaches that alternate between calm natural pools and high waves. The name Praia da Pipa

Ricardo Junqueira/Embratur

PRAIA DA PIPA

Praia da Pipa, one of the most famous beaches on the Brazilian coast

Praia do Madeiro Can reach along the shoreline from Praia do Centro, or by car via RN-003 Very popular with tourists, the beach has calm seas that are perfect for bathing, with clear water and few waves. Dolphins can be spotted throughout the year, mainly in the morning. For those who prefer sports, the beach always attracts people playing soccer, racquetball and foot-volley. It has several kiosks to serve visitors and their families.

Hans Georg/Embratur

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RIO GRANDE DO SUL

paraguay RS-504 BR 386

T

he most southerly State in Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul shows a different side of Brazilian culture and traditions that blends Italian, German, Indian, Portuguese and Spanish heritage. A region rich in culture, with excellent cuisine and the largest wine producing region in Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul offers immense hospitality to visitors in the cold winters in the mountains and at the ranch houses on the pampas - where you can experience the “Gaucho” traditions (including barbecue and mate tea) - and in Porto Alegre, the State’s cultural center. The first immigrants to reach the region were the Spanish, who brought with them the Jesuit priests who went on to become responsible for the creation of the Sete Povos das Missões ‘the Seven Peoples Missions’ - where Indians were converted to Christianity and thereby protected from the spread of slavery brought by the Portuguese. The arrival of European immigrants would completely change the future of the region. Germans and Italians brought their own cultures, which today are a source of inspiration for the State. In the case of the Italians, their wine production found fertile ground in the region. This tradition has become big business: the Sierra Gaucho Vineyard Route, including Canela, Gramado, Bento Gonçalves and other towns attracts oenology tourism, with products improving in quality every year. Gramado and Canela are the main attractions on the Rota Romântica - ‘The Romantic Route’ - where chocolate, a cool climate and pleasant parks and towns provide ideal settings for walks. Porto Alegre, the State capital, is making preparations to host the 2014 World Cup. Good food, good wine, great stories and an unforgettable landscape are some of the reasons not to miss the opportunity to visit the region.

RS-420

RS-324 RS-344

RS-305

RS-514

RS-342

BR 392

RS-561

RS-143

BR 468

RS-210

RS-155

BR 285

BR 285

santo ângelo

RS-507

RS-377

RS-453

BR 471

RS-020 RS-453

RS-224

RS-400

RS-122 RS-470

BR 287

BR 153

RS-040

RS-183 BR 290

BR 290

BR 158

BR 473

BR 101

BR 471

RS-357

RS-786

BR 116

RS-158 BR 293

RS-484

porto alegre

RS-149

RS-510

RS-110 BR 116

BR 287

BR 392

RS-640

BR 472

RS-129 RS-476

RS-481

BR 287

BR 158

BR 285

RS-122

RS-318

RS-241

BR 290

BR 285 RS-470

RS-149

uruguaiana

RS-032

RS-322

RS-392

RS-377

BR 470

BR 386

RS-223

BR 158

RS-176

santa catarina

RS-126

BR 285

RS-529

RS-566

BR 153

RS-330

são miguel das missões

BR 287

RS-331

RS-211

RS-158

BR 158

RS-165 RS-472

RS-480

RS-350 BR 101

BR 153 RS-625 BR 293

BR 392

BR 116

bage

RS-265 RS-265 BR 293

uruguay

RS-615

RS-702 pelotas

BR 101

RS-608

RS-473

RS-704 BR 116

RS-602

Geographic information BR 471

subtropical humid temperature 19.5 °C (67,1 °F) grasslands, subtropical forest, pine forests

internaTional AIRport BR 471

national airport national highways state highways

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Gutemberg Ostemberg/Embratur

Parque da Redenção, Porto Alegre

PORTO ALEGRE 1,409,351 inhabitants

496.684 km²

51 110 V

Local holidays

Lake Guaíba - which crosses the State capital from north to south with its 72 km in length - was the first point of entry of Azorean Portuguese couples who came to the Porto Alegre re-

gion in 1752. This first immigration to the State capital was repeated many times over during the following centuries, turning Porto Alegre into a cosmopolitan city that knows how to appreciate the many different ethnic and religious backgrounds that make up its culture. With over 1.4 million inhabitants it has become a commercial hub for goods and services, and a stronghold of technology employed for the public good. It is also multifaceted in its landscapes - Porto Alegre has three sub-regions: the plains - where urban activity provides options for theater, music, literature, film and visual arts in a schedule of events that are distributed around 13 cultural centers, 50 museums and memorials, more than 30 theatrical spaces and 64 cinemas. There is also the fringes of Lago Guaíba, where local residents (known as “Gauchos”) and visitors can enjoy the famous sunset. From there it is also possible to view the avant-garde work of Portuguese architect Alvaro Siza, em-

bodied in the building housing the Museu da Fundação Iberê Camargo, a center for modern and contemporary art. Finally, a chain of hills offers privileged views of the calm waters of Lago Guaíba, as well providing the location for tours through the countryside, including biological and environmental preservation areas.

February 2: Nossa Senhora dos Navegantes September 20: Farroupilha Revolution

Porto Alegre has numerous hotels that offer diverse options for visitors. There are international networks that have accommodation for those coming to town for tourism or leisure. Tourists can choose between more luxurious rooms or more traditional accommodation, especially in the historic center.

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Within the city The urban public transport network in Porto Alegre offers a choice of 224 bus lines as well as a subway, taxis and mini-buses. There is an above-ground metro linking the capital to local metropolitan centers. The subway and buses have integrated ticketing, and the City also has a Tourism Line with double-decker buses equipped with panoramic windows, disabled access and bilingual tour guides.

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Transport The City’s international airport receives flights from all over Brazil and other countries. Porto Alegre is also well served by highways that link it with other State capitals and cities.

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1 Porto Alegre 2 Canoas 3 Novo Hamburgo 4 Gravataí  5 Viamão  6 São Leopoldo 7 Alvorada 8 Sapucaia do Sul 9 Cachoeirinha 10 Guaíba 11 Esteio

CENTRO CULTURAL MÁRIO QUINTANA

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Gutemberg Ostemberg/Embratur

Porto Alegre Metropolitan Region

image courtesy

Accommodation

12 Sapiranga 13 Montenegro 14 Campo Bom 15 Taquara 16 Parobé 17 S  anto Antônio da Patrulha 18 Estância Velha 19 Charqueadas 20 Eldorado do Sul 21 Portão

22 Dois Irmãos 23 Triunfo 24 São Jerônimo 25 Nova Santa Rita 26 Ivoti 27 Nova Hartz 28 Arroio dos Ratos 29 Glorinha 30 Araricá

Rio Grande do Sul Gastronomy

Quality and the variety on offer are two of the strengths of the region’s cuisine. Multicultural touches in thte local gastronomy are a heritage of the diverse ethnic groups who have settled the region. An important part of any visit to the region is a visit to one of the many churrascarias - steakhouses where the meat is roasted directly on charcoal. Typical of so many countries, this is the principal dish in the State. Another local specialty that should be savored is mate tea, the traditional drink prepared with mate tea, and drunk throughout the year from a gourd.

Casa de Cultura Mário Quintana Rua dos Andradas, 736 - Centro. Monday from 2 pm to 9 pm. Tuesday to Friday from 9 am to 9 pm. Saturdays and Sundays from 12 am to 9 pm. This cultural center was built in an old hotel dating from the early 20th century, which was once the home of the poet Quintana. Its rooms house cinemas, theater and spaces for ateliers and art workshops. The permanent collection of the Centro Cultural has works by artists including Jailton Moreira, Ireneu Garcia, Xico Stockinger and Karin Lambrecht, among others. Temporary exhibitions bring displays of photographs, engravings and other art forms.

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A poet for the things

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The ‘Lower City’ is Porto Alegre’s bohemian district, concentrating a large number of bars, restaurants and nightclubs. Located near the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, the region has a large number of students and artists who circulate among streets and nightclubs. Most bars are installed on Rua Lima e Silva, Rua Josá do Patrocínio and Rua da República, the latter catering to the GLTS public. The nightclubs are on Rua João Alfredo.

Porto Alegre Botanic Garden

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al ve s 1. Beira-Rio Stadium 2. Maurício Sirotsky Sobrinho Park 3. Farroupilha Park 4. Moinhos de Vento Park 5. Rio Grande do Sul Art Museum 6. Porto Alegre Theater House 7. São Pedro Theater

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Historic houses in Cidade Baixa

Gutemberg Ostemberg/Embratur

Gutemberg Ostemberg/Embratur

Writer, poet, journalist and translator, Mario Quintana is responsible for the Portuguese versions of over 130 important works of international literature. His first work, A Rua dos Cataventos, (“Windmill Street”), was released in 1940. Sixteen years later his first poetry anthology, edited by Ruben Braga and Paulo Mendes Campos, arrived at bookstores - there were to be 14 in total. Quintana was fond of talking about situations in day-to-day life. He lived much of his life in Porto Alegre in the hotel that has now been transformed into a cultural center and takes his name.

Parque da Redenção

Sunset on the banks of the RIO GUAÍBA

Parque Farroupilha/da Redenção Avenida João Pessoa / Avenida Osvaldo Aranha Barrio Farroupilha. 24 hours daily.

wine tasting. The permanent collection includes photographs, prints, maps, images and objects that are symbols of the regional culture.

With its collection of historical, natural, scenic and cultural heritage, this is the most traditional leisure and meeting point in Porto Alegre, as well as being one of the preferred sites for street theater. On weekends more than 70,000 people pass through its 37 acres of gardens, sports fields, playgrounds and cafés at the edge of the artificial lake.

Jardim Botânico Rua Doutor Salvador França, 1.427 - Jardim Botânico. Tuesday to Sunday from 8 am to 5 pm. Museum: Tuesday to Saturday from 10 am to 12 am and from 1 pm to 5 pm. admission to the Botanical Garden includes entry to the Museu de Ciências Naturais

Memorial do Rio Grande do Sul Avenida Sete de Setembro, 1.020 - Centro. Tuesday to Saturday from 10 am to 6 pm. Sundays and public holidays from 1 pm to 5 pm. There are guided tours at 11 am and 3 pm.

This natural forest conservation area sits in the middle of the City and has many examples of Rio Grande do Sul flora. Its walks and picnic areas attract many families. The park also houses the Museu de Ciências Naturais, which holds a permanent exhibition of 49 species native to Rio Grande do Sul.

Built in neoclassical style between 1910 and 1914, this building that used to house the Post and Telegraph company has been transformed into a memorial. The history and culture of Rio Grande do Sul is presented through the use of new technologies in the Sala do Tesouro and the Time Line. The ground floor offers regional

A trip on Lago Guaíba Av. Mauá, 1.050, Cais do Porto - Centro. The trip can be done in tour boats, passing among the islands and channels, or on the regular catamaran crossing between Porto Alegre and the Municipality of Guaíba.

Rua da Praia Rua dos Andradas - Centro. 24 hours daily. Shops are open between 8 am and 8 pm. Officially named Rua das Andradas, this is the commercial address in central Porto Alegre and concentrates several tourist sights. The street is among the oldest in town and stretches of its sidewalk are preserved as cultural heritage. Local residents and tourists stroll along the street, where traditional shops sell typical regional items. Part of the street is closed to traffic, having been transformed into a boardwalk.

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CATEDRAL METROPOLITANA Rua Duque de Caxias, 1.047 - Centro. Monday to Friday from 7 am to 6 pm. saturday from 9 am to 6 pm and Sunday from 8 am to 6 pm.

Germanic influence in typical houses, Gramado

CATEDRAL METROPOLITANA

Hans Georg/Embratur

Gutemberg Ostemberg/Embratur

Banco de imagens do Ministério do Turismo

The lines of the Cathedral follow the design of Italian architect João Batista Giovenale of the São Lucas Academy of Fine Arts in Rome. The style is inspired by the Italian Renaissance however the towers, which were inaugurated in 1971, are reminiscent of the Jesuit missions in Rio Grande do Sul.

Praça da Matriz, Porto Alegre

Romantic route Praça da Matriz Rua Marechal Deodoro - Centro

GRAMADO and CANELA

Usina do Gasômetro Avenida Presidente João Goulart, 551 - Centro. daily from 9 am to 9 pm. This old gasworks plant on the edge of Lago Guaíba and the chimney of the old coal power station, 117 meters high, are City postcards. The building now houses a cultural and events center. The site hosts courses, concerts, plays, and also has a library. It displays movies and promotes lectures, as well as maintaining a permanent exhibition by local artists.

Cristiano W Soares/embratur

This square is surrounded by tourist attractions. In addition to the Teatro São Pedro and the Cathedral, there is also the Palácio Piratini (seat of the State government) and historic mansions such as the Solar dos Câmara and the Museu Júlio de Castilhos.

Guaíba Sunset and Seafront

Sunset over the Lago Guaíba is one of the picturepostcards of the City, and can be viewed from several points, particularly along Avenida Beira-Rio, between the Usina do Gasômetro and Estádio Beira-Rio. Take s stroll along the river bank by the Parque Marinha do Brazil and Anfiteatro Pôr do Sol. In the south of the City the beach at Bairro Ipanema also offers a beautiful view of the Guaíba, and has several bars and restaurants.

Take the highways BR-116, RS-235, VRS-865 and VRS-873. 54 220 V Canela 39,229 inhabitants 253.773 km² Gramado 32,273 inhabitants 237.828 km²

ROMANTIC ROUTE Caxias do Sul

Canela Nova Petrópolis

Local holidays

Gramado São Francisco de Paula

May 26: Nossa Senhora do Caravaggio (Canela) May 18: Ascension (Gramado) June 29: São Pedro (Gramado) Novo Hamburgo

Accommodation Gramado and Canela offers visitors charming inns and small hotels. Most serve a breakfast that can be regarded as a highlight in itself. There are also spas and luxury accommodation with panoramic views. The region is more popular during the winter, and has establishments offering walking and hiking trips.

Taquara

São Leopoldo

Shopping The center of Canela has shops where the tourist can find locally made artisan chocolates. Commerce is

Porto Alegre

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Hans Georg/Embratur

This old railway station now houses the Canela Craft Center. There are traditional Canela handicrafts including dolls, crochet, weaving and other crafts.

Catedral de Pedra, one of the symbols of Canela

Catedral de Pedra Praça da Matriz, Centro. daily from 8 am to 6 pm. Mass: saturday at 6 pm. sunday at 8 am and 10:30 am (tourist mass) and 6 pm.

Hans Georg/Embratur

With displays of flowers throughout the year and with the unforgettable colors of yellow and purple ipê trees, lilies, azaleas and hydrangeas, the Romantic Route consists of 13 towns situated between the plains of Vale dos Sinos and the upper reaches of the Serra do Gaucho. The towns have a common element in that they have retained the influences of German colonists who settled here in the 19th century. The tour of 184 km passes through an area of 5,000 m2 with Bavarian-style half-timbered homes, popular festivals accompanied by the ubiquitous beers, craft fairs and performances by folk groups among the attractions. Colonial style cafés are among the more popular dining options. Departing from São Leopoldo and ending in São Francisco de Paula, the route passes through the towns of Novo Hamburgo, Estância Velha, Ivoti, Dois Irmãos, Morro Reuter, Santa Maria do Herval, Presidente Lucena, Picada Café, Nova Petrópolis, Gramado and Canela. The last two are the most popular destinations in the region and have good hotel and restaurant infrastructure. Low temperatures are also one of the regions attractions - it may drop to below freezing during winter in some towns.

Casa do Artesão Rua Largo da Fama, 227 - Canela. daily from 10 am to 12 am and from 1 pm to 6 pm.

Hans Georg/Embratur

Roads along the route are paved and provide beautiful scenic views. The town has a small airport that receives private aircraft and tourist charter flights. Salgado Filho Airport in Porto Alegre is the nearest international airport. The highways around Gramado are well maintained. Canela Airport, on the RS-235 highway, receives private aircraft and tourist charter flights. Salgado Filho Airport in Porto Alegre is the nearest international airport

The Araucaria pine which gives the park its name is around 700 years old, 48 meters in height and 7.5 meters in circumference. It can be viewed from an observation deck and walkway. The Museu da Araucaria houses an environmental information center as well as exhibits on the history of the region.

Cable car overlooking Cascata do Caracol

CASCATA AND PARQUE DO CARACOL Estrada do Caracol (RS-466) - Canela. Monday to Friday from 9 am to 5:45 pm. saturdays and Sundays from 9 am to 6 pm. Adults Children 6 to 11 years of age and adults over 60 years. Ride in the panoramic elevator and miniature. Train. Cascata do Caracol is the principal postcard of Canela and is one of the most famous landmarks in Rio Grande do Sul. The park was created to preserve the environment around the cascades, and has restaurants, shops and a miniature train for children. Trails and a staircase leading to the base of the cascade. There is also a viewpoint that can be reached by a panoramic elevator.

The Igreja de Nossa Senhora de Lourdes is constructed in Gothic style and is one of the postcards of the town. The 65 meter-high tower houses a carillon with 12 bells.

Parque do Pinheiro Grosso

Gramado Crystal

Hans Georg/Embratur

Transport

Parque dO Pinheiro Grosso Estrada do Caracol (RS-466) 4.5 km, 1.701 Caracol. Canela. monday to friday from 8:45 am to 5:30 pm. saturdays, sundays and public holidays from 8:45 am to 6 pm.

Craft Market of Canela

Hans Georg/Embratur

mainly clustered around Avenida da Hortências, Avenida Oswaldo Aranha and Praça da Matriz. Wool knitwear is another strong point of local handicrafts. The town center unites many of the shops, which also offer leather items and wood carvings. Gramado is famous for its locally-produced handmade chocolates, knitwear and crystals. Most shops are concentrated in the town center on Avenida do Hortências and Avenida Borges Medeiros, where you can take a pause in small, charming cafés and chocolate shops along the way. The town is also famous for its furniture manufacture.

Locally produced crystal is a national benchmark in the manufacture of artistic glass, which makes use of the Italian “di Murano” technique. Unique designs and colors are obtained in the crystal by blowing and working the glass by hand. Tourists may observe the master glassblowers at work, and can attend a presentation that tells the story of crystal and involves the audience in the manufacturing process.

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Hans Georg/Embratur

as wine, local produce includes jellies, cakes and homemade pastas for those who want to take a little piece of Italian and German tradition home with them. Some family households offer home-made Italian sausages such as salami. The tours are made by antique omnibus, which pause along the way at old farms and points of interest such as waterfalls and rivers.

Lago Negro Rua. A.J. Renner, Planalto - Gramado. 24 hours daily. Paddle-boats: from 8:30 am to 7 pm.

daily from

The clock tower and hydrangea gardens headquarters of the Igreja Evangélica Luterana in Brazil are one of the picture-postcards of the town. Inaugurated in 1961, the church is dedicated to the Apostle Paul.

Lago Joaquina Rita Bier Rua Leopoldo Rosenfeldt - Planalto. Gramado. daily, 24 hours. This artificial lake was constructed using only picks and shovels. It has 17 square meters in area and is surrounded by summer homes, hotels and pines over 70 years old.

The lake was built after a great fire devastated the region, and is surrounded by trees brought from the Black Forest in Germany. The gardens of azaleas and hydrangeas are one of the picture-postcards of the town. Tourists can take paddle-boat rides on the lake.

Gutemberg Ostemberg/Embratur

IGREJA DO RELÓGIO IN GRAMADO

Igreja do Relógio Rua Martin Lutero - Gramado. 2 pm to 6 pm.

the barrel entrance gate - near Bento Gonçalves

Museu do Chocolate Avenida das Hortênsias, 4.120 - Gramado. monday to friday from 9 am to 11:30 am and from 2 pm to 4:30 pm. The Museu do Chocolate functions in the Prawer factory. It displays old equipment and pictures on the history of the factory founded in 1975, and tells the story of cocoa and chocolate. Visitors also have access to the craft production area.

WINE ROUTE

CAXIAS DO SUL and BENTO GONÇALVES

54 220 V Bento Gonçalves 107,278 inhabitants 381.960 km2 Caxias do Sul 435,564 1,644,302 km² Distance from the capital: 115 km

Agritourism Avenida Borges de Medeiros, (service desk at Praça das Communicações), next to the Gramado bus terminal. communities visited: Linha 28, Linha Bonita, Linha Nova, Campestre do Tigre and Tapera daily from 9 am to 5 pm.

June 13: Santo Antônio (Bento Gonçalves) May 26: Nossa Senhora do Caravaggio (Caxias do Sul)

Accommodation

Hans Georg/Embratur

Three routes through Gramado’s countryside lead the tourist to locations where they can enjoy the local cuisine and customs of the communities of German and Italian descendants. Among the suggested activities for visits is homemade wine making - many households offer products for the visitor to take home. As well

Local holidays

Chocolate manufacturing, in Gramado

One of the main wine producing centers in the country, Bento Gonçalves receives tourists in small inns and hotels, as well as its charming wine spas where the visitor can relax, have some beauty treatment and sample the region’s excellent wines. Caxias do Sul has large hotel chains for those coming to town on business. There are also inns and other establishments for tourists visiting the wine region.

Shopping Wine and handicrafts are found in the wineries and outlets located along the tourist routes (Vale das Antas, Cantinas Históricas, Caminhos de Pedra, Vale dos Vinhedos and Pinto Bandeira), as well as in hotels and in the town centers on the Wine Route. The countryside has plenty of options for shopping in small outlets selling wine and home-made cheeses, as well as small restaurants and cantinas along the tourist routes.

Transport Road is the principal means of reaching Bento Gonçalves. Highways are paved and are maintained in good condition all year round. The nearest airport is Caxias do Sul, 40 km away, which receives domestic and regional flights. However, Salgado Filho International Airport in Porto Alegre is the main gateway to the region. Caxias do Sul has a regional airport that receives regular flights from other municipalities. The town is served by well-maintained paved roads.

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VALE DOS VINHEDOS RS-444 (Estrado do Vinho), 15 km marker, Vale dos Vinhedos - Bento Gonçalves

VALE TRENTINO Via RS-122 Small roads interconnect the sites in Trentino Valley

Along the road that links the rural areas of Bento Gonçalves, Farroupilha and Monte Belo do Sul it is possible to visit small rural properties that share wineries, cantinas, boutique restaurants, craft shops, art studios and small cheese and other regional food production facilities. The tour is organized by Aprovale (Associação dos Produtores de Vinhos Finos of the Vale dos Vinhedos).

Between the Municipalities of Caxias do Sul and Farroupilha, the Vale Trentino passes through several wineries that offer not only fine wine and sparkling wine tasting, but are also keen to preserve Italian traditions and customs. The vineyards and old houses from the beginning of colonization provide a beautiful backdrop to the small road that crosses the town of Forqueta.

Cristiano W Soares/Embratur

Route in Garibaldi, tourists can taste the champagne produced by the charmat and champenoise methods, as well as visit the six wineries and liquor producers in the municipality to learn more of their long and rich tradition. The towns that make up the route offer good options for accommodation in hotels, inns and small wine spas, ideal for couples. There are also international hotel networks that are structures for business travelers, and small boutique hotels, sought after by those who want to enjoy the charming landscape of the region. Wine tasting at the wineries of the region is one of the most popular tourist programs. The region’s principal highways are BR-116 and RS-122. Caxias do Sul has an airport that receives regular flights from major cities.

Vale dos Vinhedos

One of the wineries in Vale DOS Vinhedos

Museu do Vinho Primo Slomp Rua Luiz Franciosi Sério, 350 - Forqueta

in the São Pedro district. Some of them house restaurants, art studios, craft shops and local food stores selling cheeses, salami and wine. The Associação Caminho das Pedras organizes a tour of these establishments and also provides recommendations on 50 locations of interest in order to understand a little more about the houses and the history of colonization.

The museum operates within the Vitivinícola Forqueta Cooperative and recounts the history of Italian colonization and the development of the wine industry in the region.

Caminho das Pedras São Pedro districte - the communities of São Pedro, São Miguel, Barracão, São José da Busa, Cruzeiro, Santo Antonio and Santo Antoninho. Bento Gonçalves. via Estrada do Barracão, near Parque da Fenavinho. daily from 9 am to 5:30 pm There are a large number of well preserved houses from the time of Italian colonization

Casa do Vinho Via Wine - Centro. Bento Gonçalves. daily from 8 am to 5:30 pm. This handicrafts exhibition center is maintained by the town and is host to an association of craftsmen that exhibit and sell their products.

Wine Classes Gutemberg Ostemberg/Embratur

Surrounded by hills, valleys and rivers, 24 municipalities make up the Grape and Wine Route. The name comes from vine cultivation, present in 16 towns in the region that were settled by Italians who arrived in Brazil in the 19th century. Attractions along the route are located in micro-regions, each with its own characteristics. One such region is the Vale dos Vinhedos in Bento Gonçalves, which maintains the legacy of Italian immigrants in the production of fine wine - it is the only region in Brazil to have a Seal of Origin. The Vale Trentino, located on the border of the Municipalities of Farroupilha and Caxias do Sul, also has vineyards, grown among people with a Venetian accent typical of the immigrants who settled in the region. On the Sparkling Wine

Gutemberg Ostemberg/Embratur

RIO GRANDE DO SUL

Regional wineries offer an activity that has appealed to many tourists, especially those who have an interest in enology: courses and short workshops on wine manufacture and tasting. With the growth of the wine market in the country, more and more Brazilians have become interested in learning how to choose a good wine. Among activities for day trips is a visit to the wineries to see the manufacturing process and to attend talks on the history of wine and how to choose the right product for every occasion, accompanied by a tasting session.

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Museu de Ambiência Casa de Pedra Rua Matteo Gianella - Santa Catarina. Caxias do Sul. Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 5 pm

Ruins of the Cathedral at São Miguel das Missões

The house - built of stone and wood - is an example of the architecture engendered by Italian immigrants when they arrived in Serra do Gaucho. The gardens, vineyards, and furniture in the rooms reproduces a typical colonial home.

Vines in Vale do Vinhedos

The waterfall has a drop of 52 meters and a cave 200 meters long and 25 meters high. The track to reach the falls is short but steep, going from the top of the waterfall to the base, where one can access the cave. The location is also ideal for rappel. A bathroom and shower are available.

Parque Temático Epopeia Italiana Rua Visconde de São Gabriel, 507 - Cidade Alta. Bento Gonçalves. Tuesday to Saturday from 9 am to 6 pm. Sunday from 9 am to 12 am. During high season (months of July, November, December and January) the park is open daily from 9 am to 6 pm.

Rota dos Espumantes This route takes the visitor to six wineries specializing in the production of sparkling wines that are spread through the urban and rural areas of the town that are open for visits and tasting.

Fernando Gomes/Acervo Prefeitura de São Miguel das Missões

Gutemberg Ostemberg/Embratur

Salto Ventoso Road to Linha Müller. Farroupilha. 24 hours daily. It is recommended to visit during the day

ROTA DAS MISSÕES This themed exhibition tells the true story of an immigrant couple - Lázaro and Rosa. Nine rooms depict aspects of life in Italy, the journey to Brazil and arrival on the new continent. Sound and light effects give life to the models and settings. The visit concludes with grape juice tasting, wine and biscuits.

São miguel and Santo Ângelo

55 220 V São Miguel das Missões 7,421 inhabitants 1,229.848 km² Santo Ângelo 76,275 habitantes 680.500 km²

Local holidays

The road passes through the Caxias do Sul countryside, passing by small stone churches and locations dedicated to local cuisine. The road also provides access to the Gruta da 3a. Légua, with cliffs popular for climbing. The sites offers activities such as hiking and horse-drawn carriage rides around the region.

Cristiano W Soares/Embratur

Estrada dos Imigrantes continuation of Rua Júlio Calegari - São Caetano. There is another access via RS-452

Vines in Vale do Vinhedos

April 29: Anniversary of the founding of the Municipality (São Miguel das Missões) September 29: São Miguel (São Miguel das Missões) March 22: Anniversary of the founding of the Municipality

will find inns, hotels and a hostel. Nearby towns also offer lodging for visiting tourists.

Shopping Crafts produced in the indigenous village Tekoa Koenju, such as woven baskets and wood carvings are the highlight at the São Miguel Arcanjo Archaeological Site.

Transport

Accommodation

Access to the region is by road. The BR-285 interconnects the towns and local roads on the Missions Route. The nearest airport is Sepé Tiaraju in Santo Ângelo, 8 km from São Miguel.

Santo Angêlo offers good accommodation options for those visiting the Vale das Missões. The town serves as a base for visits and provides efficient service facilities for visitors. Inns and hotels are available at various price levels. In São Miguel the tourist

A tour down the Rota das Missões - ‘Mission Route’ - means stepping back to the early decades of the 17th century to recall the work of the priests of Companhia de Jesus in their mis-

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SÍTIO ARQUEOLÓGICO DE SÃO MIGUEL ARCANJO Rua São Luis - Centro. São Miguel das Missões. daily from 9 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 6 pm. During summer time this is extended to 8 pm. accredited guides can be contracted at the site and provide a seasonally updated visit program This is the site of the Ruínas de São Miguel Arcanjo, founded by Jesuit priests and Guarani Indians in 1687. Listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage site, this the best preserved specimen of old Jesuit missions in Brazil. The remaining architectural features include the Missionary Cross, the bell, traces of the old college, workshops, cemetery, children’s school and Indian houses and accommodation.

Aldeia Indígena Tekoa Koenju Assentamento da Barra Aldeia Tekoa Koenju, Vila São João - São Miguel das Missões. visits should be scheduled in advance This indigenous village, home to 200 MbyaGuarani Indians, is 30 km from the town of São Miguel das Missões. Here you can meet and talk with indigenous groups that sell their crafts day

Sítio Arqueológico de São Lourenço Mártir BR-285, 30 km from the center of the Municipality of São Luiz Gonzaga. daily from 8 am to 12 am and from 1:30 pm to 6 pm. 1 hour. The mission at São Lourenço Mártir was founded in 1690. The ruins of the church, cemetery and school are partially hidden by vegetation. The results of archaeological research can be seen at the site.

Karla Arns/Acervo Prefeitura de São Miguel das Missões

sion to evangelize the Indians in the south of the country. They were organized into more than thirty missionary groups located to the north of the Bacia da Prata, in areas that today belong to Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil. The Jesuits faced attacks from pioneers and resistance from the natives, forcing them to move to the opposite bank of the Rio Uruguai, leaving behind the cattle they were rearing. However the herds continued reproducing and formed an immense number of livestock, which would later become the region’s economic base. The conflicts between Spain and Portugal for possession of South America were increasing, and ended in the Guarani War, which resulted in the defeat and dispersion of the Indians. Later, in 1767, the Jesuits were finally expelled from the continent, leading to the inevitable decay of the missions. What remains are examples of a civilizing experience, archaeological riches, the layout of the villages, the ruins and recognition of the Jesuit-Guarani missions as a part of the cultural heritage of Brazil. São Miguel has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Its neighbor, Santo Ângelo, has become a regional center for tourists setting out on the Mission Route.

Sítio Arqueológico São Nicolau Praça Roque Gonzáles and surrounding area, São Nicolau. Monday to Friday from 8 am to 12 am and from 2 pm to 6 pm. Saturday and Sunday from 2 am to 6 pm, or by arrangement.

Jesuit cross in the ruins of the São Miguel das Missões

at the historical site. Visits must be scheduled in advance. The Jejor Guarany choir makes presentations on site.

The remains of the Mission in São Nicolao are scattered throughout the town. The padre’s wine cellar can be visited, as well as a museum holding finds from the excavations. Guided tours are optional. The site is 96 km from São Miguel das Missões.

Centro de Tradições Nativas Sinos de São Miguel Avenida Antunes Ribas - São Miguel das Missões. meals and dance performances for groups subject to booking in advance

Fernando Gomes/Acervo Prefeitura de São Miguel das Missões

At the headquarters of the center it is possible to enjoy a traditional regional barbecue and watch the presentations of Rio Grande do Sul folklore. A dance group makes presentations for tourists by appointment.

Sandra Petry/Acervo IPHAN

Sítio Arqueológico de São João Batista BR 285 - between the towns of Entre-Ijuís and Vitória das Missões. daily from 8 am to 6 pm.

Entrance gate at the town of São Miguel das Missões

The town of São João Batista holds the remains of a Jesuit mission destroyed in the Jesuit Wars. A visit includes an exhibition of archaeological finds and an eco-cultural presentation. Guided tours are optional.

Regional indigenous handicrafts

Ronaldo Nina-Salada Visual/Embratur

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Lago Cuniã, in Porto Velho

Rondônia

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Rondônia

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ondônia is one of the youngest States in Brazil. Located in on the western side of the North region of Brazil, the State lies in an area known as the Western Amazon. Its great richness and diversity of flora and fauna provide a favorable environment for those looking for more radical adventures and ecotourism. The current territorial boundaries were only defined in 1943, being elevated to the position of State only in 1982. In the 1960s and 1970s the region saw the arrival of new waves of immigrants, in particular from the south of the country, who came in search of land conceded by the government. Today, Rondônia, and in particular the region of Porto Velho, is passing though a new boom, due to the construction of the Santo Antônio and Jarau Hydroelectric Plants on the right bank of the Madeira river. The construction work employed a total of 19,000 workers in its initial phase.

porto velho

BR 364

RO-452

International Airport

RO-257

RO-205 BR 364

National Highways

BR 364

State Highways RO-257 RO-133 BR 425 BR 364

mato grosso

RO-010 RO-144 BR 421

RO-463

RO-133

RO-010 RO-470

BR 421 RO-010

RO-133 RO-010

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RO-429 RO-480 BR 429

RO-370

Geographic information

RO-279

RO-479

RO-010

RO-133

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BR 364

RO-010 RO-135

equatorial averaging 28 oC (82,4 oF) tropical forest 85 m

RO-133 RO-491

BR 429 RO-495 BR 364

RO-370 RO-399

bolivia

RO-399 RO-370

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PORTO VELHO

428,527 inhabitants 69 110 V

34,096,429 km²

There are few more sophisticated options (five star) and inns are rare. The best options lie at the edge of the Madeira River.

Local holidays

Transport

January 4: Anniversary of founding of the State of Rondônia January 24: São Francisco de Sales Celebration May 24: Nossa Senhora Auxiliadora’s day October 2: Founding of Porto Velho

By bus from Rio Branco (State of Acre) is a 10 hour journey, and from Cuiabá (Mato Grosso) is 22 hours. By car from Rio Branco via BR-364 is 544 km and around 6 hours travel; from Cuiabá, via BR-070, BR-174 and BR-364 is 1,456 km and around 18 hours travel. You can reach Rio Branco by air from the main Brazilian cities. It is also possible to use the air-taxi service. River transport is via the Madeira River, or by the Amazon River up to the mouth of the Madeira, and from there to the port.

Vaccination Yellow fever vaccination is recommended, at least 10 days before traveling.

Clothing Light and comfortable clothing is recommended due to high temperatures and the high level of humidity, which further increases the sensation of heat. Accessories such as a hat and an umbrella should always be kept handy.

Accommodation Porto Velho has only few hotels available for visitors.

The village that gave rise to Porto Velho appeared around the year 1907, during construction of the Estrada de Ferro Madeira Marmoré (EFMM). Seven years later, it was elevated to the status of City and given its current name, however as part of the State of Amazonas. It was only incorporated into Rondônia in 1943, becoming the State capital.

The intention to build a railroad that would cross the Rio Madeira to transport rubber production from Bolivia and the region which is today Guajará-Mirim has existed since the middle of the century. When the project was implemented, the Estrada de Ferro MadeiraMamoré project brought people from all over Brazil as well as British, Syrian-Lebanese and Bolivians to settle in the region. Porto Velho has several river beaches along the Rio Madeira. Riverside communities in the Vale do Cuniã are just one of the attractions for nature lovers. In addition, tourists looking for adventure will enjoy the rapids on the Rio Machado for rafting (only from June to November), canoeing and pack-floating, for a trip that unites emotion and local scenery.

Culture and Beliefs

The mixture of influences and indigenous peoples makes the culture of the Northern States rich in legends and beliefs. Folklore in Rondônia includes some colorful tales. Dolphins that seduce maidens and mermaids (‘iaras’ in local culture) that enchant men and lead them to their kingdom are just some examples. One of the more well-know festivals is the Feira Flor de Maracujá - “Flower of the Passion Fruit Fair” which turns the City of Porto Velho into festival ground of dance and regional food. Religious festivals are also important in Rondônia culture, including the Divino Espírito Santo - the Divine Holy Spirit - which brings together hundreds of people in the months of May and June, and the Amazon Jerusalém - which re-enacts the Passion of Christ during Holy Week.

MUSEU DA ESTRADA DE FERRO MADEIRA-MAMORÉ Avenida 7 de Setembro, Praça da Estrada de Ferro Madeira-Mamoré, Centro. Tuesday to Saturday, from 9 am to 3 pm. The museum has equipment from the Estrada de Ferro Madeira-Marmoré, which stretched for 366 km into the Amazon, connecting Porto Velho to Guajará-Mirim. 2012 marked the centenary of its opening. The museum is also home to the Locomotiva Igreja Colonial, the first of its kind to be brought to the Amazon, in 1872.

Vale do Cuniã (riverside communities) located 130 km from Porto Velho, on the left bank of the Madeira River. Tuesday to Friday from 9 am to 5 pm. Saturdays from 9 am to 2 pm. one afternoon or morning With an area for preservation of typical Amazonian plant and animal species, the reservation is surrounded by an impressive forest with creeks and submersed tree species. Among the species that can be found in the region are jacaré-açu (black caiman) and fish such as pirarucu (bass) and aruamá. Visits are accompanied by monitors from the projects undertaken at the site.

Rai Reis/Embratur

Ronaldo Nina-Salada Visual/Embratur

IGREJA MATRIZ DE PORTO VELHO

Roast pacu - a typical regional fish

Culinary Mix

A variety of dishes from other Northern states are also typical of Rondônia. Among the most ordered and best appreciated by the local population and tourists alike are maniçoba, caruru (with ingredients identical to cururu from the Northeast) and various dishes prepared with fish. Tucunaré, one of the tastiest fish in the region, is eaten in the form of a bouillabaisse, barbecued or fried, accompanied by açai and ground corn.

Amarildo Oliveira/Embratur

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RORAIMA

Detail of the Monumento ao Seringueiro, in Boa Vista

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RORAIMA

Roraima

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O

ne of the least populated areas in Brazil, more than half the territory of Roraima is designated as Indian reservations, for eight different ethnic groups. The State has the third largest indigenous population in Brazil, including the Yanomami, who gave the State its name: Rora, which means green, and imã, which means mountains in their language. The northernmost point of Brazil is also in Roraima: Monte Caburaí, in the municipality of Uiramutã, where Brazil borders Venezuela and Guyana. The border with Guyana was the site of the only territorial dispute in Brazil’s history that it did not win. In 1904, a dispute between the British in Guyana and Brazilians was resolved by the then King of Italy in favor of the British. Today, while the issues of demarcation are still under discussion, the State is investing in modernizing the towns in areas that are not in dispute. Roraima straddles the equator, which signifies that the sun is present all year, and rains are well distributed throughout the year. Although small, the State has three distinct ecosystems with unique natural beauty: to the north is Monte Roraima, the second highest point in Brazil. In the central region, near the State capital, Boa Vista, are open fields and river beaches. Meanwhile the southern region is dominated by tropical forest, rivers and diversified vegetation.

BR 171

BR 174

guyana

RR-340 RR-202

RR-319 RR-202 RR-202

RR-203 RR-203 RR-319

BR 174 RR-342

BR 401

RR-205 RR-205 RR-343

RR-452 RR-343

RR-321

Boa Vista RR-170 RR-209 RR-444

BR 174

BR 210 BR 210

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amazonas

BR 210

pará BR 174

Geographic information tropical minimum temperature of 21 °C and a maximum of 37,6 °C (69,8 °F and a maximun of 99,68 °F) brush and/or pampas and savannas 90 meters

international airport national highways State Highways

424

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RORAIMA

Transport

Taumanan riverfront, one of the leisure options in Boa Vista

Boa Vista can be reached by air, car or interstate bus. The distance from Manaus is 785 km, which can be traveled in a little over 10 hours. The City can be reached by air from principal Brazilian cities with a transfer at Manaus (Amazonas). Arrival in Boa Vista is at the Atlas Brasil Cantanhede International Airport, which is just 3.5 km from the city center.

ILHA DE MARACÁ and Ecological Station 100 km north of Boa Vista, in the municipality of Amajari. from Boa Vista the paved RR-405 road runs for approximately 65 km up to the access to the Municipality of Alto Alegre. After leaving the road, the remaining 75 km of the route is via RR-343, passing indigenous communities and farms until arriving at the Rio Uraricoera, where the crossing is made to the Ecological Unit. one afternoon or morning.

Amarildo Oliveira/Embratur

Boa Vista was the first town to be inhabited in Roraima. Located on the right bank of the Rio Branco, it had its origins in the Parish of Nossa Senhora do Carmo. It became a capital city with the creation of the Federal Territory of Rio Branco in 1943. In 1962 the region was renamed the Federal Territory of Roraima, definitively becoming a State in 1988. It is the only capital

in Brazil to be totally located in the northern hemisphere. Boa Vista today is a city that grows and seeks to modernize. The areas on the banks of the Rio Branco holds the principal marks of its past history, with buildings in neoclassical style that recall the heyday of the city.

BOA VISTA

Vaccination 5,687,022 km²

Yellow fever vaccination is recommended, at least 10 days before traveling.

Local holidays

Clothing

January 20: São Sebastião’s day June 29: São Pedro’s day July 9: Anniversary of the founding of Boa Vista October 5: Anniversary of the founding of the State of Roraima October 15: Commerce workers day December 8: Nossa Senhora do Carmo’s day December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceição’s day

With high average temperatures and a relative humidity of around 75% throughout the year, light and comfortable clothes are essential. It is recommended to use insect repellents for all outdoor activities.

Amarildo Oliveira/Embratur

284,313 inhabitants 95 110 V

Accommodation Simple hotels and inns located mainly in the center of the city. There are no five-star hotels for those visitors seeking more sophisticated accommodation.

Inside view of the IGREJA DE NOSSA SENHORA DO CARMO in Boa Vista

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The island is home to the Estação Ecológica Maracá, which besides being a stretch of preserved forest is home to species such as jaguars, otters and howler monkeys. It is an important center for biodiversity studies. Visits are accompanied by monitors, and must be booked in advance.

Indigenous influence is strong in the local cuisine

Thalita Castello Branco

With capacity for up to eight thousand people, the site has shops selling handicrafts with an Indigenous influence, and has an exhibition area and a covered stage for concerts.

CLOVIS MIRANDA-SEMCOM

CENTRO DE ARTESANATO E TURISMO VELIA COUTINHO Annexed to the Praça das Águas, Avenida Capitão Ene Garcez - Centro. every day from 4 pm to 10 pm.

Rai Reis/Embratur

The Indigenous influence is very strong in Roraima cuisine. Dishes such as damorida - a soup made from fish, tucupi (yellow sauce extracted from manioc and used in several Amazon recipes) and peppers - and bodó fish tart (which is actually a mixture of catfish flesh with egg white, baked in an oven), will wet the palate of those visiting Roraima.

Monte Roraima, one of the oldest mountains on Earth

PARQUE NACIONAL MONTE RORAIMA Consult a local travel agency for arrangements 1-2 days, if visitor chooses to stay in Tepuy or São Francisco de Yuruani. according to group size. Those with health problems or poor physical condition should not attempt the walk. There is an option of passing over the region by helicopter. Monte Roraima is one of the oldest mountains on Earth, and straddles the border between Brazil, Guyana and Venezuela. With an altitude of 2,875 meters and a landscape dotted with rivers, waterfalls and rock formations, access is difficult and can only be made via the border with Venezuela. It is recommend to hire a guide in Boa Vista in order to undertake the trip.

Amarildo Oliveira/Embratur

Rich Flavors

Monumento do garimpeiro, Praça Cívica in Boa Vista

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Marcio Barcellos/Embratur

LAGOA DA CONCEIÇÃO, in Florianópolis

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paraná

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BR 163

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BR 153

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BR 282

BR 116

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BR 203

BR 386

Blumenau

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erence to the Azorean community and their descendants who settled along the beaches, where Manuel was a common name. They brought fishing to the State, and maintained their traditional methods intact for many years. The term was popularized on the island, and now helps to preserve and remember the Azorean and Portuguese influence in the region - these communities are threatened by the arrival of migrants from other States such as São Paulo and Rio Grande do Sul.

florianópolis

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Bombinhas

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BR 486

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BR 470

Balneário Camboriú

BR 470

SC-456 SC-303

BR 470

SC-423

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Santa Catarina

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SC-303

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BR 477

SC-302

BR 158

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BR 480

SC-459

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S

SC-419

SC-478

SC-471

anta Catarina is a relatively small State in Southern Brazil, however its land area of just over 95,000 km2 includes busy summer beaches and mountains where temperatures can reach freezing point during more rigorous winters. The State has strong Portuguese influences, particularly from Azoreans who arrived in the region in the 18th century. They are responsible for the melodic Santa Catarina accent and some of the local customs and traditions that have helped to form the Santa Catarina identity. While the Azoreans were responsible for the local fishing industry, the Italian settlers who arrived in great number in the 19th century brought their tradition in agriculture. The Germans, another large community in the State, were responsible for the creation of Santa Catarina’s industries. The people of the State capital of Florianópolis and its surrounding towns are known in Brazil as “manezinhos da Ilha” - literally “little Manuels from the Island”. The name is a ref-

BR 280

SC-467 SC-468

paraguay

JoiNville

BR 116

SC-303

SC-478

SC-302

SC-480

SC-301

SC-416

SC-459

SC-473

SC-301

BR 477

BR 280

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BR 280

SC-303

SC-406

BR 282 SC-425

SC-458

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BR 116

BR 282

Lages

BR 101

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Garopaba

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BR 116

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Imbituba

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CRICIúma

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Geographic information mesothermal, with rainfall distributed throughout the year average between 13 °C and 25 °C (55,4 °F and 77 °F) atlantic forest, pine forest and open fields

SC-406 SC-405

BR 101

SC-444

BR 285

SC-483

international airport national airport national highways State Highways

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santa catarina

and the beaches of Joaquina, Mole and Barra da Lagoa, all home to radical sports. To the south beaches such as Armação and Pântano do Sul provide tranquility with a backdrop of colorful boats and fishing nets. The region’s islands are home to imposing forts, some of them listed as heritage sites in order to preserve and protect the region’s history.

Marcio Barcellos/embratur

Eco Museu do Ribeirão Rodovia Baldicero Filomeno, 10.106 - Ribeirão da Ilha. Tuesday and Thursday from 8 am to 12 am. Wednesday and Friday from 1 pm to 5 pm. advance booking is required for guided tours during the week or at weekends.

Ponte Hercílio Luz, one of the postcards of Florianópolis

Housed in a residential home constructed in 1921 that recreates the atmosphere of Azorean colonization times, the museum collection includes antique furniture, household equipment, craft and religious items and old electronic equipment, among others. Next to the museum there is an old restored mill, still with the original equipment for making flour.

also has wings dedicated to zoology, religious art, numismatics (coins and notes), fossils up to 225 million years old, indigenous utensils and other materials.

Boat Trips to Ilha do Campeche By boat from the pier at Praia da Armação. crossings begin at 8 am. return crossings up to 3 pm. (may vary according to the weather). per person for travel by boat to the island. Children under 10 years of age are free of charge Those spending a day on the island will find activities such as diving and guided walks to archaeological sites or to Pedra Fincada, which overlooks the entire length of the beach at Campeche.

lagoinha ponta das canas

brava

jurerê jurerê internacional

ingleses

daniela santinho

Florianópolis 421,240 inhabitants

Transport 671,578 km2

48

220 V

Local holidays

Florianópolis is served by paved roads connecting it to other cities and State capitals. The Hercílio Luz airport receives flights from all over Brazil and the Mercosul.

Engenho Caminho dos Açores Rua Caminho dos Açores, 1.180 - Santo Antônio de Lisboa. Monday to Sunday from 9 am to 6 pm. visits must be scheduled with the owner.

sambaqui

moçambique

santo antônio de lisboa

barra da lagoa

March 23: Anniversary of the founding of Florianópolis

Accommodation Florianópolis offers tourists an extensive network of hotels, which includes luxury establishments, inns, campgrounds and international chains.

Shopping The neighborhood of Lagoa da Conceição is one of the places most visited by tourists when shopping in Florianópolis. In addition to dunes and beaches, the location houses charming shops with local crafts. The highlight is lace - a tradition inherited from Portugal. Items on sale include towels, curtains and other decorative items. The arts fair - ‘Feirarte’ - takes place on sundays, bringing together more than 80 artisans with their products. There are also surf shops, beachwear outlets and a shopping center.

Within the city Getting around the City is easy. Tourists can count on a good bus system as well as taxis. The capital city of Santa Catarina starts on continental Brazil and advances to Ilha Santa Catarina, totaling 433 km2 of green hills, lakes and 42 beaches. Its Azorean heritage, inherited from immigrants who settled in the region 250 years ago, can still be seen in the fishing vessels, lace-work, folklore, cuisine and architecture. This tradition takes on more visible traits in villages like Santo Antônio de Lisboa and Ribeirão da Ilha. To the north, the beaches have calm waters and good tourist facilities, with Jurerê, Canasvieiras and Ingleses being the most popular. To the east is the Lagoa da Conceição

This 19th century mill was listed as a heritage site at the initiative of its owners. It is a beaten earth construction that preserves all stages in the small-scale production of cassava flour.

Museu do Homem do Sambaqui Rua Esteves Júnior, 711 - Centro. Monday to Friday from 1:30 pm to 5:30 pm

centro mole lagoa da conceição joaquina

campeche

morro das pedras ribeirão da ilha armação

This museum has one of the largest archaeological collections in Brazil, with more than 5,000 items. Items in the collection include skeletons found in archaeological sites on Ilha de Santa Catarina and in the interior of the State, burial urns, indigenous funeral artifacts, drawings and ceramic fragments. It

pântano do sul caieira solidão

naufragados

City of Florianópolis

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santa catarina

Transport

Construction with a German influence, characteristic of Blumenau

Blumenau enjoys good roads links to other towns and cities. There is no commercial airport in the town. The local transport system is efficient and well-served by buses with connections between local neighborhoods and surrounding towns.

309,011 inhabitants 519,835 km² Distance from the capital: 130 km

Residents and tourists take to the streets during Oktoberfest

Praça Hercílio Luz / Biergarten at the start of Rua 15 de Novembro - Centro. daily, 24 hours Museu da Cerveja: Monday to Friday from 9 am to 6 pm. Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays from 10 am to 5 pm, in the minibrewery. in the mini-brewery

Prefeitura Municipal de Blumenau and Relógio das Flores Praça Victor Konder, 2 - Centro. 47

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Local holidays September 2: Anniversary of the founding of Blumenau

Accommodation Blumenau has accommodations in various categories, including inns, hostels and three to five star hotels.

Shopping Blumenau offers good shopping opportunities. Textiles are among the local specialties, and the town has a huge offer of shirts, polos and sweatshirts some even sold by the pound. Crystal goods in the Salto Weissbach district are of particular interest to visitors. This is the location of a factory that sends products all over the country and abroad. In the center of town and in Vila Itoupava there is a wide selection of food and drinks on offer, including beer, wine and locally made sausages.

The building housing City Hall is one of the most important examples of Tudor-style architecture in the town. The Relógio das Flores (Flower Clock) can be found in its gardens, inaugurated in 2000 to commemorate the 130th anniversary of the founding of the town. It is one of the favorite places for photographs and to take a rest after a hearty German lunch.

On the banks of the Rio Itajaí-Açu, the location provides a view of the Avenida Beira-Rio and the river itself. The square is better known as the Biergarten - a reference to the largest local festival: Oktoberfest. It houses the Museu da Cerveja (Beer Museum) and a mini-brewery, where you can sample beers and typical German dishes.

Blumenau City Hall

Secretaria de Turismo de Santa Catarina

BLUMENAU

Santur SC

Marcio Barcellos/embratur

Set within the State of Santa Catarina, Blumenau is a little piece of Germany in Brazil. That is because the town still preserves the culture and traditions of the early settlers who arrived in Vale do Itajaí in 1850. Germanic influences are still present in the architecture, cuisine, handicrafts, in the features of its people and in their celebrations. During the traditional circuit of events in October, Blumenau dominates with the Oktoberfest. During 17 days 400,000 liters of beer are consumed to the sound of German music. The town, which has the largest textile industry in Brazil, is also famous for its crystal and porcelain. Wide avenues skirted by typical buildings and bridges crossing the Rio Itajaí-Açu house lively pubs.

Vila Itoupava Take the SC-474 highway. The main thoroughfare is Avenida Henri Conrad This district, 25 km away from the center of Blumenau, is the most typical German corner of the town. It has half-timbered buildings, typical restaurants - the specialty is stuffed duck - and points of sale for local products such as brandy, liqueurs and sweets.

Rua 15 de Novembro Rua 15 de Novembro, between the current City Hall and Alameda Duque de Caxias - Centro. The Wurtstrasse (‘Sausage Street’), from the early days of the German colony, created a location designed to facilitate viewing the dozens of buildings that reflect the town’s history. Among these are the Teatro Carlos Gomes, Casa Husadel, Igreja Matriz with its tower, and the former City Hall, now headquarters of the Blumenau Cultural Foundation.

Parque Vila Germânica Rua Alberto Stein, 199 - Bairro da Velha. shops from 10 am to 8 pm. no charge for visits. products and services on request. This exhibition and events center is the home of the Oktoberfest, the largest celebration of German culture in Brazil. The park also houses the Empório Vila Germânica, a shopping and leisure complex open to the public. The pavilions and buildings are half-timbered, resembling a typical German city.

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of a natural setting. There are 39 beaches in total, many of them suitable for diving and with good accommodation facilities. For lovers of ecotourism and adventure sports, Morro do Macaco and Mirante Eco 360° offer numerous outdoor activities such as trekking, climbing, zip lines and rappel.

The calm waters of the PRAIA DA SEPULTURA, Bombinhas

Bombinhas

Morro do Macaco Praia do Canto Grande. it is recommended to walk the track during the day, even though sunset is one of the local attractions. 20 to 30 minutes on the trail

14,293 inhabitants

33,767 km²

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Local holidays February 2: Nossa Senhora de Navegantes’ day March 15: Anniversary of the founding of Bombinhas November 1: Todos os Santos’ day

Marcio Barcellos/embratur

Bombinhas Beaches

Accommodation

Sepultura beach

Sepultura: transparent waters and no waves make this beach ideal for snorkeling.

The town of Bombinhas and the beaches in the region offer diverse options for accommodation in inns, hotels, campsites, apart-hotels and resorts.

Tainha: in the midst of the Atlantic Forest, this is an excellent spot for fishing.

Transport The municipality of Bombinhas is located on the northern coast of Santa Catarina, 14 km from the BR101 highway. Access to the town is via paved roads. The nearest airports are those in Florianópolis and Navegantes, 70 km and 60 km distant respectively. It can also reached by sea - Bombinhas is close to two maritime passenger terminals: it is 50 km from Itajaí and 10 km from Porto Belo. The northern coastline of Santa Catarina is known as the Costa Esmeralda - ‘Emerald Coast’ - because of the crystalline green waters. The town of Bombinhas is located in this region. It is the smallest Municipality in the State in terms of land area, however it stands out as an ecological paradise, with a great diversity of landscapes and leisure activities in the midst

Mariscal: 204 meters long, with white sand created from quartz crystals and medium waves. It is suitable for sun and sea bathing, surfing, sport fishing and walks. Ingleses, also known as Retiro dos Padres: with rugged, almost wild beauty, this beach with crystal-clear water is surrounded by Atlantic forest.

Marcio Barcellos/embratur

Bombinhas

image courtesy

image courtesy

A trail with medium difficulty leads to the top of this hill, from where there are panoramic views of the region, particularly of the Arvoredo Marine Biological Reserve, the beaches of Canto Grande, Mariscal, Morrinhos, Zimbros and also the towns of Tijucas, Governador Celso Ramos and Florianópolis. At dusk it is possible to see the illuminations on the Hercílio Luz bridge in Florianópolis.

Morro do Macaco viewpoint

Canto Grande: located in an isthmus with two opposing beaches, one on the inland side and the other on the sea side. The first has calm waters, is over 2 km long and borders the Baía de Zimbros. The sea-facing beach, 3.83 km long, has rougher waters, with waves that are perfect for surfing and cast fishing.

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has kiosks and hosts craft fairs. On Avenida Atlantica there are shops, bars and restaurants with tables on the sidewalk. The horizon is marked by Ilha das Cabras, which can be visited on boat trips.

da, and a third at Praia de Laranjeiras. The park has marked trails, viewpoints, tree climbing facilities and boat trips. There is a sled that descends the hill at 60 km/h.

Parque Unipraias Avenida Atlantica, 6006, Barra Sul. January and February daily from 9 am to 8 pm. March daily from 9 am to 6 pm. Opening hours can vary on public holidays or during the off-season. This tourist complex with an area of 87,000 m² nestles in the Mata Atlântica. Attractions are spread among three interconnected chair lift stations - one at the southern land bar at Praia Central, another at the top of Morro da Agua-

Morro do Careca Access via Rua Sérgio Millet - Praia dos Amores

Marcio Barcellos/embratur

View from the cable cars in Balneário Camboriú

108,089 inhabitants

46,797 km2

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Local holidays July 20: Anniversary of the founding of Balneário Camboriú

Accommodation Visitors to Balneário Camboriú will find good accommodation options, including inns, hotels, resorts, campgrounds and special hotels, which are part of the ‘Roteiro do Charme’.

Transport Balneário Camboriú is located on the side of the BR101 highway. It is served by regular bus lines from Florianópolis, Curitiba and Porto Alegre. Navegantes airport, 17 km from the town, has daily flights to Florianópolis. The neighboring town of Itajaí has a maritime terminal that regularly receives cruise ships. On the north coast of Santa Catarina, Balneário Camboriú is one of its most famous and popular destinations. With nine beaches and

vibrant nightlife, this Azorean colonial town quintuples its population in the summer season. Among the most popular attractions are surfing, ecotourism and adventure tourism. At Morro do Careca for example, there are hang gliding launch ramps and cliffs for climbing and rappel. In the resort of Parque Unipraias, cable cars take visitors to the Praia das Laranjeiras - which is perfect for bathing and water sports, Estação Barra Sul - with shops and leisure activities, and Mata Atlântica station - located on top the Morro da Aguada, 240 meters in height, with ecological walkways, three viewpoints and and area for tree climbing. During summer months evening entertainment is based around the discos, pubs, bars and clubs on Avenida Atlântica and Barra Sul.

PRaIa Central Avenida Atlântica This is located in the center of the urban area and has 6.8 km of clear and safe waters. The sidewalk

Oyster with grated cheese, a popular dish on the beaches of Santa Catarina

Marcio Barcellos/embratur

Balneário Camboriú

This is one of the highest points in the town, with a privileged view of the municipality and the sea. At Complexo Morro do Careca there are launch ramps for hang gliding and cliffs suitable for climbing and rappel. A staircase leads to Praia do Buraco, and there is a stone ramp to Praia da Concha.

Cultural Flavors

Like other Brazilian States, Santa Catarina offers a wide variety of flavors. Sardines, pastas and sauerkraut are found in equal measure, thanks to the enormous influence of Portuguese, Italian and German communities in the formation of the State. Its proximity to the sea and the strong Portuguese influence brings stewed, baked and fried fish dishes. There is also plenty of seafood available on the island, and one of the latest culinary genres are oyster farms. In the interior of

the State, especially in Vale do Itajaí, flavors change and you can savor the culinary tastes of Germany. Sauerkraut, einsbein, kassler and a variety of wurts (sausages) can be found, many of them homemade. Beer is also one of the main features on the menu, as well as typical cakes such as cuca. Italian pastas, pizzas, soups and salads are served throughout the island. Agnolini soup (with tortellini) and tortéi (stuffed pasta) are among the local Italian specialties, along with polenta and stewed chicken.

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Located 9 km from the center of town, this is the oldest official naturist beach in the country. Visitors must follow a strict code of conduct. Surrounded by cliffs, it has a campsite, hotel, bar and restaurant.

the presence of burial grounds with numerous fragments of indigenous artifacts in the form of plates, attesting to the passage of primitive peoples along the coast of Santa Catarina.

Praia do Buraco For those who are not guests at the hotel, access to the beach is via a walkway with viewpoints, wooden decks and lighting, starting at the end of Barra Norte at Praia Central

Praia do Estaleiro and Estaleirinho Via the Rodovia Interpraias, which has two exits from BR-101 - one near Balneário Camboriú and the other on the border with the Municipality of Itapema

With rough seas, more than half the beach is occupied by a hotel, however it is open to visitors. There are no facilities.

These are two adjacent bays with clear water, strong waves, natural vegetation and untouched shores. The waters are suitable for fishing at the larger of the two beaches. There are calmer waters at the smaller beach, which is suitable for bathing. Inns and hotels share space with mansions on the seafront.

Praia do Canto On the way to Praia do Buraco via walkways and decks accessed from the end of Barra Norte

PRaIa de Laranjeiras Via BR-101 and Rodovia Interpraias

Praia dos Amores Via Estrada da Rainha, departing from Barra Norte

Located 6 km from the town center, this beach sits in a small bay with calm waters and is suitable for bathing and water sports. In addition it has bars, restaurants and a pier where tour boats dock. The beach is also known for

This extensive stretch of coarse sand is a place to relax, while the strong waves attract surfers. Praia dos Amores is a fully urbanized district with bars, restaurants, banks and supermarkets. It provides access to Morro do Careca and also to the neighboring Municipality of Itajaí.

Marcio Barcellos/embratur

Viewpoint overlooking praia de Laranjeiras, at Balneário Camboriú

PRAIA DA LUZ, between Ibiraquera and Garopaba

This small beach with very calm waters faces Praia Central and provides beautiful views of the town.

Praia Taquaras and Taquarinhas Via the Rodovia Interpraias, which has two exits from BR-101 - one near Balneário Camboriú and the other on the border with the Municipality of Itapema. Taquaras is a small urban center with inns, bars, restaurants and a fisherman’s colony. It is home to a folk group that performs the Terno de Reis - a type of religious folk music. The calm waters of Taquaras - clear, but deep - contrast with the rough seas of Taquarinhas. 500 meters from the site is a small bay suitable for cast fishing.

Marcio Barcellos/embratur

PRaIa dO Pinho Via the Rodovia Interpraias, which has two exits from BR-101 - one near Balneário Camboriú and the other on the border with the Municipality of Itapema

Garopaba - Imbituba 40,170 inhabitants 182,541 km2 Garopaba

48 220 V Imbituba 114,670 km2

Local holidays December 8: Nossa Senhora da Imaculada Conceição’s day (Imbituba) July 26: São Joaquim’s day (Garopaba) August 6: Senhor Bom Jesus’ day (Garopaba) December 19: Municipality Day (Garopaba)

Accommodation The entire stretch of coast houses many friendly inns. Many have a spartan but friendly atmosphere, thanks to the presence of large numbers of surfers in the region. Tourists seeking more sophistication will also find accommodation to their taste, and may even choose to stay in the resorts located on the Garopaba-Imbituba corridor.

Transport Access to Imbituba and the other beaches in the region is via BR-101, a fully paved highway. The nearest air-

port is Hercílio Luz in Florianópolis. Imbituba has a port that has an important role in trade between Brazil and other Mercosul countries. It was built in an inlet open to the sea in a region of deep water and low sedimentation rate, allowing navigation by large vessels. The coastal strip between Garopaba and Imbituba unveils a scenario of clear waters, white sands and the exuberance of the Atlantic Forest. The waves are a natural spectacle in themselves. Garopaba has earned the reputation of being the surf center of the region, especially the beaches of Ferrugem and Silveira. In Imbituba the best known beaches are Vila and Rosa. Between the second half of August and first half of October, Imbituba holds a surprise for visitors. During this period it is possible to see bowhead whales, who migrate from the South Pole to the warmer waters off the Santa Catarina coast to breed and feed their young. Local tour operators conduct tours up to the whales, while observing protection measures.

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Barra

Gamboa

10 km south of Garopaba via SC-434 This beach is inviting for bathing, and there is also a lagoon at the same location.

15 km north of Garopaba via the road to Paulo Lopes Beach with fine clear sand, dunes and undergrowth, and has large waves, ideal for surfing.

Garopaba

Rosa

Via Garopaba urban center and Avenida dos Pescadores An ideal location for water sports.

By road via IMB-407 This beach is suitable for windsurfing, jet ski, fishing, horseback riding and trekking. The northern and southern ends of the beach are also good for surfing. Lagoa do Meio lies at the center of the beach - this salt water lagoon is a quiet spot, frequented by families and couples. Behind the hills there is a group of four lagoons that were also formed by the sea but are now isolated by stretches of land.

Vila Via BR-101, direction north, taking Avenida Renato Ramos da Silva The only beach in Latin America to host the World Surfing Championship (WCT).

THE LAGOA DA IBIRAQUERA meets the sea

Marcio Barcellos/embratur

Beaches

Ibiraquera and Lagoa da Ibiraquera

Ferrugem 8 km from the town center, via SC-434 and Estrada da Barra Great for surfing, it attracts a younger public to its generous stretch of sand.

Marcio Barcellos/embratur

By road from the Estrada Geral da Barra and Avenida Atlântica This is considered one of the best beaches in the country for windsurfing. The landscape of made up of dunes, rivers, islands and lagoons.

LAGOA DA IBIRAQUERA, in Imbituba

View of Rosa Sul along the trail leading to Rosa Norte

2 km from the center via Rua João Orestes de Araujo and then the beach road This beach has natural pools and rocky shores ideal for fishing and diving. The south wind also provides good conditions for surfing.

Marcio Barcellos/embratur

Marcio Barcellos/embratur

Silveira

PRAIA DO SILVEIRA, in Garopaba

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Dunes and Praia do Ouvidor 14 km south of Garopaba via SC-434 to Campo D’Una, take the exit to Praia do Rosa On the path leading to the beach there is a small church surrounded by dunes that provides a taster for the beauty of Praia do Ouvidor. The beach is 1 km long with dark colored sand and is surrounded by pine-topped hills and cliffs. The sea is not suitable for bathing in places.

Dunes and Praia do Siriú 9 km north of Garopaba via SC-434 This beach is isolated and untouched, surrounded by dunes up to 40 meters high. It is ideal for sand-boarding. It has waterfalls, flour mills and a distillery. It is divided into two parts: the beach, whose northern corner is a haven for families and has restaurants specializing in Azorean cuisine, and the second part is the dunes.

Lages

Whale Watching

156,727 inhabitants

Avenida Santa Catarina, 1465 ­- Bairro Paes Leme. BR-101 in the direction of the south coast. www.baleiafranca.org.br

2,629,789 km²

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Local holidays August 15: Nossa Senhora dos Prazeres’ day

Accommodation

The Environmental Protection Area (APA) for whales was established in 2000 and extends over 156,100 hectares off the south-central coast of Santa Catarina. In addition to protecting the areas with the highest concentration of whales with young, it also protects selected land areas with rocky shores, dunes, marshes and ponds. On some beaches the whales may only be observed from land, ensuring that the females and their young have a sanctuary where they will not be disturbed by boats. These are: Praia da Vila, Praia da Luz and Praia d’Água in Imbituba, and Praia da Gamboa, Praia do Silveira and Praia de Garopaba in Garopaba. Visits to protected areas are only permitted between late May and early June and in early November, although there are no pre-defined dates.

The town is well served by inns and small, cozy hotels for those cold winter nights. Many offer fireplaces in the rooms and tasty breakfasts.

Transport The town can be reached via paved roads that connect it other cities. The nearest commercial airport is Hercílio Luz in Florianópolis. Another option is the smaller airport at Caxias do Sul (RS), a distance of around 230 km. Caçador airport (167 km) receives daily flights from Curitiba, Porto Alegre and São Paulo. The Planalto Serrano in Santa Catarina is one of the coldest regions in Brazil. In winter the yellow-green landscape of pines gives way to scenery covered in snow and ice - unusual for Brazil, even though it may only be for a few days. The main town in the region is Lages, known as the “Princess of the Mountain” because of its popularity with tourists. Two centuries ago the town was an important trading post on the Caminho dos Tropeiros (Drovers Way), and was the gateway for cattle en route to the São Paulo - Rio Grande do Sul markets. It still preserves its country traditions to this day, in the shape of country folk, farms and horses. The cold weather, stories told by the fireside, matte tea prepared with yerba and drunk from a gourd, and camargo - a mixture of coffee with milk freshly drawn from the cow, create the ideal atmosphere for rural tourism.

IGREJA MATRIZ DE LAGES

Cleber Machado

Casa do Artesão Rua Benjamin Constant, 141 - Centro. day to Friday from 2 pm to 6 pm.

Mon-

This craft center offers traditional local artifacts. Visitors can buy woolen blankets and throw-overs, leather work, bamboo and rattan, as well as apple and fig liqueurs.

Morro da Cruz Rua João Odilo Madruga - Bairro Morro Grande. via Avenida Dom Pedro II To get to the hilltop to enjoy the panoramic 360o view of the town and surrounding areas requires a climb up a staircase with 365 steps. There is a cross and a chapel at the top of the hill, which is also a destination for Catholic pilgrimages.

Equestrian Tourism

Lages is known for being one of the first Brazilian municipalities to invest in rural tourism. The local tourist agencies offer tours through the countryside, departing from farm-hotels or parks in the region. There are tours with varying degrees of difficulty and duration, with stops planned for tasting locally prepared delicacies.

Parque Nacional São Joaquim Avenida Felicíssimo Rodrigues Sobrinho, 1.542 Bairro Esquina. The main route is via BR-282. In the town of Santa Clara in Bom Retiro, turn left onto SC-438 (Serra do Panelão) arriving in the town of Urubici after 25 km. From here to the park is a further 27 km on rural roads (unpaved), via Estrada Geral do Morro da Igreja. Alternative access is via SC-438, Estrada da Serra do Rio do Rastro, which leads to Bom Jardim da Serra. daily from 8 am to 6 pm. 1 day. depending on the service contracted Created to protect the Araucaria Forest, its 40,300 hectares are spread throughout the Municipalities of Urubici, Bom Jardim da Serra, Orleans and Grão Pará. The principal attractions are the Pedra Furada and the Morro da Igreja in Urubici, with easy access by car or motorcycle. Another option is the Cânion Laranjeiras located in Bom Jardim da Serra, whose poor access requires specially prepared cars and a 3 km walk. It is obligatory to have an accredited guide to enter the trails within the park.

Milton Galvani/embratur

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Copan building

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São Paulo

MATO GROSSO

T SP-527

SP-463

BR 262

SP-330

SP-479

SP-334

SP-326

SP-595

MATO GROSSO DO SUL

BR 154

BR 154

SP-310

SP-345

SP-320

SP-373 SP-351

SP-334

SP-461

MINAS GERAIS SP-330

SP-463

SP-310

SP-355

BR 262 SP-425

BR 153

SP-351

SP-338

SP-304 SP-321

SP-300

BR 158

SP-326

BR 158

SP-331 SP-501

BR 376

SP-383 SP-425

SP-457

SP-284 SP-425

SP-483

BR 374

SP-310 campinas

SP-304

SP-300

SP-333

SP-197

BR 369

BR 153 SP-266

SP-225

SP-225

SP-331

SP-421

SP-215

SP-340

SP-215

SP-321

SP-294

SP-344

brotas SP-318

SP-304

BR 153

SP-255

SP-310

SP-333

SP-563 BR 267

BR 459

SP-308

guarulhos

SP-375

SP-327

SP-147

BR 374 SP-261

SP-280

SP-270

SP-101

são paulo

SP-143

SP-330

SP-268

SP-121 SP-060

SP-099 SP-088

santos BR 116

SP-249

petar

SP-079 SP-230

SP-139

SP-055 SP-250

State Highways

BR 381

SP-171

SP-222 SP-165 SP-230

SP-125

ubatuba

SP-280

SP-127

SP-281

RIO DE JANEIRO

SP-153

SP-189

PARANá

national highways

BR 116

SP-065

SP-300

SP-157

SP-270

SP-068

SP-127

SP-300 BR 374

NATIONAL airport

campos do jordão

SP-008

SP-303

international airport

he state of São Paulo has many surprises in store for its visitors. From the cosmopolitan capital, to the beaches, mountains, rivers and preserved forests, there are plenty of tourist attractions for those who come here on business or pleasure. With a territory slightly larger than Great Britain, São Paulo is known for being a state that welcomes everyone: there are more than 70 nationalities, and Brazilians from all other states arrive daily in search of new opportunities, culture and entertainment. The state's coast is over 600 km long and offers beaches for everyone: from surfers, who can find in Maresias and Itamambuca, among others, in the north coast, excellent waves for surfing, to environmentalists, who can find in Cananéia, Juréia and in Ilha do Cardoso untouched havens, transformed into natural reserves. The interior has in store attractions for those who prefer adventure, such as extreme sports in Brotas and Boituva, the national capital of parachuting. Campos do Jordão and neighboring towns in the Serra da Mantiqueira provide cold winters and mountain landscapes. For those who enjoy culture in its different artistic manifestations, the capital, also named São Paulo, always has a good show on.

são vicente BR 101

guarujá

BR 101

são sebastião ilhabela

Geographic information subtropical  annual average of 19,25 °C (66,65 °F); an with mild winters and moderately high temperatures during the summer mangroves in the coastline, atlantic forest and tropical forest in the rest of the state

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Within the city

Luz Station

São pAulo

11,253,503 1,523.278 km2 11 110 V (in the main hotels in the city there are 220 V power outlets)

Local holidays January 25: Foundation of the City of São Paulo July 9: Constitutionalist Revolution of 1932

Accommodation São Paulo has the largest hotel network in the country, including international networks, luxury hotels, affordable networks and medium-sized hotels. Accommodation is distributed according to event areas – as the city is very large, hotel networks try to be near places such as the airport, convention centers,

fairs and the racetrack. São Paulo also has efficient apart-hotels, hostels and guesthouses.

Transport The city is served by well-maintained paved roads connecting it to other cities and capitals in the country. The state’s road network is extensive and crosses the entire state with quality. São Paulo has the largest airport in Brazil, the busiest in Latin America. The Guarulhos/ Cumbica International Airport is being renovated to expand its facilities and to better welcome all the visitors arriving in the city. In the urban perimeter, Congonhas airport receives flights from other Brazilian capitals and the Mercosul. Visitors can also arrive in Viracopos (in Campinas, 100 km from São Paulo).

The largest city in the southern hemisphere and one of the most populated in the world, São Paulo is the most cosmopolitan center in the country. It is the capital of culture, gastronomy, entertainment, nightlife entertainment, economy, fashion and much more. São Paulo has everything visitors might expect at any time of the day. All this activity and diversity can be explained by the approximately 70 different nationalities living here (the city has the largest Italian community outside Italy; and also the largest Japanese community outside Japan) and by the more than 10 million inhabitants. It can also be explained by all the Brazilians who migrated to the city from all over the country. São Paulo always has something interesting to offer: 260 cinemas, 181 concert halls, 79 shopping centers, 75 parks and green areas, 90 libraries, and countless nightclubs and bars, festivals and exhibitions. São Paulo never stops. In addition to all the permanent attractions in the city, the local events calendar - with an international level influence - attracts even more tourists, whether looking for cultural and artistic shows, such as the Bienal de Arte (art biennial), themed events like the world’s biggest Gay Parade, or even sporting events such as Formula One, Indy Car Series and soccer.

AQUÁRIO DE SÃO PAULO Rua Huet Bacelar, 407 - Ipiranga. daily, from 9 am to 6 pm. Children (from 3 to 12 years old) and seniors. It is the largest aquarium in Latin America, with two thousand liters of water, and it was only inaugurated six years ago. It has several themed environments where about 300 animal species live, including sharks, penguins, manatees and albino alligators.

Paulista Avenue

Avenida Paulista and region

São Paulo’s financial center also has excellent entertainment and culture options. It is worth walking through the 2.8 km long avenue and visit many of the must-see attractions. Paulista is just like São Paulo: it never stops. The avenue has parks, such as Trianon and Mário Covas, a charming museum always hosting new exhibitions, the Museu de Arte de São Paulo, as well as other exhibition spaces such as the Itaú Cultural, SESI and FIESP buildings. The surrounding areas offer services, shops and traditional restaurants. During the weekends the avenue changes its scenery and is crowded by those who enjoy taking photographs, who want to visit the antiques fair and enjoy one of the cinemas in the area.

Milton Galvani/embratur

milton galvani/embratur

Tourists will find bus lines, subway lines, aboveground metro, trains and taxis at their disposal to move around the city. However, they should be prepared to face heavy traffic. The subway operates daily from 4:40 am and has different closing hours in each station.

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FUNDAÇÃO MARIA LUISA E OSCAR AMERICANO Avenida Morumbi, 4.077 - Morumbi. Tuesday to Sunday, from 10 am to 5:30 pm. The permanent collection relating to the history of Brazil, presented in stages, includes items such as furniture, silverware and paintings. The building, constructed in 1950, is located in a beautiful garden with coffee and Brazil wood trees. It also has a lovely tea room.

CENTRO CULTURAL SÃO PAULO Rua Vergueiro, 1.000 - Paraíso (Vergueiro subway station). Exhibition areas: tuesday to friday, from 10 am to 8 pm. Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays, from 10 am to 6 pm. no charge. A multidisciplinary cultural space, the CCSP has three large libraries, a comic book library and an area for temporary exhibitions and presentations at good prices or even free of charge. It is one of the most traditional sites in the city and receives artists from all the other states and countries. Such names as Mercedes Sosa, Itamar Assumpção and other representatives of Brazilian culture and from other countries have performed there.

INSTITUTO CULTURAL ITAÚ Avenida Paulista, 149 - Bela Vista (Paraíso subway station). Tuesday to Friday from 9 am to 8 pm. Saturday, Sundays and public holidays from 11 am to 8 pm. no charge.

Located under the grandstands of the Pacaembu Stadium, the star of this museum is the favorite national sport. The history of Brazilian soccer is shown in interactive multimedia pieces (1400 photographs and 6 hours of video) distributed by 15 themed rooms.

Shopping

São Paulo is a great place for shopping. With over 50 specialized streets, 79 shopping centers, entire neighborhoods dedicated to popular commerce and luxury areas to suit every pocket and taste. The city has large shopping areas, such as Rua 25 de Março, the biggest popular commerce area in Latin America. Here, visitors can find literally anything: toys, clothing, fabrics, home accessories, tools, costume jewelry, handicrafts, well, it’s hard not to find what you are looking for here. The low prices and extensive range of offers are an attraction in itself. It is recommended to get there by subway or taxi due to the heavy traffic. To buy clothing at very low prices, Luz area (Rua José Paulino and surrounding areas) is a good option. Local manufacturers and wholesalers welcome buyers from all over the country and offer products with different materials and

MUSEU DE ARTE DE SÃO PAULO (MASP) Avenida Paulista, 1.578. Cerqueira César (Trianon-Masp subway station). Tuesday to Sunday from 11 am to 6 pm (ticket office closes at 5 pm). Thursday from 11 am to 8 pm (ticket office closes at 7 pm). Closed on Mondays. (free of charge on Tuesdays) It is the most famous museum of the city and has a permanent collection of inestimable value, with names such as Van Gogh, Renoir, Velázquez, Portinari and Picasso. The building which houses the museum is also considered a work of art, particularly because of its freestanding space - one of the largest in the world - which on sundays hosts the popular antiques fair. Designed by Lina Bo Bordi, one of the biggest names in architecture in the country, the building is a landmark of modern architecture and a symbol of the city. It was listed by the National Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage in 2003.

finishing. Some shops sell clothing per kilogram, which could be a cheap option. At the other end there are the Jardins and Itaim regions, where tourists can find luxury international brands and famous Brazilian designers. Jewelry, footwear and clothing in general can be found in Rua Oscar Freire area. The area also has good restaurants and coffee shops, some of the most popular in the city. Between 25 de Março and Oscar Freire, São Paulo offers another interesting large shopping area, such as Liberdade neighborhood, where Japanese small shops and greengrocers show how the neighborhood is a stronghold of the eastern community. In Vila Madalena, one of São Paulo’s bohemian districts, tourists can find alternative designers and artists’ shops and a great variety of handicrafts and thrift stores. The bars and restaurants in the area are also a tourist attraction.

MASP Facade

Oscar Freire, one of the most sophisticated shopping streets in São Paulo

Caio Pimenta - SPTuris

MUSEU DO FUTEBOL Praça Charles Miller, s/n - Pacaembu. 3664-3848. Tuesday to Sunday, from 9 am to 5 pm. and free of charge on Thursdays.

Milton Galvani/embratur

The site hosts dance, music and theatre performances, as well as themed exhibitions, which attract many audiences. The institute has more than 30 thousand documents relating to the country’s culture. It also organizes exhibitions with contemporary artists and is one of the most visited locations in the city.

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CATEDRAL DA SÉ Praça da Sé, - Centro (Sé subway station). Monday to Friday from 8 am to 7 pm. Saturday from 8 am to 5 pm. Sunday from 8 am to 6 pm. no charge. Guided tours.

MERCADO MUNICIPAL

One of the five largest neo-gothic temples in the world, the cathedral was inaugurated in 1954, on the city’s 400th anniversary. Guided tours visit the underground crypt which houses the remains of prominent people of São Paulo’s history. Opposite the church there is the Marco Zero (the city’s geographical center).

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MOSTEIRO DE SÃO BENTO Largo de São Bento - Centro (São Bento subway station). Monday to Friday from 7 am to 7 pm (Basilica and Monastery). Saturday and Sunday from 7 am to 12 pm and from 4 pm to 6 pm (Basilica). no charge.

14 Santa Isabel 15 Arujá 16 Itaquaquecetuba 17 Poá 18 Ferraz de Vasconcelos 19 Guarulhos 20 Mairiporã 21 Francisco Morato 22 Franco da Rocha 23 Caieiras 24 Pirapora do Bom Jesus 25 Santana de Parnaíba 26 Barueri

27 Carapicuíba 28 Jandira 29 Itapevi 30 Vargem Grande Paulista 31 Embu 32 Taboão da Serra 33 Cotia 34 Itapecerica da Serra 35 São Lourenço da Serra 36 Embu-Guaçu 37 Juquitiba 38 Osasco 39 Cajamar A Paranapiacaba

The language is taught through recreational and interactive activities, which honor the great names in Brazilian literature and move audiences. It is the first museum in the world dedicated to a language.

PáTiO DO COLéGIO Praça Pátio do Colégio, 2 - Centro (Sé subway station). Tuesday to Sunday from 8 am to 4:40 pm. Museu Anchieta. Over 60 years of age: free of charge.

With neo-roman architecture, the monastery was founded in 1958. The biggest highlight are the weekend masses, which have Gregorian chant presentations. On the site there is a shop selling products made by the monks.

It is the official birth place of São Paulo, founded in 1554 by the Jesuits. The simple construction houses the important Museu Padre Anchieta, which includes pieces depicting the arrival of the settlers and the scale model of the city as it was in the beginning.

MUSEU DA LÍNGUA PORTUGUESA Praça da Luz, s/n - Centro (Luz subway station). Tuesday to Sunday, from 10 am to 5 pm.

PINACOTECA Praça da Luz, 2 - Bom Retiro (Tiradentes subway station). Tuesday to Sunday from 10 to 5:30 pm,

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Milton Galvani/embratur

Praça da Sé, in downtown São Paulo

The most traditional gourmet attraction of the city is located in an imposing building in downtown, with stained glass windows which show São Paulo’s coffee history. On the large porch, food stalls sell fruits and vegetables, meat, fish and sweets - all very fresh and appetizing. The gastronomy space, in the mezzanine, offers several samples and tastings: the famous mortadella sandwiches and the codfish cakes are among the most popular.

visitors can stay inside the building until 6 pm. free of charge, Children under 10 years and adults over 60 years. The rich permanent collection, with over 100 thousand works, shows the best of Brazilian and international art. The Picture Gallery has an important schedule of artistic and cultural events. The building was designed in 1895 by the architect Ramos de Azevedo, one of the most influential names in local architecture during the 19th century. Pinacoteca

Milton Galvani/embratur

Milton Galvani/embratur

MERCADO MUNICIPAL Rua da Cantareira, 306 - Centro. Monday to Saturday, from 6 am to 6 pm. Sundays and public holidays, from 6 am to 4 pm. no charge.

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THEATRO MUNICIPAL Praça Ramos de Azevedo - República (República subway station). see schedules on the website. In line with the Parisian opera theatres, the Theatro Municipal hosted the Semana de Arte Moderna held in 1922 (a movement which united musicians, painters, writers and artists in general, representing a renewal in language and creative freedom: From this movement, Brazilian arts began to work with completely free ideas in search of its own identity: Over time, it gained a historical value and was projected throughout the century). Currently, it hosts several shows (dance, concerts and musicals), some of which are free of charge during weekends.

SALA SÃO PAULO (CONCERT HALL) Praça Júlio Prestes, 16 - Campos Elíseos (Luz subway station). only guided visits, hours upon request

What is there to say about a city with over 12 thousand restaurants, close to 60 different types of cuisine and includes gastronomy as one of its official cultural activities? São Paulo offers bars, restaurants, street food, cafeterias and snack bars for almost every taste. From its traditional pastry (a symbol of the city) to internationally awarded establishments, such as chef Alex Atala’s restaurant, which was chosen as the fourth best in the world by Restaurant Magazine (a reference in the gastronomy world), eating is a pleasure for all São Paulo residents. The city is constantly renovating its delicacies portfolio and is always offering a new trend, a new flavor and a new culture to its residents and visitors. Would you like some traditional Japanese food, like the ones found in little Tokyo restaurants? Liberdade, the eastern stronghold of the city, there are a few good options, from ramen shops to restaurants specialized in robata, sushi and sashimi. If you cannot afford more sophisticated places, at weekends there is a neighborhood market where you can taste the Japanese food made on the streets, in stalls. Italian food is also one of the biggest in São Paulo. There is no lack

of cafeterias and pizzerias, as the largest Italian community outside Italy is located here. There are many traditional cafeterias, such as the ones in Bexiga neighborhood, and also sophisticated restaurants offering the latest trends in Italian cuisine. If you prefer Arab food, the city offers specialized restaurants which go beyond kibe or esfiha. Mutton, meats and typical roasts can be found in family restaurants, which passed on from one generation to the next, without losing its “secret” seasoning. São Paulo’s residents are proud of its gastronomy and the excellent quality of the service. And for good reason. Eating is an important part of the city citizen’s life. Going out to eat is an excuse to meet friends, take walks, do business, date and even to visit new areas of the city, which become tourist attractions thanks to a new restaurant or because of traditional restaurants which survive the constant urban changes in the city. Korean, Indian, Peruvian, Chinese, Thai, Russian, Spanish, Andean, French, German, Scandinavian, and Greek cuisine are available in the city, as well as Brazilian cuisine from different states. The only difficult part is choosing.

3367-9573 Ticket office: Monday to Friday by from 10 am to 6 pm or until the beginning of the concert. Saturday: when a show is on, from 10 am to 4:30 pm. Sunday and public holidays: 2 hours before the beginning of the show, if there is one. according to the show. Guided tours. This modern concert hall has a dynamic schedule and one of the best acoustics in the world. It is located inside Estação Júlio Prestes and is home to the State Symphonic Orchestra. The room has an eclectic schedule which includes, besides the State of São Paulo Symphonic Orchestra, presentations from various groups, including international names. The State of São Paulo Symphonic Orchestra was considered by Gramophone Magazine as one of the world’s three most relevant emerging orchestras in 2010. Besides the presentations in Sala São Paulo, the orchestra also tours in the inner parts of the state.

Rubens Chiri /BIESP

Stefan Schmeling/Fundação OSESP

Life around the table

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PARQUE DO IBIRAPUERA

The site has several art galleries, antique shops, art studios and furniture stores. The Centro Cultural Embu das Artes and the Museu de Arte Sacra are located nearby, and are worth a visit.

mixes culture and ecotourism. It has over 10 different level trails located in the Parque Natural Municipal Nascentes de Paranapiacaba, as well as zip line, rappel and mountain bike areas.

Paranapiacaba Rodovia Anchieta up to the 29 km marker, SP-148 (Estrada Velha de Santos) up to the 33 km marker. Through Rodovia Índio Tibiriçá (SP-31), follow up to the 45,5 km marker and then follow Rodovia Ribeirão Pires Paranapiacaba (SP-122) to the city

Santana de Parnaíba Rodovia Castelo Branco to the 26-B exit, to Barueri. Then follow Rodovia dos Romeiros for 12 km up to the center of the Santana de Parnaíba municipality (35 km from the center of São Paulo)

Banco de Imagem Ministério do Turismo

A constant mist, of the best English fog style, marks the Paranapiacaba scenery, a village located on the top of Serra do Mar, in São Paulo. The village was created in the second half of the 19th century, to house the railway operations and its workers. Today, it still retains its original English architecture, with a replica of Big Ben with views which attracts many tourists. A true open air museum, including steam train rides, Paranapiacaba was declared a historic site and

This historical city has one of the most important architectural sets in the state. More than 200 buildings, listed as heritage sites, represent the bandeirantes (pioneers) saga, which in 1561 left São Paulo to explore the interior of the country. Besides the historic houses, the city has other attractions worth visiting: the Museu Casa do Anhanguera, the handicrafts on sale in Praça 14 de Novembro, on Sundays, and thematic routes which leave the city and talk about the Bandeirantes (or simply show how cachaça is made). Shop with traditional crafts in the city of Embu das Artes

This large park of the city is 1.5 million m2 long and has many leisure options: jogging tracks and cycle lanes, a lake, children’s toys, several fields and picnic areas. The Parque do Ibirapuera also has important historic and cultural attractions. It houses the Auditório do Ibirapuera, one of the most beautiful buildings in the city, de-

signed by Oscar Niemeyer; the Planetário, the Museu de Arte Contemporânea, the Museu de Arte Moderna (with a permanent collection of about 4 thousand works of art and pieces from Di Cavalcanti, Tarsila do Amaral and Portinari, among others) and the Pavilhão Japonês.

FEIRA DE EMBU DAS ARTES Rodovia Régis Bittencourt, BR-116, at the 279 km marker (1st entrance) or the 282 km marker (2nd entrance). Monday to Friday from 8 am to 5 pm. Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays from 9 am to 7 pm. This is one of the most traditional arts and crafts fairs of the country, established in 1969. More than 500 display stands offer products made from several materials and inspired in different themes.

Rita Barreto/embratur

PARQUE DO IBIRAPUERA Av. Pedro Álvares Cabral - Ibirapuera. Park: daily from 5 am to 12 am. - Auditório: Monday to Friday from 9 am to 6 pm. - Museu de Arte Contemporânea: Tuesday to Friday, from 10 am to 6 pm. - Museu de Arte Moderna: Tuesday to Sunday, from 10 am to 5:30 pm. - Pavilhão Japonês: Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday from 10 am to 12 pm and from 1 pm to 5 pm. - Planetário: schedule is updated every first day of the month; see the website www.prefeitura.sp.gov.br/astronomia

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after Brotas entry there is a traffic circle to Bairro Patrimônio. Follow another 17 km to the entry of Cachoeira das Três Quedas. Monday to Friday from 8 am to 4pm. weekends and public holidays from 7 am to 5 pm.

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Formed by the Andorinhas (20 meters drop), Figueira (40 meters drop) and Cachoeirinha das Nascentes (6 meters) waterfalls. Access is made through a 30 minute walk.

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Local holidays May 3: Brotas Anniversary September 15: Nossa Senhora das Dores’ day

Accommodation The city offers accommodations to suit every pocket, from the most affordable to the most sophisticated. Here, tourists can choose between farm-hotels and resorts with complete infrastructure and more rustic and charming inns.

Transport The main access roads are Bandeirantes (SP-348), Anhanguera (SP-330), Washington Luís (SP-310), Engenheiro Paulo Nilo Romano (SP-225) and Rodovia Américo Piva (SP-197). The nearest airport is in Bauru, 105 km away

CACHOEIRA ESCORREGADOR Alto da Serra, 13 km from Patrimônio de São Sebastião da Serra and 38 km from the center of Brotas. in the nearby Ulisses Guimarães, follow 4 km on a dirt road. daily from 9 am to 5 pm. Admission Fee. Adults. Children from 5 to 10 years old.

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The city is one of the most famous destinations for those who enjoy extreme sports, such as rafting, pack-floating, canoeing, canyoning and other adventures. Its rapids, waterfalls, preserved forests, as well as several accommodation options and complete infrastructure, attract more and more tourists. The capital of adventure, as it is known, is one of the Brazilian destinations most sought after by extreme sports fans. The natural beauty of Brotas and its unusual terrain, formed by “cuestas” and the great water resources provide much more than relaxing moments. Here, the adrenaline is part of the context.

CACHOEIRAS TRÊS QUEDAS Rodovia para Brotas do Patrimônio, km 17. Starting in SP-225, follow to Torrinha/Santa Maria da Serra. On the 126 km marker, 500 meters

An easy trail leads to the waterfall with several falls and a natural pool. It is located on the way to São Pedro in Pinheirinho country estate.

PARQUE DOS SALTOS Rua Alfredo Mangili - Tourist Center. open. no charge.

the farm and Hotel, with the same name. daily (visits are accompanied by monitors from the farm). Weekends and public holidays from 9 am to 4 pm (hourly). Monday to Friday at 10 am, 12 pm, 2 pm and 3 pm. Adults, children from 6 to 11 years old. free of charge - Children under 5 years old. In this tourist site, the main attraction is a spring which forms a natural pool. The water comes through the quartz grain sand. The peculiar sound is produced when these grains rub against each other. Hence the name “singing sand”.

REPRESA DO RIO JACARÉ PEPIRA Centro Comunitário - Bairro do Patrimônio. Estrada municipal BR-040. daily, 24 hours. car, on foot. This dam is located 23 km from the center, which offers fishing, boat rides, kayaking and water sports.

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Located in the tourist center of Brotas, this park has waterfalls and rapids and also hosts canoeing championships. The site also has an old hydroelectric plant, an important historic building.

Recanto das Cachoeiras Alto da Serra da Roseira – 7 km from Bairro do Patrimônio and 16 km from the center of Brotas. Monday to Friday from 9 am to 5 pm. Saturdays and Sundays from 9 am to 6 pm. Besides the waterfalls, the site also has a pool, bar and restaurant and the Arvomix attraction, which consists of 13 acrobatic activities on trees and platforms.

AREIA QUE CANTA Rodovia Engenheiro Paulo Nilo Romano (SP225), km 124,5. the spring is 2 km away from

Rita Barreto/embratur

City of São Paulo

View of one of the neighborhoods in the city of Campos do Jordão

campos do jordão

47,789 inhabitants 290.520 km2 (some hotels have 220 V power outlets)

Local holidays April 29: Campos Anniversary October 1: Santa Teresinha

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The city center, around Praça da Matriz, in the Capivari area, has knitwear shops which offer items made of wool and thread, both in traditional or more contemporary designs. Handicrafts can be found in small shops, hidden in the nearby roads which lead to more remote areas of the city, and in small galleries and shopping centers located around the center. Wood, iron, brass and fabric items are local specialties and are offered in the several interior design shops located mainly in Capivari and Abernéssia. It is also possible, with some luck, to find small bazaars organized during the winter.

Rita Barreto/embratur

Ducha de Prata Avenida Roberto Simonsen - Vila Inglesa. 24 hours daily.

Shopping street in Campos do Jordão

Accommodation In Campos do Jordão the best accommodations are found in inns. Tourists have several options available: near the center, more distant and hidden in the forest, more sophisticated options which are included in the ‘Roteiro do Charme’ and exclusive small boutique hotels, with a high quality service. There are also hotels who offer not only accommodation but also outdoor activities, ideal for those travelling with children, and also hotels which function as hotel management schools, where the country’s future hotel and tourism industry professionals are trained.

Transport The best and most beautiful way of getting to Campos do Jordão is by car or bus, which allows tourists to enjoy a privileged view of the Mantiqueira forest. The city has private heliports. The main way of getting around the city is on foot, which allows tourists to stop at specific attraction areas. There are bus lines to the urban locations, however to visit the most distant places it is necessary to do it by car or taxi.

Located in the heart of Serra da Mantiqueira, Campos do Jordão is one of the most visited mountainous destinations in Brazil. With privileged location and particularly rich in natural resources, the city is popular due to its mountain climate, its Norman style architecture and several leisure options, mainly related to ecotourism. The site has an even more inviting atmosphere during the winter. Among the attractions, there is the Festival Internacional de Inverno, the biggest and most important classical music event in Latin America. The gastronomy is also another attraction of the city and surrounding areas. Sophisticated restaurants with gourmet menus please even the most demanding tastes. Sweets and chocolates are local specialties and help increase the number of people visiting the city. The preparation of handmade chocolate can be viewed by tourists in one of the local factories. There are smaller shops which offer homemade products, also delicious. Shopping is also a pleasing activity for tourists.

The site includes artificial showers formed by the dam of the Ribeirão das Perdizes. Besides waterfalls, there are kiosks with handicrafts and souvenirs from the city.

HORTO FLORESTAL (PARQUE ESTADUAL CAMPOS DO JORDÃO) Avenida Pedro Paulo – Parque Estadual. daily, from 9 am to 4 pm. Closed on Wednesday (except on public holidays and holiday months). from 8 to 59 years old free of charge, children under 8 years and adults over 60 years. It is the oldest forest garden in Brazil and the largest coniferous reserve in the state. Its preserved nature area (over 8 thousand hectares) occupies one third of Campos do Jordão and it is a great excuse to admire the region’s nature, with planned and signposted trails which pass through waterfalls, centuries-old pine forests and stunning views. One of these is the Caminho da Cachoeira Celestina, a 5 hour walk.

Morro do Elefante Rua Marco Antônio Cardoso, 240. by car or cable car, leaving from the Parque da Estrada de Ferro. weekends and public holidays from 9 am to 5 pm.

One of the city’s most visited viewpoints, Morro do Elefante is at an altitude of 1800 meters and provides a panoramic view of Campos do Jordão. The top can be accessed by car or cable car, which leaves from the Parque da Estrada de Ferro and provides an unforgettable trip where the natural beauty of the site can be viewed.

TRAIN TOURS Avenida Dr. Emílio Ribas, no number. Campos do Jordão-Santo Antônio do Pinhal: Monday to Friday, departures at 10 am and 2 pm. Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays, departures at 10 am. 1:30 pm and 2 pm. (round trip). Urban Tram “Emílio Ribas”: every day from 10 am to 4 pm, hourly. (round trip) Until the 1970s, the railway was one of the ways to get to Campos do Jordão. Today it is a charming tourist attraction, with routes which tell a bit about the city and the Serra da Mantiqueira history. Among the rides on offer there is ‘Campos do Jordão-Santo Antônio do Pinhal’, a 2h30 trip in one of the most beautiful stretches of the Mountains. Another option available is the Urban Tram: leaving from the Emílio Ribas Station, the lovely red and yellow trams, symbols of the city, cross the site in an approximately 25 minute tour.

Pedra do Baú Estrada da Campista, km 21. in Campos de Jordão: follow the signs from Obelisco de Jaguaribe opposite the Padaria Roma. In São Bento do Sapucaí: Estrada do Paiol Grande, drive up to the 13 km marker and follow the signs Located in the neighboring Municipality of São Bento do Sapucaí, the Pedra do Baú complex is a meeting point for the adventurous, with activities such as para-gliding, hang-gliding, climbing, mountain biking or even just walking. The rock formation has an altitude of 1,850 meters and is formed by Bauzinho, Pedra do Baú and Ana Chata. For those who are looking for an easier walk Bauzinho is the ideal choice, as it only demands a 10 minute walk from the parking area. For the

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extreme sports fans , the best option is Pedra do Baú - its top can only be reached through a metal stairway, with steep trails, in a total duration of 5 hours. It is necessary to use a guide, as it is a dangerous location.

Ribeira, includes archeological sites, quilombos, waterfalls and trails, as well as the main attractions: more than 300 caves with different difficulty levels. The park was created in 1958. This ecotourism treasure is located inside the largest preserved part of the Atlantic Forest in the country, around 320 km from São Paulo. Visits are divided in four centers, from where the tourists leave in the company of local and accredited guides. The guides and visits should be booked in advance. Visitors should check with the park administration which are the available attractions. Weather changes and general conditions may close some attractions temporarily.

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The main Petar caves, with easy access, are located here. The highlights are the Caverna de Santana, the second largest in the state, the Morro Preto cave, with a beautiful entrance and a large chamber, and the Caverna Água Suja, which has an interior waterfall. The most visited waterfalls are the Cachoeira das Andorinhas (one of the most beautiful in the park), and the Betarizinho and Couto waterfalls, which are good for swimming. It is necessary to go through a rappel and vertical techniques training. The Núcleo Santana is located in the southern part of Petar, near the Bairro da Serra (Iporanga).

Collection of petar

PARK CENTERS NÚCLEO DE SANTANA Rodovia Iporanga-Apiaí (SP-165). (daily fee)

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In this part of the park the highlights are the Caverna Casa de Pedra, with the largest cave mouth in the world (215 meters high). The center, located in the southern part of Petar, in the Vale do Rio Iporanga, also includes waterfalls and trails.

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NÚCLEO DOS CABOCLOS Rodovia SP-250, km 294; from there follow 17 km through Estrada do Espírito Santo to the center. Admission Fee: Overnight. Day visit It is located in the center of the park. It is the only site with camping space and infrastructure. The caves here are difficult to access. One of these, Temenina, has skylights which brighten its interior. Other attractions more easily accessed include Cachoeira dos Sete Reis, with two drops and the Maximiniano, with a crystalline natural pool. Self-guided trails are also part of the center’s tour.

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Waterfall at Petar region

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NÚCLEO CASA DE PEDRA Petar tourism center: (15) 3552-1875. IporangaRibeirão dirt road (leaving from SP-165). (daily fee)

Caves 1 Pescaria 2 Temimina 3 Cabana 4 Chapéu 5 Alambari de Cima 6 Areias 7 Morro Preto 8 Juvenal 9 Arataca 10 Casa de Pedra 11 Cogumelos 12 Farto 13 Córrego Fundo

14 Lage Branca 15 Pérolas 16 Ouro Grosso 17 Geremias 18 Paiva 19 Santana 20 Laje dos Macacos 21 Água Suja 22 Desmoronada 23 Espírito Santo 24 Tobias 25 Capinzal 26 Monjolinho

NÚCLEO OURO GROSSO Vale do Rio Betari - Bairro da Serra. To access the restricted areas, an advance request to the Petar management must be made. Visits are only allowed in predetermined tours and accompanied by a park guide or accredited monitor. Groups should book in advance. It is not allowed to remove anything from the caves, not even loose rocks. It is not allowed to touch the speleothems (stalactites and stalagmites). (daily fee) Located in Bairro da Serra, the center includes one of the most difficult caves to visit (by water): the Ouro Grosso Cave, with five waterfalls. An-

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Accommodation

Type of owl very common in the region of Petar

AQUÁRIO MUNICIPAL Praça Luiz La Scala - Ponta da Praia. Tuesday to Friday from 9 am to 6 pm (daily from 9 am to 6:45 pm during the summer). Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays from 9 am to 8 pm. free of charge for children under 12 years and adults over 65 years old.

Santos, as well as São Vicente and Guarujá, has good and efficient hotel networks and inns located by the seaside. Options include sophisticated hotels offering seaside views and plainer options, ideal for those who visit the city to enjoy the beaches and attractions.

Transport

other attraction is Caverna Alambari de Baixo, which has a lush entry and an inside river. The walks through the center are of short duration.

Milton Galvani/embratur

PRAIA DO GONZAGUINHA, in São Vicente

SANTOS

419,400 inhabitants

281.056 km2

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Local holidays January 26: Santos Anniversary September 8: Nossa Senhora do Monte Serrat

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One of the oldest cities in the country, Santos preserves the simplicity and friendliness of a beach town. This is coupled with its natural beauty, which can provide both relaxing moments and sports activities, such as running, sailing, swimming and volleyball, among other activities, as well as cultural and historical treasures. Santos, located 70 km from São Paulo, has the largest port complex in Latin America. It also has the largest coast garden in the world, an achievement registered in the Guinness Book of Records. São Vicente and Guarujá are located close to the city. São Vicente was the first village founded in the country, and this historical fact makes it an important tourist attraction. The foundation officially took place on January 22 in 1532, by the Portuguese Martim Afonso de Souza. Almost 500 years later, many attractions are still reminiscent of the historic feat. However, São Vicente isn’t just history. Brazil’s first city also attracts tourists due to its beaches, parks and the Morro da Asa Delta. Guarujá has plenty of natural and historical attractions: beautiful beaches, 27 in total, islands, viewpoints and forts. This mixture makes Guarujá one of the most visited coastal cities in São Paulo, throughout the year. Fashionable bars, world-class restaurants and popular nightclubs also contribute to the high number of visitors.

The most visited attraction in the city, the Aquarium has hundreds of aquatic fauna species living in reconstructed habitats. It is worth visiting the first penguin born in captivity in the country, Fraldinha. The Aquário de Santos is the second most visited public park in the state, only surpassed by the São Paulo’s zoo.

Bonde (TOURIST LINE) Tuesday to Sunday, from 11 am to 5 pm. children under 5 years old free of charge The most fun way to visit the Centro Histórico de Santos (and travel to the past of the municipality) is by tram. These leave from the Praça Mauá and travel 5 km through the main

Praia José Menino (on the border with São Vicente up to channel 1): popular among surfers due to its strong waves. Praia do Gonzaga (between channels 2 and 3): the busiest beach in Santos, it hosts several events. Praia do Boqueirão (between channels 3 and 4): it has excellent service facilities. The beach also hosts a craft fair at weekends. Praia do Embaré (between channels 4 and 5): the favorite among young people. Opposite the Santo Antônio Basilica, Embaré. Praia de Aparecida (between channels 5 and 6): popular among families with children. Ponta da Praia (between channels 6 and 7): it is here the boats depart to Guarujá. Suitable for fishing.

View of the seafront at a beach in Santos

Milton Galvani/embratur

Collection of petar

Santos can be reached by car or bus. Two paved roads allow access to the downtown area. The city also has heliports. The nearest airport is Guarulhos International Airport, 110 km away from Santos. It is also possible to reach the city by sea, on the boat travelling between Guarujá and Santos. In Ponta da Praia, near the Ponte dos Práticos, the transatlantics can be viewed only 100 meters away. The arrival happens during the morning, around 7 am and 9 am, and the departures in late afternoon or evening.

City Beaches From Santos

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streets and attractions of the city, with stops in the Outeiro de Santa Catarina and the Palácio Saturnino de Brito.

Praia de São Vicente

Milton Galvani/embratur

BOLSA DO CAFÉ Rua 15 de Novembro, 95 - Centro. Monday to Saturday from 8 am to 6 pm. Sunday from 10 am to 5 pm. The beautiful building of around 6 thousand m2, built in 1922, housed one of the main coffee and commodities exchange in the world. Today, it houses the permanent collection of the Museu do Café. The panels by Brazilian painter and historian Benedicto Calixto adorn the building.

São Vicente beaches Ilha Porchat: located between the Itararé and Gonzaguinha beaches, the Island’s main attractions are the bars, restaurants and nightclubs. Gonzaguinha: popular for jet skiing, wakeboarding and windsurfing, and also due to its bars, restaurants and kiosks. On Sundays there is a craft fair. Itararé: the largest and most popular beach in São Vicente, good for surfing. It is where the para-gliders and hang-gliders land. Milionários: a quiet beach, 200 meters long. It is located near the rocks of Ilha Porchat.

PRAIA DE SANTOS

The Santos Soccer Club Stadium, a team internationally famous due to its biggest star: Pelé. The stadium, one of the oldest in Brazil, was constructed in 1916. Today, it has capacity for 20 thousand people. It includes the club’s Achievements Memorial, with trophies, documents and photographs.

LAJE DE SANTOS Boarding in Edgard Perdigão Bridge. Ponta da Praia. according to the chosen tour operator. according to each tour operator. of age accompanied by an adult The best diving spot of São Paulo, and the third best in the country, is located within the city’s limits. Laje de Santos is located 45 km from the beach and offers divers and underwater photographers a privileged view up to 30 meters deep. This is where Moreia is located, a shipwreck from 1922.

Milton Galvani/embratur

ESTÁDIO URBANO CALDEIRA - VILA BELMIRO Rua Princesa Isabel, 77 - Vila Belmiro. Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 7 pm (ticket office closes at 6 pm), except on match days. Admission fee: Normal visit (memorial + grandstands). Guided tour (memorial + ground boxes + press room + locker room + field).

BEACH SHORELINE AND GARDENS Avenida Bartolomeu de Gusmão The 7 km long beach has the largest coast garden in the world, according to the Guinness Book of Records. It has over 800 different flowerbeds and plants. A popular bikeway follows the entire coast and garden.

Guarujá Beaches

Astúrias: this busy beach is popular among long board surfers. Edén: access is made through a steep trail. Good for swimming, diving and fishing. Enseada: the biggest beach in Guarujá, with 100 kiosks.

SANTUÁRIO DE NOSSA SENHORA DO MONTE SERRAT Praça Correia de Mello, 33 - Centro Histórico. daily from 8 am to 8 pm. Admission Fee: Tram return trip free of charge for children under 8 years old The city’s patron saint is the highlight of this temple. The shrine, built at the turn of the 17th century, sits on top of Monte Serrat: where you can view almost all downtown Santos. The access is made by tram or staircase with over 400 steps.

Memorial dos 500 Anos do Descobrimento do Brasil Alameda Paulo Gonçalves, at the top of Ilha Porchat. 24 hours daily. Designed by Oscar Niemeyer to commemorate the 500th anniversary of the discovery of Brazil. The beaches from Santos and São Vicente can be viewed from the monument’s viewpoint.

Guaiuba: its kiosks offer good gastronomy. The waters are suitable for diving. Iporanga: 25 km from the city center, the beach is popular for diving. Its highlights are a waterfall and a natural pool. Mar Casado: good for swimming due to its calm waters. Perequê: a Caiçaras stronghold, it is a fishing colony. Pernambuco: this sophisticated fine sand beach is good for kayaking, sailing, body boarding and surfing. Pitangueiras: a clear water central beach, good for swimming. Tombo: it is a sloped beach that hosts surfing championships.

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This coastal municipality, located 180 km from the capital, has a great ecological diversity and welcomes tourists with an excellent infrastructure, small and busy beaches and beautiful views. It has more than 30 beaches, trails and waterfalls. All of this in addition to the Caiçara culture. Bars and restaurants offer both sophisticated international cuisine and traditional Caiçara dishes, such as the famous fish with banana flour, crab cakes and shrimp, fish and squid appetizers. Besides this, the popular nightclubs, particularly in Maresias and Camburi, attract young people.

From its highest point, 180 meters high, paragliders and hang-gliders (with instructors) set off: offering lots of adrenaline and beautiful scenery. Even those who are not as adventurous can enjoy a fantastic view of all downtown, from Guarujá to Praia Grande. A cable car leaving from Itararé Beach travels to the top. Another option is to go by car.

PONTE PÊNSIL Avenida Getúlio Vargas.

CENTRO HISTÓRICO The São Sebastião historic center, with seven blocks, includes several buildings listed by the Defence Council of the Historical, Archaeological, Artistic and Tourism of the State. These are treasures of the colonial architecture, such as the Igreja Matriz (Main Church), the Casa Esperança, the Town Hall and Jail as well as the beautiful mansion houses.

24 hours daily

AQUÁRIO ACQUA MUNDO Avenida Miguel Stéfano, 2.001 - Enseada. monday to Friday, from 10 am to 6 pm. adults, children from 2 to 12 years old, adults over 60 years old and pensioners. In themed tanks, there are more than 8 thousand animals. It is considered the largest saltwater aquarium in Latin America. Besides this, it also promotes educational activities and exhibits scientific films. The visits can be made with guides. AQUÁRIO DE SANTOS

Rita Barreto/embratur

A symbol of São Vicente and a historical heritage of humanity site, the bridge was constructed in Germany and inaugurated in 1914. It was the first one in Brazil.

PRAIA DE ITAGUAÇÚ

São sebastião 73,942 inhabitants

400.387 km2

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Local holidays January 20: São Sebastião March 16: Political Emancipation of São Sebastião

Miguel Schincariol/BIESP

Accommodation The seaside inns, with a plain atmosphere and ideal for a sunny and restful holiday, are the main accommodation attraction. There are also campsites and hotels available. Some inns are famous for their beauty treatments, and others offer a tasty and sophisticated cuisine, specializing in fish and seafood.

Transport São Sebastião can be reached by car or bus. Highways are paved and are maintained in good condition all year round. There are also private heliports.

Igreja Matriz Praça Major João Fernandes, 22 - Centro. Tuesday to Friday from 8:30 am to 12 pm and from 2 pm to 6 pm. Saturdays from 9 am to 12 pm. Sundays from 7:30 am to 10:30 am and from 6 pm to 9 pm. Built in limestone in the 17th century, the church was completely renovated in 1819. The latest renovation, a few years ago, brought back its original features, related to the Jesuits. Its collection has wooden sacred images of Portuguese origin.

Beaches Barra do Sahy: ideal for families, it has calm waters and good infrastructure. Barra do Una: beach and mountain unite with the Una River. The boat rides and ecological trails are some of the attractions. Boiçucanga: has a shopping center and an unforgettable sunset. Brava: its strong waves are popular among professional surfers. Camburi and Camburizinho: popular among surfers and adventure sports fans. Camburi offers a busy nightlife. Juquehy: popular among families with small children as it has almost no waves. It has good gastronomy options. Maresias: a very busy beach, attracting surfers and body boarders and offering a good nightlife scene. Toque-Toque: a good place for fishing. Toque-Toque Pequeno: popular among families and a good choice to buy fresh fish.

RESERVA INDÍGENA GUARANI DO RIO SILVEIRA Border between the Bertioga and São Sebastião municipalities (60 km from the São Sebastião Historic Center). upon reservation It houses 260 indigenous people (50 families) divided in five small groups, which sell handicrafts, palm hearts, bromeliads and other items. Typical dances are performed for the tourists. Visits should be booked in Sectur.

PRAIA DE JUQUEHY

Rita Barreto/embratur

Morro da Asa Delta (Morro Voturuá) monday to Friday from 1 pm to 6 pm. Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays from 10 am to 6 pm.

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SÍTIO ARQUEOLÓGICO DE SÃO FRANCISCO Avenida Manoel Teixeira, 1.200 - São Sebastião, access through Rodovia Caraguá-São Sebastião. daily from 8 am to 5 pm. the access to the site is made through trails with medium difficulty

Waterfalls Near the Praia da Feiticeira, after an easy trail, you can find the Cachoeira dos Três Tombos, with a natural and crystalline water pool. Another good attraction is the Cachoeira do Gato, the most visited on the island. To get there, there’s a medium level difficulty trail (a guide is recommended) which lasts about 45 minutes. One of the most traditional tourist sites in Ilhabela is the Cachoeira da Toca, with campsite, natural showers, historic trails, slides and surfing.

Ilhabela downtown

ILHABELA

28,196 inhabitants

The busiest island on São Paulo’s coast. Ilhabela, the only Brazilian maritime archipelago and municipality, was founded in 1805. The sailing capital offers the best climate conditions for this sport, which is why many championships are held there. The Ilhabela Sailing Week, an international tournament which takes place every July, is one of the site’s main attractions. It is also ideal for wreck diving. About twenty old shipwrecks are located in the southern coast of the island, which are responsible for the nickname of the area: The Latin America Bermuda Triangle.

Islands and Beaches Jabaquara: one of the most beautiful beaches in Ilhabela, it is great for swimming and for fishing and spearfishing. Pacuíba: this 50 meters long beach it the perfect scenery for those who want peace and quiet.

Grande: offers several leisure activities. Curral: its natural beauty is complemented by sophisticated bars. Bonete: its beauty is internationally famous. Good for surfing.

Armação: popular among yachtsmen, sailors and kite surfing fans.

Indaiauba: has several fishing spots.

Sino: the beach houses the Pedra do Sino, one of the Island’s biggest attractions.

Castelhanos: sea with rough waters. Nearby there are two creeks and a big waterfall.

Viana: ideal for snorkeling.

Poço: has a natural pool, suitable for swimming.

Barreiros: it has beautiful views.

Ilha da Cabras: popular among divers.

Santa Tereza: ideal for buying fresh fish.

Ilha de Búzios: a paradise for divers where turtles and dolphins can be seen.

Saco da Capela: offers excellent infrastructure with seafront bars and hotels.

Ilhabela seafront

Pequeá: suitable for canoeing, diving and swimming. Engenho d’água: it has an old sugar cane mill, a historical heritage of the city. Itaguaçu: it has good infrastructure and calm waters ideal for swimming.

347.537 km2

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Local holidays September 3: City Anniversary

Accommodation Ilhabela offers different types of accommodation for tourists. Most of the hotels and inns have seafront views, and are located by the seaside or in the Island’s mountains. The island has rustic and charming inns as well as more sophisticated hotels, besides the possibility to rent houses.

Transport Ilhabela is 230 km from São Paulo. From the capital, follow the highways Ayrton Senna, Carvalho

PARQUE ESTADUAL DE ILHABELA monday to Friday, from 8 am to 5 pm The archipelago park, with 27 thousand hectares, includes 85% of the Ilhabela municipality. A dense forest protects streams, creeks, islands, islets and more than one hundred waterfalls. The park’s main attraction are the waterfalls and the natural pools. The first pool that can be accessed is the Poço da Pedra, right at the beginning of the trail. Poço da Escada is located 500 meters from there and after that there is the Shower and the Slide. Poço do Jabuti is the last pool. The trail which leads to the waterfalls is signposted and has recreational areas.

Perequê: one of the largest and most popular beaches. During high season it hosts several events. Pedras Miúdas: where the Submarine Ecological Sanctuary is located. Portinho: a cozy beach which attracts many tourists. Feiticeira: good for kite surfing and a visual paradise. Julião: good for families with small children.

Rita Barreto/embratur

Rita Barreto/embratur

The archeological site has 200 years of history within its 20,000 m2. The ruins of the original construction, such as columns, walls, staircases and terraces, show that a large slave farm used to be there. The guides who accompany the visit (which are mandatory) explain interesting facts about the site.

Pinto and Tamoios. The boat trip from the continent to Ilhabela takes about 15 minutes (advanced booking is recommended on public holidays).

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Sea Turtle (PROJETO TAMAR)

Beaches Brava da Almada: strong waves, good for surfing.

Piçinguaba: declared a historic site.

Brava do Frade: good for surfers.

Prumirim: a beautiful waterfall nearby attracts visitors.

Brava do Sul: has a natural pool on the coast.

Puruba: good for diving and swimming. Puruba River is also located there.

Camburi and Camburizinho: one of the most popular in the region, crossed by a river. Felix: on the left there is tumble beach and on the right side a natural pool.

Saco da Ribeira: this beautiful beach is the symbol of the city, it is also a regatta spot. Sununga: a little beach with rough waters (current). This is where the Crying Cave is located.

Fortaleza: suitable for water sports. Juliana Branco/biesp

Tenório: an urban beach with rough sea. Grande: its strong waves are popular among surfers.

78,801 inhabitants

710.783 km2

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Local holidays June 29: São Pedro Pescador Festival September 14: Iperoig Peace October 28: City Anniversary

Accommodation Inns and hotels near the region beaches are available. There are options which include the ‘Roteiro do Charme’ and offer delicious food and comfortable facilities. For the more adventurous there are inns distant from the center and the main beaches, which, in exchange for less sophistication, offer almost unknown views and beaches.

Transport Road transport is the most used to visit Ubatuba. The roads are paved and maintained in good condition. There is also a local airport, Gastão Madeira (Daesp), which receives small airplanes. Known as the “Surfing Capital”, the city, with a 90 km coastline, has more than 80 beaches suitable for ecotourism and extreme and wa-

ter sports. The municipality also includes 10 islands with stunning scenery. Ubatuba used to be inhabited by Tamoios Indians, who had conflicts with the Portuguese over the lands. One of those who attempted to make a peace agreement was the priest José de Anchieta, who ended up being held hostage and imprisoned. The agreement was made in 1563, in a treaty named “Iperoig Peace”. Ubatuba’s coast, islands and Atlantic Forest (80% of the area is part of the Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar) have a natural beauty, which attract Brazilian visitors and tourists from all over the world.

PROJETO TAMAR Rua Antônio Athanasio da Silva, 273 - Itaguá. Sunday to Thursday (closed on wednesdays), from 10 am to 6 pm. Friday and Saturday from 10 am to 8 pm. free of charges, children under 1.20 meter tall and adults over 60 years. The sea turtle project (Tamar) has several species. In guided tours, the guides talk about the turtles and explain the spawning and hatching. The site also has a museum dedicated to the species.

Toninhas: at certain times of the year it is possible to view dolphins near this beach.

Lázaro: has shades and a good infrastructure.

Ubatumirim: a beautiful beach with calm waters.

Maranduba: has good swimming spots and it is suitable for families.

Vermelha do Norte: it has reddish sands and is good for surfing.

Pereque-Açu: has a large stretch of sand and shallow waters, suitable for families.

Vermelha do Sul: a sloped beach, surrounded by virgin forest.

Rubens Chiri/BIESP

UBATUBA

Itamambuca: a good place for extreme sports.

Saco da Ribeira

Atalaia Waterfront

Aluizio Accioly/Embratur

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SERGIPE

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SERGIPE

K

nown for its elaborate São João festivities, Sergipe also offers visitors an almost untouched coastline with numerous beautiful beaches surrounded by dunes, enjoying warm waters year round. The smallest Brazilian State in terms of land area, Sergipe reserves for its visitors some unique tours, architecture, history and delicious local dishes prepared from seafood, especially crab, one of the dishes typical of the region. Another of Sergipe’s treasures is the Xingó region, the fifth largest navigable canyon in the world, and one of the best-known and most popular tourist attractions in the State. Catamaran rides, rafting and diving in the clear waters of the canyon is a must for those visiting the State. Cities near the State capital Aracaju - Laranjeiras and São Cristovão - preserve the history of Brazil. São Cristovão is the fourth oldest city in Brazil (the first was São Vicente in São Paulo)

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and was the first State capital. Among the historic buildings, with their baroque style architecture is the Igreja de São Francisco. Squares and crosses, as well as the Museu de Arte Sacra, provide opportunities to learn a little more of Brazil’s colonial history. Laranjeiras is the Mecca of Northeastern and Sergipe folk culture. Listed by the National Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage (next to São Cristovão), every year it hosts folklore groups and traditional artists. This cultural encounter has taken place for over 30 years, with different groups coming together to display their art. Among the most traditional are the religious theatrical performances. The town’s architecture has been preserved since the 19th century, making Laranjeiras an open air museum. The town maintains its old reading rooms, theater and music clubs.

alagoas canindé de são francisco

SE-300 SE-200

SE-108 SE-206

SE-300 SE-452

SE-200

SE-106 SE-108 SE-104

SE-416

SE-414 SE-202

SE-206

SE-304

SE-312 BR 101

BR 235

SE-202

SE-422

SE-428

SE-208

SE-104

BR 235 SE-302 SE-216

laranjeiras

SE-102

SE-104

SE-226

SE-102 SE-430

BR 349

SE-224

aracaju

SE-214

SE-112

SE-214

SE-104

SE-220

SE-102

SE-440

SE-442 SE-220

BR 101

SE-305

Atalaia

São SE-438 cristóvão SE-214

Playa del Refúgio

SE-218

SE-222 SE-444 SE-222

Geographic information humid tropical average of 26 °C (78,8 °F) herbaceous and shrubland, with remnants of atlantic forest

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bahia

SE-318

Playa del Saco

International Airport National Airport State Highways

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PRAIA DOS NÁUFRAGOS

CATEDRAL METROPOLITANA AT CENTRO HISTÓRICO

23 bases distributed throughout the Brazilian coast, undertaking research, conservation and management of five species of Brazilian sea turtle that are threatened with extinction.

Memorial dO Sergipe Avenida Beira Mar, 626 - 13 de julho. to Saturday from 2 pm to 6 pm.

Monday

571,149 inhabitants

181,856 km²

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Local holidays March 17: Anniversary of the founding of Sergipe June 24: São João’s day July 8: Independence of Sergipe December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceição’s day

Clothing Clothing suitable for warm weather, as well as swimwear.

Accommodation Visitors coming to Aracaju will find good facilities, with everything from hostels to sophisticated hotels. The largest concentration is in the center of the City and the beach area.

Transport One of the access highways is via the south coast along the Linha Verde and the BR-101, which links Bahia and Sergipe. Several buses also connect the City to other parts of Brazil. The Capital of Sergipe

also has air connections with most Brazilian State capitals. The airport is located 12 km from the center of the City.

CENTRO HISTÓRICO Between Rua João Pessoa and Rua Laranjeiras. 24 hours daily.

Within the city Aracaju has a good public transport system, with bus lines spread among different terminals. The passenger can make up to three trips with the same ticket, including to neighboring towns such as São Critovão and Barra dos Coqueiros.

The center is home to the city’s historic buildings, including churches, squares, old mansions and monuments. Here the visitor will also find markets, museums, crafts and regional foods. In the same area there are pedestrian streets - Rua João Pessoa and Rua Laranjeiras - which are lined with shops.

Aracaju is one of the youngest capitals in the Northeast. It was founded in 1855 to replace São Cristovão, the former State capital, whose distance from the coast meant that it could not offer the same possibilities for shipping, port activities and hence the export of products such as sugar cane. The City has planned streets that lead to at the region’s main river, the Rio Sergipe, and is now considered a model city in terms of quality of life and infrastructure for both residents and visitors. With its beautiful beaches, the economy is heavily based on tourism, trade and services.

This tourist attraction is formed by three markets: Antônio Franco, Thales Ferraz and Albano Franco. The area has typical food and bars, clothes, embroidery, utensils, handicrafts and other souvenirs.

OCEANÁRIO DE ARACAJU Avenida Santos Dumont, Orla de Atalaia. Monday to Sunday from 9 am to 9 pm. The Oceanário de Aracaju is the first of its kind in the Northeast. Altogether there are 20 fish tanks that display to visitors some of the maritime flora and fauna found in the sea and rivers in the State, with examples of fish, turtles and other marine animals. The institution is managed by the Projeto Tamar, which operates

Aluizio Accioly/Embratur

ARACAJU

MERCADO POPULAR DE ARACAJU Rua José Prado Franco, Centro. Monday to Saturday from 8 am to 6 pm. Sundays from 8 am to 11 am. no charge

Aluizio Accioly/Embratur

Aluizio Accioly/Embratur

The Memorial do Sergipe is divided into thirteen rooms, plus the Auditório Rosa Moreira Faria. The collection includes more than 10,000 animal and plant fossils and many items of local literature, history and folklore.

MERCADO PoPULAR DE ARACAJU

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Praia de Mosqueiros By car, going via Ponte Mosqueiro, by ferry, or via Rodovia José Sarney

Aluizio Accioly/Embratur

This extensive beach of fine white sands and warm waters lies at the mouth of the Rio Vaza Barris. It is ideal for families with children. It is possible to take a catamaran from here to visit the Croa do Goré and São Cristovão, which are across the river.

Praia dos Artistas On foot from Orla de Atalaia, or by car via Rodovia dos Náufragos

Ponte do Imperador Avenida Ivo do Prado. 24 hours daily The Ponte do Imperador is one of the main sights in Aracaju. The bridge was built in colonial style and has great historical importance to the city, having been inaugurated in 1860, the year that Emperor Dom Pedro II and Empress Teresa Cristina visited the province. During many years the structure was used for loading and unloading goods and passengers.

Orla de Atalaia Orla de Atalaia. 24 hours daily.

This beach attracts many fishermen and surfers. Its success with surfers and its strong waves have led to it being given the nickname Havaizinho - ‘Little Hawai’. It is well developed, with plenty of bars and restaurants by the beach. Aluizio Accioly/Embratur

Ponte do Imperador, in Aracajú

CANINDÉ DE SÃO FRANCISCO

no charge

24,686 inhabitants

Also known as Santa Cruz dos Abaís, the beach is not suitable for swimming. However its white sand and 20 km length make it ideal for long walks. Large waves attract surfers and kitesurfers. It has good tourist facilities.

Francisco Chagas/Embratur

This beautiful stretch of seafront 6 km long concentrates most of the town’s hotels, bars and restaurants. There are also sports courts available, an artificial lake, and a leisure complex that can be used through the night, thanks to special lighting.

Praia de Abaís By car, going via Ponte Mosqueiro, by ferry, or via Rodovia José Sarney

CANYON IN THE CITY OF CANINDÉ DE SÃO FRANCISCO

Sergipe Gastronomy

Among the specialties of the Sergipe kitchen the dishes based on seafood and river fish, especially varied species of crab. Crab vinaigrette and crab cakes are a very popular snack all along the State coast. Coconut is another ingredient much used in Sergipe cooking, and appears in the local variety of cheesecake.

902,241 km²

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Local holidays July 8: Independence of Sergipe November 25: Political emancipation of the town December 8: Nossa Senhora da Conceição’s day

Clothing Light clothing suitable for hot weather. Comfortable shoes for long walks should not be forgotten, as well as a hat or cap for protection from the sun.

Accomodation The town has a small number of simple hotels (up to three stars) and inns.

Transport From Aracaju take the bus or car via BR-235, passing through the Municipalities of Areia Branca and

Itabaiana up to Ribeirópolis. Then take the SE-106 to Nossa Senhora da Glória, enter the SE-206, passing through Monte Alegre de Sergipe and Poço Redondo until reaching Canindé de São Francisco at the western end of Sergipe. The town is bordered by the States of Alagoas and Bahia. Canindé de São Francisco has become well-known due to its history and its stunning scenery. Located on the border with the States of Alagoas and Bahia, the town sits on the banks of the Rio São Francisco, with its canyons and caves. Among the attractions are the Vale dos Mestres - an excursion packed with adventure - and the Museu Arqueológico do Xingó (MAX), which houses pieces dating back more than nine thousand years. Historically, the region is best known for being the scene of the assassination of Lampião, the most famous outlaw in the history of Brazil, his wife Maria Bonita and nine members of his band in 1932.

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This is the location where Virgulino Ferreira the outlaw ‘Lampião’ - and his wife, Maria Bonita and nine other bandits were killed in an ambush in 1932. It is still possible to see the marks of the bullets on the rocks while the guides who accompany visitors recount the details of this important moment in the history of the Brazilian Northeast.

inga shrubland and other fauna typical of the region’s countryside. Common species in the region are lizards and preá (a mammal similar to a skunk). Tours should be undertaken in the company of a local guide.

Gruta de Talhado On the border with Bahia and Alagoas. times of the tours must be agreed in advance with the guide. it is advised to do the tour with a guide registered with the town’s secretary of tourism. per person, but this varies depending on group size.

Aluizio Accioly/Embratur

Aluizio Accioly/Embratur

The cavern walls appear as if they were carved by hand. Access is by the Rio São Francisco, and along the way visitors can admire the stone walls that present different forms, such as the Chinese Stone and Hawk Rock. Once anchored in the cavern it is possible to dive into the cold, clear waters of the river.

MUSEU DE ARQUEOLOGIA DE XINGÓ

rio de São Francisco, in the city of Canindé de São Francisco

vale dos Mestres Povoado Curituba. to be agreed with the guide. it is advised to do the tour with a guide registered with the town’s tourist office. per person, but this varies depending on group size.

Aluizio Accioly/Embratur

Here visitor can see paintings on the sandstone walls dating back more than three thousand years, as well as traveling through the caat-

Gruta de Angico In Poço Redondo, 25 km from Canindé. to be agreed with the guide. the tour must be undertaken in the company of a guide; cost is according to group size.

Canyon in THE RIO SÃO FRANCISCO

Walking in the CÂNION DO XINGÓ Rio São Francisco. tours depart several times a day, but must be reserved at least a few hours in advance Aluizio Accioly/Embratur

Aluizio Accioly/Embratur

Crosses symbolize the gruta de Angico where Lampião and Maria Bonita were murdered

Petroglyphs in the Vale dos Mestres

Archeological studies have shown that the Xingó Canyon has been populated by man for over nine thousand years. Before construction of the hydroelectric plant in the region between 1991 and 1994, many artifacts were saved, with around 30,000 pieces being retrieved from eight different archaeological sites including ceramics, fireplaces and skeletons.

Aluizio Accioly/Embratur

MUSEU de ARQUEOLogia De XINGÓ Rodovia Canindé-Piranhas, Hydro-electric plant exit - Xingó. Wednesday to Sunday from 9 am to 4:3o pm.

Fossilized rock in the MUSEU de ARQUEOLoGIA De XINGÓ

The canyon is 65 km long and was formed during the construction of the Xingó hydroelectric dam. Parts of the canyon can be visited on schooner and catamaran rides. The site is also a great place for those who enjoy nature; during the tour it is possible to observe birds and reptiles that live in the scrublands.

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SERGIPE

Aluizio Accioly/Embratur

praça de São Francisco de Assis, recognized as World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO

79 110 V Laranjeiras 162,279 São Cristovão 436,861 km²

26,902 inhabitants 78,874 inhabitants

Local holidays Laranjeiras June 19: Sagrado Coração de Jesus’ day July 8: Independence of Sergipe August 7: Political emancipation of the town

Local holidays São Cristóvão July 8: Independence of Sergipe September 8: Senhora da Vitória’s day

Clothing Light clothing suitable for hot weather.

Accommodation São Critovão has only a few accommodation options in simple inns and small hotels. As in the case of Laranjeiras, it is possible to make the trip in one day, returning at night to Aracaju.

Transport From Aracaju drive to São Cristovão via the BR101. Another option is to use one of the urban bus lines departing from Aracaju, which are part of the integrated transport system.

Less than 30 km from Aracaju, these two towns guard much of the history of Sergipe. Founded in 1540, São Cristovão was the first State capital and only the fourth in the country. With great wealth at the height of the sugar cane era, Laranjeiras, which was founded in 1701, retains strong cultural and folklore traditions, as well as the undeniable beauty of its buildings. It was also an important river port in the early days of the province of Sergipe. Because of their architectural and cultural importance, both towns have been listed by the National Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage (Iphan). The immaculately preserved colonial architecture remains intact, including the original paving, evoking the rich past of Northeast Brazil.

CAlÇADÃO Getúlio Vargas Calçadão Getulio Vargas - Centro. Laranjeiras. 24 hours. no charge This boardwalk is surrounded by buildings constructed during the 19th century, with architecture in the neoclassical style. It used to be the commercial center of the town. The ground floor of the houses were shops, and upstairs were the merchant’s residences.

more than 500 pieces includes pictures, silverware and porcelain donated by other churches in the town and by the local community.

The church was built on top of a hill by slaves, in order to preserve their faith and devotion to these saints. During the Holy Kings celebrations the church becomes the scene of the coronation of the ‘Rainha das Taieires’ (and Afro-Brazilian folk tradition that is very important in the State, worshiping São Benedito and Nossa Senhora do Rosário, deities of great importance to the local community).

PRAÇA de São Francisco Centro Histórico - São Cristóvão.

24 hours

This square is home to the principal buildings in the town: the Igreja e Convento de São Francisco - dating from the 17th century, which today houses the Museu de Arte Sacra; the Museu Histórico, former Palácio Provincial and the Casa de Misericórdia - a beautiful baroque structure that was the first hospital in the province of Sergipe in the 17th century.

Museu de Arte Sacra de Laranjeiras Praça Heráclito Diniz Gonçalves, 39 - Centro. Laranjeiras. Tuesday to Friday from 10 am to 5 pm. Saturdays and Sundays from 1 pm to 5 pm.

Praça do Carmo Centro Histórico - São Cristóvão.

This museum was previously installed in the Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Conceição dos Pardos, however during the 1990s the museum was transferred to a neoclassical style house built in the early 20th century. The collection of

Another of the town’s squares, this is home to the Igreja de Nossa Senhora do Rosário dos Homens Pretos, built by the Jesuits in the 18th century, and the Convento do Carmo with the Museu dos Ex-votos in an annex.

24 horas

Internal Area of the museu de Arte Sacra

image courtesy

THE TOWNS OF Laranjeiras AND SÃO CRISTÓVÃO

IGREJA NOSSA SENHORA DO ROSÁRIO E SÃO BENEDITO Rua José Prado Franco - Centro. Laranjeiras. daily from 8 am to 6 pm. no charge

Flavio Chan/Embratur

489

TOCANTINS

Formiga Waterfall in Jalapão

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491

TOCANTINS

TO-201 TO-010

TO-405

TO-126 TO-134 TO-413

BR 230

TO-210

BR 153 TO-416

TOCANTINS

T

he youngest of the 27 Brazilian States, Tocantins was split from Goiás in 1988. It marks the division between the Brazilian Center-West and Northern regions, where the savanna and the Amazon forest meet. The region’s wealth in gold deposits has been known since the 18th century. When the first reserves were discovered by the Portuguese crown practically prohibited travel in the current state of Tocantins. Roads were blocked and river navigation was prohibited, all to ensure that gold mining was done primarily by the Portuguese crown. The decline in gold production and the discovery of reserves in Minas Gerais led to the region entering a process of neglect and stagnation. The remaining population chose to move to the countryside and began livestock rearing and agricultural production. Although agriculture and livestock had their beginnings on smallholdings, today they are an important

TO-164

TO-134

TO-010

maranhão TO-010

TO-222

source of income for Tocantins. Since its beginnings the State has received many migrants from São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio Grande do Sul, which has resulted in a unique cultural mix, different from the rest of Brazil. It is one of the few places in the country where North and South meet and mingle, creating new traditions in culture and cuisine. Handicrafts also evidence the mixture of traditions: from leather goods made by people from the South to the straw and wood transformed into art objects, household items, and ornaments all have their place in the regional shops. Tourism is an activity that grows every year in Tocantins. With a large area set aside for conservation - around 2 million hectares in of the State’s territory is preserved for indigenous peoples - the State is improving tourist infrastructure in its two immense national parks, Guangzhou and Jalapão, in order to attract more visitors.

TO-478

BR 153

TO-427

TO-222 TO-010

TO-230 TO-430

PARá

TO-226 TO-335

TO-226

TO-164 TO-335

BR 153 TO-239

TO-437

TO-010

BR 235

TO-164

BR 153

TO-342

Parque TO-348 estadual do Cantão

BR 010 TO-342

TO-010

BR 153

TO-080 TO-447 TO-454 TO-354

TO-020 TO-030

Palmas TO-010 TO-070 TO-050

BR 010

TO-255

TO-255

TO-245

TO-050

TO-354

TO-255 TO-458

TO-164

Geographic information

piauí

TO-245 TO-446

TO-080

TO-255

BR 010

TO-336

TO-348 TO-442

TO-239 TO-431

BR 153 TO-070

TO-040

TO-050

TO-374

TO-262

TO-458

semi-humid tropical average of 26 °C (78,8 °F) savanna and amazon forest

TO-126

BR 226

BR 010

Bahia TO-040 TO-477

TO-365

TO-070

BR 242

TO-280 TO-110

TO-070

Mato grosso

TO-280

BR 242

BR 242

BR 153 TO-181

BR 010

TO-387

TO-050

TO-373 TO-498

BR 010

TO-373

TO-050

TO-485

TO-110

naTional AIRPORT

TO-296

National Highways

TO-387

BR 242

TO-498

Goiás

State Highways

492

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TOCANTINS

ral attractions such as Jalapão, one of the leading ecotourism destinations in Latin America. Visitors choosing Palmas as a destination will find a good network of hotels and typical regional restaurants.

PRAÇa Dos Girassóis Avenida Juscelino Kubitscheck With an area of approximately 570,000 square meters, the Praça dos Girassóis (‘Sunflower Square’) is the second largest public square in the world (the largest is the Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China). It is home to headquarters of all three State government bodies, as well as the Memorial Coluna Prestes, the Metropolitan Cathedral, a compass representing the Tocantins indigenous nations, the Monumento à Bíblia (marking the geodesic center of Brazil) and other monuments.

Flavio Chan/Embratur

Memorial Coluna Prestes Rua dos Girassóis. Wednesday to Saturday from 8 am to 6 pm, Sundays until 12 am.

PRAIA DA PRATA IN Palmas

228,332 inhabitants

Transport 181,856 km2

63

220 V

Local holidays March 19: São José’s Day May 20: Founding of Palmas October 5: Creation of the State of Tocantins

Vaccination Yellow fever vaccination is recommended at least 10 days before traveling.

Accommodation Palmas has a modern network of hotels that cater to visitors coming to the city for business, or a strategic stop-over on their way to the interior of the State. It also offers inns both in the center and the outskirts.

Palmas has an international airport which receives flights from virtually every City in the country. Access roads are paved. The State capital of Tocantins is one of the major tourist cities in the North of Brazil. Located in a region of transition between savanna and Amazon vegetation, Palmas enjoys a tremendous diversity of scenery, freshwater beaches, conservation areas, rivers and waterfalls. It is also the youngest capital in Brazil. Inaugurated on May 23, 1989, Palmas was designed in the early 80’s as a functional and organized city. Visitors can easily find their way around its wide streets and tree-lined avenues. Its strategic location in the heart of Brazil makes it the gateway to world renowned natu-

Tocantins’ cultural mix results in variations to typical dishes from Portugal, São Paulo, Minas Gerais and indigenous peoples. Among these is Paçoca de Arraias. Created to last for many hours and requiring few ingredients, the basic ingredients of paçoca are chopped dried beef, fried and mashed in gravy, cassava flour and salt. Fish in the north such as bass, tucunaré and piranha are also to be found on regional menus, often with banana leaf, milk, grilled or stewed with regional spices. Another typical regional item is Amor Perfeito - ‘perfect love’ - a sweet biscuit served during religious festivals, especially in the city of the Natividade. Bolo borracha - ‘rubber cake’ - is another dish that can often be found during folk festivals, made from tapioca, eggs and bacon. Desserts made from local fruits such as açaí and cupuaçu are also popular, either eaten whole or prepared in the form of mousses, puddings or chocolate fillings. Fruit liqueurs made from mangaba, murici and pequi, among others, are often to be found in craft and regional product shops.

consists of documents, photographs and personal items donated by the family of Luis Carlos Prestes (the Brazilian military and political leader and revolutionary) and recalls the 25,000 km traveled by Prestes and his group in the interior if Brazil, including Tocantins, in the 1920s and 30s.

LAGO DA USINA HIDRELÉTRICA LUÍS EDUARDO MAGALHÃES Avenida Juscelino Kubitscheck, heading East (at the end of the avenue)

Flavio Chan/Embratur

PALMAS

Built in honor of the uprising of 1922 and the march led by the Coluna Prestes (the culmination of the movement that aimed to overthrow the oligarchy that dominated the country at that time), the memorial was designed by the architect Oscar Niemeyer. The collection

Cultural Mix

Memorial Coluna Prestes

Open throughout the year, the lake (also known as Lago do Lajeado) is a tourist resort with beaches, islands, marinas, port, harbor, green areas, artificial reefs and theme parks. With a length of 163 km long and covering an area of 630 km2 in area, and is the result of the construction of the Luís Eduardo Magalhães Hydroelectric Plant. It is located between the

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TOCANTINS

CASEARA AND PIUM

31,380 inhabitants 63 220 V Caseara 2,219 km2 Pium 10,013 km2. Distance from the state capital Caseara 256 km Pium 181 km

Local holidays June 1: Anniversary of the founding of Casear August 6: Bom Jesus da Lapa’s Day June 23: Anniversary of the founding of Pium October 5: Creation of the State of Tocantins

Vaccination Yellow fever vaccination is recommended at least 10 days before traveling.

Accommodation The region has a few options for inns and comfortable hotels, but all are simple. New local tour operators are beginning to offer packages to visit the State’s main attractions, particularly the river beaches that form during the dry season.

Transport The stretch between Pium and Caseara has a paved road. The nearest airport is in Palmas. Located between the Araguaia, Tocantins, Javaés and Coco rivers, the towns of Pium and Caseara are part of the Ilha do Bananal / Cantão Environmental Protection Area (APA) - an area of great ecological importance. It encompasses the largest river island in the world, Ilha do Bananal, as well as Cantão - a conservation area is home to extensive biodiversity amid large waterways. During the dry season natural beaches form along the Caiapó, Coco and Araguaia rivers, from where one can see birds, fish, reptiles and mammals such as otter and river dolphin. In addition to being an ecological sanctuary and home to the Parque Nacional do Araguaia, the Ilha do Bananal is known for its human presence. This is the location of the Parque Indígena do Araguaia, where there are 21 indigenous vil-

Natural Orchestra

The Araguaia region offers tourists the opportunity to observe dozens of bird species, many of which are rare and only found in this region. ‘Bem-te-vi’ (kiskadee), hawks, storks, harpy, heron, the elusive humming bird and the blackbird, which changes its song through the day, are all present. Many birds have adapted their nest-building habits, constructing them on piles of sticks floating down the river, making life more difficult for predators. Local tour agencies are increasingly specializing and investing in wildlife observation tourism. In the case of bird watching, they provide visitors with silent transportation, departing at times suited to hear the singing of different birds.

lages, known as the Iny peoples, comprising the Karajá Xambioá and Javaé nations. The best time to visit the region is during the dry season between April and September, when more natural beaches form and there are fewer mosquitoes.

Parque Estadual do Cantão the simplest option is by car from Caseara, via a dirt road. for those who have more time, or prefer more adventurous travel, there is an alternative route to Pium from Palmas. this takes a dirt road up to the Rio Javaés (Fazenda Macaúba) and then descends to the park by boat. no restriction, but children must be accompanied by a parent or guardian. all the trails are monitored. no charge for visits, however prior authorization is required in order to enter the park.

authorized guide. It is an interesting option for those visiting Pium, Caseara and Araguacema. Fishing and hunting are strictly prohibited at the site. Boat trips can be arranges with local operators, but authorization to enter the park is obligatory. The sanctuary is ideal for those who understand the importance of observing and preserving nature.

RIo Araguaia via the TO-242, which is paved; from there, follow the access to Ilha do Bananal, 323 km from Palmas. negotiate trips on the river with local boatmen. There is also the option of making the trip with companies that rent boats with an average cost of R$ 100 per boat, with a limit of five people The river is known for the beaches that form in the dry season, with opportunities for bathing and camping on the riverbanks. For those wishing to fish, the best time of year is between September and April, when the river is higher due to the rains. Among the most common fish in the region are the arapaima, pirara, tucunaré, pintado and piranhas. However, it is necessary to hold an amateur fisherman’s ID card in order to fish in the waters.

jalapão

Novo Acordo

Aparecida do r. negro

catedral Buritirana

With an area of 90,018 hectares, the Parque Estadual do Cantão is home to several endangered species, including the jacaré-açu, which can be observed and photographed by luckier tourists. More than 150 fish species and 128 species of birds, as well as mammals such as otter and river dolphin have been cataloged. The reserve offers more than 200 beaches, lakes and fishing spots. The park has minimal visitor facilities and can only be visited with prior authorization and in the company of an

CACHOEIRA DA FORMIGA IN JALAPÃO

palmas taquarigu

boca do inferno

CACHOEIRA DA VELHA dunas

st. tereza

cachoeira da formiga

mumbuca

taquaralto

Fervedouro

mateiros porto nacional monte do carmo

ponte alta

CITIES

ATTRACTIONS

Acervo Suçuarana Expedições

towns of Miracema and Lajeado. The lake is home to around 300 species of live fish including curvina, piranha, pacú, tucunaré and corró.

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TOCANTINS

tal of Jalapão, however tourist infrastructure is still limited. The town does not have a bank, post office or health clinic, and there are few options for accommodation or food. When visiting tourist attractions procure a local guide or hire a complete package tour with travel agencies in Palmas. Jalapão only has dirt roads - most of them in poor condition - and few road signs. It is therefore recommended to visit the region between May and September - the dry season - and only in a four wheel drive vehicle. These can be rented in the region.

Parque estadual do jalapão e mateiros

2.129 inhabitants 63 220 V Jalapão 1,58 km2 (park area) Mateiros 9,592 km²

Local holidays February 20: Anniversary of the founding of Mateiros August 6: Bom Jesus da Lapa’s Day October 5: Creation of the State of Tocantins

Vaccination Yellow fever vaccination is recommended at least 10 days before traveling.

Clothing Bring light and comfortable clothes appropriate for the climate. It is recommended to use shoes suitable for walking, a hat, sunscreen and insect repellent.

Accommodation Mateiros has a few hotels and inns in the town center and surrounding area. It is a base for those wishing to travel into Jalapão.

Transport To get to Mateiros and the towns around Jalapão, the best option is via road. Roads are asphalted up to

Ponte Alta do Tocantins, from there to Mateiros there are only dirt roads. It is recommend to use four wheel drive vehicles and to travel accompanied by a guide. Additional tires and a first aid kit are recommended. Still undiscovered by mass tourism, the Parque Estadual do Jalapão has become one of the principal destinations for the adventurous in Brazil, thanks to its combination of plains, dunes and waterfalls in the midst of preserved areas of transition between Brazil’s savanna and shrublands. It can be visited year-round: from December to March is the rainy season, however the occasional rains do not interfere with the trip, and provide a refreshing change from the heat. During the winter, which is the driest season, the tourist will experience nights with temperatures dropping to 13 °C (55,4 °F). Species typical of the savanna, such as jaguar, giant anteater and pampas deer can occasionally be spotted in the region. Located in the eastern part of Tocantins (on the border with the States of Bahia, Maranhão and Piauí), the park covers eight municipalities: Lagoa do Tocantins, Novo Acordo, Lizarda, Mateiros, Ponte Alta do Tocantins, Santa Teresa do Tocantins and São Félix do Tocantins. Mateiros is known as the capi-

RIo Novo From Mateiros by four wheel drive vehicle along a dirt road, then a short walk along a stretch of track. children over 10 years if accompanied by an adult no charge, but a contribution to help maintain the park is requested

forts and food served around campfires at night are part of the package. POVOADO Mumbuca By four wheel drive vehicle via a dirt road, 35 km from Mateiros An unforgettable experience for those going to Parque Estadual do Jalapão is to visit Mumbuca, an ex-slave colony formed by descendants of former African slaves, where the tradition of making craft items in golden grass has been passed from mother to daughter for many generations. Items such as baskets, purses, bowls and bags from Mumbuca are sold throughout the country and even abroad. Take the opportunity to sample typical homemade Tocantins foods, especially the fish and local fruits, and listen to the regional stories and legends.

This is a river with clear and calm water. River rafting is one of the most popular activities in Jalapão, and can be done in three hours (for beginners) or four days for an expedition that allows the visitor to discover several rapids and beaches - however this requires previous practical experience in practice and qualified instructors with knowledge of the river. Jalapão sand dunes From São Félix do Tocantins by four wheel drive vehicle along a dirt road, then a short walk. no charge, but a contribution to help maintain the park is requested These sand formations can reach up to 30 meters high, and impress with their grandeur and beauty. They are the result of erosion caused by wind blowing across the Serra do Espírito Santo. A trip through the dunes in a jeep or beach buggy provides views of landscapes almost untouched by man. It is recommended to contact a local guide to provide directions. Tourists who enjoy adventure but do not like to give up comfort can opt for package tours with lodging, meals and guides included. Special tents with all creature com-

Francisco Moreira da Costa

Acervo Suçuarana Expedições

serra do Espírito Santo and morro Saca-Trapo

Golden weaving

Golden grass is the symbolic raw material of the region. The skillful hands of local craftsmen use it to make various pieces: jewelry, baskets, purses, supports, place-mats - in fact anything that comes to the craftsman’s imagination can be made from the material. The grass is actually the stem of a type of bulrush. When it is harvested and treated it gains an almost metallic golden color. In Mateiros and the village of Mumbuca many local artisans offer visitors sophisticated pieces made from golden grass.

Responsible Agency Artplan Production General Direction Sérgio Motta Mello Planning Director Selma Santa Cruz Content Director Ernesto Bernardes Planning Ana Lúcia Araújo Commercial Manager Luís Castro Clients and Projects Manager Carolina Longo Clients Manager Juliana Satto Editing Daniele Aronque Text and Research Ana Karla Rodrigues, Cristina Charão Marques, Lara Silbiger, Maira Termero, Mila Vanícola, Noelly Russo, Renata Rufatto and Ronaldo Mendes Art Direction and Graphic Project Renato Leal

Image treatment Eduardo Jordão Translation and Proofreading Tes Brasil Production Claudia Cardoso and Fabiana Baioni Print Gráfica e Editora Positiva Ltda. Cover credits 1. Hans Georg 2. André Turatti 3. Daniel Arcanjo 4. Ayrton Porto 5. Milton Galvani 6. Roberto Faria 7. Marcio Barcellos 8. Hans Georg 9. Daniel de Granville 10. Mario Sergio Silvestre 11. Rita Barreto 12. Acervo do Ministério do turismo 13. Roberto Faria 14. Neno Vianna 15. Gabriel Lordello 16. Felipe Gombossy 17. Cristiano W. Soares 18. Ricardo Junqueira 19. Aluizio Gomes Accioly Filho 20. Marco Ceotto 21. Ayrton Camargo

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Art Coordination Daniela Sato

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Layout Adriano Moreno Barbosa, Andrea Chang, Amanda Justiniano, Daniela Sato, Fernanda Maria Muniz, João Guitton, Lídia Arrais and Luiz Felipe Gualtieri Monteiro Maps Alan Key Iconography Renate Hartfiel

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Tourist Guide

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Art Editing Thais Bellini

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Tourist Guide - Angra dos Reis - Brazil

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